Evidence of Giants from Archeology and Anthropology
Many people who read the account of David and Goliath in the Scripture find it hard to believe the size of Goliath as stated. He is said to have been something over 9 to 10 feet tall. Those of us who believe that the Word of God is true and correct have been ridiculed for believing fairytales of sorts, but is there modern evidence to suggest these Bible stories may be, in fact, truth and if so, what other so called fairy tales in the Bible may be true?
My fascination with giants became solidifying when I was a young girl working at McDonalds. I was working behind the counter when I looked up to see my next customer. I kept looking up until I met the face of a man I believe had to have been over 7 feet tall. I never forgot that encounter and my imagination could easily picture the Goliath in the Scriptures as a very real possibility. But the question of whether or not Giants really existed has been asked by many seekers over the years. So I would ask now, Is there sufficient evidence to prove their existence?
Archaeology as well as Anthropology has greatly profited by several finds of remains which could be the evidence we seek. One find of two adult mandibles made by Professor C. Arambourg at Ternifine in the neighborhood of Oran, Algeria was startling. The mandibles, belonging to a fossil type of man called Atlanthropus mauritanicus by Dr. Arambourg, are very massive and lack a chin, features typical for the early forms of man, according to accepted science. They resemble Sinanthropus, the fossil type from China, although in certain features they are even more primitive than Sinanthropus. Stone implements of the Chellean type were found in close association with the mandibles, thus giving us an idea of the culture of this type of man. The find was made in 1954, but it was not the last find to be made of this type.
Collier’s Year Book for 1957 reported on an extremely large mandible of Middle Pleistocene date found on LuntsaiMountain in Kwangsi Province, China, which seemed to be that of a human being. Dr. Franz Weidenreich believed that this early man was a giant. In 1958, this question of whether or not giants existed in history was raised once more by a new find, with the locale shifted from Asia to Africa. It started again with the discovery of a few teeth as in the Chinese finds, and it opened up a new controversy rather than offering a final answer to the age old question of whether or not giants actually existed.
At Oldowai, in Tanganyika, Dr. Louis S. B. Leakey, Director of the CoryndonMuseum at Nairobi, Kenya, discovered a large number of animal bones of gigantic size. These animals were giant sheep, oxen, hippopotamuses, pigs, giraffes, zebras, antelopes, and giant baboons. The sheep were as large as modern horses with a horn span of 14 ft., the giant pigs were the size of rhinoceroses with elephant-sized tusks, and the baboons were as large as modern male gorillas. Among them, Dr. Leakey also found two human teeth, a molar and a canine, of extremely large size. Because of their very limited degree of wear and the fact that the molar has only an anterior but not a posterior contact facet, he believed them to be the milk teeth of a child about two and a half to three years old. If they are in fact baby teeth, they would represent a very large size of human indeed, but if they are permanent teeth their size would naturally be much less impressive. The possibility remains that humans of these early geological horizons may have trended towards giantism.
It is interesting that the human teeth and the remains of giant animals were found together with stone axes of the Chellean type. If the teeth were really those of the makers of the large hand axes, these would represent the very first remains of Chellean man closely associated with remains of his culture. While axes of the Chellean type were found in the lower Palaeolithic horizons of Europe and many other parts of the world, and while lower Pleistocene remains of man are equally widely known, no site has yet been discovered with skeletal remains closely associated with cultural remains. What is considered by Dr. Leakey to be an ivory hand axe of a somewhat irregular form was also found. This object could reverse the older opinion that ivory was used for tools only in the upper Palaeolithic period.
Leakey later announced a long-hoped-for discovery of Chellean man. Since Chellean hand axes were first discovered in 1846 by Boucher de Perthes in France, anthropologists have searched in vain for evidences of the men who made them. For many years Leakey had been unearthing tools of Chellean type in Bed II at Olduvai; but in 1960 he found a skull of massive proportions in this bed. The brow-ridges are enormous, and the skull is very large.
Leakey examines the skull of the early human species Australopithecus boisei (originally known as Zinjanthropus boisei), right, next to the skull of a chimpanzee. British paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey, wife of Louis, actually discovered the skull in the Olduvai Gorge of northern Tanzania in July 1959. It was the first Australopithecus boisei skull ever found. The species earned the nickname “Nutcracker Man” because of its especially massive face, jaws, and molars. THE BETTMANN ARCHIVE/UPI
The Zinjanthropus find provided the first clear-cut answer to Weidenreich’s claim that early man was a giant. The find is of lower Pleistocene age, the oldest geological horizon from which human remains are known; it has the largest teeth ever found in any man; and a great number of giant animals were extracted from the same geological level at Olduwai (see Collier’s Year Book, 1959), indicating that the phenomenon of gigantism was firmly established in ancient times. The chronological, anatomical, and paleontological conditions seemed to be perfect for the formation of an early human type of giant proportions. Leakey also found a tibia of Zinjanthropus, so that the size of the body could be reconstructed.
Olduvai Gorge has become famous for its giants—the giant pigs, the giant sheep, and the giant ostriches whose remains have been unearthed there over the years. The giants continue to appear, and an enormous fossil rhinoceros was added to the original list of giant mammals. High up in the gorge, in Bed IV, the massive jaw and part of a skull of this creature was unearthed. These fragments indicate an animal nearly twice as large as the East African black rhinoceros we know today.
Another likely prey of man was an immense baboon whose fossil skeleton was taken from the gorge. This baboon was the discovery of Margaret Cropper, a young archeological trainee who worked at Olduvai. Margaret was working at the bottom of a cliff when she saw some fragments of bone sticking out of a cliff face overhead. Cutting footholds with her excavating pick, she reached the fragments and brought them to camp. Later, almost the entire skeleton was recovered. It proved to be that of a new type of baboon even larger than that of an earlier find.
Many other surprises were found at the gorge over the years. One puzzling discovery was an area of about 10 feet by 8 strewn with the fossil remains of a kind of antelope. In that small area 12 individual antelope skeletons were discovered, clear proof that the animals died all at the same time and were fossilized together. Such an occurrence is rare in paleontological work, and may suggest evidence of the Biblical Noah’s flood. One other mystery appeared at Olduvai, which is most intriguing. Again in the very lowest level of the gorge, well below the sites of Zinjanthropus and the pre-Zinj child, something was unearthed that can only be described as “structures,” wide circles made of sizable stones, with some of the stones actually resting on top of others. No such stones existed on the site naturally, so where did they come from? How did they get there? Could the giants have arranged them in those unmistakable circles, and why? Could they be the remains of the giants’ primitive dwellings?
In 1959 Mary Leakey discovered the original fossil of Australopithecus boisei, which was a nearly complete skull. Kenyan-born paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey, husband of Mary, originally named the new species Zinjanthropus boisei (Zinjanthropus translates as “East African man”), but it was later changed. This skull has the most specialized features, having a massive, wide and dished-in face, capable of withstanding extreme chewing forces, and molar teeth four times the size of those in modern humans. Since the discovery of Zinjanthropus, now recognized as an australopith, scientists have found great numbers of A. boisei fossils in Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia.
In 1961 the Leakeys discovered a contemporary of Zinj—a much more modern looking creature with a larger brain case, no gorilla-like crest, and smaller more humanoid teeth—which they named Homo habilis. Louis Leakey theorized that this fossil species, which also came from Olduvai Gorge, was really a direct ancestor of man and that the more primitive Zinj belonged to an evolutionary side branch which coexisted with early man. So once again, just as the Bible said that the giants coexisted with humans of more average size, as in the David and Goliath story, the facts of archeology and anthropology seem to support the Scriptures. So is the Bible accurate and did the giants really exist? What do you think?
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