1 Chronicles 1-12

1 Chronicles


     1[1-4] Adam, Seth, Enosh, Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

     [5 -7] The descendants of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. The descendants of Gomer were Ashkenaz, Diphath, and Togarmah. The descendants of Javan were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Rodanim.

     [8-16] The descendants of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. The descendants of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raama, and Sabteca. The descendants of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. Cush had Nimrod, who began to take power on the earth. Mizraim had Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim (where the Philistines came from), and Caphtorim. Canaan had Sidon, his firstborn, Heth, the Jebusite, the Amorite, the Girgashite, the Hivite, the Arkite, the Sinite, the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.

     [17-27] The descendants of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, Aram, Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech.    Arpachshad had Shelah, and Shelah had Eber. Eber had two sons; one was named Peleg; for in his days the earth was divided (into continents); and his brother’s name was Joktan. Joktan had Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Ebal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, Jobab. All these were the descendants of Joktan. Shem, Arpachshad, Shelah, Eber, Peleg, Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah, Abram , which  is Abraham.             

     [28-31] The descendants of Abraham were Isaac and Ishmael. These are their generations; the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth; then Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the descendants of Ishmael.

     [32-33] The descendants of Keturah, Abraham’s mistress were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, Shuah. The descendants of Jokshan were Sheba and Dedan. The descendants of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the descendants of Keturah.

     [34 -42] Abraham had Isaac. The descendants of Isaac were Esau and Jacob, who is Israel . The descendants of Esau were Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. The descendants of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zephi, Gatam, Kenaz, Timna, and Amalek. The descendants of Reuel were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. The descendants of Seir were Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. The descendants of Lotan were Hori and Homam; and Timna was Lotan’s sister. The descendants of Shobal were Alian, Manahath, Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. The descendants of Zibeon were Aiah and Anah. The descendant of Anah was Dishon. The descendants of Dishon were Hamran, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran.        The descendants of Ezer were Bilhan, Zaavan, and Jaakan. The descendants of Dishan were Uz, and Aran.

     [43 -54] Now these are the rulers who ruled in the land of Edom, before there was any ruler over the people of Israel; Bela, child of Beor; and the name of his city was Dinhabah. Bela died, and Jobab, of Zerah, of Bozrah ruled in his place. Jobab died, and Husham, of the land of the Temanites, ruled in his place. Husham died, and Hadad, who was of Bedad, who fought Midian in the field of Moab, ruled in his place; and the name of his city was Avith. Hadad died, and Samlah who was of Masrekah, ruled in his place. Samlah died, and Shaul, who was of Rehoboth by the river, ruled in his place. Shaul died, and Baal Hanan, who was of Achbor, ruled in his place. Baal Hanan died, and Hadad ruled in his place; and the name of his city was Pai; and his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab. Hadad died. The captains of Edom were the leaders Timna, Aliah, Jetheth, Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, Magdiel, and Iram. These are the captains of Edom.


     2[1-8] These are the descendants of Israel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. The descendants of Judah were Er, Onan, and Shelah; which three were born to him of Shua’s daughter, the Canaanitess. Er, Judah’s firstborn was sinful in the sight of Yahweh, who killed him. Tamar, his daughter-in-law, had him Perez and Zerah. All the descendants of Judah were five. The descendants of Perez; Hezron, and Hamul. The descendants of Zerah; Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Dara; five of them in all. The descendants of Carmi; Achar, the one who troubled Israel, who sinned in taking the dedicated thing. The descendant of Ethan was Azariah. 

     [9-17] Hezron had Jerahmeel, Ram, and Chelubai. Ram had Amminadab, and Amminadab had Nahshon, head of the people of Judah; and Nahshon had Salma, and Salma had Boaz, and Boaz had Obed, and Obed had Jesse; and Jesse had his firstborn Eliab, Abinadab, Shimea, Nethanel, Raddai, Ozem, David; and their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. The three descendants of Zeruiah were Abishai, Joab, and Asahel. Abigail had Amasa; and the father of Amasa was Jether, the Ishmaelite.

     [18 -24] Caleb, who was of Hezron, had children of Azubah, his wife, and of Jerioth; and these were her sons; Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon.  Azubah died, and Caleb married Ephrath, who had Hur. Hur had Uri, and Uri had Bezalel. Afterward Hezron had sexual relations with the daughter of Machir, the father of Gilead, whom he took as wife when he was 60 years old; and she had Segub. Segub had Jair, who had 23 cities in the land of Gilead. Geshur and Aram took the towns of Jair from them with Kenath, along with its 60 towns. All these were the descendants of Machir, who had Gilead. After Hezron died in Caleb Ephrathah, then Abijah, Hezron’s wife, had Ashhur, who had Tekoa.

[25-41] The descendants of Jerahmeel, the firstborn of Hezron, were Ram, the firstborn, Bunah, Oren, Ozem, and Ahijah. Jerahmeel had another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam. The descendants of Ram, the firstborn of Jerahmeel, were Maaz, Jamin, and Eker. The descendants of Onam were Shammai and Jada. The descendants of Shammai were Nadab and Abishur. The wife of Abishur was Abihail; and she had Ahban and Molid. The descendants of Nadab were Seled and Appaim; but Seled died without children. The descendant of Appaim was Ishi. The descendant of Ishi was Sheshan. The descendant of Sheshan was Ahlai. The descendants of Jada, the brother of Shammai, were Jether and Jonathan; and Jether died without children. The descendants of Jonathan were Peleth and Zaza. These were the descendants of Jerahmeel. Now Sheshan had only daughters. Sheshan had an Egyptian worker, whose name was Jarha. Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha, his worker, as wife; and she had Attai. Attai had Nathan, and Nathan had Zabad, and Zabad had Ephlal, and Ephlal had Obed, and Obed had Jehu, and Jehu had Azariah, and Azariah had Helez, and Helez had Eleasah, and Eleasah had Sismai, and Sismai had Shallum, and Shallum had Jekamiah, and Jekamiah had Elishama.

     [42-55] The descendants of Caleb, the brother of Jerahmeel, were Mesha, his firstborn, who had Ziph; and the descendants of Mareshah, who had Hebron. The descendants of Hebron were Korah, Tappuah, Rekem, and Shema. Shema had Raham, who had Jorkeam; and Rekem had Shammai. Shammai had Maon; and Maon had Beth Zur. Ephah, Caleb’s mistress, had Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran had Gazez. The descendants of Jahdai were Regem, Jothan, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph. Maacah, Caleb’s mistress, had Sheber and Tirhanah. She also had Shaaph, who had Madmannah, Sheva, who had Machbena, and Gibea; and the daughter of Caleb was Achsah. These were the descendants of Caleb, the people of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah; Shobal, who had Kiriath Jearim, Salma, who had Bethlehem, and  Hareph, who had Beth Gader. Shobal who had Kiriath Jearim had Haroeh, and half of the Menuhoth (Manahathites), and the families of Kiriath Jearim; the Ithrites, the Puthites, the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of whom came the Zorathites and the Eshtaolites. The people of Salma were Bethlehem, the Netophathites, Atroth Beth Joab, half of the Manahathites, and the Zorites. The families of secretaries, who lived at Jabez were the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and the Sucathites. These are the Kenites, who came of Hammath, the head of the house of Rechab.


     3[1-9] Now these were the descendants of David, who were born to him in Hebron; the firstborn was Amnon, who was of Ahinoam, the Jezreelitess; the next was Daniel, who was of Abigail, the Carmelitess; then Absalom, who was of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, ruler of Geshur; and Adonijah, who was of Haggith; the fifth was Shephatiah, who was of Abital; the sixth was Ithream, by Eglah, his wife; six were born to him in Hebron, where he ruled seven and a half years. David also ruled in Jerusalem for 33 years; and these were born to him in Jerusalem; Shimea, Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon, four in all, of Bathshua (Bathsheba), the daughter of Ammiel; and Ibhar, Elishama, Eliphelet, Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine in all. All these were descendants of David, besides the descendants of the mistresses; and Tamar was their sister.

     [10-24] Solomon had Rehoboam, who had Abijah, who had Asa, who had Jehoshaphat, who had Joram, who had Ahaziah, who had Joash, who had Amaziah, who had Azariah, who had Jotham, who had Ahaz, who had Hezekiah, who had Manasseh, who had Amon, who had Josiah. The descendants of Josiah were the firstborn, Johanan, the second, Jehoiakim, the third, Zedekiah, and the fourth, Shallum. Jehoiakim had Jeconiah,  who had Zedekiah. Jeconiah, the captive, had Shealtiel, who had, Malchiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah. The descendants of Pedaiah were Zerubbabel and Shimei. The descendants of Zerubbabel were Meshullam and Hananiah; and Shelomith was their sister; and Hashubah, Ohel, Berechiah, Hasadiah, and Jushab Hesed, five in all. The descendants of Hananiah were Pelatiah and Jeshaiah; the descendants of Rephaiah, the descendants of Arnan, the descendants of Obadiah, the descendants of Shecaniah. The descendant of Shecaniah was Shemaiah. The descendants of Shemaiah were Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah, and Shaphat, six in all. The descendants of Neariah were Elioenai, Hizkiah, and Azrikam, three in all. The descendants of Elioenai were Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah, and Anani, seven in all.


     4[1-8] The descendants of Judah were Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal. Reaiah, of Shobal, had Jahath; and Jahath had Ahumai and Lahad. These are the families of the Zorathites. The descendants of Etam were Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash; and their sister was Hazzelelponi; and Penuel had Gedor, and Ezer, who had Hushah. These are the descendants of Hur, the firstborn of Ephrathah, the head of Bethlehem. Ashhur, who had Tekoa, had two wives, Helah and Naarah. Naarah had him Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. These were the descendants of Naarah. The descendants of Helah were Zereth, Izhar, and Ethnan. Hakkoz had Anub and Zobebah, and the families of Aharhel, of Harum.

      [9-10] Now Jabez was more honorable than his brothers; and his mother named him Jabez, saying, Because I had him in pain. Now Jabez prayed to the God of Israel , saying, Oh, that You’d truly bless me, and expand my area, and that You’d be with me, and that you’d keep me from evil, so I won’t cause anymore pain! So God gave him what he asked.

     [11-12] Chelub, the brother of Shuhah, had Mehir, who had Eshton. Eshton had Beth Rapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah, who had Ir Nahash. These are the people of Recah.

     [13-23] The descendants of Kenaz were Othniel and Seraiah. The descendant of Othniel was Hathath. Meonothai had Ophrah; and Seraiah had Joab, who had Ge Harashim, who were craftsmen. The descendants of Caleb, of Jephunneh were Iru, Elah, and Naam; the descendant of Elah was Kenaz. The descendants of Jehallelel were Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel.            The descendants of Ezrah were Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. These are the descendants of Bithiah the daughter of the Ruler of Egypt, whom Mered took; and she had Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah who had Eshtemoa. His wife the Jewess, had Jered, who had Gedor, Heber, who had Soco, and Jekuthiel, who had Zanoah. The descendants of the wife of Hodiah, the sister of Naham, were the ancestors of Keilah, the Garmite, and Eshtemoa, the Maacathite. The descendants of Shimon were Amnon, Rinnah, Ben Hanan, and Tilon. The descendants of Ishi were Zoheth, and Ben Zoheth. The descendants of Shelah, of Judah, were Er, who had Lecah, Laadah, who had Mareshah, and the families of the house of those who worked fine linen, of the house of Ashbea; and Jokim, the people of Cozeba, Joash, and Saraph who ruled in Moab, and Jashubilehem. The records are ancient. These were the potters, and the people of Netaim and Gederah, who lived with the ruler for his work.

     [24-33] The descendants of Simeon were Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, Shaul, who had Shallum, who had Mibsam, who had Mishma. The descendants of Mishma were Hammuel, who had Zaccur, who had, Shimei. Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters; but his brothers didn’t have many children, neither did all their family multiply like the people of Judah. They lived at Beersheba, Moladah, Hazarshual, Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, Beth Marcaboth, Hazar Susim, Beth Biri, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities when David began to rule. Their towns were Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan, five cities; and all the towns that were around those cities, to Baal. These were their homes, and their genealogy.

     [34-43] Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah, of Amaziah, Joel, Jehu, of Joshibiah, of Seraiah, of Asiel, Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah, and Ziza, of Shiphi, of Allon, of Jedaiah, of Shimri, of Shemaiah–these mentioned by name were leaders in their families; and their ancestors’ houses increased greatly. They went to the entrance of Gedor, even to the east side of the valley, to look for pasture for their flocks. They found good pasture, and the land was large, quiet, and peaceable; for those who lived there before were of Ham (Son of Noah). These written by name, came in the days of Hezekiah, ruler of Judah, and fought them, and the Meunim, who were found there, and destroyed them completely to today, and lived there in their place; because there was good pasture there for their flocks. Some of them, even of the descendants of Simeon, 500 men went to Mount Seir, having for their captains Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the descendants of Ishi. They fought what was left of the Amalekites, who escaped, and have lived there to today.


     5[1-9] The descendants of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel (for he was the firstborn; but, because he had sex with his father’s wife, his birthright was given to the descendants of Joseph, of Israel; and the genealogy isn’t to be recognized after the birthright. Judah was greater than his brothers, and he became the leader; but the birthright was Joseph’s. The descendants of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel, were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. The descendants of Joel; Shemaiah who had Gog who had Shimei who had Micah who had Reaiah who had Baal who had Beerah whom Tilgath Pilneser, ruler of Assyria, carried away captive; he was head of the Reubenites. His brothers by their families, when the genealogy of their generations was recognized, were the leader, Jeiel, Zechariah, and Bethe, child of Azaz, of Shema, of Joel, who lived in Aroer to Nebo and Baal Meon, and eastward; he lived all the way to the entrance of the countryside from the river Euphrates, because their livestock were so many in the land of Gilead.

     [10-17] In the days of Saul, they went to war with the Hagrites, who fell by their power; and they lived in their homes throughout all the land east of Gilead. The descendants of Gad lived next to them, in the land of Bashan to Salecah; Joel, was their the leader, Shapham was next, then Janai, and Shaphat in Bashan. Their brothers of their ancestors’ houses; Michael, Meshullam, Sheba, Jorai, Jacan, Zia, and Eber, seven in all. These were the descendants of Abihail, of Huri, of Jaroah, of Gilead, of Michael, of Jeshishai, of Jahdo, of Buz; Ahi of Abdiel, of Guni, leader of their ancestors’ houses. They lived in Gilead in Bashan, and in its towns, and in all the outskirts of Sharon, as far as their borders. All these were recognized by genealogies in the days of Jotham ruler of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam ruler of Israel.

     [18-22] The descendants of Reuben, and the Gadites, and half the family of of Manasseh, of soldiers, men able to bear arms, and to shoot with bow, and skillful in war were 44,760, that were able to go to war.  They went to war with the Hagrites with Jetur, Naphish, and Nodab. They were helped against them, and the Hagrites were given into their power, and all who were with them because they cried to God in the battle, who they called on, because they put their trust in God. They took away their livestock; 50,000 camels, 250,000 sheep, and 2,000 donkeys, and 100,000 people. Many were killed, because the war was of God. They lived in their place until they were taken prisoners in the exile.

     [23-26] Half the family of Manasseh lived in the land; they filled the land from Bashan to Baal Hermon, Senir, and Mount Hermon.   The heads of their ancestors’ houses were Epher, Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, strong experienced soldiers, well known, heads of their ancestors’ houses. They sinned against the God of their ancestors, and were unfaithful, following after the false gods of the peoples of the land whom God destroyed before them. The God of Israel  stirred up the spirit of Pul, ruler of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath Pilneser, ruler of Assyria, who carried them away, all the Reubenites, the Gadites, and half the family of Manasseh, and brought them to Halah, Habor, Hara, and to the river of Gozan, to today.


     6[1 -15] The descendants of Levi were Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. The descendants of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. The descendants of Amram were Aaron, Moses, and Miriam. The descendants of Aaron were Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. Eleazar had Phinehas, Phinehas had Abishua, Abishua had Bukki, Bukki had Uzzi, Uzzi had Zerahiah, Zerahiah had Meraioth, Meraioth had Amariah, Amariah had Ahitub, Ahitub had Zadok, Zadok had Ahimaaz, Ahimaaz had Azariah, Azariah had Johanan, and Johanan had Azariah (who executed the preacher’s office in the house that Solomon built in Jerusalem), and Azariah had Amariah, Amariah had Ahitub, Ahitub had Zadok, Zadok had Shallum, Shallum had Hilkiah, Hilkiah had Azariah, Azariah had Seraiah, and Seraiah had Jehozadak, who became a prisoner when Yahweh carried away Judah and Jerusalem by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.

     [16-30] The descendants of Levi were Gershom, Kohath, and Merari. The descendants of Gershom were Libni and Shimei.             The descendants of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. The descendants of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites according to their ancestors’ houses. Of Gershom were Libni, who had Jahath, who had Zimmah, who had Joah, who had Iddo, who had Zerah, who had Jeatherai. The descendants of Kohath were Amminadab who had Korah, who had Assir, who had Elkanah, who had Ebiasaph, who had Assir, who had Tahath, who had Uriel, who had Uzziah, who had Shaul. The descendants of Elkanah were Amasai and Ahimoth. As for Elkanah, the descendants of Elkanah were Zophai, who had Nahath, who had Eliab, who had Jeroham, who had Elkanah. The descendants of Samuel were the firstborn, Joel, and the second, Abijah. The descendants of Merari were Mahli, Libni who had Shimei, who had Uzzah, who had Shimea, who had Haggiah, who had Asaiah.

     [31-48] These are the ones whom David set over the service of song in the Place of Worship of Yahweh, after the Chest of God came to rest.  They ministered with song before the tent of the Place of Worship, until Solomon had built the Place of Worship of Yahweh in Jerusalem; and they served in their office in their order. These are those who served, and their children. The descendants of the Kohathites were Heman, the singer, who was of Joel, who was of Samuel, who was of Elkanah, who was of Jeroham, who was of Eliel, who was of Toah, who was of Zuph, who was of Elkanah, who was of Mahath, who was of Amasai, who was of Elkanah, who was of Joel, who was of Azariah, who was of Zephaniah, who was of Tahath, who was of Assir, who was of Ebiasaph, who was of Korah, who was of Izhar, who was of Kohath, who was of Levi, who was of Israel. His brother Asaph who stood on his right hand, even Asaph, who was of Berechiah, who was of Shimea, who was of Michael, who was of Baaseiah, who was of Malchijah, who was of Ethni, who was of Zerah, who was of Adaiah, who was of Ethan, who was of Zimmah, who was of Shimei, who was of Jahath, who was of Gershom, who was of Levi. On the left hand their brothers the descendants of Merari; Ethan who was of Kishi, who was of Abdi, who was of Malluch, who was of Hashabiah, who was of Amaziah, who was of Hilkiah, who was of Amzi, who was of Bani, who was of Shemer, who was of Mahli, who was of Mushi, who was of Merari, who was of Levi. Their brothers the Levites were set apart for all the service of the tent of the house of God.

     [49-53] But Aaron and his family offered on the altar of burnt offering, and on the altar of incense, for all the work of the most holy place, and to ask forgiveness for Israel, according to what Moses the follower of God had told them. The descendants of Aaron were Eleazar, who had Phinehas, who had Abishua, who had Bukki, who had Uzzi, who had Zerahiah, who had Meraioth, who had Amariah, who had Ahitub, who had Zadok, who had Ahimaaz.

     [54-56] Now these are where they lived according to their communities in their borders; to the descendants of Aaron, of the families of the Kohathites (theirs was the first chosen), to them they gave Hebron in the land of Judah, and the outskirts around it; but the fields of the city, with its towns, they gave to Caleb of Jephunneh. To the descendants of Aaron they gave the cities of refuge, Hebron, Libnah also, with its outskirts, Jattir, Eshtemoa, with its outskirts, Hilen, with its outskirts, Debir, with its outskirts, Ashan, with its outskirts, Beth Shemesh, with its outskirts; and out of the family group of Benjamin, Geba, with its outskirts, Allemeth, with its outskirts, and Anathoth, with its outskirts. All their cities throughout their families were 13 cities.

     [61-70] To the rest of the descendants of Kohath were chosenby the Judgment stones, out of the family group, out of half the family of Manasseh, ten cities. To the descendants of Gershom, according to their families, out of the family group of Issachar, out of the family group of Asher, out of the family group of Naphtali, and out of the family group of Manasseh in Bashan, 13 cities. To the descendants of Merari were given by the Judgment stones, according to their families, out of the family group of Reuben, out of the family group of Gad, and out of the family group of Zebulun, 12 cities. The people of Israel gave to the Levites the cities with their outskirts. They gave by the Judgment stones out of the family group of the people of Judah, out of the family group of the people of Simeon, and out of the family group of the people of Benjamin, these cities which are mentioned by name. Some of the families of the descendants of Kohath had cities of their borders out of the family group of Ephraim. They gave to them the cities of refuge, Shechem, in the hill country of Ephraim, with its outskirts; Gezer, also with its outskirts, Jokmeam, with its outskirts, Beth Horon, with its outskirts, Aijalon, with its outskirts, Gath Rimmon, with its outskirts; and out of  half the family of Manasseh, Aner, with its outskirts, and Bileam, with its outskirts, for the rest of the family of the descendants of Kohath.

     [71-76] To the descendants of Gershom were given, out of half the family of Manasseh, Golan in Bashan, with its outskirts, Ashtaroth, with its outskirts; and out of the family group of Issachar, Kedesh, with its outskirts, Daberath, with its outskirts, Ramoth, with its outskirts, Anem, with its outskirts; and out of the family group of Asher, Mashal, with its outskirts, Abdon, with its outskirts, Hukok, with its outskirts, Rehob, with its outskirts; and out of the family group of Naphtali, Kedesh in Galilee, with its outskirts, Hammon, with its outskirts, and Kiriathaim, with its outskirts.

     [77-81] To the rest of the Levites, the descendants of Merari were given, out of the family group of Zebulun, Rimmono, with its outskirts, Tabor, with its outskirts; and across the Jordan at Jericho, on the east side of the Jordan were given them, out of the family group of Reuben, Bezer in the countryside, with its outskirts, Jahzah, with its outskirts, Kedemoth, with its outskirts, Mephaath, with its outskirts; and out of the family group of Gad, Ramoth in Gilead, with its outskirts, Mahanaim, with its outskirts, Heshbon, with its outskirts, and Jazer, with its outskirts.


     7[1-5] The descendants of Issachar were Tola, Puah, Jashub, and Shimron, four in all. The descendants of Tola were Uzzi, Rephaiah, Jeriel, Jahmai, Ibsam, and Shemuel, heads of their ancestors’ houses, to wit, of Tola; strong experienced soldiers in their generations; their number in the days of David was 22,600. The descendant of Uzzi was Izrahiah. The descendants of Izrahiah were Michael, Obadiah, Joel, Isshiah, five leaders in all. With them, by their generations, after their ancestors’ houses were 36,000 military troops for war; and they had many wives and children. Their relatives among all the families of Issachar were strong experienced soldiers, 87,000 recognized in all by genealogy.

     [6-12] The descendants of Benjamin were Bela, Becher, and Jediael, three in all. The descendants of Bela were Ezbon, Uzzi, Uzziel, Jerimoth, and Iri, five in all; heads of ancestors’ houses, strong experienced soldiers; 22,034 recognized in all by genealogy.                 The descendants of Becher; Zemirah, Joash, Eliezer, Elioenai, Omri, Jeremoth, Abijah, Anathoth, and Alemeth. All these were the descendants of Becher. They were recognized by genealogy, after their generations, heads of their ancestors’ houses, 20,200 strong experienced soldiers. The descendant of Jediael was Bilhan. The descendants of Bilhan were Jeush, Benjamin, Ehud, Chenaanah, Zethan, Tarshish, and Ahishahar. All these were sons of Jediael, according to the heads of their ancestors’ houses, strong experienced soldiers, 17,200 who were able to fight in the war. Shuppim and Huppim, the descendants of Ir, Hushim, the descendant of Aher.

     [13 -19] The descendants of Naphtali were Jahziel, Guni, Jezer, and Shallum, who were the descendants of Bilhah. The descendant of Manasseh; Asriel, whom his mistress, the Aramitess had; she had Machir, who had Gilead; and Machir took a wife of Huppim and Shuppim, whose sister’s name was Maacah; and the name of the second was Zelophehad; and Zelophehad had daughters. Maacah, the wife of Machir, had a son, and she named him Peresh; and the name of his brother was Sheresh, who had Ulam and Rakem. The descendant of Ulam was Bedan. These were the descendants of Gilead of Machir, who was of Manasseh.  His sister Hammolecheth had Ishhod, Abiezer, and Mahlah. The descendants of Shemida were Ahian, Shechem, Likhi, and Aniam.

     [20-27] The descendants of Ephraim were Shuthelah, Bered, Tahath, Eleadah, Tahath, Zabad, Shuthelah, and Ezer and Elead, whom the people of Gath who were born in the land killed, because they came down to take away their livestock. Ephraim their father mourned many days, and his brothers came to comfort him.       He had sex with his wife, and she conceived, and had a son, and he named him Beriah, because of the evil that had happened to his family. His daughter was Sheerah, who built lower and upper Beth Horon, and Uzzen Sheerah. He had Rephah and Resheph, who had Telah, who had Tahan, who had Ladan, who had Ammihud, who had Elishama, who had Nun, who had Joshua.

     [28-29] Their land and homes were Bethel, with its towns, eastward Naaran, westward Gezer, with its towns; Shechem also, with its towns, to Azzah, with its towns; and by the borders of the people of Manasseh, Beth Shean, with its towns, Taanach, with its towns, Megiddo, with its towns, Dor, with its towns. The people of Joseph, who was of Israel, lived in these towns.

     [30-40] The descendants of Asher were Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, Beriah, and Serah their sister. The descendants of Beriah  were Heber and Malchiel, who had Birzaith. Heber had Japhlet, Shomer, Hotham, and Shua their sister. The descendants of Japhlet were Pasach, Bimhal, and Ashvath. These are the people of Japhlet. The descendants of Shemer were Ahi, Rohgah, Jehubbah, and Aram. The descendants of Helem, his brother, were Zophah, Imna, Shelesh, and Amal. The descendants of Zophah were Suah, Harnepher, Shual, Beri, Imrah, Bezer, Hod, Shamma, Shilshah, Ithran, and Beera. The descendants of Jether were Jephunneh, Pispa, and Ara. The descendants of Ulla were Arah, Hanniel, and Rizia. All these were the people of Asher, heads of their ancestors’ houses, the best and strongest experienced soldiers, leaders of the leaders. The number of them was 26,000 men recognized by genealogy for service in war.


     8[1-28] Benjamin had Bene, his firstborn, Ashbel the second, Aharah the third, Nohah the fourth, and Rapha the fifth. Bene had Addar, Gera, Abihud, Abishua, Naaman, Ahoah, Gera, Shephuphan, and Huram. These are the descendants of Ehud; these are the heads of their ancestors’ houses of the people of Geba, and they carried them captive to Manahath; Naaman, Ahijah, and Gera, he took them prisoner; and he had Uzza and Ahihud.         Shaharaim had children in the field of Moab, after he had sent away Hushim and Baara, his wives. By Hodesh, his wife, he had Jobab, Zibia, Mesha, Malcam, Jeuz, Shachia, and Mirmah. These were his descendants, heads of the ancestors’ houses. By Hushim, he had Abitub and Elpaal. The descendants of Elpaal were Eber, Misham, and Shemed, who built Ono and Lod with its towns; and Beriah and Shema who were heads of  the ancestors’ houses of the people of Aijalon, who ran off the people of Gath; and Ahio, Shashak, and Jeremoth. Zebadiah, Arad, Eder, Michael, Ishpah, and Joha were the descendants of Beriah. Zebadiah, Meshullam, Hizki, Heber (Hebrews), Ishmerai, Izliah, and Jobab were the descendants of Elpaal. Jakim, Zichri, Zabdi, Elienai, Zillethai, Eliel, Adaiah, Beraiah, and Shimrath were the descendants of Shimei. Ishpan, Eber, Eliel, Abdon, Zichri, Hanan, Hananiah, Elam, Anthothijah, Iphdeiah, and Penuel were the descendants of Shashak. Shamsherai, Shehariah, Athaliah, Jaareshiah, Elijah, and Zichri were the descendants of Jeroham. These were the heads of the ancestors’ houses throughout their generations, the leaders, who lived in Jerusalem.

     [29-32] In Gibeon, Jeiel lived, who had Gibeon, whose wife’s name was Maacah; and his firstborn was Abdon, then Zur, Kish, Baal, Nadab, Gedor, Ahio, and Zecher. Mikloth had Shimeah. They also lived with their family in Jerusalem, next to their brothers.

     [33-40] Ner had Kish; and Kish had Saul; and Saul had Jonathan, Malchishua, Abinadab, and Eshbaal. Of Jonathan was Merib Baal; and Merib Baal had Micah. The descendants of Micah were Pithon, Melech, Tarea, and Ahaz. Ahaz had Jehoaddah; and Jehoaddah had Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri had Moza. Moza had Binea; Raphah had Eleasah, who had Azel. Azel had six sons whose names are Azrikam, Bocheru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan. All these were the descendants of Azel. The descendants of Eshek, his brother, were Ulam his firstborn, Jeush the second, and Eliphelet the third. The descendants of Ulam were strong experienced soldiers, archers, and had many sons, and grandsons, 150 in all. All these were of the descendants of Benjamin.


     9[1-10] So all Israel were recognized by genealogies; and they’re written in the book of the Rulers of Israel (Kings); and Judah was carried away captive to Babylon (Iraq, Iran) for their disobedience. Now the first people who lived in their lands in their cities were Israel, the preachers, the Levites, and the Nethinim (church workers). The people of Judah lived In Jerusalem, of the people of Benjamin, and of the people of Ephraim and Manasseh; Uthai of Ammihud, who was of Omri, who was of Imri, who was of Bani, who was of the people of Perez, who was of Judah. Of the Shilonites; Asaiah the firstborn, and his children. The descendants of Zerah were Jeuel, and their family, 690 in all. The descendants of Benjamin were Sallu, who was of Meshullam, who was of Hodaviah, who was of Hassenuah, Ibneiah who was of Jeroham, Elah who was of Uzzi, who was of Michri, Meshullam who was of Shephatiah, who was of Reuel, who was of Ibnijah; and their families, according to their generations, 956 in all. All these were the heads of the ancestors’ houses by their families.

     [10-13] Of the preachers were Jedaiah, Jehoiarib, Jachin, and Azariah, who was of Hilkiah, who was of Meshullam, who was of Zadok, who was of Meraioth, who was of Ahitub, the ruler of the house of God; Adaiah who was of Jeroham, who was of Pashhur, who was of Malchijah; Maasai, who was of Adiel, who was of Jahzerah, who was of Meshullam, who was of Meshillemith, who was of Immer; and their families, heads of their ancestors’ houses, 1,760 capable men for the work of the service of the house of God.

     [14-16] Of the Levites were Shemaiah, who was of Hasshub, who was of Azrikam, who was of Hashabiah, who was of the descendants of Merari; Bakbakkar, Heresh, Galal, Mattaniah, who was of Mica, who was of Zichri, who was of Asaph, Obadiah, who was of Shemaiah, who was of Galal, who was of Jeduthun, and Berechiah, who was of Asa, who was of Elkanah, who lived in the towns of the Netophathites.

     [17-27] The doorkeepers were Shallum, Akkub, Talmon, Ahiman, and their family (Shallum was the leader), who up to now served in the ruler’s gate eastward; they were the doorkeepers for the town of the people of Levi. Shallum who was of Kore, who was of Ebiasaph, who was of Korah, and his family, of his family’s household, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the doorway of the tent; and their ancestors, who had been over the camp of Yahweh, keepers of the entryway.            Phinehas, who was of Eleazar, was ruler over them in the past, and Yahweh was with him. Zechariah, who was of Meshelemiah, was doorkeeper of the Place of Worship. All these, who were chosen to be doorkeepers in the doorways were 212. These were recognized by genealogy in their towns, whom David and Samuel, the seer, ordained in their office of trust. So they and their children had the oversight of the gates of the Place of Worship of Yahweh, even the house of the tent, by division. On the four sides were the doorkeepers, toward the east, west, north, and south. Their families in their towns, were to come in every seven days, from time to time, to be with them; for the four head doorkeepers, who were Levites, were in an office of trust, and were over the rooms and over the treasuries in the house of God. They stayed around the house of God, because they were in charge of it; and they opened it up each morning.

     [28-32] Some of them had charge of the pots of service, which were brought in and out by count. Some of them also were set over the furniture, over all the pots of the sanctuary, over the fine flour, the wine, the oil, the frankincense, and the spices.        Some of the descendants of the preachers prepared the mix of the spices. Mattithiah, one of the Levites, who was the firstborn of Shallum, the Korahite, had the office of trust over the things that were baked in pans. Some of their brothers, of the descendants of the Kohathites, were over the showbread, to prepare it every Seventh Day.

     [33-34] These are the singers, heads of the ancestors’ houses of the Levites, who lived in the rooms and were free from other service; for they did their work day and night. These were heads of ancestors’ houses of the Levites, leaders throughout their generations, who lived at Jerusalem.

     [35-44] In Gibeon, Jeiel lived, who had Gibeon, whose wife’s name was Maacah; and his firstborn son was Abdon, then Zur, Kish, Baal, Ner, Nadab, Gedor, Ahio, Zechariah, and Mikloth. Mikloth had Shimeam. They also lived with their family in Jerusalem, next to their brothers. Ner had Kish; and Kish had Saul; and Saul had Jonathan, Malchishua, Abinadab, and Eshbaal.   Of Jonathan was Merib Baal; and Merib Baal had Micah. The descendants of Micah were Pithon, Melech, Tahrea, and Ahaz. Ahaz had Jarah; and Jarah had Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri had Moza; and Moza had Binea; and Rephaiah, who had Eleasah, who had Azel. Azel had six sons whose names are Azrikam, Bocheru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan; these were the descendants of Azel.


     10[1-6] Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the people of Israel  ran from the Philistines, and fell down dead on Mount Gilboa. The Philistines followed hard after Saul and his sons; and the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, the sons of Saul. The battle went very bad against Saul, and the archers overtook him; and he was wounded by them.            Then Saul said to his armor bearer, “Draw your sword, and kill me, in case these unbelievers come and abuse me.” But his armor bearer wouldn’t do it; for he was very afraid. So Saul took his sword, and fell on it. When his armor bearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell on his sword, too, and died. So Saul and his three sons died; and his whole house died together.

     [7-12] When all the people of Israel, who were in the valley, saw that Saul and his sons were dead, they ran and left their cities; and the Philistines came and lived in them. On the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the dead, they found Saul and his sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. They stripped him, and took his head, and his armor, and sent it into the land of the Philistines all around, to carry the news to their false gods, and to the people. They put his armor in the house of their false gods, and hung his head in the house of Dagon. When all Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, all the soldiers went and took away the body of Saul and his sons, and brought them to Jabesh, and buried their bones under the oak in Jabesh, and fasted seven days.

     [13-14] So Saul died for his sin which he did against Yahweh, because of the word of Yahweh, which he didn’t keep; and also because he asked counsel of a witch with an evil spirit, and didn’t ask counsel of Yahweh; so he let him be killed, and turned the countries over to David, who was of Jesse.


     11[1-3] Then all Israel gathered together to go to David at Hebron, saying, See, we’re your own flesh and bone. In times past, even when Saul was our ruler, it was you who led Israel out and in; and Yahweh your God said to you, You’ll be the spiritual and political leader over My people Israel. So all the elders of Israel came to the ruler to Hebron; and David made an agreement with them in Hebron before Yahweh; and they anointed David ruler over Israel, according to the Word of Yahweh by Samuel.

     [4-9] David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, which  is Jebus; and the Jebusites, the people of the land were there also. The people of Jebus said to David, “Don’t come in here!” But David took the stronghold of Zion, which is the same as the city of David. David said, “Whoever fights the Jebusites first will be leader and captain.” Joab of Zeruiah went up first, and was made leader. David lived in the stronghold; so they called it the city of David. He built the city up all around it, from Millo all around it; and Joab built the rest of the city. David grew greater and greater; for Yahweh, the God of All Creation, was with him.

      [10-14] Now these are the leaders of the soldiers whom David had, who proved their strength with him in his countries, together with all Israel, to make him ruler, according to the word of Yahweh about Israel. This is the number of the soldiers whom David had; Jashobeam, of a Hachmonite, was the leader of the 30; he fought against 300 at one time and killed them all. After him was Eleazar of Dodo, the Ahohite, who was one of the three strongest soldiers. He was with David at Pasdammim, where the Philistines were gathered together to battle, where there was a plot of ground full of barley; and the people ran from the Philistines. They stood in the midst of the plot, and defended it, and killed the Philistines; and Yahweh saved them by a great victory.

     [15-21] Three of the 30 leaders went down to the rock to David, into the cave of Adullam; and the soldiers of the Philistines were encamped in the valley of Rephaim. David was then in the stronghold, and the fortress of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem. David groaned, saying, Oh that someone would give me a drink of water from the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate! So the three broke through the troops of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David; but David wouldn’t drink it, but poured it out as an offering to Yahweh, saying, My God forbid it me, that I should do this; I’ll drink the blood of these men, who have put their lives on the line? for with danger to their lives they brought it. So he wouldn’t drink it. These things did the three soldiers. Abishai, the brother of Joab, he was leader of the three; for he fought against 300 and killed them, and had a name among the three. Of the three, he was more honorable than the other two, and was made their captain; But he wasn’t part of the first three.

     [22-25] Benaiah, who was of Jehoiada, who was born of a courageous man of Kabzeel who had done very brave things, he killed the two sons of Ariel of Moab; he also went down and killed a lion in the bottom of a pit in the snow. He also killed an Egyptian of great height, who was 7 ½ feet tall; and in the Egyptian’s hand was a spear as long as a weaver’s beam; and he went down to him with a staff, and knocked the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand, and killed him with his own spear. Benaiah of Jehoiada did these things, and had a name among the three soldiers, so he was more honorable than the 30, but he wasn’t part of the first three; and David set him over his guard.

     [26-47] Also the strongest of the troops were Asahel, the brother of Joab, Elhanan of Dodo, of Bethlehem, Shammoth, the Harorite, Helez, the Pelonite, Ira of Ikkesh, the Tekoite, Abiezer the Anathothite, Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite, Heled of Baanah, the Netophathite, Ithai of Ribai, of Gibeah of the people of Benjamin, Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hurai of the rivers of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Baharumite, Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the people of Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan of Shagee, the Hararite, Ahiam of Sacar, the Hararite, Eliphal of Ur, Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite, Hezro the Carmelite, Naarai of Ezbai, Joel, the brother of Nathan, Mibhar of Hagri, Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Berothite, the armor bearer of Joab of Zeruiah, Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, Uriah the Hittite, Zabad of Ahlai, Adina of Shiza, the Reubenite, a leader of the Reubenites, and 30 with him, Hanan of Maacah, Joshaphat the Mithnite, Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel of Hotham the Aroerite, Jediael of Shimri, Joha his brother, the Tizite, Eliel the Mahavite, Jeribai, and Joshaviah of Elnaam, Ithmah the Moabite, Eliel, Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.


     12[1-7] Now these are those who came to David to Ziklag, while he still kept himself close because of Saul of Kish; and they were among the soldiers, his helpers in war. They were armed with bows and arrows, and could use both the right and left hand in slinging stones and in shooting; they were of Saul’s brothers of Benjamin. The leader was Ahiezer; then Joash, who were of Shemaah the Gibeathite; Jeziel and Pelet, who were of Azmaveth, Beracah and Jehu the Anathothite, Ishmaiah the Gibeonite, the strongest among the 30, and leader over the 30, Jeremiah, Jahaziel, Johanan, Jozabad the Gederathite, Eluzai, Jerimoth, Bealiah, Shemariah, Shephatiah the Haruphite, Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer, Jashobeam, the Korahites, Joelah, Zebadiah, of Jeroham of Gedor.

     [8-15] Of the Gadites, there came over to David to the stronghold in the countryside, strong experienced soldiers, men trained for war, that could handle shield and spear; whose faces were as fierce as lions, and they were as fast as the deer on the mountains; Ezer the leader, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third, Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, Attai the 6th, Eliel the 7th, Johanan the 8th, Elzabad the 9th, Jeremiah the 10th, Machbannai the 11th. These of the descendants of Gad were leaders of the troops; Those who were least were equal to a hundred men, and the greatest to a thousand men. These are those who went over the Jordan in the first month, when it had overflowed all its banks; and they ran off all those of the valleys, both toward the east and the west.

     [16 -18] Some of the people of Benjamin and Judah came to the stronghold to David. David went out to meet them, and said to them, “If you come peaceably to help me, I will welcome you wholeheartedly; but if you come to hand me over to my enemies, seeing I’ve done nothing wrong, the God of our ancestors will look on it, and punish you.                Then the Spirit came on Amasai, who was the leader of the 30, and he said, “We’re your people, David, and on your side, you son of Jesse; peace, be at peace, and we’re your helpers; for your God helps you.” Then David took them, and made them leaders of the troop.

     [19-22] Some of Manasseh also came to David, when he came with the Philistines against Saul to battle; but they didn’t help them; for the leaders of the Philistines sent him away after talking with one another, saying, He’ll turn against us back to his master Saul to put our lives in danger. As he went to Ziklag, Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai came to him of Manasseh, captains of thousands who were of Manasseh. They helped David against a band of drifters; for they were all strong experienced soldiers, and were captains in the troops. For from day to day men came to David to help him, until there was a great troop, like the troops of God.

     [23-37] These are the numbers of the heads of those who were armed for war, who came to David to Hebron, to turn the countries of Saul over to him, according to the word of Yahweh. The people of Judah who had shield and spear were 6,800, armed for war. Of the people of Simeon, 7,100 strong experienced soldiers for war. There were 4,600 of the people of Levi.          Jehoiada was the leader of the house of Aaron; and with him were 3,700, and Zadok, a young man very courageous, and of his father’s house 22 captains. There were 3,000 of the people of Benjamin, the family of Saul; for up to now most of them had been loyal to the house of Saul.  Of the people of Ephraim 20,800, strong experienced soldiers, well known in their ancestors’ houses. Of the half family group of Manasseh 18,000 were mentioned by name, to come and make David ruler.   Of the people of Issachar, those who understood the times, and knew what’srael should do, the leaders were 200; and all their families followed at their word.       Of Zebulun, 50,000 were able to go out in the troops, who could outfit the troops with all kinds of weapons , and who could set everything in order for David with an undivided heart. Of Naphtali 1,000 captains, and with them 37,000 with weapons. Of the Danites, 28,600, who could march in battle. Of Asher, 40,000 were able to go out in the troops, who could march in battle. On the other side of the Jordan, of the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and of half the family of Manasseh, 120,000 with all kinds of weapons of war for the battle.

     [38-40] All these being soldiers, who could march in battle, came with a perfect heart to Hebron, to make David ruler over all Israel; and all the rest of Israel  were of a heart to make David their ruler also. They were there with David for three days, eating and drinking; for their people had prepared for them. Besides, those who were near to them, even as far as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali, brought bread on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen, food of cornmeal, cakes of figs, clusters of raisins, wine, and oil, and oxen and sheep in wealth; for there was great happiness in Israel.


About mamaheartfilled

I am a mother of eight wonderfully challenging children and nine grandkids, of whom I am very proud. I am also a bi-vocational ordained evangelical minister, and a Christian Counselor. I received my B.S. degree in 2004, studying primarily in the areas of Psychology, with minors in Religion and English. I received my Masters Degree in 2009 in Psychological Counseling with an emphasis in Christian Counseling. I have endeavored to paraphrase the Bible, both Old and New Testaments, for the last ten years or so and am working on a final edit, now. It is my hope that it will be of some use in the great commission of Christ. My ministry is primarily geared toward victims of sexual and domestic violence, including victims of childhood sexual abuse, whether currently or in the past. Since I have personally experienced the healing hand of God in overcoming many of the life issues that Christians may face, I feel qualified and compelled to discuss them in a truthful and open manner, as God’s word tells us that “We shall know the truth and the truth shall set us free.” God has brought me through such diverse tribulations as sexual, physical, and mental abuse, being a victim of a drunk driving accident, spousal pornography addiction, adultery, divorce, remarriage, a very brief, though unjust, incarceration, and having experienced multiple miscarriages and various other trials. I have been asked to leave two Southern Baptist Churches, due to my being a female, ordained as a minister, and fired from a SBC sponsored Christian School (mostly white) for speaking out against racial prejudice in the Family of God. Through God’s merciful forgiveness of my own sins and inadequacies and God’s grace given to me to forgive those who have been a stumbling block to me, I have overcome many of these adversities. God’s word tells us that “All things work together for good to those who love the Lord and are called according to the purposes of God." Since I have this hope, I believe that God has blessed me with the ability to confront and relate these issues to the Christian community around the world. I hope to be able to use my personal experiences as a ministry of God’s grace and in the comforting of the people of God with the truth of God's mercy. I claim II Corinthians 1: 3 & 4 as my calling, which states: “Blessed be God, the Origin of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Origin of mercies, and the God of comfort; who comforts us in all our troubles, that we may be able to comfort those who are in trouble, by the comfort we ourselves have been given by God.” As I have received the gift of God’s healing, I hope to be able to bring the peace beyond understanding to others with the message of God’s mercy and grace. My love for the Sovereign Lord of my life, Jesus Christ, along with my passion for writing has drawn me to explore these commonly experienced crisis issues from the perspective of my own experience in the hope that I may bring an empathetic and compassionate insight to God’s people. I am now a published author and have several books in publication, including my autobiography, "A Little Redneck Theology." The views expressed in my writings are strictly my own insights, acquired from personal experience and diligent study of the related topics and God’s word concerning them. Though I am an ordained minister, my views should not be considered authoritative. I believe that the Christian community’s ultimate authority is the guidance of the human heart by the Holy Spirit and the Word of God.
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