1[1-5] Solomon, David’s son, was strengthened in his lands, and Yahweh God was with him, and made him very well known. Solomon ruled all Israel, to the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and to the judges, and to every leader in all Israel, the heads of the ancestors’ houses. So Solomon and all the assembly went to the high place that was at Gibeon because that was the Place of Worship of God, which Moses, the follower of Yahweh, had made out in the countryside. But David had brought the Chest of God up from Kiriath Jearim to the place that David had prepared for it because he had pitched a tent for it at Jerusalem. Besides this, the bronze altar Bezalel of Uri, of Hur, had made was there before the tent of Yahweh; and Solomon and the assembly went to it.
[6-10] Solomon went up there to the bronze altar before Yahweh, which was at the Place of Worship, and offered 1,000 burnt offerings on it. That night God appeared to Solomon, saying to him, “Ask whatever you want and I’ll give it to you.” So Solomon said to God, “You’ve shown great loving kindness to David my father, and have made me ruler in his place. Now, Yahweh God, let your promise to David, my father, come to pass because you’ve made me ruler over a people like the dust of the earth in number. Now give me wisdom and knowledge, so that I may go out and come in before this people. Who can judge so many of Your people?”
[11 -12] Then God said to Solomon, “Because this was in your heart, and you haven’t asked for riches, wealth, or honor, nor for the life of those who hate you, neither still have you asked for long life; but have asked for wisdom and knowledge for yourself, that you may judge My people, over whom I’ve made you ruler; I’ll give you wisdom and knowledge; and I’ll also give you riches, wealth, and honor, more than any of the rulers have had who have come before you; neither will there be any after you like this.”
[13-17] So Solomon came from the high place at Gibeon, from the Place of Worship to Jerusalem and ruled over Israel. Solomon gathered war vehicles and horse riders; and he had 1,400 war vehicles, and 12,000 horse riders, that he placed in their cities, and with the ruler at Jerusalem. The ruler brought silver and gold to Jerusalem, as common as stones, and he made cedars to be as common as the sycamore trees that are in the lowland. The horses which Solomon had were brought out of Egypt from Kue; the ruler’s sales people purchased them from Kue. They brought up out of Egypt a war vehicle for 600 pieces of silver, and a horse for 150; and sold them to all the rulers of the Hittites, and the rulers of Syria.
2[1 -10] Solomon planned to build a house for the Name of Yahweh, and a house for himself. Solomon counted out 71,000 workers, and 81,000 stonecutters in the mountains, and 3,600 overseers. Solomon sent word to Huram the ruler of Tyre, saying, “As you dealt with David my father, and sent him cedars to build him a house in which to live, even so deal with me. See, I’m about to build a house for the Name of Yahweh my God, to dedicate it to God, and to burn incense of sweet spices in worship, and for the continual showbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the Seventh Days, and on the new moons, and on the set celebrations of Yahweh our God. This is a law forever to Israel. The house which I build must be great because our God is greater than all gods. But who is able to build a house for God, seeing heaven and the heaven of heavens can’t hold God in? Who am I then, that I should build a house for God, except to burn incense to God in worship? So send me anyone skillful to work in gold, silver, brass, iron, purple, crimson, and blue, and who knows how to engrave all kinds of carvings, to be with the skilled workers who are with me in Judah and in Jerusalem, whom David my father, gave. Send me also cedar trees, fir trees, and algum trees, out of Lebanon because I know that Your workers know how to cut wood in Lebanon; and see, my workers will be with your workers, to prepare me much wood because the house which I’m about to build will be very great and wonderful. See, I’ll give to your workers, the cutters who cut wood, 20,000 measures of beaten wheat, and 20,000 measures of barley, and 120,000 gallons of wine, and 120,000 gallons of oil.
[11-16] Then Huram, the ruler of Tyre, answered in writing, which he sent to Solomon, “Because Yahweh loves the people of God, God has made you ruler over them.” Huram continued, “Blessed be Yahweh, the God of Israel, that made heaven and earth, who has given to David, the ruler, a wise son, gifted with good judgment and understanding, who can build a house for Yahweh, and a house for himself. Now I’ve sent a skillful worker, gifted with understanding, Huram-abi, the son of a woman of the daughters of Dan; and his father was from Tyre. He’s skillful in the working of gold, silver, brass, iron, stone, wood, purple, blue, fine linen, and in crimson, also to engrave any kind of carving, and to make anything; that there may be a place given to him with your skilled workers, and with the skilled workers of David your father. So the wheat and the barley, the oil and the wine, which you’ve spoken of, send it to these workers; and we’ll cut wood out of Lebanon, as much as you’ll need; and we’ll bring it to you in floats by sea to Joppa (modern Tel Aviv-Yafo, or also known as Tel Aviv-Jaffa); and you’ll carry it up to Jerusalem.”
[17-18] Solomon counted all the foreigners who were in the land of Israel, after the numbering with which David his father had counted them; and they were found to be 153,600. He set 70,000 of them to be workers, and 80,000 who were stonecutters in the mountains, and 3,600 overseers to set the people to work.
3[1-5] Then Solomon began to build the Place of Worship of Yahweh at Jerusalem on Mount Moriah, where Yahweh appeared to David his father, which he built in the place that David had set aside, in the threshing floor of Ornan, the Jebusite. He began to build on the 2nd day of the second month (Ziv, Iyar, Apr-May), in the 4th year of his rule. Now these are the foundations which Solomon laid for the building of the House of God. The first measure by feet was 90’x 30’. The porch that was before the house, its length, according to the width of the house was 30’, and the height 180’; and he overlaid the inside with pure gold. He made a ceiling for the greater house with fir wood, which he overlaid with fine gold, and decorated it with palm trees and chains.
[6-13] He decorated the house with precious stones for beauty; and the gold was gold of Parvaim. He overlaid the house, the posts, the doorways, the walls, and the doors with gold; and engraved cherubim (angelic winged creatures) on the walls. He made the Most Holy Place; its length equal to the width of the house was 30’, and its width 30’; and he overlaid it with fine gold, amounting to 45,000 lbs. The weight of the nails was equal to about the weight of 50 gold coins. He overlaid the upper rooms with gold. In the Most Holy Place he made two cherubim of carved work; and they overlaid them with gold. The wings of the cherubim were 30’ long; the wing of one cherub was 7 ½’, reaching to the wall of the room; and the other wing was also 7 ½’, reaching to the wing of the other cherub. The wing of the other cherub was 7 ½’, reaching to the wall of the room; and the other wing was 7 ½’ also, joining to the wing of the other cherub. All together, the wings of these cherubim spread 30’; and they stood on their feet, and their faces were toward the room.
[14-17] He made the veil of blue, purple, and crimson, and fine linen, and decorated it with cherubim. Also he made in front of the house two pillars of 52 ½’ high, and the capital that was on the top of each of them was 7 ½’. He made chains in the inner sanctuary, and put them on the tops of the pillars; and he made 100 pomegranates, and put them on the chains. He put the pillars up before the Place of Worship, one on each side; and called the name of the one on the right hand Jachin, and the name of the one on the left Boaz.
4[1-5] Then he made an altar of brass, 30’ long by 30’ wide, and 15’ high. Also he made the molten sea of 15’ from brim to brim, round; and it was 7 ½’ high; and it was 45’ around it. Under it were sculptures of cows, which surrounded the sea at15’ all around it. The cows were in two rows, when it was cast. It stood on 12 cows, three each looking toward the north, west, south, and east; and the sea was set above them, and all their hinds were inward. It was 3” thick; and the brim was made like the brim of a cup, like the flower of a lily; it held 18,000 gallons. He also made ten bowls, and put five on each side, to wash in them; they washed the things that were used for the burnt offering in them; but the sea was for the preachers to wash in.
[7-10] He made the ten lampstands of gold according to the rule about them; and he set them in the Place of Worship, five on each side. He made also ten tables, and placed them in the Place of Worship, five on each side. He made 100 bowls of gold. Also he made the court of the preachers, and the great court, and doors for the court, and overlaid all the doors with brass. He set the sea on the right side of the house in the southeast corner.
[11-16] Huram made the pots, the shovels, and the bowls. So Huram finished doing the work that he did for ruler Solomon in the House of God; the two pillars, the bowls, and the two capitals which were on the top of the pillars, and the two lattices to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the top of the pillars, and the 400 pomegranates for the two lattices; two rows of pomegranates for each lattice, to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the pillars. He also made the bases, and he made the bowls on the bases; one sea, and the 12 cows under it. The pots also, the shovels, and the forks, and all the tools, Huram-abi made for ruler Solomon for the Place of Worship of Yahweh of bright brass.
[17-22] Solomon had them cast in the field of the Jordan, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredah. So Solomon made all these pots, so many, the weight of all the brass couldn’t be found out. Solomon made all the pots that were in the House of God, the golden altar also, the tables with the showbread on them; and the lampstands with their lamps, to burn according to the rule before the inner sanctuary, of pure gold; the flowers, the lamps, and the tongs were of pure gold; and the snuffers, the bowls, the spoons, and the fire pans were of pure gold; and as for the entry of the house, the inner doors for the Most Holy Place, and the doors of the main hall of the Place of Worship were of gold.
5[1-5] So all the work that Solomon did for the Place of Worship of Yahweh was finished. Solomon brought in the things that David his father had dedicated, all the silver and gold, and all the pots, and put them in the treasuries of the House of God. Then Solomon gathered the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the family groups, the leaders of the ancestors’ houses of the people of Israel, to Jerusalem, to bring up the Chest of the promised agreement of Yahweh out of the city of David, which is Zion. And all the people of Israel gathered themselves to the ruler at the celebration, which was in the 7th month (Tishri, Sept.-Oct.). All the elders of Israel came; and the Levites took up the Chest; and they brought up the Chest, and the Place of Worship, and all the holy pots that were in the Tent; all these the preachers, the Levites, brought up.
[6-10] King Solomon and all the people of Israel, that were gathered to him were before the Chest, sacrificing sheep and cows, so many that they couldn’t be counted. The preachers brought in the Chest of the promised agreement of Yahweh to its place, into the inner sanctuary of the house, to the Most Holy Place, under the wings of the cherubim (angelic winged creatures). They spread out their wings over the place of the Chest, and covered the Chest and its poles from above. The poles were so long that the ends of the poles were seen from the Chest before the inner sanctuary; but they weren’t seen outside; and there it is to today. There wasn’t anything in the Chest except the two tables which Moses put there at Horeb when Yahweh made an agreement with the people of Israel when they came out of Egypt.
[11-14] When the preachers had come out of the holy place, (for all the preachers who were there had dedicated themselves, and didn’t keep their divisions; also the Levites who were the singers, all of them, even Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun, and their sons and their brothers, clothed in fine linen with cymbals and lyres and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them 120 preachers sounding horns;) The horn players and singers were as one, to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking Yahweh; and when they raised their voices with the horns and cymbals and instruments of music, and praised Yahweh, sang, God is good, whose loving kindness lasts forever; then the House of God was filled with a cloud, the Place of Worship of Yahweh, so that the preachers couldn’t stand to minister because the cloud of the glory of Yahweh filled the House of God.
6[1 -6] Then Solomon said, “Yahweh has said, ‘I will live in the thick darkness.’ But I’ve built a House of God, and a place for Yahweh to live in forever.” The ruler turned his face, and blessed all the assembly of Israel; and all the assembly of Israel stood up. He said, “Blessed be Yahweh, the God of Israel who said to David my father, and has done it, saying, ‘Since the day that I brought forth My people out of the land of Egypt, I chose no city out of all the family groups of Israel to build a house in, that My Name would be there; neither chose I anyone to be head over My people Israel; but I’ve chosen Jerusalem, that My Name would be there; and have chosen David to be over My people Israel.’
[7-11] Now it was in the heart of David my father to build a house for the Name of Yahweh, the God of Israel. But Yahweh said to David my father, ‘Even though it was in your heart to build a house for My Name, you did well that it was in your heart; but you won’t build the house; your son who will come from your body, he’ll build the house for My Name.’ Yahweh has done what was said because I sit in the place of David my father, and sit on the throne of Israel, as Yahweh promised, and have built the House for the Name of Yahweh, the God of Israel. There I have set the Chest, in which is the Promised Agreement of Yahweh which God made with the people of Israel.”
[12-16] He stood before the altar of Yahweh in the presence of all the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands (for Solomon had made a bronze scaffold, 7 ½ ‘ x 7 ½ ‘, and 4 ½ ‘ high, and had set it in the middle of the court; and he stood on it, and kneeled down on his knees before all the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands toward heaven; ) and he said, “Yahweh, God of Israel, there’s no God like You, in heaven, or on earth; who keeps the Promised Agreement and shows loving kindness to Your workers who walk before You with all their heart; who have kept with Your worker David my father what You promised him; yes, You said with Your mouth, and have fulfilled it with Your hand, as it is today. So now, Yahweh, God of Israel, keep with Your worker David my father what You’ve promised him, saying, ‘There won’t fail to be someone in My sight to sit on the throne of Israel, if only your children be careful to keep their way, to walk in My law as you’ve walked before Me.’
[17-21] So now, Yahweh, God of Israel, let Your word be done which You said to Your worker David. But will God truly live with human beings on the earth? See, heaven and the heaven of heavens can’t contain You; how much less this house which I’ve built! Still, You have honored the prayer of Your worker, and my prayer, Yahweh my God, to listen to the cry and to the prayer which Your worker prays before You; that Your eyes may be open toward this house day and night, even toward the place where You’ve said that You’d put Your Name; to listen to the prayer which Your worker will pray toward this place. Listen to the requests of Your worker, and of Your people Israel when they’ pray toward this place; yes, hear from Your place in heaven; and when You hear, forgive us.
[22-25] If anyone sins against their neighbor, and an oath is put on them to cause them to make a promise, and they come and make a promises before Your altar in this house; then hear from heaven, and act, and judge Your workers, bringing justice on the sinful, to bring their way on their own head; and justifying the good, to give them according to their goodness. If Your people Israel be fought down before the enemy, because they’ve sinned against You, and will turn back and call on Your Name, and pray before You in this house; then hear from heaven, and forgive the sin of Your people Israel, and bring them again to the land which You gave to them and to their ancestors.
[26 -33] When the sky is shut up, and there’s no rain, because they’ve sinned against You; if they pray toward this place, and call on Your Name, and turn from their sin when You trouble them; then hear in heaven, and forgive the sin of Your workers, and of Your people Israel when You teach them the good way in which they should walk; and send rain on Your land, which You’ve given to Your people for an inheritance. If there’s a lack of food in the land, if there’s disease, if there’s blight or mildew, locust or caterpillar; if their enemies besiege them in the land of their cities; whatever plague or whatever sickness there’s; whatever prayer is prayed by any person, or by all Your people Israel, who will each know their own trial and their own sorrow, and will spread out their hands toward this house; then hear from Your home in heaven and forgive, and give to everyone according to their ways, whose heart You know; (for You and You only know the hearts of the people;) that they may respect You, to walk in Your ways, so long as they live in the land which You gave to our ancestors. Besides this, about the foreigner who isn’t of Your people Israel, when they come from a far country for Your great Name’s sake, and Your strong hand, and Your outstretched arm; when they come and pray toward this house; then hear from Your home in heaven, and do what the foreigner asks of You; that all the peoples of the earth may know Your Name, and respect You, as does Your people Israel, and that they may know that this house which I’ve built is called by Your Name.
[34-39] If Your people go out to fight against their enemies, by whatever way You send them, and they pray to You toward this city which You’ve chosen, and the house which I’ve built for Your Name; then hear from heaven their prayer and their request, and take their case. If they sin against You (for there’s no one who doesn’t sin), and You’re angry with them, and give them to the enemy, so that they carry them away prisoner to a land far off or near; still if they’ll repent themselves in the land where they’ve been carried prisoner, and turn back, and pray to You in the land where they’ve been taken, saying, ‘We’ve sinned, We’ve done wrong, and have acted evil;’ if they return to You with all their heart and with all their soul in the land where they’ve been taken, where they’ve been carried prisoner, and pray toward their land, which You gave to their ancestors, and the city which You’ve chosen, and toward the house which I’ve built for Your Name; then hear from heaven, even from where You are, their prayer and their requests, and take their case, and forgive Your people who have sinned against You.
[40-42] Now, my God, let, I beg You, Your eyes be open, and let Your ears pay attention, to the prayer that is made in this place. So now, come up, Yahweh God, into Your resting place, You, and the Chest of Your strength; let Your preachers, Yahweh God, be clothed with Your saving grace, and let Your saints be happy in goodness. Yahweh God, don’t turn away the face of Your anointed; remember Your loving kindnesses to David Your worker.”
7[1-5] Now when Solomon had finished praying, the fire came down from heaven, and burnt up the burnt offering and the sacrifices; and the brightness of Yahweh’s glory filled the house. The preachers couldn’t go into the Place of Worship of Yahweh, because the brightness of Yahweh filled God’s house. All the people of Israel looked on when the fire came down, and the glory of Yahweh was on the house; and they bowed themselves with their faces to the ground on the pavement, and worshiped, and gave thanks to Yahweh, saying, God is good whose loving kindness lasts forever. Then the ruler and all the people offered sacrifices before Yahweh.
[5-8] King Solomon offered a sacrifice of 22,000 cows, and 120,000 sheep. So the ruler and all the people dedicated the House of God. The preachers stood, according to their offices; the Levites also with instruments of music of Yahweh, which David the ruler had made to give thanks to Yahweh, whose loving kindness lasts forever, when David praised God by their ministry; and the preachers sounded horns before them; and all Israel stood. Besides this, Solomon made the middle of the court holy that was before the Place of Worship of Yahweh because there he offered the burnt offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings, because the bronze altar, which Solomon had made wasn’t able to hold the burnt offering, the meal offering, and the fat. So Solomon held the celebration at that time seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great assembly, from the entrance of Hamath to the River of Egypt.
[9-11] On the 8th day they held a solemn assembly because they kept the dedication of the altar seven days, and the celebration seven days. On the 23rd day of the 7th month (Tishri Sept.-Oct.) he sent the people away to their tents, joyful and glad hearted for the goodness that Yahweh had shown to David and Solomon, and to Israel God’s people. So Solomon finished the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and the ruler’s house; and whatever came into Solomon’s heart to make in the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and in his own house, he finished well.
[12-16] Then Yahweh appeared to Solomon by night, saying to him, “I’ve heard your prayer, and have chosen this place for myself for a house of sacrifice. If I shut up the sky so that there’s no rain, or if I tell the locust to destroy the land, or if I send disease among My people; If My people, who are called by My Name, will humble themselves, and pray, and turn to Me, and turn from their sinful ways; then I’ll hear from heaven, forgive their sin, and heal their land. Now my eyes will see and my ears will hear the prayer that is made in this place. For now I’ve chosen and made this house holy, that My Name may be there forever; and My eyes and My heart will be there continually.
[17-22] As for you, if you’ll walk before me as David your father walked, and do like what I’ve told you, and will keep My laws and My rules; then I’ll set up the throne of your land, as I promised David your father, saying, There won’t fail you someone to be ruler in Israel. But if you turn away from My laws and My words which I’ve set before you, and go and serve false gods, and worship them; then I’ll pluck the people up by the roots out of My land which I’ve given them; and this house, which I’ve made holy for My Name I’ll put out of My sight, and I’ll make it a saying and a mockery among all peoples. This house, which is so high, everyone who passes by it will be shocked, and say, ‘Why has Yahweh done this to this land and this house?’ And they’ll answer, ‘Because they left Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, who brought them out of the land of Egypt, and took hold of other gods, worshiping them and serving them; so God has brought all this evil on them.’”
8[1-6] At the end of 20 years, in which Solomon had built the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and his own house, the cities which Huram had given to Solomon, Solomon built them, and made the people of Israel to live there. Solomon went to Hamath Zobah, and was strong against it. He built Tadmor in the countryside, and all the storage cities, which he built in Hamath. He also built Beth Horon, the upper and the lower, protected cities, with walls, gates, and bars; and Baalath, and all the storage cities that Solomon had, and all the cities for his war vehicles, and the cities for his horse riders, and whatever Solomon wanted to build for his pleasure in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion.
[7-11] As for all the people who were left of the Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, who weren’t of Israel; of their children who were left after them in the land, whom the people of Israel didn’t kill, Solomon made them workers and taxed them to today. But of the people of Israel, Solomon didn’t make any workers for his work; but they were soldiers, and leader of his captains, and rulers of his war vehicles and of his horse riders. These were the head officers of Solomon, 250 who ruled over the people. Solomon brought the daughter of the Ruler of Egypt out of the city of David to the house that he had built for her because he said, “My wife won’t live in the house of David ruler of Israel, because the places are holy, where the Chest of Yahweh has come.”
[12 -15] Then Solomon offered burnt offerings to Yahweh on the altar of Yahweh, which he had built before the porch, as the duty of everyday required, offering according to the word of Moses, on the Seventh Days, on the new moons, and on the set celebrations, three times in the year, even in the celebration of bread made without yeast, and in the celebration of weeks, and in the Celebration of Booths. He set, according to the rule of David his father, the divisions of the preachers to their service, and the Levites to their offices, to praise, and to minister before the preachers, as the duty of everyday required; the doorkeepers also by their divisions at every gate as David the follower of God had told him. They didn’t change the word of the ruler to the preachers and Levites in any way, or change anything about the treasures.
[16-18] Now all the work of Solomon was done from the day of the foundation of the Place of Worship of Yahweh until it was finished. So the Place of Worship of Yahweh was finished. Then Solomon went to Ezion Geber, and to Eloth, on the seashore in the land of Edom (Arab nations). Huram sent him by the hands of his workers ships, and workers who had knowledge of the sea; and they came with the workers of Solomon to Ophir, and picked up from there 33,750 lbs of gold, and brought them to ruler Solomon.
9[1-4] When the Ruler of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great train of camels that had spices, and much gold, and precious stones; and when she had come to Solomon, she talked with him of what was in her heart. Solomon answered all her questions; and Solomon didn’t keep any secrets from her. When the Ruler of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built, the food on the table, the seating of the servants, the attendance of his ministers and their clothing, his cup bearers and their clothing also, and the grand steps by which he went up to the Place of Worship of Yahweh; there was no more spirit in her.
[5-9] She said to the ruler, “It was true what I heard in my own land about your acts, and your wisdom. But I didn’t believe their words, until I came, and my eyes had seen it; and see, the half of the greatness of your wisdom wasn’t told me; you’re more famous than what I had heard. Happy are your people and Your workers, who stand continually before you, and hear your wisdom. Blessed be Yahweh, your God, who was pleased to set you on the throne, to be ruler for Yahweh, your God; because your God loved Israel, to set them up forever, so God made you ruler over them, to do justice and goodness.” She gave the ruler 9,000 lbs of gold, and many spices and precious stones; nor was there any spice like the ruler of Sheba gave to the ruler Solomon.
[10-12] The workers also of Huram and of Solomon, who brought the gold from Ophir, also brought algum trees, and precious stones. The ruler made of the algum trees porches for the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and for the ruler’s house, and harps and lyres for the singers; and there were none seen like this ever before in the land of Judah. King Solomon gave to the ruler of Sheba everything she wanted, whatever she asked for, Besides this, what she had brought the ruler. So she went back to her own land, she and her workers.
[13-19] Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was 49, 950 lbs (666 talents) of gold, Besides this, what the traders and sales peoples brought; and all the rulers of Arabia and the governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon. King Solomon made 200 shields of beaten gold with 600 gold coins going into each shield. He also made 300 smaller shields of beaten gold with 300 gold coins going into each one; and the ruler put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon. Besides this, the ruler made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with pure gold. And there were six steps to the throne, with a footstool of gold, which were fastened to the throne, and armrests on either side of the seat, and two lions standing beside them. There were 12 lions that stood on each side of the six steps; there wasn’t anything like it made in any country before.
[20-24] All ruler Solomon’s drinking cups were of gold, and all the dishes of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold; silver wasn’t of any value in the days of Solomon. For the ruler had ships that went to Tarshish with the workers of Huram; the ships of Tarshish came once every three years, bringing gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks. So ruler Solomon was greater than all the rulers of the earth in riches and wisdom. All the rulers of the earth went to Solomon to hear his wisdom, which God had put in his heart. They brought their tax money, pots of silver and gold, clothing, armor, spices, horses, and mules, a set rate year by year.
[25-31] Solomon had 4,000 stalls of horses and war vehicles, and 12,000 riders that he had in the war vehicle cities and with the ruler at Jerusalem. He ruled over all the rulers from the Euphrates River to the land of the Philistines, and to the border of Egypt. The ruler made silver as common in Jerusalem as stones and cedars as common as the sycamore trees that are in the lowland. They brought horses for Solomon out of Egypt, and out of all lands. Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, from the first to the last, are written in The History of Nathan the Preacher, and in The Preaching of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in The Visions of Iddo the Preacher about Jeroboam of Nebat. Solomon ruled in Jerusalem over all Israel for 40 years. Solomon died and was buried with his ancestors and was buried in the city of David his father; and Rehoboam his son ruled in his place.
10[1-5 Rehoboam went to Shechem because all Israel had come to Shechem to make him ruler. When Jeroboam of Nebat heard it, (for he was in Egypt, where he had run away from the ruler Solomon), he came back from Egypt. They sent and called him; and Jeroboam and all Israel came, and they said to Rehoboam, “Your father made our service very hard; So now make that very hard service of your father, and the hard jobs he put on us, lighter, and we’ll serve you. So he said to them, Come back to me after three days” and the people left.
[6-11] King Rehoboam counseled with the old men, who had stood before Solomon his father while he still lived, saying, “What answer can you give me to say to these people?” They said to him, “If you’re kind to these people, and do what they want, and speak kindly to them, then they’ll be your workers forever.” But he didn’t take the advice of the old men which they had given him, and counseled with the young men who had grown up with him, who stood before him. He said to them, “What answer can you give me that we may say to these people, who have said to me, ‘Make the service that your father put on us lighter?’” The young men who had grown up with him said to him, “You should tell the people who said to you, ‘Your father made our service hard, but make it lighter to us;’ you should say to them, ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s penis. Now while my father put on you a hard service, I’ll add more to your service; my father punished you with whips, but I’ll punish you with scorpions.’”
[12-19] So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the ruler had said, “Come back to me the third day.” The ruler answered them roughly; and he refused the advice of the old men, saying to them what the young men had said, “My father made your service hard, but I’ll add to it; my father punished you with whips, but I’ll punish you with scorpions.” So the ruler didn’t listen to the people because it was brought about of God that Yahweh would prove the word which was said by Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam of Nebat. When all Israel saw that the ruler didn’t listen to them, the people answered him, saying, “What part do we have in David? nor do we have any part in the son of Jesse; everyone to your tents, Israel; now see to your own house, David.” So all Israel went to their tents. But as for the people of Israel who lived in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam ruled over them. Then ruler Rehoboam sent Hadoram who was over their workers; and the people of Israel stoned him to death with stones. Ruler Rehoboam quickly got into his war vehicle, and ran to Jerusalem. So Israel rebelled against the house of David to today.
11[1 -4] When Rehoboam had come to Jerusalem, he gathered the people of Judah and Benjamin, 180,000 of the best soldiers, who were warriors, to fight against Israel, to take the country back for Rehoboam. But the word of Yahweh came to Shemaiah, the follower of God, saying, “Speak to Rehoboam, son of Solomon, ruler of Judah, and to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin, saying, Yahweh says, You won’t go up, nor fight against your family members; everyone go back home because this thing is of Me. So they listened to the words of Yahweh, and didn’t fight against Jeroboam.
[5-13] Rehoboam lived in Jerusalem, and built cities for defense in Judah. He built Bethlehem, Etam, Tekoa, Beth Zur, Soco, Adullam, Gath, Mareshah, Ziph, Adoraim, Lachish, Azekah, Zorah, Aijalon, and Hebron, which are in Judah and in Benjamin, all protected cities. He protected the strongholds, and put captains in them, and stores of food, and oil and wine. He put shields and spears in every city, and made them very strong. Judah and Benjamin belonged to him. The preachers and the Levites who were in all Israel came to him out of all their borders.
[14-17] The Levites left their borders and their homes, and came to Judah and Jerusalem because Jeroboam and his sons threw them out so that they couldn’t do the preacher’s office for Yahweh; and he set up his own preachers for the places of false worship, and for the false gods, and the golden calves which he had made. After them, out of all the family groups of Israel, those that set their hearts to worship Yahweh, the God of Israel, came to Jerusalem to sacrifice to Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. So they strengthened the land of Judah, and made Rehoboam of Solomon strong for three years because they walked three years in the way of David and Solomon.
[18 -23] Rehoboam took a wife, Mahalath, the daughter of Jerimoth, son of David and Abihail, the daughter of Eliab, son of Jesse; and she had Jeush, Shemariah, and Zaham. After her he took Maacah, the daughter of Absalom; and she had Abijah, Attai, Ziza, and Shelomith. Rehoboam loved Maacah, the daughter of Absalom, more than all his other wives and his mistresses; (for he took 18 wives, and 60 mistresses, and had 28 sons and 60 daughters.) Rehoboam made Abijah, of Maacah, to be leader, even the head of his family because he thought to make him ruler. He dealt wisely, and put all his sons throughout all the lands of Judah and Benjamin, in every protected city; and he gave them much food. He searched for them many wives.
12[1-4] When Rehoboam had set up his country and he was strong, he stopped following the law of Yahweh, and all Israel with him. In the 5th year of ruler Rehoboam, Shishak, ruler of Egypt, came up against Jerusalem because they had sinned against Yahweh, with 1200 war vehicles, 60,000 riders, and so many people they couldn’t be counted, who came with him out of Egypt; the Lubim, the Sukkiim, and the Ethiopians. He took the protected cities which belonged to Judah, and came to Jerusalem.
[5-8] Now Shemaiah, the preacher, came to Rehoboam, and to the leaders of Judah, who were gathered together to Jerusalem because of Shishak, saying to them, “Yahweh says, You’ve left Me, so I have also left you in the hand of Shishak.” Then the leaders of Israel and the ruler humbled themselves and said, “Yahweh is good.” When Yahweh saw that they humbled themselves, the word of Yahweh came to Shemaiah, saying, “They’ve humbled themselves, so I won’t destroy them; but I’ll give them some victory, and My anger won’t be poured out on Jerusalem by the hand of Shishak. But they’ll be his workers, that they may know the difference between My service, and the service of the nations.
[9-12] So Shishak ruler of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took away all the treasures of the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and all the treasures of the ruler’s house; he also took away the shields of gold which Solomon had made. Ruler Rehoboam made in their place shields of brass, and put them in the hands of the leaders of the guard, who kept the door of the ruler’s house. As often as the ruler went into the Place of Worship of Yahweh, the guard came and had them, and brought them back into the guard room. When he humbled himself, the anger of Yahweh turned from him, so as not to destroy him altogether; and everything went well in Judah.
[13-16] So Ruler Rehoboam strengthened himself in Jerusalem, and ruled. Rehoboam was 41 years old when he began to rule, and he ruled 17 years in Jerusalem, the city which Yahweh had chosen out of all the family groups of Israel, where God’s Name was. His mother’s name was Naamah the Ammonitess. He did what was evil, because he didn’t set his heart to worship Yahweh Now the acts of Rehoboam, first and last, are written in the histories of Shemaiah, the preacher, and of Iddo, the preacher, which lists the genealogies. There were wars between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually. Rehoboam died, and was buried in the city of David; and Abijah his son ruled in his place.
13[1-5] In the 18th year of ruler Jeroboam, Abijah began to rule over Judah. He ruled three years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Micaiah, the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. There was war between Abijah and Jeroboam. Abijah joined battle with a troop of brave soldiers, 400,000 of the best soldiers; and Jeroboam got ready to fight against him with 800,000 soldiers, who were strong experienced soldiers. Abijah stood up on MountZemaraim, which is in the hill country of Ephraim, saying, “Listen to me, Jeroboam and all Israel! Ought you not to know that Yahweh, the God of Israel, gave the rule of Israel to David forever, even to him and his descendants by an agreement of salt?”
[6 -12] Still Jeroboam of Nebat, the worker of Solomon, son of David, went up, and rebelled against his leader. There were worthless men gathered to him, evil people, who strengthened themselves against Rehoboam, son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and immature, and couldn’t resist them. “Now you think to withstand the rule of Yahweh in the hand of the descendants of David; and you’re a great number, and there are with you the golden calves which Jeroboam made you for false gods. Haven’t you driven out the preachers of Yahweh, the descendants of Aaron, and the Levites, and made preachers like those of other lands? so that whoever comes to dedicate them self with a young bull and seven rams, the same may be a preacher of those who are no gods. But as for us, Yahweh is our God, and we haven’t left worshiping God; and we have preachers ministering to Yahweh, the descendants of Aaron, and the Levites in their work; and they burn to Yahweh every morning and evening burnt offerings and sweet incense; the showbread also they set in order on the pure table; and the lampstand of gold with its lamps, to burn every evening because we keep the charge of Yahweh our God; but you’ve left worshiping God. See, God is with us at our head, whose preacher’s horns will sound an alarm against you. People of Israel, don’t fight against Yahweh, the God of your ancestors because you won’t do well.”
[13-22 ] But Jeroboam sent an ambush to come up behind them; so they were in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them. When Judah looked back, the battle was in front and back of them; and they cried to Yahweh, and the preachers sounded the horns. Then the people of Judah gave a shout; and as the people of Judah shouted, God fought Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah. The people of Israel ran before Judah; and God put them into their power. Abijah and his people killed them with a great slaughter; so 500,000 of the best soldiers of Israel died. So the people of Israel were brought under control at that time, and the people of Judah were strong, because they depended on Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. Abijah chased after Jeroboam, and took cities from him, Bethel with its outskirts, Jeshanah with its outskirts, and Ephron with its outskirts. Jeroboam didn’t recover strength again in the days of Abijah; and Yahweh fought him, and he died. But Abijah grew strong, and took to himself 14 wives, and had 22 sons and 16 daughters. The rest of the acts of Abijah, and his ways and sayings, are written in the Book of the preacher Iddo.
14[1-5] So Abijah died, and was buried in the city of David; and Asa his son ruled in his place. In his days the land was peaceful ten years. Asa did what was good and right in the eyes of Yahweh God because he took away the foreign altars, and the places of false worship, and broke down the sacred pillars, and cut down the Asherim (wooden idol representing a fertility god), and told Judah to worship Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, and to follow the law and the Word of God. Also he took away out of all the cities of Judah the places of false worship and the sun gods; and his rule was peaceful.
[6-7] He built protected cities in Judah because the land was peaceful, and no war was fought in those years, because Yahweh had given him rest. Asa said to Judah, “Let us build these cities, and build walls around them, and towers, gates, and bars; the land is still before us, because we’ve served Yahweh our God; we’ve served God, who has given us rest on every side.” So they built the cities and did well. Asa had 300,000 armed troops out of Judah; and 280,000 out of Benjamin; all these were strong experienced soldiers.
[9-11] Then Zerah the Ethiopian came against them with a troop of a million soldiers, and 300 war vehicles; and he came to Mareshah. Then Asa went out to meet him, and they got ready for battle in the valley of Zephathah at Mareshah. Asa cried to Yahweh God, saying, “Yahweh, there’s no one Besides this, You to help, between the strong and those who have no strength; help us, Yahweh our God because we depend on You, and in Your Name do we fight against this great number. Yahweh, You’re our God; don’t let a human being triumph against You.”
[12-15] So Yahweh fought the Ethiopians before Asa, and before Judah; and the Ethiopians ran. Asa and the people who were with him chased them to Gerar; and so many of the Ethiopians fell that they couldn’t recover and were destroyed before Yahweh and before the people of God; and they carried away very many valuables. They fought all the cities around Gerar because the fear of Yahweh came on them; and they took all the cities because there was much stuff in them. They took also the holds of livestock, and carried away many sheep and camels, and went back to Jerusalem.
15[1-7] The Spirit of God came on Azariah, son of Oded; and he went out to meet Asa, saying to him, “Listen to me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; Yahweh is with you while you’re with God; and if you look for God, you’ll find God; but if you leave God, God will leave you. Now for a long season Israel was without the true God, and without a teaching preacher, and without law; But when, in their trouble, they turned to Yahweh, the God of Israel, and searched for God, they found God. In those times there was no peace to those who went out, nor to those who came in; but great troubles were on all the people of the lands. They were broken in pieces, nation against nation, and city against city because God troubled them with all kinds of disasters. But be strong, and don’t quit because your work will be rewarded.”
[8-10] When Asa heard these words, and the preaching of Oded the preacher, he took courage, and put away the horrible false gods out of all the land of Judah and Benjamin, and out of the cities which he had taken from the hill country of Ephraim; and he repaired the altar of Yahweh, that was before the porch of Yahweh. He gathered all Judah and Benjamin, and those who stayed with them out of Ephraim and Manasseh, and out of Simeon because many came to him out of Israel when they saw that Yahweh God was with him. So they gathered themselves together at Jerusalem in the third month (Sivan, May-June), in the 15th year of the rule of Asa.
[11-15] They sacrificed to Yahweh in that day, of the stuff which they had brought, 700 cows and 7,000 sheep. They made a promised agreement to worship Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, with all their heart and with all their soul; and that whoever wouldn’t worship Yahweh, the God of Israel, would be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman. They sealed the promise to Yahweh with a loud voice of shouting, and with horns and cornets. All Judah was happy with the promise because they had made the promise with all their heart, and searched for God with all their soul; who was found of them; and Yahweh gave them rest all around.
[16-19] Also Maacah, the mother of Asa, the ruler, was removed from being queen, because she had made an Asherah (poles or trees used for the false worship of Astarte, Canaanite goddess of fortune and happiness, the supposed consort of Baal); and Asa cut down her false god, and made it ash, burning it at the Kidron River. But all the places of false worship weren’t taken out of Israel, though Asa’s heart was perfect all his days. He brought into the House of God the things that he and his father had dedicated, the silver, gold, and pots. There was no more war until the 35th year of the rule of Asa.
16[1-5] In the 36th year of the rule of Asa, Baasha ruler of Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, so that he wouldn’t let anyone go out or come in to Asa ruler of Judah. Then Asa brought out silver and gold out of the treasures of the Place of Worship of Yahweh and of the ruler’s house, and sent to Ben Hadad ruler of Syria, who lived at Damascus, saying, “We have an agreement between us, as there was between my father and your father. See, I’ve sent you silver and gold; go, break your agreement with Baasha ruler of Israel, so that he’ll go away from me. So Ben Hadad listened to ruler Asa, and sent the captains of his troops against the cities of Israel; and they fought Ijon, Dan, Abel Maim, and all the storage cities of Naphtali. When Baasha heard it, he stopped building Ramah, and let the work stop.
[6-9] Then Asa the ruler took all Judah; and they carried away the stones and wood of Ramah, with which Baasha had built; and he built Geba and Mizpah with it. At that time, Hanani, the preacher, came to Asa ruler of Judah, saying to him, “Because you’ve depended on the ruler of Syria, and haven’t depended on Yahweh your God, so the troops of the ruler of Syria will escape out of your power. Weren’t the Ethiopians and the Lubim a huge troop, with very many war vehicles and riders? Still, because you did depend on Yahweh, God handed them over to you. For Yahweh looks back and forth throughout the whole earth, to show up strong in behalf of those whose hearts completely trust in God. In this you’ve done wrong, so from here on out you’ll have wars.”
[10-14] Then Asa was angry with the preacher, and put him in prison because he was very angry with him because of this thing. Asa abused some of the people at the same time. See, the acts of Asa, from the first to the last, are all written in the book of the rulers of Judah and Israel. In the 39th year of his rule Asa was diseased in his feet; his foot disease was terrible, but he still didn’t trust in Yahweh, but only the doctors. Asa died in the 41st year of his rule. They buried him in his own grave, which he had cut out for himself in the city of David, and laid him in the bed which was full of perfumed oils mixed with various kinds of spices; and they made a very great burning for him.
17[1-6] Jehoshaphat, his son, ruled in his place, and strengthened himself against Israel. He placed troops in all the protected cities of Judah, and put protected cities in the land of Judah, and in the cities of Ephraim, which Asa, his father, had taken. Yahweh was with Jehoshaphat, because he walked in the ways of his ancestor David, and didn’t worship the false Baal gods, but worshiped the God of his father, and followed him, and not the ways of Israel. So Yahweh let him rule; and all Judah brought Jehoshaphat tax money; and he had great riches and honor. His heart was set in the ways of Yahweh; and he also took away the places of false worship and the Asherim (wooden idol representing a fertility god) out of Judah.
[7-9] Also in the 3rd year of his rule he sent his leaders Ben Hail, Obadiah, Zechariah, Nethanel, and Micaiah to teach in the cities of Judah; and with them Shemaiah, Nethaniah, Zebadiah, Asahel, Shemiramoth, Jehonathan, Adonijah, Tobijah, and Tobadonijah, the Levites; and also with them Elishama and Jehoram, the preachers. They taught in Judah, having the Book of the law of Yahweh with them; and they went throughout all the cities of Judah, and taught the people.
[10-13] The fear of Yahweh fell on all the countries of the lands that were around Judah, so that they made no war against Jehoshaphat. Some of the Philistines brought Jehoshaphat presents, and silver for tax money; the Arabians also brought him flocks, 7,700 rams, and 7,700 male goats. Jehoshaphat grew very powerful and built towers in Judah and storage cities. He had many buildings in the cities of Judah; and many strong experienced soldiers in Jerusalem.
[14 -19] This was their number according to their ancestors’ houses; Of Judah, the captains of thousands; Captain Adnah, and 300,000 strong experienced soldiers; next to him Captain Jehohanan, and 280,000; next to him Amasiah of Zichri, who willingly offered himself to Yahweh; and with him 200,000 strong experienced soldiers. Of Benjamin; Eliada, a very brave soldier, and 200,000 armed soldiers; and next to him Jehozabad and 180,000 ready for war. These were those who served the ruler, besides those whom the ruler put in the protected cities throughout all Judah.
18[1-5] Now Jehoshaphat had great riches and honor; and he joined forces with Ahab. After a few years, he went down to see Ahab in Samaria. Ahab slaughtered many sheep and cows for him, and for the people who were with him, and got him to go up with him to Ramoth Gilead. Ahab, ruler of Israel, said to Jehoshaphat, ruler of Judah, “Will you go with me to Ramoth Gilead?” He answered him, “I’m as you are, and my people as your people; and we’ll go with you to war.” Jehoshaphat said to the ruler of Israel, “Please ask first for the word of Yahweh.” Then the ruler of Israel gathered 400 preachers together, saying to them, “Will we go to Ramoth Gilead to fight or not?” They said, “Go up and God will put it into the power of the ruler.”
[6-8] But Jehoshaphat said, “Isn’t there a preacher of Yahweh here Besides this, them, that we may ask of him?” The ruler of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There’s still one more by whom we may ask of Yahweh; but I hate him because he never says anything good about me, but always foretells evil. He is Micaiah of Imla.” But Jehoshaphat said, “Don’t say that.” Then the ruler of Israel called an officer, saying, “Get Micaiah of Imla quickly.
[9-13] Now the ruler of Israel and Jehoshaphat the ruler of Judah sat each on his throne, clothed in their robes, and they were sitting in an open place at the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and all the preachers were speaking before them. Zedekiah of Chenaanah made him horns of iron, saying, “Yahweh says, With these you’ll push the Syrians, until they’re all gone.” All the preachers said, “Go up to Ramoth Gilead, and you’ll do well because Yahweh will put it into the power of the ruler.” Then the messenger who went to call Micaiah said to him, “See, the words of the preachers foretell good to the ruler with one mouth; so let your words be like theirs, and say good things to him.” But Micaiah said, “As Yahweh lives, what my God says, that I’ll speak.”
[14 -22] When he had come to the ruler, the ruler said to him, “Micaiah, will we go to Ramoth Gilead to fight, or not?” He said, “Go up, and do well; and they’ll be given to you.” Then the ruler said to him, “How many times must I tell you to say to me nothing but the truth in the name of Yahweh?” So he said, “I saw all Israel scattered on the mountains, as sheep that have no shepherd; and Yahweh said, ‘These have no leader; let everyone go home in peace.’” The ruler of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Didn’t I tell you that he wouldn’t foretell anything good about me, but only evil?” Micaiah said, “So listen to the word of Yahweh; I saw Yahweh sitting on a throne, and all the troops of heaven standing on each side of God. Yahweh said, ‘Who will trick Ahab ruler of Israel, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth Gilead?’ One said one thing, and another said something else. Then a spirit came, and stood before Yahweh, saying, ‘I’ll trick him.’ Yahweh said to him, ‘How?’ He said, ‘I’ll go and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his preachers.’ He said, ‘You’ll trick him, and triumph also; go, and do it.’ So now, Yahweh has put a lying spirit in the mouth of your preachers; and Yahweh has foretold evil for you.”
[23-29] Then Zedekiah of Chenaanah came and hit Micaiah on the cheek saying, “When did the Spirit of Yahweh go from me to speak to you?” Micaiah said, “See, you’ll see on the day when you go into an inner room to hide yourself.” The ruler of Israel said, “Take Micaiah, and carry him back to Amon, the governor of the city, and to Joash, the ruler’s son; and say, “The ruler says, ‘Put this man in prison, and feed him with the bread and water of trouble, until I return in peace.” So Micaiah said, “If you return in peace, Yahweh hasn’t spoken by me. Hear, you people, all of you.” So the ruler of Israel and Jehoshaphat, the ruler of Judah, went up to Ramoth Gilead. The ruler of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, I’ll disguise myself, and go into the battle; but you put on your robes. So the ruler of Israel disguised himself; and they went into the battle.
[30-34] Now the ruler of Syria had told the captains of his war vehicles, Fight neither with small nor great, but only with the ruler of Israel. When the leaders of the war vehicles saw Jehoshaphat, they said, “It’s the ruler of Israel. So they turned around to fight against him; but Jehoshaphat cried out, and Yahweh helped him; and God moved them to leave from him. When the leaders of the war vehicles saw that it wasn’t the ruler of Israel, they stopped chasing him. Then a certain man drew his weapon by chance, and hit the ruler of Israel between the joints of the armor. So he said to the driver of the war vehicle, “Turn around, and carry me out of the troops because I’m severely wounded. The battle grew harder that day; but the ruler of Israel stayed in his war vehicle fighting against the Syrians until evening; and about sundown, he died.
19[1-3] Jehoshaphat, the ruler of Judah, went back to his house in peace to Jerusalem. Jehu of Hanani the preacher went out to meet him, saying to ruler Jehoshaphat, “Should you help the sinful, and love those who hate Yahweh? Yahweh is angry at you for this. But there are good things found in you, in that you’ve put away the Asheroth (Astarte, Canaanite goddess of fortune and happiness, the supposed consort of Baal) out of the land, and have set your heart to worship God.
[4-7] So Jehoshaphat lived at Jerusalem; and he went out again among the people from Beersheba to the hill country of Ephraim, and brought them back to Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. He set judges in the land throughout all the protected cities of Judah, city by city, saying to the judges, “Think about what you do because you don’t judge for human beings, but for Yahweh, who is with you in the judgment. So now, show respect to Yahweh; be careful and do it because there’s no sin with Yahweh our God, nor respect of persons, nor taking of bribes.”
[8-11] Besides this, Jehoshaphat put the Levites, the preachers, and the heads of the ancestors’ houses of Israel, for the judgment of Yahweh, and for settling disagreements in Jerusalem. So they went back to Jerusalem. He told them, “You’ll do this in respect of Yahweh, faithfully, and with a good conscious.” Whenever any disagreement comes to you from your family who live in their cities, between blood kin, between the law and the Word of God, laws and rules, you’ll warn them, that they not be guilty towards Yahweh, and so let anger come on you and on your family; do this, and you won’t be guilty. See, Amariah the leading preacher is over you in all matters of Yahweh; and Zebadiah of Ishmael, the ruler of the house of Judah, in all the ruler’s matters; also the Levites will be officers before you. Do this bravely, and may Yahweh be with the good.
20[1-4] After this, the people of Moab and Ammon, and others Besides this, the Ammonites with them, came against Jehoshaphat to fight. Then some people came who told Jehoshaphat, “A great number of people are coming against you from beyond the sea from Syria; and see, they’re in Hazazon Tamar,” (which is En Gedi). Jehoshaphat was afraid, and prayed to Yahweh; and he called for all Judah to go without food to pray to God. The people of Judah gathered together, to ask for help from Yahweh; they came to pray to Yahweh out of all the cities of Judah.
[5-12] Jehoshaphat stood in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem, in the Place of Worship of Yahweh, before the new court; and he said, “Yahweh, God of our ancestors, aren’t You God in heaven? and aren’t You ruler over all the rulers of the nations? and in Your hand is power and strength, so that no one is able to withstand you. Didn’t You, our God, drive out the people of this land before Your people Israel, and give it to the descendants of Abraham, Your friend, forever? They lived in it, and have built You a sanctuary in it for Your Name, saying, ‘If evil comes on us, either war, judgment, disease, or famine, we’ll turn to this house, and come before You, (for Your Name is in this house), and cry to You in our trouble, and You’ll hear and save us. Now, see, the people of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir, whom You wouldn’t let Israel invade, when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned aside from them, and didn’t destroy them; see, how they reward us, to come to throw us out of Your possession, which You’ve given us to inherit. Our God, Won’t You judge them? We have no strength against this great army that comes against us; nor do we know what to do; but our eyes are on You.”
[13-17] All Judah stood before Yahweh, with their babies, their wives, and their children. Then the Spirit of Yahweh came on Jahaziel of Zechariah, of Benaiah, of Jeiel, of Mattaniah, the Levite, of the descendants of Asaph, in the midst of the assembly; and he said, “Listen you people, all Judah, and you people of Jerusalem, and you, ruler Jehoshaphat; Yahweh says to you, Don’t be scared, nor be worried about this great army because the battle isn’t yours, but God’s. Tomorrow go down against them; see, they come up by the rise of Ziz; and you’ll find them at the end of the valley, before the countryside of Jeruel. You won’t need to fight in this battle; set yourselves in order, stand still, and see the saving grace of Yahweh with you, O Judah and Jerusalem; don’t be scared, nor be troubled; tomorrow, go out against them because Yahweh is with you.”
[18-22] Jehoshaphat bowed his head with his face to the ground; and all Judah and the people of Jerusalem fell down before Yahweh, worshipping Yahweh. The Levites, of the people of the Kohathites and of the people of the Korahites, stood up to praise Yahweh, the God of Israel with a very loud voice. They got up early in the morning, and went to the countryside of Tekoa; and as they came, Jehoshaphat stood saying, “Hear me, Judah, and you people of Jerusalem; believe in Yahweh your God, so you’ll be set up; believe his preachers, so you’ll do well.” When he had talked with the people, he set up those who would sing to Yahweh, and give praise in their holy clothes, as they went out before the troops, and say, “Give thanks to Yahweh whose loving kindness lasts forever.” When they began to sing and to praise, Yahweh sent soldiers against the people of Ammon, Moab, and MountSeir, who had come against Judah; and they were overcome.
[23-26] For the people of Ammon and Moab stood up against the people of Mount Seir, and completely destroyed them; and when they had finished killing the people of Seir, they destroyed one another. When Judah came to the place overlooking the countryside, they looked at the troops and they were dead bodies fallen on the ground, and no one escaped. When Jehoshaphat and his people came to take the stuff on them, they found great riches and precious stones on the dead bodies, which they stripped off for themselves, more than they could carry away; and they spent three days taking the stuff, it was so much. On the fourth day they gathered themselves in the valley of Beracah, where they blessed Yahweh; so the name of that place was called The valley of Beracah to today.
[27-30] Then everyone went back, all those of Judah and Jerusalem, and Jehoshaphat in front of them, to go back to Jerusalem with great happiness because Yahweh had let them celebrate over their enemies. They came to Jerusalem with lyres, harps, and horns to the Place of Worship of Yahweh. The fear of God was on all the realms of the countries when they heard that Yahweh fought against the enemies of Israel. So the rule of Jehoshaphat was peaceful, whose God had given him rest all around.
[31-34] When Jehoshaphat ruled over Judah, he was 35 years old when he began to rule, and he ruled 25 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Azubah, the daughter of Shilhi. He walked in the way of Asa his father, and didn’t turn aside from it, doing what was right in the eyes of Yahweh. But the places of false worship weren’t taken away; nor as yet had the people set their hearts to worship the God of their ancestors. Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, from the first to the last, are written in The History of Jehu of Hanani, which is discussed in the book of The Rulers of Israel.
[35-37] After this, Jehoshaphat, ruler of Judah, joined up with Ahaziah, ruler of Israel, who was very evil; he joined with him to make ships to go to Tarshish; and they made the ships in Ezion Geber. Then Eliezer of Dodavahu of Mareshah preached against Jehoshaphat, saying, “Because you’ve joined up with Ahaziah, Yahweh has destroyed your works.” The ships were broken, so that they weren’t able to go to Tarshish.
21[1-4] Jehoshaphat died and was buried with his ancestors in the city of David. Jehoram his son ruled in his place. He had brothers, the descendants of Jehoshaphat; Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azariah, Michael, and Shephatiah; all these were the descendants of Jehoshaphat, ruler of Israel. Their father gave them great gifts of silver and gold, and of precious things, with protected cities in Judah; but he gave rule to Jehoram, because he was the firstborn. Now when Jehoram ruled over the countries of his father, and had strengthened himself, he killed all his family, and also various leaders of Israel.
[5-7] Jehoram was 32 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled eight years in Jerusalem. He walked in the way of the rulers of Israel, as did the house of Ahab because he had the daughter of Ahab as wife; and he did what was evil in the sight of Yahweh. But Yahweh wouldn’t destroy the house of David, because of the promised agreement God had made with David, and as God had promised to give a light to him and to his children always.
[8-11] In his days Edom revolted from the control of Judah, and made a ruler over themselves. Then Jehoram crossed over with his captains and all his war vehicles; and he went up by night, fighting the Edomites who surrounded him, along with the captains of the war vehicles. So Edom revolted from under the control of Judah to today; then Libnah revolted at the same time from his control, because he had left Yahweh, the God of his ancestors. Besides that, he made places of false worship in the mountains of Judah, and made the people of Jerusalem become sexually unfaithful, and led Judah astray.
[12-15] There came a letter to him from Elijah, the preacher, saying, “Yahweh, the God of David, your ancestor, says, ‘Because you haven’t walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat your father, nor in the ways of Asa ruler of Judah, but have walked in the way of the rulers of Israel, and have made Judah and the people of Jerusalem to be sexually unfaithful, like the house of Ahab did, and also have killed your family of your father’s house, who were better than yourself; see, Yahweh will punish your people with a horrible disease, along with your wives and children, and all your stuff; and you’ll be very sick by an intestinal disease, until your bowels fall out because of the sickness, a little each day.’”
[16-20] Then Yahweh stirred up the spirit of the Philistines against Jehoram, and of the Arabians who are beside the Ethiopians; and they came up against Judah, and broke into it, and carried away all the stuff that was found in the ruler’s house, and his son’s also, and his wives; so that there wasn’t a son left him, except Jehoahaz, the youngest of his sons. After all this, Yahweh punished him with an incurable intestinal disease in his bowels. At the end of two years, his bowels fell out because of his sickness, and he died in great pain. His people made no burning for him, like the burning of his ancestors. He was 32 years old when he began to rule, and he ruled in Jerusalem eight years; and he died without being missed; and they buried him in the city of David, but not in the graves of the rulers.
22[1-5] The people of Jerusalem made Ahaziah, his youngest son, ruler in his place because the troop of soldiers who came with the Arabians to the camp had killed all the oldest. So Ahaziah of Jehoram ruler of Judah ruled. Ahaziah was 42 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled one year in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Athaliah, the daughter of Omri. He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab because his mother taught him to do evil. He did what was evil in the sight of Yahweh, as did the house of Ahab because they were his counselors after the death of his father, to his destruction. He walked also after their counsel, and went with Jehoram, son of Ahab, ruler of Israel, to war against Hazael, ruler of Syria, at Ramoth Gilead; and the Syrians wounded Joram.
[6 -9] He went back to Jezreel to be healed of the wounds which they had given him at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael, ruler of Syria. Azariah, son of Jehoram, ruler of Judah, went down to see Jehoram, son of Ahab, in Jezreel, because he was sick. Now the destruction of Ahaziah was of God, in that he went to Joram because when he had come, he went out with Jehoram against Jehu of Nimshi, whom Yahweh had anointed to put an end to the house of Ahab. When Jehu was executing judgment on the house of Ahab, he found the leaders of Judah, and the descendants of the brothers of Ahaziah, ministering to Ahaziah, and killed them. He searched for Ahaziah, and they caught him (now he was hiding in Samaria), and they brought him to Jehu, who killed him; and they buried him, for they said, “He is of Jehoshaphat, who worshiped Yahweh with all his heart.” The house of Ahaziah had no one left in power to rule the nation.
[10-12] Now when Athaliah, the mother of Ahaziah, saw that her son was dead, she went up and killed all the royal descendants of the house of Judah. But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the ruler, took Joash, son of Ahaziah, and hid him away from among the ruler’s sons who were killed, and put him and his nurse in the bedroom. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of ruler Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada, the preacher (for she was the sister of Ahaziah), hid him from Athaliah, so that she didn’t kill him. He was hid in the House of God with them six years; and Athaliah ruled over the land.
23[1-7] In the 7th year Jehoiada strengthened himself, and made an agreement with the captains of hundreds, Azariah, son of Jeroham, and Ishmael, of Jehohanan, and Azariah, of Obed, and Maaseiah, of Adaiah, and Elishaphat, of Zichri. They went around in Judah, and gathered the Levites out of all the cities of Judah, and the heads of ancestors’ houses of Israel, and they came to Jerusalem. All the assembly made an agreement with the ruler in the House of God. He said to them, “See, the ruler’s son will rule, as Yahweh has said about the descendants of David. This is what you’ll do; a third part of you, who come in on the Seventh Day, of the preachers and of the Levites, will be doorkeepers of the doorways; and a third part will be at the ruler’s house; and a third part at the gate of the foundation; and all the people will be in the courts of the Place of Worship of Yahweh. But let no one come into the Place of Worship of Yahweh, except the preachers, and those who minister of the Levites; they’ll come in, for they’re holy; but all the people will keep the charge of Yahweh. The Levites will surround the ruler all around, everyone with his weapons in his hand; and whoever comes into the house, let them be killed; and be with the ruler when he comes in, and when he goes out.”
[8 -11] So the Levites and all Judah did what Jehoiada the preacher told them; and they took all those who were to come in, along with those who were to go out, on the Seventh Day, because Jehoiada, the preacher, didn’t dismiss the shift. Jehoiada, the preacher, gave to the captains of hundreds all the weapons of war that had been ruler David’s, which were in the House of God. He set up all the people with their weapons in hand, from the right side to the left side of the house, along by the altar and the house, and all around the ruler. Then they brought out the ruler’s son, and put the crown on him, and gave him the Word of God, and made him ruler; and Jehoiada and his sons anointed him; and said, “Long live the ruler.”
[12-15] When Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the ruler, she came to the people into the Place of Worship of Yahweh; and she looked, and saw that the ruler stood by his pillar at the entrance, and the captains and the horns by the ruler; and all the people of the land were happy, and blew horns; the singers also played on instruments of music, and led the singing of praise. Then Athaliah tore her clothes, crying, Treason! treason! Jehoiada, the preacher, brought out the captains of hundreds, who were set over the troops, saying to them, “Bring her outside between the troops; and kill whoever follows her,” because the preacher said, “Don’t kill her in the Place of Worship of Yahweh.” So they made way for her; and she went to the entrance of the horse gate to the ruler’s house; and they killed her there.
[16-21] Jehoiada made an agreement between himself, and all the people, and the ruler, that they should be Yahweh’s people. All the people went to the place of Baal worship, and tore it down, and broke the altars and idols in pieces, and killed Mattan, the preacher of Baal before the altars. Jehoiada set the officers of the Place of Worship of Yahweh under the hand of the preachers, the Levites, whom David had put in the Place of Worship of Yahweh, to offer the burnt offerings of Yahweh, as it’s written in the Law of Moses, with rejoicing and singing, according to the order of David. He set the doorkeepers at the gates of the Place of Worship of Yahweh, so that no one who was unfit in any way could go in. He took the captains of hundreds, and the leaders, and the governors of the people, and all the people of the land, and brought down the ruler from the Place of Worship of Yahweh; and they came through the upper gate to the ruler’s house, and set the ruler on the throne to rule the land. So all the people of the land were happy, and the city was peaceful because they had killed Athaliah.
24[1 -5] Joash was seven years old when he began to rule; and he ruled 40 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Zibiah, of Beersheba. Joash did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh all the days of Jehoiada, the preacher. Jehoiada took for him two wives; and he had children. After this, Joash thought to repair the Place of Worship of Yahweh. He gathered together the preachers and the Levites, saying to them, “Go out to the cities of Judah, and gather of all Israel money to repair the house of your God from year to year; and see that you do it quickly.” But the Levites didn’t hurry.
[6 -10] The ruler called for Jehoiada, the leading preacher, saying to him, “Why haven’t you required of the Levites to bring in out of Judah and Jerusalem the tax of Moses, the follower of Yahweh, and of the assembly of Israel, for the House of God?” For the descendants of Athaliah, that sinful woman, had broken up the House of God; and also they had given all the dedicated things of the Place of Worship of Yahweh to the false Baal gods. So the ruler told them to make a chest, and set it outside at the gate of the Place of Worship of Yahweh. They made an announcement throughout all Judah and Jerusalem, to bring in for Yahweh the tax that Moses, the follower of God, put on Israel in the countryside. All the leaders and people were happy, and brought it in, and threw it into the chest, until they had collected it.
[11-14] Whenever the chest was brought to the ruler’s officers by the hand of the Levites, and when they saw that there was a lot of money, the ruler’s secretary and the leading preacher’s officer came and emptied the chest, and brought it back to its place again. They did this day by day, and gathered a good bit of money. The ruler and Jehoiada gave it to those who did the work for the Place of Worship of Yahweh; and they hired stone builders, woodworkers, and also those who worked in iron and brass to repair it. So the workers did the work, and the repairs were done as they were able, and they put up the House of God like it was before, and strengthened it. When they had finished, they brought the rest of the money before the ruler and Jehoiada, of which were made pots for the Place of Worship of Yahweh, the tools with which to minister and to make offerings, and spoons, and pots of gold and silver. They offered burnt offerings in the Place of Worship of Yahweh continually all the days of Jehoiada.
[15-18] But Jehoiada grew old and was at the end of his days, and he died; He was 130 years old when he died. They buried him in the city of David among the rulers, because he had done good in Israel, and toward God and God’s House. Now after the death of Jehoiada, the leaders of Judah came, and pledged allegiance to the ruler. Then the ruler listened to them. They left the Place of Worship of Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, and served the Asherim (wooden idol representing a fertility god) and the other false gods; and anger came on Judah and Jerusalem for their guiltiness.
[19-22] Still God sent preachers to them, to bring them back to Yahweh; and they testified against them; but they wouldn’t listen. Then the Spirit of God came on Zechariah, son of Jehoiada, the preacher; and he stood above the people, saying to them, “God says, “Why do you disobey the words of Yahweh, so that you can’t do well? Because you’ve left Yahweh, God has also left you.” They came together against him, and stoned him with stones at the word of the ruler in the court of the Place of Worship of Yahweh. Joash, the ruler, didn’t remember the kindness which Jehoiada, his father, had done to him, but killed his sons. When Zechariah died, he said, “Yahweh will look on it, and punish it.”
[23-27] At the end of the year, the troops of the Syrians came up against him; and they came to Judah and Jerusalem, and destroyed all the leaders from among the people, and sent all their stuff to the ruler of Damascus. The troops of the Syrians came with a small troop; and Yahweh gave a very great troop into their power, because they had left Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. So they executed judgment on Joash. When they had left from him (for they left him very sick), his own workers came together against him for the blood of the descendants of Jehoiada, the preacher, and killed him on his bed, and he died; and they buried him in the city of David, but they didn’t bury him in the graves of the rulers. These are those who came together against him; Zabad, of Shimeath, the Ammonitess, and Jehozabad, of Shimrith, the Moabitess. Now about his sons, and all the great acts he did, and the rebuilding of the House of God, they’re written in the words of the Book of the Rulers. Amaziah his son ruled in his place.
25[1- 4] Amaziah was 25 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled 29 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jehoaddan, of Jerusalem. He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, but not with a good conscious. Now when the he was given rule, he killed his workers who had killed the ruler his father. But he didn’t put their children to death, but did like what’s written in the law in the book of Moses, as Yahweh told them, saying, “The fathers won’t die for the children, neither will the children die for the fathers; but everyone will die for his own sin.”
[5-9] Besides this, Amaziah gathered Judah together, and ordered them according to their ancestors’ houses, under captains of thousands and captains of hundreds, even all Judah and Benjamin; and he counted them from 20 years old and up, and found that there were 300,000 of the best soldiers, able to go to war, who could handle weapons. He hired also 100,000 strong experienced soldiers out of Israel for 7,500 lbs of silver. But a follower of God came to him, saying, “O ruler, don’t let the troops of Israel go with you because Yahweh isn’t with Israel, that is, with the people of Ephraim. But if you go, do so bravely, be strong for the battle; but God will throw you down before the enemy because God has power to help, and to throw down.” So Amaziah said to the follower of God, “But what will we do for the 7,500 lbs which I’ve given to the troops of Israel?” The follower of God answered, “Yahweh is able to give you much more than this.”
[10-13] Then Amaziah separated them, that is, the troops that had come to him out of Ephraim, to go home again; so they were very angry at Judah, and they went back home in great anger. But Amaziah took courage, and led his people out, and went to the Valley of Salt, and fought 10,000 of the people of Seir. The people of Judah carried away alive another 10,000 and brought them to the top of a cliff, and threw them down from the top of the rock, so that they all were broken in pieces. But the people of the troops whom Amaziah sent back, wouldn’t let go with him to fight, attacked the cities of Judah, from Samaria all the way to Beth Horon, and fought 3,000 of them and took their stuff.
[14-16] Now after Amaziah had come from the slaughter of the Edomites, he brought the gods of the people of Seir, and set them up to be his gods, and bowed himself down before them, and burned incense to them. So Yahweh was angry at Amaziah, and he sent to him a preacher, who said to him, “Why have you worshiped the gods of the people, which haven’t saved their own people out of your hand?” As he talked with him, the ruler said to him, “Have we made you part of the ruler’s counsel? Stop! Why should you be killed?” Then the preacher left, saying, “I know that God has decided to destroy you, because you’ve done this, and haven’t listened to my counsel.”
[17-20] Then Amaziah, ruler of Judah, took advice, and sent to Joash, of Jehoahaz of Jehu, ruler of Israel, saying, “Come, let us look one another in the face.” Joash, ruler of Israel, sent to Amaziah, ruler of Judah, saying, “The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, ‘Give your daughter to my son as wife;’ and a wild animal passed by that was in Lebanon, and stomped down the thistle. You say, ‘See, you’ve fought Edom; and your heart lifts you up to brag; stay at home now; why should you butt in and get hurt, that you should fall, even you, and Judah with you?’” But Amaziah wouldn’t listen because it was of God, who wanted to give them into the control of their enemies, because he had worshiped the gods of Edom.
[21-24] So Joash, ruler of Israel, went up; and he and Amaziah, ruler of Judah, looked one another in the face at Beth Shemesh, which belongs to Judah. Judah was defeated by Israel; and they ran everyone back home. Joash, ruler of Israel, took Amaziah, ruler of Judah, of Joash, of Jehoahaz, at Beth Shemesh, and brought him to Jerusalem, and broke down the wall of Jerusalem 600’ from the gate of Ephraim to the corner gate. He took all the gold, silver, all the pots that were found in the House of God with Obed-Edom, the treasures of the ruler’s house, and some hostages, and went back to Samaria.
[25-28] Amaziah, of Joash, ruler of Judah, lived after the death of Joash, son of Jehoahaz, ruler of Israel, 15 years. Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, from the first to the last, are written in the book of The Rulers of Judah and Israel? Now from the time that Amaziah turned away from following Yahweh they came together against him in Jerusalem; and he ran to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish, and killed him there. They brought him on horses, and buried him with his ancestors in the city of Judah.
26[1-5] All the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was 16 years old, and made him ruler in the place of his father Amaziah. He built Eloth, and gave it back to Judah, after the ruler had died. Uzziah was 16 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled 52 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jechiliah, of Jerusalem. He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, like what his father Amaziah had done. He chose to worship God in the days of Zechariah, who had understanding in the vision of God; and as long as he worshiped Yahweh, God made him to do well.
[6 -10] He came and fought against the Philistines, and broke down the walls of Gath, Jabneh, and Ashdod; and he built cities in the country of Ashdod, and among the Philistines. God helped him against the Philistines, and against the Arabians who lived in Gur Baal, and the Meunim. The Ammonites gave tax money to Uzziah, whose name spread all the way to the entrance of Egypt because he grew very strong. Besides this, Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem at the corner gate, and at the valley gate, and at the turning of the wall, and protected them. He built towers in the countryside, and dug out many wells because he had a lot of livestock; in the lowland also, and in the field; and he had farmers and vineyard keepers in the mountains and in the gardens because he loved farming.
[11-15] Besides this, Uzziah had an army of soldiers, who went out to war by troops, according to their count made by Jeiel, the secretary, and Maaseiah, the officer, under the command of Hananiah, one of the ruler’s captains. The whole number of the heads of the ancestors’ houses, all the strong experienced soldiers was 2,600. Under their control was an army of 307,500, who went to war with strong power, to help the ruler against the enemy. Uzziah made weapons for all the troops, along with helmets and armor. He made in Jerusalem war machines (catapults), invented by skilled workers, to be on the towers and on the corners with which to shoot many times and throw great stones. His name spread everywhere because he was wonderfully helped, until he was strong.
[16 -19] But when he was strong, his heart was proud, so that he acted wrongly, and he sinned against Yahweh God because he went into the Place of Worship of Yahweh to burn incense on the altar of incense. Azariah, the preacher, went in after him, and with him 80 preachers of Yahweh, who were soldiers; and they stood up to Uzziah, the ruler, saying to him, “It isn’t for you, Uzziah, to burn incense to Yahweh, but only the preachers, the descendants of Aaron, who are dedicated to burn incense; go out of the sanctuary because you’ve sinned; nor will you be honored by Yahweh God for this. Then Uzziah was angry; and he had a censer in his hand to burn incense; and while he was angry with the preachers, a severe skin disease broke out on his forehead in front of the preachers in the Place of Worship of Yahweh, beside the altar of incense.
[20 -23] Azariah, the leading preacher, and all the preachers looked at him and saw that he was leprous on his forehead, and they threw him out quickly from there; yes, he himself hurried to go out also, because Yahweh had punished him. So Uzziah, the ruler, was a leper to the day of his death, and lived in a separate house being a leper, because he couldn’t go into the Place of Worship of Yahweh; and Jotham his son ruled over the ruler’s house, judging the people of the land. Now the rest of the acts of Uzziah, from the first to the last, Isaiah, the preacher, of Amoz, wrote. So Uzziah died; and they buried him with his ancestors in the field of burial, which belonged to the rulers, because they said, “He had a severe skin disease;” and Jotham, his son, ruled in his place.
27[1-5] Jotham was 25 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled 16 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Jerushah, the daughter of Zadok. He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, like what his father Uzziah had done; but he didn’t go into the Place of Worship of Yahweh. The people still did wrongly. He built the upper gate of the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and he built much of the wall of Ophel. Besides this, he built cities in the hill country of Judah, and in the forests he built protected cities and towers. He fought also with the ruler of the people of Ammon, and was strong against them. The people of Ammon gave him taxes the same year of 7,500 lbs of silver, and 10,000 measures of wheat, and 10,000 of barley. The people of Ammon gave him this much, and in the second and third year also.
[6-8] So Jotham became strong, because he kept the way of Yahweh God. Now the rest of the acts of Jotham and all his wars and ways are written in The Book of the Rulers of Israel and Judah. He was 25 years old when he began to rule, and ruled 16 years in Jerusalem. Jotham died, and they buried him in the city of David; and Ahaz, his son, ruled in his place.
28[1-5] Ahaz was 20 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled 16 years in Jerusalem; and he didn’t do what was right in the eyes of Yahweh like David his ancestor; but he walked in the ways of the rulers of Israel, and made also false Baal gods. Besides this, he burnt incense in the valley of Hinnom (a place of false worship and human sacrifice outside the western wall of Jerusalem), and sacrificed his children in the fire, according to the horrible sins of the nations whom Yahweh had thrown out before the people of Israel. He sacrificed and burnt incense in the places of false worship, and on the hills, and under the evergreen trees. So Yahweh God put him into the power of the ruler of Syria; and they fought him, and carried away a great number of prisoners, and brought them to Damascus. He was also put into the power of the ruler of Israel, who slaughtered a great many of them.
[6 -11] Pekah, of Remaliah, killed in Judah 120,000 in one day, all of them good soldiers; because they had stopped worshipping Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. Zichri, a strong soldier of Ephraim, killed Maaseiah, the ruler’s son, Azrikam, ruler of the house, and Elkanah, who was next to the ruler. The people of Israel carried away 200,000 women and children prisoners of their people, and also took much stuff away from them, and brought it to Samaria. But a preacher of Yahweh was there, whose name was Oded; and he went out to meet the troops that came to Samaria, saying to them, “See, because Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, was angry with Judah, he has handed them over to you, and you’ve killed them in great anger, which is known in heaven. Now you plan to keep the people of Judah and Jerusalem for workers and servants to you; but aren’t there sins of your own against Yahweh your God? So hear me now, and send back those that you’ve taken prisoner of your family or Yahweh will be very angry with you.”
[12-15] Then some of the heads of the people of Ephraim, Azariah, of Johanan, Berechiah, of Meshillemoth, Jehizkiah, of Shallum, and Amasa, of Hadlai, stood up against those who came from the war, saying to them, “You won’t bring the prisoners here because your plan will bring a sin against Yahweh on us, to add to our sins and guilt, and our guilt is great already, and God is very angry at Israel. So the soldiers left the prisoners and all the stuff with the leaders and all the assembly of people. Those who were mentioned by name took the prisoners, and clothed all who were naked with the stuff they’d taken, and put shoes on them, and gave them food and water, and anointed them with oil, and carried all the weak ones on donkeys, and brought them to Jericho, the city of palm trees, to their family; then they went back to Samaria.
[16 -19] At that time, ruler Ahaz sent to the rulers of Assyria to help him. The Edomites had come again and fought Judah, and carried away more prisoners. The Philistines also had invaded the cities of the lowland, and the South of Judah, and had taken Beth Shemesh, Aijalon, Gederoth, Soco with its outskirts, Timnah with its outskirts, and Gimzo also with its outskirts; and they lived there. Yahweh brought Judah low because of Ahaz, ruler of Israel, who had done horribly in Judah, and sinned greatly against Yahweh.
[20 -23] Tilgath Pileser, ruler of Assyria, came to him, and troubled him, but didn’t help him. Ahaz took part of the valuables out of the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and out of the house of the ruler and of the leaders, and gave it to the ruler of Assyria; but it didn’t help him. In the time of his trouble, he sinned even more against Yahweh, this same ruler, Ahaz. He sacrificed to the gods of Damascus, which had defeated him; and he said, “Because the gods of the rulers of Syria helped them, I’ll sacrifice to them, so they’ll help me.” But they destroyed him, and all Israel.
[24-27] Ahaz gathered together the pots of the House of God and cut them in pieces, and shut the doors of the Place of Worship of Yahweh; and he made altars in every part of Jerusalem. In every city of Judah he made places of false worship to burn incense to other gods, and made Yahweh, the God of his ancestors, very angry. Now the rest of his acts and ways, from the first to the last, are written in The Book of the Rulers of Judah and Israel.[Ahaz died, and they buried him in Jerusalem, but they didn’t bring him into the graves of the rulers of Israel; and Hezekiah, his son, ruled in his place.
29[1 -3] Hezekiah began to rule when he was 25 years old; and he ruled 29 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Abijah, the daughter of Zechariah. He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, like what David his ancestor had done. In the first year of his rule (715 BC), in the first month (Nissan, Mar-April), he opened the doors of the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and repaired them.
[4-11] He brought in the preachers and the Levites, and gathered them together into the wide open space on the east, saying to them, “Listen to me, you Levites; now dedicate yourselves and make the Place of Worship of Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, holy and carry anything filthy out of the holy place. Our ancestors have sinned, and done what was evil in the sight of Yahweh our God, and haven’t worshipped God, and have turned away from the House of God. Also they’ve shut up the doors of the porch, put out the lamps, and haven’t burned incense nor offered burnt offerings in the holy place to the God of Israel. So Yahweh is angry at Judah and Jerusalem, who has let us be tossed back and forth, to be a shock, and a mockery, as you see with your eyes. See, our ancestors have fallen in war, and our wives and children have been taken prisoner for this. Now it’s in my heart to make an agreement with Yahweh, the God of Israel, whose anger may be turned away from us. My children, don’t neglect this now because Yahweh has chosen you to stand and minister before God, and that you should be ministers of God, and burn incense.”
[12 -16] Then the Levites got up, Mahath, of Amasai, and Joel, of Azariah, of the descendants of the Kohathites; and of the descendants of Merari, Kish, of Abdi, and Azariah, of Jehallelel; and of the Gershonites, Joah, of Zimmah, and Eden, of Joah; and of the descendants of Elizaphan, Shimri and Jeuel; and of the descendants of Asaph, Zechariah and Mattaniah; and of the descendants of Heman, Jehuel and Shimei; and of the descendants of Jeduthun, Shemaiah and Uzziel. They gathered their people, and dedicated themselves, and went in, at the word of the ruler by the words of Yahweh, to cleanse the Place of Worship of Yahweh. The preachers went in to the inner part of the Place of Worship of Yahweh to cleanse it, and brought out everything unfit that they found in it into the court. The Levites took it all out to the KidronRiver.
[17 -19] Now they began on the 1st day of the first month (Nissan, Mar-April) to dedicate, and on the 8th day of the month they came to the porch of Yahweh; and they dedicated the Place of Worship of Yahweh in eight days; and on the 16th day of the first month they finished. Then they went in to Hezekiah, the ruler, within the ruler’s house, saying, “We’ve cleansed all the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and the altar of burnt offering with all its tools, and the table of showbread with all its tools. Besides this, all the pots which ruler Ahaz threw away in his rule when he sinned, have we cleaned and dedicated; and they’re before the altar of Yahweh.
[20-24] Then Hezekiah, the ruler, got up early and gathered the leaders of the city, and went up to the Place of Worship of Yahweh. They brought seven cattle, and seven rams, and seven lambs, and seven male goats, for a sin offering for the nation and for the sanctuary and for Judah. He told the preachers, the descendants of Aaron, to offer them on the altar of Yahweh. So they killed the cattle, and the preachers took the blood, and sprinkled it on the altar; then they killed the rams, and sprinkled their blood on the altar; then they also killed the lambs, and sprinkled their blood on the altar. They brought the male goats for the sin offering before the ruler and the assembly and they laid their hands on them. The preachers killed them and made a sin offering with their blood on the altar, to ask forgiveness for all Israel because the ruler had told them that the burnt offering and the sin offering should be made for all Israel.
[25 -29] He set the Levites in the Place of Worship of Yahweh with cymbals, lyres, and harps, according to the word of David, and of Gad, the ruler’s preacher, and Nathan, the preacher, because the word was of Yahweh by his preachers. The Levites stood with the instruments of David, and the preachers with the horns. Hezekiah told them to offer the burnt offering on the altar. When the burnt offering began, the song of Yahweh began also, and the horns, together with the instruments of David, ruler of Israel. All the assembly worshiped God, the singers sang, and the horn players sounded until the burnt offering was finished. When they had finished offering, the ruler and all who were there with him bowed themselves and worshiped God.
[30-36] Besides this, Hezekiah, the ruler, and the leaders told the Levites to sing praises to Yahweh with the words of David, and of Asaph, the preacher. They sang praises with great happiness, and they bowed their heads and worshiped. Then Hezekiah said, Now you’ve dedicated yourselves to Yahweh; come near and bring sacrifices and thank offerings into the Place of Worship of Yahweh. The assembly brought in sacrifices and thank offerings; and as many as were of a willing heart brought burnt offerings. The number of burnt offerings which the assembly brought was 70 cattle, 100 rams, and 200 lambs; all these were for a burnt offering to Yahweh. The dedicated things were 600 cows and 3,000 sheep. But there weren’t enough preachers, so they couldn’t slaughter all the burnt offerings; so their brothers the Levites helped them, until the work was finished, and until the preachers had dedicated themselves because the Levites were more dedicated than the preachers. Also the burnt offerings were so much, with the fat of the peace offerings, and with the drink offerings for every burnt offering. So the service of the Place of Worship of Yahweh was set in order. Hezekiah and all the people were very happy, because of what God had done for the people so suddenly.
30[1-5] Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh, telling them that they should come to the Place of Worship of Yahweh at Jerusalem, to keep the Passover to Yahweh, the God of Israel. The ruler and his leaders, and all the assembly in Jerusalem agreed to keep the Passover in the second month (Iyar, April-May). They couldn’t keep it at that time, because the preachers hadn’t all dedicated themselves yet, nor had the people come together to Jerusalem. The thing was right in the eyes of the ruler and of all the assembly. So they set up an order to make the announcement throughout all Israel, from Beersheba all the way to Dan, that they should come to keep the Passover to Yahweh, the God of Israel, at Jerusalem because they hadn’t kept it in great numbers in this way as it’s written.
[6-9] So the posts went with the letters from the ruler and his leaders throughout all Israel and Judah, at the word of the ruler, saying, “You people of Israel, turn back to Yahweh, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, that God may return to what’s left of us who have escaped out of the power of the rulers of Assyria. Don’t be like your ancestors, and like your family members who sinned against Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, so that God gave them up to be ruined, as you see. Now don’t be stubborn, as your ancestors were; but give yourselves to Yahweh, and go into the sanctuary of God, which is dedicated forever, and serve Yahweh your God, whose great anger may turn away from you. If you turn back to Yahweh, your family and your children will find compassion before those who led them prisoner, and will come back into this land because Yahweh your God is full of grace and mercy, and won’t turn away from you, if you return to God.”
[10-14] So the posts went from city to city throughout the country of Ephraim and Manasseh, all the way to Zebulun; but they ridiculed them, and mocked them. But some people of Asher, Manasseh, and Zebulun humbled themselves, and came to Jerusalem. Also came the hand of God on Judah to give them one heart, to do the word of the ruler and of the leaders by the word of Yahweh. Many people gathered at Jerusalem to keep the celebration of bread made without yeast in the second month (Iyar, April-May), a very great assembly. They came and took away the unfit altars that were in Jerusalem, and all the unfit altars for incense, and threw them into the KidronRiver.
[15-19] Then they killed the Passover on the 14th day of the second month; and the preachers and the Levites were ashamed, and dedicated themselves, and brought burnt offerings into the Place of Worship of Yahweh. They stood in their place after their order, according to the Law of Moses, the follower of God; the preachers sprinkled the blood which they got from the Levites. There were many in the assembly who hadn’t dedicated themselves; so the Levites had charge of killing the Passover sacrifices for everyone who wasn’t fit, to dedicate them to Yahweh. For many of the people of Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun hadn’t dedicated themselves, still they ate the Passover meal other than how it’s written. Hezekiah had prayed for them, saying, “The good Yahweh forgive everyone, who sets his heart to worship God, Yahweh, the God of our ancestors, though not fit like the purification of the sanctuary.”
[20-23] Yahweh listened to Hezekiah, and healed the people. The people of Israel who were at Jerusalem kept the celebration of bread made without yeast seven days with great happiness; and the Levites and the preachers praised Yahweh each day, singing with loud instruments to Yahweh. Hezekiah spoke kindly to all the Levites who had good understanding in the service of Yahweh. So they ate throughout the celebration for the seven days, offering sacrifices of peace offerings, and confessing their sins to Yahweh, the God of their ancestors. The whole assembly agreed to stay another seven days; and they stayed another seven days with great happiness.
[24-27] Hezekiah, ruler of Judah, gave to the assembly for offerings 1,000 cattle and 7,000 sheep; and the leaders gave to the assembly 1,000 cattle and 10,000 sheep; and a great number of preachers dedicated themselves. All the assembly of Judah with the preachers and the Levites, and all the assembly who came out of Israel, with the foreigners who came out of the land of Israel, and those who lived in Judah, were very happy. So there was great happiness in Jerusalem because since the time of Solomon, of David, ruler of Israel, there wasn’t a celebration like that in Jerusalem. Then the preachers, the Levites came and blessed the people; and their voice was heard, and their prayer went up to God’s holy place in heaven.
31[1-4] Now when all this was finished, all Israel who were there went out to the cities of Judah, and broke in pieces the pillars, and cut down the Asherim (wooden idol representing a fertility god), and broke down the places of false worship and the altars out of all Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh, until they had destroyed them all. Then all the people of Israel went back home, into their own cities. Hezekiah set up the divisions of the preachers and Levites after their divisions, everyone according to their service, both the preachers and the Levites, for burnt offerings and for peace offerings, to minister, and to give thanks, and to praise God in the gates of the House of Yahweh. He also set aside a part of his stuff for the burnt offerings, that is, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the Seventh Days, and new moons, and for the set celebrations, as it’s written in the law of Yahweh. Besides this, he told the people who lived in Jerusalem to give their part to the preachers and the Levites, so that they would obey the law of Yahweh.
[5 -10] As soon as the word came out, the people of Israel gave richly from the first of their grain, new wine, oil, and honey, and all of the produce of the field; a tenth of all things they brought in richly. The people of Israel and Judah who lived in the cities of Judah, they also brought in a tenth of their cows and sheep, and a tenth of all the things which were dedicated to Yahweh their God, and laid them in piles. In the third month (Sivan, May-June), they began to lay the foundation of the piles, and finished them in the 7th month (Tishri, Sept.-Oct.). When Hezekiah and the leaders came and saw all the piles, they blessed Yahweh, and his people Israel. Then Hezekiah asked the preachers and the Levites about the piles. Azariah the leading preacher, of the house of Zadok, answered him saying, “Since the people began to bring the offerings into the Place of Worship of Yahweh we’ve eaten and had enough, and have plenty left because Yahweh has blessed his people; and what’s left is this great store.”
[11- 15] Then Hezekiah told them to make room in the Place of Worship of Yahweh; and they got the store rooms ready. They brought in all the offerings, and the tenth of all the dedicated things faithfully; and Conaniah the Levite was in charge of them, and Shimei his brother was second. Jehiel, Azaziah, Nahath, Asahel, Jerimoth, Jozabad, Eliel, Ismachiah, Mahath, and Benaiah were overseers under the power of Conaniah and Shimei his brother, by the choice of Hezekiah the ruler, and Azariah, the leading preacher, of the House of God. Kore, of Imnah, the Levite, the doorkeeper at the east gate was over the freewill offerings of God, to distribute the offerings of Yahweh, and the most holy things. Under him were Eden, Miniamin, Jeshua, Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah, in the cities of the preachers, in their office of trust, to give to their brothers by divisions, to the great as well as to the least.
[16-18] Besides this, those who were recognized by genealogy of males, from three years old and up, everyone who went into the Place of Worship of Yahweh, as the duty of everyday required, for their service in their offices by their divisions; and those who were recognized by genealogy of the preachers by their ancestors’ houses, and the Levites from 20 years old and up, in their offices by their divisions; and those who were recognized by genealogy of all their wives and children, through all the people because in their office of trust they dedicated themselves in holiness.
[19-21] Also for the descendants of Aaron, the preachers, who were in the fields of the outskirts of every city, there were those who were mentioned by name, to give parts to all the males among the preachers, and to all who were recognized by genealogy among the Levites. Hezekiah did this throughout all Judah; and he did what was good and right and faithful before Yahweh God. In everything that he began in the service of the House of God, and in the law, and in the words, to worship God, he did it with all his heart, and did well.
32[1-4] After all this faithfulness, Sennacherib, ruler of Assyria, came and went into Judah, and encamped against the protected cities, to take them for himself. When Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come, and that he planned to fight against Jerusalem, he counseled with his leaders and his soldiers to dam the waters of the creeks which were outside of the city; and they helped him. So many people gathered together, and they dammed all the creeks, and the river that flowed through the land, saying, “Why should the rulers of Assyria come and find much water?”
[5-8] He took courage, and built up all the wall that was broken down up to the towers, and the outside wall, and strengthened the landfill in the city of David, and made many weapons and shields. He set captains of war over the people, and gathered them together to him in the wide open space at the gate of the city, saying kindly to them, “Be strong and brave, don’t be scared, nor troubled, for the ruler of Assyria, nor for all the number who is with him, because there’s One greater with us than with him; he is a human being; but Yahweh our God is with us to help us, and to fight our battles.” The people rested themselves on the words of Hezekiah ruler of Judah.
[9-15] After this, Sennacherib, ruler of Assyria, sent his soldiers to Jerusalem, (now he was about to take Lachish, and all his army was with him), to Hezekiah, ruler of Judah, and to all Judah who were at Jerusalem, saying, “Sennacherib, ruler of Assyria, says, “On what do you trust, that you stay under the siege in Jerusalem? Doesn’t Hezekiah convince you, to give you over to die by famine and by thirst, saying, ‘Yahweh our God will save us out of the power of the ruler of Assyria?’ Hasn’t that same Hezekiah taken away the places of false worship and altars, and told Judah and Jerusalem, ‘You’ll worship before one altar, and on it only you’ll burn incense?’ Don’t you know what I and my ancestors have done to all the peoples of the lands? Were the gods of those nations in any way able to save their land from my power? Who was there among all the gods of those nations which my ancestors completely destroyed, that could save their people from my power, that your God would be able to save you from my power? So now, don’t let Hezekiah lie to you, nor persuade you in this way, nor should you believe him, because no god of any nation or country was able to save their people from my power, and from the power of my ancestors; how much less will your God save you from me?”
[16-19] His workers said still more against Yahweh God, and against Hezekiah, God’s follower. He also wrote letters to mock and speak against Yahweh, the God of Israel, saying, “As the gods of the nations of the lands, which haven’t saved their people from my power, so will the God of Hezekiah not save these people from my power. They yelled loudly in the Jews’ language to the people of Jerusalem, who were on the wall, to scare and trouble them, so that they could take the city. They spoke of the God of Jerusalem, as of the gods of the peoples of the earth, which are the work of human hands.
[20-23] Hezekiah, the ruler, and Isaiah, the preacher, of Amoz, prayed because of this, and cried out to heaven. Yahweh sent an angel who stopped all the strong soldiers, and the leaders and captains in the camp of the ruler of Assyria. So he went back with shame to his own land. When he had come into the house of his god, his own children killed him there. So Yahweh saved Hezekiah and the people of Jerusalem from the power of Sennacherib, the ruler of Assyria, and from the power of all others, and protected them on every side. Many brought gifts to Yahweh to Jerusalem, and precious things to Hezekiah, ruler of Judah; so that he was uplifted in the sight of all nations from there on out.
[24-28] In those days, Hezekiah had a deadly sickness; and he prayed to Yahweh and God spoke to him and gave him a sign. But Hezekiah didn’t give again according to what he had gained, because his heart was proud; so God’s anger was on him, and on Judah and Jerusalem. But Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and the people of Jerusalem, so that the anger of Yahweh didn’t come on them in the days of Hezekiah. Hezekiah had great wealth and honor; and he made himself treasuries for silver, gold, precious stones, spices, shields, and good pots; storehouses also for the harvest of grain, new wine, and oil; and stalls for all the animals, and folds for the flocks.
[29 -33] Besides this, he built himself cities, and had many flocks and herds because God had given him very much stuff. This same Hezekiah also dammed the upper creek of the waters of Sihon, and brought them straight down on the west side of the city of David. Hezekiah did well in all his works. But in the matter of the messengers of the leaders of Babylon, who sent to him to ask of the amazing thing that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that God would know what was in his heart. Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah and his good acts, are written in The Vision of Isaiah, the preacher of Amoz, in The Book of the Rulers of Judah and Israel. Hezekiah died, and they buried him in the graves of the descendants of David; and all Judah and the people of Jerusalem honored him at his death. Manasseh, his son, ruled in his place.
33[1 -4] Manasseh was 12 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled 55 years in Jerusalem. He did what was evil in the sight of Yahweh, after the horrible sins of the nations whom Yahweh threw out before the people of Israel. He built again the places of false worship which Hezekiah his father had broken down; and he put up altars for the false Baal gods, and made an Asheroth (Astarte, Canaanite goddess of fortune and happiness, the supposed consort of Baal), and worshiped all the stars and planets in the sky, and served them. He built their altars in the Place of Worship of Yahweh, of which Yahweh said, “In Jerusalem will My Name be forever.”
[5 -8] He built altars for all the stars and planets of the sky in the two courts of the Place of Worship of Yahweh. He also sacrificed his children in the fire in the valley of Hinnom (a place of false worship and human sacrifice outside the western wall of Jerusalem); and he practiced sorcery and witchcraft, and cast spells, and used mediums who had evil spirits, and wizards; he did much evil in the sight of Yahweh, to make God very angry. He set the carved idol which he had made, in the House of God, of which God said to David and Solomon his son, “In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I’ve chosen out of all the family groups of Israel I’ll put My Name forever; nor will I ever remove the foot of Israel from off the land which I’ve given to your ancestors, if only you’ll be careful to do what I’ve told you, all the laws, judgments, and rules given by Moses.”
[9 -13] Manasseh seduced Judah and the people of Jerusalem, so that they did more evil than the nations whom Yahweh had destroyed before the people of Israel. Yahweh spoke to Manasseh, and his people; but they wouldn’t listen. So Yahweh brought on them the leaders of the troops of the ruler of Assyria, who took Manasseh in chains, and cuffed him with fetters, and carried him to Babylon (Iraq, Iran). When he was in trouble, he begged Yahweh God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his ancestors. He prayed to God, who heard his begging, and answered his prayer, and brought him again to Jerusalem back to his country. Then Manasseh knew that Yahweh was God.
[14 -17] Now after this he built an outer wall to the city of David, on the west side of Gihon, in the valley, all the way to the entrance at the fish gate; and he surrounded Ophel with it, and raised it up to a very great height; and he put brave captains in all the protected cities of Judah. He took away all the false gods, and the idol out of the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and all the altars that he had built in the mountain of the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and in Jerusalem, and threw them out of the city. He built up the altar of Yahweh, and offered on it sacrifices of peace offerings and of thanksgiving, and told Judah to serve Yahweh, the God of Israel. The people still sacrificed in the places of false worship, but only to Yahweh their God.
[18 -20] Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and his prayer to God, and the words of the preachers, who spoke to him in the Name of Yahweh, the God of Israel, are written among the acts of The Rulers of Israel. His prayer also, and how God heard him, and all his sin and guilt, and the areas where he built places of false worship, and put up the Asherim (wooden idol representing a fertility god) and the carved idols, before he humbled himself, are written in the history of Hozai. So Manasseh died, and they buried him in his own house; and Amon his son ruled in his place.
[21-25] Amon was 22 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled two years in Jerusalem. He did what was evil in the sight of Yahweh, as did Manasseh his father; and Amon sacrificed to all the carved idols which Manasseh his father had made, and served them. He didn’t humble himself before Yahweh, as Manasseh his father had humbled himself; but this same Amon sinned more and more. His workers conspired against him, and killed him in his own house. But the leaders of the land killed all those who had acted together against ruler Amon; and they made Josiah, his son, ruler in his place.
34[1 -7] Josiah was eight years old when he began to rule; and he ruled 31 years in Jerusalem. He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, and walked in the ways of David his father, and didn’t turn away at all. In the 8th year of his rule, while he was still young, he began to follow the God of David his father; and in the 12th year he began to clean out Judah and Jerusalem of all the places of false worship, the Asherim (wooden idol representing a fertility god), the carved idols, and the false gods. They broke down the altars of the false Baal gods in his presence; and the incense altars that were on the mountains above them he cut down; and the Asherim (wooden idol representing a fertility god), the carved idols, and the other false gods, he broke in pieces, and made dust of them, and spread it on the graves of those who had sacrificed to them. He burnt the bones of the preachers on their altars, and cleaned out Judah and Jerusalem. He did this in the cities of Manasseh, Ephraim, Simeon, and Naphtali, in their ruins all around. He broke down the altars, and beat the Asherim (wooden idol representing a fertility god) and the carved idols into powder, and cut down all the incense altars throughout all the land of Israel, and went back to Jerusalem.
[8-13] Now in the 18th year of his rule when he had cleaned out the land and the house, he sent Shaphan, of Azaliah, and Maaseiah, the governor of the city, and Joah, of Joahaz, the recorder, to repair the Place of Worship of Yahweh God. They came to Hilkiah, the leading preacher, and gave them the money that was brought into the House of God, which the Levites, the doorkeepers, had gathered from Manasseh, Ephraim, and of all that was left of Israel, and of all Judah, Benjamin, and the people of Jerusalem. They put it into the power of the overseers who had the oversight of the Place of Worship of Yahweh; and they gave it to those who did the work in the Place of Worship of Yahweh to fix and repair the house; they gave it to the woodworkers and the builders, to buy hewn stone, and wood for hinges, and to make posts for the houses which the rulers of Judah had destroyed. The workers did the work faithfully; and their overseers were Jahath and Obadiah, the Levites, of the descendants of Merari; and Zechariah and Meshullam, of the descendants of the Kohathites, to set it forward; and others of the Levites, all who were skillful with instruments of music. Also they were over those who carried all the wood and stone, and told all who did the work in every area of service what to do; and of the Levites there were secretaries, officers, and doorkeepers.
[14-18] When they brought out the money that was brought into the Place of Worship of Yahweh, Hilkiah the preacher found The Book of the Law of Yahweh given by Moses. Hilkiah told Shaphan the secretary, I’ve found The Book of the Law in the Place of Worship of Yahweh. Hilkiah gave the book to Shaphan. Shaphan carried the book to the ruler, and besides this, brought back word to the ruler, saying, “What was to be done by Your workers, they’re doing. They’ve emptied out the money that was found in the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and have given it into the power of the overseers, and into the hands of the workers.” Shaphan the secretary told the ruler, saying, “Hilkiah, the preacher, has given me a book. Shaphan read it to the ruler.
[19-21] When the ruler had heard the words of the law, he tore his clothes in grief. The ruler told Hilkiah, Ahikam, of Shaphan, Abdon, of Micah, Shaphan, the secretary, and Asaiah, the ruler’s worker, “Go ask of Yahweh for me, and for those who are left in Israel and in Judah, about the words of the book that is found because Yahweh’s anger is great toward us, because our ancestors haven’t kept the Word of Yahweh, to do what’s written in this book.”
[22 -25] So Hilkiah, and they whom the ruler had told went to Huldah, the preacher, the wife of Shallum, of Tokhath, of Hasrah, keeper of the wardrobe; (now she lived in Jerusalem in the second quarter;) and they said to her what the ruler had told them. She said to them, “Yahweh, the God of Israel says, ‘Tell the ones who sent you to me, Yahweh says, See, I’ll bring evil on this place, and on its people, all the punishments that are written in the book which they’ve read before the ruler of Judah. Because they’ve left me, and have burned incense to other gods, that they would make Me angry with all the things they’ve done; so I am very angry at this place, and it won’t be calmed.
[26-29] But to the ruler of Judah, who sent you to ask of Yahweh, this will you tell him, Yahweh, the God of Israel, says, About the words which you’ve heard, because your heart was tender, and you humbled yourself before God when you heard My words against this place, and its people, and have humbled yourself before Me, and have torn your clothes, and cried before me; I also have heard you, says Yahweh. See, I’ll gather you to your ancestors, and you’ll go to your grave in peace, nor will your eyes see all the evil that I’ll bring on this place, and on its people.’” They brought back word to the ruler. Then the ruler sent and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
[30-33] The ruler went up to the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and all the people of Judah and Jerusalem, and the preachers, the Levites, and all the people, from the greatest to the least; and he read to them all the words of the book of the promised agreement that was found in the Place of Worship of Yahweh. The ruler stood in his place, and made an agreement with Yahweh, to follow Yahweh, and to keep God’s Words, and judgments, and laws with all his heart, and with all his soul, to do the words of the promised agreement that were written in this book. He caused all who were found in Jerusalem and Benjamin to agree to it. The people of Jerusalem did according to the promised agreement of God, the God of their ancestors. Josiah took away all the horrible false gods out of all the lands that belonged to the people of Israel, and made all who were found in Israel to serve, and worship Yahweh their God. All his days they didn’t stop following Yahweh, the God of their ancestors.
35[1 -6] Josiah kept a Passover to Yahweh in Jerusalem; and they killed the Passover on the 14th day of the first month (Nissan, Mar-April). He put the preachers in their offices, and encouraged them to the service of the Place of Worship of Yahweh. He said to the Levites who taught all Israel, who were holy to Yahweh, “Put the holy Chest in the house which Solomon of David, ruler of Israel, built; you won’t carry it on your shoulders anymore; now serve Yahweh your God, and his people Israel. Prepare yourselves after your ancestors’ houses by your divisions, according to the writing of David, ruler of Israel, and according to the writing of Solomon, his son. Stand in the holy place according to the divisions of the ancestors’ houses of your family, the people, and let there be for each a part of the ancestors’ house of the Levites. Kill the Passover sacrifices, and dedicate yourselves, and get your family ready to do what the word of Yahweh says, given by Moses.
[7-10] Josiah gave to the people 30,000 lambs and kids from the flock and 3,000 cattle, all of them for the Passover offerings, to all who were there; these were from the ruler’s own stuff. His leaders gave a freewill offering to the people, the preachers, and the Levites. Hilkiah, Zechariah, and Jehiel, the leaders of the House of God, gave to the preachers for the Passover offerings 2,600 from the small livestock, and 300 of the cows. Conaniah, and his brothers Shemaiah and Nethanel, and Hashabiah, Jeiel, and Jozabad, the leaders of the Levites, gave to the Levites for the Passover offerings 5,000 of the small livestock, and 500 cows. So the service was ready, and the preachers stood in their place, and the Levites by their divisions, according to the ruler’s word.
[11-14] They killed the Passover sacrifices, and the preachers sprinkled the blood which they got from them, and the Levites slaughtered them. They removed the burnt offerings to give them according to the divisions of the ancestors’ houses of the leaders of the people, to offer to Yahweh, as it’s written in the book of Moses. They did this with the cows also. They roasted the Passover with fire according to the rule; and they boiled the holy offerings in small pots, and in large pots, and in pans, and carried them quickly to all the leaders of the people. Afterward they got their own meal ready, and for the preachers, because the preachers, the descendants of Aaron, were busy making the burnt offerings and the fat until night; so the Levites fixed for themselves and the preachers, the descendants of Aaron.
[15-19] The singers, the descendants of Asaph, were in their place, according to the word of David, along with Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun, the ruler’s preacher; and the doorkeepers were at every gate; they didn’t need to leave from their service because their family members, the Levites, fixed theirs. So all the service of Yahweh was done the same day, to keep the Passover, and to offer burnt offerings on the altar of Yahweh, according to the word of ruler Josiah. The people of Israel who were there kept the Passover at that time, and the celebration of bread made without yeast seven days. There was no Passover like that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel, the preacher; nor did any of the rulers of Israel keep such a Passover as Josiah kept, and the preachers, the Levites, and all Judah and Israel who were there, and the people of Jerusalem. In the 18th year of the rule of Josiah this Passover was kept.
[20-22] After all this, when Josiah had prepared the Place of Worship, Neco, ruler of Egypt, went up to fight against Carchemish by the Euphrates; and Josiah went out against him. But he sent messengers to him, saying, “What do I have to do with you, ruler of Judah? I’m not coming against you today, but against the house with which I’m at war; and God has told me to quickly stop you from meddling with God, who is with me, that God not destroy you. But Josiah wouldn’t turn from him, but disguised himself, that he could fight with him, and didn’t listen to the words of Neco from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.
[23-26] The archers shot at Josiah; and the ruler said to his workers, “Take me away because I’m wounded very badly. So his workers took him out of the war vehicle, and put him in the second one that he had, and brought him to Jerusalem; and he died, and was buried in the graves of his ancestors. All Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah. Jeremiah mourned for Josiah; and all the singing men and women told of Josiah in their mourning to today; and they made it a tradition in Israel; and it’s written in the Mourning Song (Lamentations). Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all his goodness, like what’s written in the law of Yahweh, all his acts from the first to the last are written in The Book of the Rulers of Israel and Judah.
36[1-4] Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz, son of Josiah, and made him ruler in his father’s place in Jerusalem. Joahaz was 23 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled three months in Jerusalem. The ruler of Egypt dethroned him at Jerusalem, and fined the land a tax of 7500 lbs of silver and 75 lbs of gold. The ruler of Egypt made Eliakim, his brother ruler over Judah and Jerusalem, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. Neco took Joahaz, his brother, and carried him to Egypt.
[5-8] Jehoiakim was 25 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled eleven years in Jerusalem; and he did what was evil in the sight of Yahweh God. Nebuchadnezzar, ruler of Babylon (Iraq, Iran), came against him and cuffed him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon (Iraq, Iran). Nebuchadnezzar also carried off the pots of the Place of Worship of Yahweh to Babylon (Iraq, Iran) and put them in his Place of Worship at Babylon (Iraq, Iran). Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and his horrible sins which he did, and what was found in him, are written in The book of the Rulers of Israel and Judah; and Jehoiachin, his son, ruled in his place.
[9-10] Jehoiachin was 8 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled three months and ten days in Jerusalem; and he did what was evil in the sight of Yahweh. At the return of the year, ruler Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon with the good pots of the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and made Zedekiah, his brother, ruler over Judah and Jerusalem.
[11-14] Zedekiah was 21 years old when he began to rule; and he ruled eleven years in Jerusalem; and he did what was evil in the sight of Yahweh God; he didn’t humble himself before Jeremiah, the preacher, speaking from the mouth of Yahweh. He also rebelled against ruler Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him Promise by God; but he was stubborn and refused to turn back to Yahweh, the God of Israel. Besides this, all the leaders of the preachers and the people sinned very greatly, doing all the horrible sins of the nations; and they ruined the Place of Worship of Yahweh which was holy in Jerusalem.
[15 -21] Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, sent messengers to them, the preachers God sent them from the beginning of their history, who had great compassion on them, and on the House of God; but they mocked the messengers of God, and hated God’s Words, and laughed at the preachers, until Yahweh was very angry at the people of Israel, until there was no way to bring them back. So he brought the ruler of the Chaldeans, who killed their young men in war in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on the young men or women, old or gray-headed; God gave them all into his hand. All the pots of the House of God, big and small, and all the treasures of the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and all the treasures of the ruler, and of his leaders, all these the Chaldeans brought to Babylon (Iraq, Iran). They burnt the House of God, and broke down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all its great houses with fire, and destroyed all the best pots. Those who had escaped from the war he carried away to Babylon (Iraq, Iran); and they were workers to him and his sons until the rule of the land of Persia; to fulfill the word of Yahweh by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its Seventh Days, because as long as it lay empty, it kept the Seventh Day, to fulfill 70 years.
[22-23] Now in the first year of Cyrus (539 BC) ruler of Persia, the word of Yahweh by the mouth of Jeremiah would be completed, and Yahweh stirred up the spirit of Cyrus, ruler of Persia, so that he made an announcement throughout all his countries, and put it also in writing, saying, “Cyrus, ruler of Persia, says, Yahweh, the God of heaven has given me all the countries of the earth; and has told me to build a Place of Worship in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever is among you of all God’s people, Yahweh God will be with you, so go up.”