Deuteronomy (The Second Copy of the Law) 2014


Deuteronomy

(The Second Copy of the Law)

 

Don’t Be Afraid, nor Be Discouraged.

1[1-4] This is what Moses said to the people of Israel across the Jordan in the countryside, in the Arabah desert next to the Suph, the Red Sea, between Paran, Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Dizahab. It’s an eleven day walk from Horeb by the road of Mount Seir to Kadesh Barnea. In the 40th year, on the 1st day of the 11th month, Moses told the people of Israel all that Yahweh had told him to tell them, after they had killed Sihon, the ruler of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and Og, the ruler of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth, at Edrei.

[5-8] Across the Jordan, in the land of Moab, Moses told the people this law, saying, “Yahweh our God told us in Horeb, saying, ‘You’ve lived long enough in this mountain, so move out, and go to the hill country of the Amorites, and to all the places near there, in the Arabah desert, in the hill country, in the lowland, in the South, and by the seashore, in the land of the Canaanites, and Lebanon, as far as the great river Euphrates. See, I’ve given you the land, so go in and take the land which Yahweh promised to your ancestors, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give to them and their descendants after them.’

[9-13] I told you at that time, saying, ‘I’m not able to handle you by myself. Yahweh, your God, has made you great, and see, you’re as many as the stars of the sky today. And may Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, make you a thousand times as many as you are, and bless you, as God has promised you! But how can I alone handle all the work of what you’re to do, and all your troubles? So take leaders who are wise and understanding and well known and respected in your family groups, and I’ll make them leaders over you.’

[14-17] You answered me, and said, ‘What you’ve said is good for us to do.’ So I took the leaders of your family groups, those who were wise and well known, and made them leaders over you, leaders of thousands, leaders of hundreds, leaders of fifties, and leaders of tens as overseers over your family groups. I told your judges at that time, saying, ‘Hear the cases between your family members, and judge rightly between one person and another, and the foreigner who’s living with them. Don’t do favors when you judge; you’ll hear the rich and poor alike; Don’t be afraid of what a human may say because God is the judge. The cases that are too hard for you, bring to me, and I’ll hear them.’ I told you at that time what you should do.

[19-21] We traveled from Horeb and went through all that great and terrible countryside which you saw, by the way to the hill country of the Amorites, as Yahweh our God told us; and we came to Kadesh Barnea. I said to you, ‘You’ve come to the hill country of the Amorites, which Yahweh our God is giving to us. See, Yahweh your God has given you the land, so go up, and take it, as Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, has told you. Don’t be afraid, nor be discouraged.’

[22-25] You came up to me, every one of you, and said, ‘Let’s send some people to go before us, that they may explore the land for us, and tell us the way we need to go, and about the cities we’ll come to.’ I liked this idea and took twelve of you, one person for every family group. They went up into the hill country, and came to the valley of Eshcol, and explored it. They took some of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought it down to us, and told us, ‘It’s a good land which Yahweh our God gives to us.’

[26-28] Yet you wouldn’t go up, but rebelled against what Yahweh your God had told you to do. You complained in your tents, and said, ‘Because Yahweh hated us, God has brought us out of the land of Egypt, to hand us over to the Amorites, to destroy us. Where are we going to go? Our people have scared us to death, saying, ‘The people are greater and taller than we are; and the cities are great and strongly built, clear up to the sky; and we’ve seen the Anakim, the people of the giants, there.’

[29-31] Then I said to you, ‘Don’t be discouraged, nor be afraid of them. Yahweh your God, who goes before you, will fight for you, just like God did for you in Egypt before your very eyes, and in the countryside, where you’ve seen how Yahweh your God carried you, as a parent does a child, in all the way that you went, until you came to this place.’

[32-36] Yet in this, you didn’t believe Yahweh your God, who went before you everywhere, to show you where to put up your tents, in fire by night, to show you the way which you should go, in the cloud by day. Yahweh heard the sound of your words, and was angry, and promised, saying, ‘Without a doubt, not one of these evil people will see the good land, which I promised to give to your ancestors, except Caleb, the son of Jephunneh. He’ll see it; and to him I’ll give the land that he has walked on, and to his children, because he has wholly followed Yahweh.’

[37-40] Also Yahweh was angry with me for your sakes, saying, ‘You won’t go into the land either, but Joshua, the son of Nun, who stands before you, will go in. Encourage him because he’ll bring Israel in to the land to inherit it. Also, your little ones, whom you said would be a prey, and your children, who today have no knowledge of good or evil, will go in and I’ll give it to them, and they’ll own it. But as for you, turn and go out into the countryside by the way to the Red Sea.’

[41-46] Then you answered and said to me, ‘We’ve sinned against Yahweh, and will go up and fight, like Yahweh our God has told us. Everyone put on their weapons of war, and got ready to go up into the hill country. But Yahweh said to me, ‘Tell them, ‘Don’t go up, nor fight because I’m not with you; or you’ll be destroyed by your enemies.’ So I told you, and you didn’t listen; but you did what Yahweh told you not to do, and went up into the hill country, thinking God would be with you. Then the Amorites, who lived in that country, came out against you, and chased you, as bees do, and beat you down in Seir, even to Hormah. You went back and cried to Yahweh; but Yahweh didn’t listen to you, nor paid any attention to you. So you stayed in Kadesh many days, as many days as you stayed there.

 

The Travels of Israel

2[1-7] Then we moved out into the countryside by the road of the Red Sea, as Yahweh told me; and we went around Mount Seir for many days. Then Yahweh told me, ‘You’ve gone around this mountain long enough. Turn north. Tell the people, ‘Pass through the border of your kin, the people of Esau, who live in Seir; and they’ll be afraid of you, but be careful what you do; Don’t fight with them because I won’t give you their land, no, not so much as for the sole of your foot to step on; because I’ve given Mount Seir to Esau’s people as their own. Buy food to eat and water to drink from them for money. Yahweh your God has blessed you in all your work, and has watched over you while you were walking through this great countryside these forty years. Yahweh your God has been with you and you’ve lacked nothing.’

[8-12] So we passed by our kin, the people of Esau, who live in Seir, from the Arabah desert of Elath and Ezion Geber. Then we turned and passed by the countryside of Moab. Yahweh said to me, ‘Don’t bother Moab, nor fight with them in battle because I won’t give you their land; I’ve given Ar to the people of Lot as their own.” (The Emim lived in it before, a great many people, who were as tall as the Anakim giants, the Rephaim, who were also from the old family group of giants, like the Anakim; but the Moabites call them Emim. The Horites also lived in Seir before, but the people of Esau took their land and destroyed them, and lived where they had lived; as Israel did to the land it owns, which Yahweh gave to them.)

[13-15] ‘Now get up, and go over the brook Zered.’ So we went over the brook Zered. It was 38 years from the time we came from Kadesh Barnea, until we had come over the brook Zered; until all the generation of the soldiers had died out of the camp, as Yahweh promised them. Also, the power of Yahweh was against them, to destroy them from out of the camp, until they were all dead.

[16-23] So when all the soldiers were destroyed and died from among the people, Yahweh told me, saying, ‘Pass over Ar, the border of Moab today and when you come to the people of Ammon, don’t bother them, nor fight with them because I won’t give you the land of the people of Ammon to own; because I’ve given it to the people of Lot to own.’ (That was also a land of Rephaim giants, who lived there before; but the Ammonites call them Zamzummim, a great many people, as tall as the Anakim giants; but Yahweh gave them power to destroy them, so they lived where that people had lived; as God did for the people of Esau, who live in Seir, who destroyed the Horites from before them; and they destroyed them, and live in their place even today; and the Avvim, who lived in towns as far as Gaza, the Caphtorim, who came out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and lived in their place.)

[24-29] ‘Get up, move out, and pass over the valley of the Arnon. See, I’ve given into your power Sihon, the Amorite, ruler of Heshbon, and his land. Fight with them in battle and begin to take the land. Today, I’ll begin to make the people dread and fear you, all over the earth, who will hear about you, and will shake, and be in fear because of you.’ So I sent messengers out of the countryside of Kedemoth to Sihon, ruler of Heshbon, with words of peace, saying, ‘Let me pass through your land. I’ll go along by the highway, I won’t turn to the right nor to the left. Sell me food and water for money, that I may eat and drink, but let me pass through on my feet, as the people of Esau who live in Seir, and the Moabites who live in Ar, did to me; until I pass over the Jordan into the land which Yahweh our God gives us.’

[30-37] But Sihon, ruler of Heshbon, wouldn’t let us pass by him because Yahweh your God hardened his spirit, and made his heart stubborn to give them into your power, as it is today. Yahweh said to me, ‘See, I’ve begun to give Sihon and his land to you, so begin to take it, so that you may inherit his land.’ Then Sihon came out against us with all the people to battle at Jahaz. Yahweh our God gave us power over him; and we attacked him, and his children, and all his people. We took all his cities at that time, and completely destroyed every city with its men, women, and children; we left no one alive, but only took the animals for ourselves, along with the stuff which we had taken from the cities. From Aroer, which is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, and from the city that’s in the valley, even to Gilead, there wasn’t a city too high for us; Yahweh our God gave them all to us. The only place you didn’t come near was the land of the people of Ammon beside the river Jabbok, and the cities of the hill country, and wherever Yahweh our God told us not to go.

 

Yahweh Fights For You

3[1- 4] Then we turned and went the way up to Bashan, and Og, the ruler of Bashan, came out against us with all his people to battle at Edrei. Then Yahweh said to me, ‘Don’t fear him because I’ve put him and all his people, and his land, into your power; and you’ll do to him as you did to Sihon, ruler of the Amorites, who lived at Heshbon.’ So Yahweh our God put into our power Og also, the ruler of Bashan, and all his people: and we attacked them until no one was left. We took all his cities at that time; there wasn’t a city which we didn’t take from them; sixty cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan.

[5-12] All these were strongly built cities with high walls, gates, and bars; besides the great many towns that had no walls. We completely destroyed them, as we did to Sihon, ruler of Heshbon, completely destroying every city with its men, women, and children. But all the livestock, and the stuff from the cities, we took for ourselves. At that time, we took the land out of the power of the two Amorite rulers who were across the Jordan, from the valley of the Arnon to Mount Hermon, which the Sidonians call Sirion, and the Amorites call Senir; and all the cities of the plain, and all Gilead, and all Bashan, to Salecah and Edrei, cities of the realm of Og in Bashan. Only Og, ruler of Bashan, was left of the Rephaim giants, who had an iron bedstead that was 13 ½’ long by 6’ wide, after the standard measurement. Isn’t it in Rabbah of the people of Ammon?

[12-14] We took the land at that time from Aroer, which is by the valley of the Arnon, and half the hill country of Gilead, and its cities, which I gave to the Reubenites and Gadites: and the rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, the realm of Og, which I gave to the half-family group of Manasseh; all the region of Argob, all of Bashan, which is also called the land of Rephaim. Jair, the child of Manasseh took all the region of Argob, to the border of the Geshurites and Maacathites, and called them after his own name to today, Havvoth Jair, which was Bashan.

[15-20] I gave Gilead to Machir. To the Reubenites and Gadites I gave from Gilead even to the valley of the Arnon, the middle of the valley, and the border of it, even to the river Jabbok, which is the border of the people of Ammon; the Arabah desert also, and the Jordan and the border of it, from Chinnereth even to the sea of the Arabah desert, the Salt Sea, under the slopes of Pisgah toward the east. I told you at that time, saying, ‘Yahweh your God has given you this land for your own: you’ll pass over armed before your kin, the people of Israel, all the brave soldiers. But your wives and children, and your livestock, (I know that you have much livestock), will stay in your cities which I’ve given you, until Yahweh give rest to your kin, as to you, and they also take the land which Yahweh your God gives them across the Jordan, and then every one of you will go back to your land, which I’ve given you.’

[21-25] I told Joshua at that time, saying, ‘Your eyes have seen all that Yahweh your God has done to these two rulers, and so Yahweh will do to all the realms where you go. Don’t be afraid of them because Yahweh, your God, is who fights for you.’ I prayed to Yahweh at that time, saying, ‘Yahweh God, You’ve begun to show Your people Your greatness and Your strong power: for what god is there in heaven or in earth, that can do what You do, and do like Your great acts? Please let me go over and see the good land that’s across the Jordan, that beautiful mountain, and Lebanon.’

[26-29] But Yahweh was angry with me for your sakes, and didn’t listen to me; Yahweh said to me, ‘Let it be enough for you; don’t speak to me any more about it. Go up to the top of Pisgah, and open your eyes and look toward the west, north, south, and east, and see: but don’t go over the Jordan. But tell Joshua to go over before this people, and encourage him, and strengthen him, and he’ll cause them to take the land which you’ll see.’ So we stayed in the valley next to Beth Peor.

 

No Other God but Yahweh

4[1-5] Now, Israel, listen to the laws and rules, which I teach you, and do them that you may live, and go in and take the land which Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, gives you. Don’t add to what I tell you, nor take away from it, that you may keep the laws of Yahweh your God which I tell you. You’ve seen what Yahweh did because of the false god Baal Peor; Yahweh your God has destroyed all those who followed Baal Peor from among you. But all of you who held on to Yahweh your God are alive today. See, I’ve taught you laws and rules, even as Yahweh my God told me that you should do, in the land where you go for your own.

[6-10] So keep and do them because this is your wisdom and understanding in front of the peoples, who will hear all these laws, and say, ‘Without a doubt, this great nation is a wise and understanding people. For what great nation is there, that has a god so near to them, as Yahweh our God is, on whom we call for whatever reason? What great nation is there, that has laws and rules so righteous as all this law, which I set before you today? Only take care to keep your soul carefully, in case you forget what your eyes saw, and in case these things leave from your heart forever; but tell them to your children and your grandchildren, especially on the day that you stood before Yahweh your God in Horeb, when Yahweh said to me, ‘Gather the people, and I’ll make them hear My words, that they may learn to respect Me as long as they live on the earth, and that they may teach their children.’

[11-14] You came up and stood at the bottom of the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire up to the sky, with dark clouds, and thick smoke. And Yahweh spoke to you out of the middle of the fire, and you heard the sound of words, but you saw no form; you only heard a voice. God gave you the promised agreement, and told you to do it, the Ten Laws, which were written on two stone slabs. Yahweh told me at that time to teach you the laws and rules that you might do them in the land where you go to take for your own.

[15-19] So be very careful because you saw no kind of form on the day that Yahweh spoke to you in Horeb out of the fire. In case you ruin yourselves, and make yourself a false god in the form of anything, in the form of a male or female, in the form of any animal that’s on earth, in the form of any winged bird that flies in the sky, in the form of anything that runs on the ground, or in the form of any fish that’s in the water on the earth; and in case you look up to the sky, and see the sun, moon, and stars, even all the hevenly bodies, and you’re drawn away from God and worship them, and serve them, which Yahweh your God has given to everyone on earth.

[20-24] But Yahweh has taken you, and brought you out of the terrible heat and hardship of Egypt, to share in ownership of the gifts of God, as at today. And Yahweh was angry with me also for your sakes, and told me that I wouldn’t go over the Jordan, and go in to that good land, which Yahweh your God is giving you for your own. I must not go over the Jordan but will die in this land. You’ll go over, and take ownership of that good land. So be careful of yourselves, in case you forget the promised agreement of Yahweh your God, which God made with you, and make a false god in the form of anything which Yahweh your God has forbidden you. For Yahweh your God is like a destroying fire, a very jealous God.

[25-27] If, when you have children and grandchildren, and you’ve been in the land a long time, you ruin yourselves, and make a false god in the form of anything, and do what’s evil to Yahweh your God, to make God angry; I call heaven and earth to be a witness against you today, that you’ll soon completely die from off the land where you’re going over the Jordan for your own; You won’t stay long on it, but will be completely destroyed. Yahweh will scatter you among the peoples, and few of you will be left among the nations, where Yahweh will send you away.

[28-31] There you’ll serve false gods of wood and stone, the works of human hands, which can’t see, hear, eat, or smell. But from there, you’ll look for Yahweh your God, and when you search with all your heart and soul, you’ll find God. When you’re abused, and all these things have come on you, in the end times, you’ll go back to Yahweh your God, and listen to God’s voice. Yahweh your God is a forgiving God, who won’t fail you, nor destroy you, nor forget the promised agreement of your ancestors, which God promised to them.

[32-34] Ask now of the past days, which were before you, since the day that God created human beings on the earth, and ask from one end of heaven to the other, whether there has been any such thing as great as this, or has been heard of like it? Did a people ever hear the voice of God speaking out of the middle of the fire, as you’ve heard, and live? Or has God tried to go and take a nation from the middle of another nation, by trials, by signs, by amazing things, by war, by a great and strong power, and by breathtaking things, as all that Yahweh your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes?

[35-38] It was shown to you so that you might know that Yahweh is God, and there’s no other God besides Yahweh. God spoke to you out of heaven to teach you, and made you to see the great fire of God on earth; and you heard God’s words out of the middle of the fire. because God loved your ancestors, chose their descendants after them, and brought you out with the very presence and power of God, out of Egypt to drive out nations from before you, which were greater and stronger than you, to bring you in, to give you their land for your own, as it is today.

[39-40] So know today, and keep it in your heart, that Yahweh is God in heaven above and on the earth below; there’s no other god. Keep God’s judgments and laws, which I tell you today, that God may bless you, and your children after you, and that you may prolong your days in the land, which Yahweh your God gives you, forever.”

[41-43] Then Moses set apart three cities across the Jordan toward the east; so that the killer might run there, who kills a neighbor by accident, and didn’t hate them in the past; and that running to one of these cities the person might live: namely, Bezer, in the plains of the countryside, for the Reubenites; and Ramoth in Gilead, for the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan, for the Manassites.

[44-49] This is the Law which Moses gave to the people of Israel, the judgments, laws, and rules, which Moses told the people of Israel when they came out of Egypt, across the Jordan, in the valley next to Beth Peor, in the land of Sihon, ruler of the Amorites, who lived at Heshbon, whom Moses and the people of Israel attacked, when they came out of Egypt. They took his land for themselves, and the land of Og, ruler of Bashan, the two rulers of the Amorites, who were across the Jordan toward the east; from Aroer, which is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, to Mount Sion, which is Hermon, and all the Arabah desert across the Jordan toward the east, to the sea of the Arabah desert, at the base of Mount Pisgah.

 

Introduction to the Ten Laws

5[1-5] Moses called to all Israel, and said to them, “Listen, Israel, to the laws and rules which I tell you today, that you may learn and do them. Yahweh our God made a promised agreement with us in Horeb. Yahweh didn’t make this promised agreement with our ancestors, but with all of us here alive today. Yahweh spoke with you face to face on the mountain out of the middle of the fire, where I stood between Yahweh and you at that time, to tell you the word of Yahweh, because you were afraid of the fire, and didn’t go up onto the mountain.

[6-7] Yahweh said, ‘I Am Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the place of hard work and slaving. Don’t worship anything else but Me.

[8-10] Don’t make yourself an idol of any kind or a false god of anything in the heavens, on the earth, or in the sea. Don’t bow down to them or worship them because I, Yahweh your God, am a jealous God, Who passes the parents’ faults down to their children up to the third and fourth generation of those who hate Me, but forgiving many generations of those who love and keep My Laws.

[11] Don’t use the name of Yahweh your God with disrespect. Yahweh won’t let anyone go unpunished who misuses God’s name.

[12-15] Remember the Seventh Day and keep it set aside to worship,’ as Yahweh your God told you. You may do all your work in six days, but the seventh day is the Day of Rest of Yahweh your God. On that day no one may do any work. This includes you, your sons and daughters, your male and female workers, your animals, and any foreigners living among you, so all may rest on that day. Remember the hard work and slaving you did in the land of Egypt, and how Yahweh your God brought you out of there by a great and strong power, so Yahweh your God told you to keep the Seventh Day as a day of rest.

[16]  ‘Respect your father and mother,’ as Yahweh your God told you, so you’ll live a long life and God may bless you in the land Yahweh your God is giving you.

[17]  ‘Don’t kill anyone.

[18]  Don’t be sexually unfaithful to your spouse.

[19] Don’t steal anything.

[20]  Don’t tell lies about anyone.

[21]  Don’t want what someone else has. Don’t want their spouse, their house, their land, their workers, their animals, or anything else that belongs to someone else.’

[22-27] Yahweh told all your people these words on the mountain from the fire, out of the dark cloud and thick smoke, with a loud voice; and added no more. God wrote them on two stone slabs, and gave them to me. When you heard the voice out of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, you came to me, all the leaders and elders of your family groups; and said, ‘See, Yahweh our God has shown us the brightness and greatness of God, and we’ve heard the voice of God out of the middle of the fire. We’ve seen today that God does speak with humans, and they still live. So why should we die? This great fire will burn us up! If we hear the voice of Yahweh our God any more, then we’ll die. Who is there out of all human beings that have heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the middle of the fire, as we have, and lived? You go up, and hear all that Yahweh our God says and tell us what Yahweh our God says to you; and we’ll listen, and do it.”

[28-31] So Yahweh heard the words that you said when you told me this; and Yahweh said to me, ‘I’ve heard the words of this people, which they’ve told you. What they’ve said is well spoken. I wish that they had a heart in them to respect Me, and keep all My Laws always, that I might bless them and their children forever! Go tell them, ‘Go back to your tents.’ But as for you, stand here by Me, and I’ll speak to you all the judgments, laws, and rules, which you’ll teach them, that they may do them in the land which I give them for their own.’

[32-33] Do as Yahweh your God has told you, and don’t turn away from God. Follow the way which Yahweh your God has told you that you may live, and that I may bless you, and that you may prolong your days in the land which you’ll take for your own.

 

Yahweh is Our God! Yahweh is One God!

6[1-2] Now these are the judgments, laws, and rules, which Yahweh your God told me to teach you, that you might do them in the land where you go to take for your own; so that you might respect Yahweh your God, and keep all God’s laws and judgments as long as you live, which I tell you, your children, and your grandchildren, so that you may live a long life. So listen, Israel, and do it; that you may be well, and that you may greatly increase your people, as Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, has promised you, in a land full of milk and honey.

[4-9] Listen, Israel: Yahweh is our God! Yahweh is One God! Love Yahweh your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength. Let these words, which I tell you today, stay in your heart. Teach them to your children faithfully, and talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk down the street, when you go to sleep, and when you get up. Put them on as a pendant on a bracelet on your hand, and let them be as a pendant on a chain falling between your eyes. Write them on the door posts of your house and your gates.

[10-12] When Yahweh your God brings you into the land promised to your ancestors, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give you great, beautiful cities, which you didn’t build; houses, all full of good things, which you didn’t fill; wells dug out, which you didn’t dig; and gardens and fruit trees, which you didn’t plant, and you eat and are full; then be careful in case you forget Yahweh, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that place of hard work and slaving.

[13-16] Respect and serve Yahweh your God, and make your promises by the Name of Yahweh. Don’t go after other gods, the false gods of the peoples who are all around you, because Yahweh your God, who’s with you, is a jealous God; and in case Yahweh your God turns angry against you, and destroys you from off the face of the earth. Don’t tempt Yahweh your God, as you tempted God in Madessah.

[17-19] Keep the Laws of Yahweh your God faithfully, the judgments and laws, which God has told you. Do what’s right and good to Yahweh; that you may be blessed, and that you may go in and take the good land which Yahweh promised to your ancestors to throw out all your enemies from before you, as God has said.

[20-23] And when your children ask you in the time to come, saying, ‘What do these things mean, the laws and the rules, which Yahweh our God has told you? Then you’ll tell your children, ‘We were the Ruler of Egypt’s workers, and Yahweh brought us out of Egypt with great power; and Yahweh showed great and breathtaking signs and amazing things in Egypt, on the Ruler of Egypt, and all his house, right before our eyes; and brought us out from there, to bring us in and give us the land that was promised to our ancestors.

[24-25] So Yahweh told us to keep all these laws, to respect Yahweh our God, for our good always, that God might keep us alive, as it is today. We will be good then, if we are careful to do all these judgments before Yahweh our God, as God has told us.

 

A Holy People

7[1-5] When Yahweh your God brings you into the land where you go for your own, and throws out many nations before you, the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, seven nations greater and stronger than you; and when Yahweh your God gives them to you, and you kill them; then you’ll completely destroy them. Make no agreement with them, nor show mercy to them; Don’t make marriages with them; Don’t give your daughter to their sons, nor take their daughters to your sons because they’ll turn away your children from following Me, that they may serve other gods. So Yahweh will be angry at you, and will quickly destroy you. But do this to them: Break down their altars, and chop their sacred posts in pieces, and cut down their trees used to worship Asherah (wooden idol used for worship of Astarte, Canaanite fertility goddess, the wife of Baal), and burn those false gods with fire.

[6-10] You’re a holy people to Yahweh your God. Yahweh your God has chosen you to be God’s own special people, more than any other people on the earth. Yahweh didn’t love you, nor choose you, because you were more in number than any other people; but you were the fewest in number of all the peoples. But Yahweh loves you, and wants to keep the oath which was promised to your ancestors, so Yahweh brought you out with great power, and freed you out of the place of hard work and slaving, from the power of the Ruler of Egypt. So know that Yahweh your God is God, the faithful God, who keeps promises and agreements and shows loving kindness on those who love and keep God’s Laws up to a thousand generations, and repays those who hate God in person to destroy them. God won’t forget those who hate God, and will repay them to their face.

[11-15] So keep the judgments, the laws, and the rules, which I tell you today, and do them. If you listen to these rules, and keep and do them, then Yahweh your God will keep the promised agreement with you and show the loving kindness which was promised to your ancestors. God will love you and bless you, and make you have many children; and will also bless your children and the harvest of your ground, your grain, new wine, and oil, and the herds of your livestock and the young of your flock, in the land which God promised to your ancestors to give you. You’ll be blessed above all peoples: there won’t be a male or a female unable to have children among you, or among your livestock. Yahweh will take away from you all sickness; and none of the evil diseases of Egypt, which you know, will come on you, but God will put them on all those who hate you.

[16-20] You’ll destroy all the peoples who Yahweh your God gives to you; Don’t feel sorry for them, nor serve their false gods; because that will be a trap to you. If you say in your heart, ‘These nations are greater than we are; how can we take them?’ Don’t be afraid of them. Remember what Yahweh your God did to the Ruler of Egypt, and to all of Egypt; the great trials which your eyes saw, the signs and amazing things, and the great power and strength, by which Yahweh your God brought you out: so Yahweh your God will do to all the peoples of whom you’re afraid. Also Yahweh your God will send the hornet to attack them, until those who are left that hide themselves, die from before you.

[21-26] Don’t be scared of them because Yahweh your God is with you, Who’s a great and awesome God. Yahweh your God will throw out those nations before you little by little. Don’t destroy them all at once, in case the animals of the field increase on you. But Yahweh your God will give them to you, and will confuse them with a great panic, until they’re destroyed. God will give their rulers into your power, and you’ll make their name be forgotten out of the earth; No one will be able to stand before you, until you’ve destroyed them. Burn with fire all their false gods. Don’t want the silver or gold that’s on them, nor take it for yourself, in case you’re trapped by it because it’s counted as evil by Yahweh your God. Don’t bring anything that’s counted as evil into your house and worship it. Completely hate it and count it as evil because it was worshipped.

 

People Do Not Live by Bread Only

8[1-5] Do all the judgments which I tell you today, that you may live, and have many children, and go in and take the land which Yahweh promised to your ancestors. Remember all the way which Yahweh your God has led you these forty years in the countryside, to humble you, to test you, to know what was in your heart, whether you would keep God’s Laws, or not. God disgraced you, and let you get hungry and fed you with manna, which you didn’t know, nor did your ancestors know; to make you know that people do not live by bread only, but people live by everything that comes out of the mouth of Yahweh. Your clothing didn’t grow old on you, nor did your feet swell, these forty years. Know in your heart that as a parent corrects their children, so Yahweh your God corrects you.

[6-10] So keep the Laws of Yahweh your God, follow God’s ways, and respect God. Yahweh your God is bringing you into a good land, a land of creeks and streams, and underground springs flowing into the valleys and hills; a land of wheat and barley, and vines, fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of olive trees and honey; a land in which you’ll eat bread without lack, You won’t lack anything in it; a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills you may dig copper. You’ll eat and be full, and you’ll bless Yahweh your God for the good land which God has given you.

[11-17] So be careful in case you forget Yahweh your God, and you don’t keep God’s judgments, rules, and  laws, which I tell you today, and in case, when you’ve eaten and are full, and have built beautiful houses, and lived in them; and when your herds and your flocks have grown, and you have much silver and gold, and all that you have has become plentiful; then your heart is full of pride, and you forget Yahweh your God, who brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the place of hard work and slaving; who led you through the great and terrible countryside, in which were fiery serpents and scorpions, and thirsty ground where there was no water; who brought you water out of the flint rock; who fed you in the countryside with manna, which your ancestors didn’t know; to humble you, and test you, to do you good in the long run: and in case you say in your heart, ‘My own strength and power has gotten me all this wealth.’

[18-20] But remember Yahweh your God, for it’s God who makes you able to get wealth; to keep the promised agreement which was promised to your ancestors, as at today. But if you forget Yahweh your God, and follow other gods, and serve them, and worship them, I testify against you today that you’ll, without a doubt, die. You’ll die as the nations that Yahweh makes to die before you, because you wouldn’t listen to the voice of Yahweh your God.

 

Not For Your Goodness

     9[1-5] Listen, Israel: you’re to pass over the Jordan today, to go in to take ownership of nations greater and stronger than yourself, great cities, strongly built up to the sky, a people as great and as tall as the Anakim giants, whom you know, and of whom you’ve heard say, ‘Who can stand before the people of Anak?’ So know today, that Yahweh your God is the One who goes over before you as a burning fire; and will destroy them, and bring them down before you. So drive them out, and make them die quickly, as Yahweh has told you. Don’t say in your heart, after Yahweh your God has thrown them out from before you, ‘For my goodness Yahweh has brought me in to take ownership this land;’ while it’s for the evil of these nations Yahweh will drive them out from before you. Not for any good that you’ve done, or for the goodness of your heart, do you go in to take ownership their land; but for the evil of these nations Yahweh your God drives them out from before you, to keep the word which Yahweh promised to your ancestors, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

[6-10] So know that Yahweh your God doesn’t give you this good land to own for your own goodness; because you’re a stubborn people. Remember, and don’t forget, how you made Yahweh your God very angry in the countryside from the day that you left the land of Egypt, until you came to this place, you’ve fought against Yahweh. Also in Horeb you made Yahweh very angry, and God was angry enough with you to destroy you. But when I had gone up onto the mountain to get the stone slabs, even the slabs of the Law which Yahweh made for you, then I stayed on the mountain forty days and nights; and I didn’t eat any bread nor drink any water. Then Yahweh gave to me the two stone slabs written with the finger of God; and on them was written all the words, which Yahweh told you on the mountain out of the middle of the fire in the day of the assembly.

[11-14] At the end of forty days and nights, Yahweh gave me the two stone slabs, even the slabs of the Law. Then Yahweh said to me, ‘Get up, get down quickly from here because your people whom you’ve brought out of Egypt have ruined themselves; they’ve quickly turned out of the way which I told them; they’ve made them a false god.’ Also Yahweh told me, saying, ‘I’ve seen this people, and you see, they’re a stubborn people. Leave me alone, that I may destroy them, and make their name be forgotten from the earth; and I’ll make of you a nation stronger and greater than them.’

[15-21] So I turned and came down from the mountain, and the mountain was burning with fire; and the two slabs of the Law were in my two hands. I looked and saw that you had sinned against Yahweh your God; you had made you a molten calf and had turned quickly away from what Yahweh had told you. So I took hold of the two slabs, and threw them out of my two hands, and broke them before your eyes. Then I fell down before Yahweh, as I did the first time, for another forty days and nights; I didn’t eat bread nor drink any water; because of all your sin which you sinned, doing what Yahweh said was evil, to make God very angry. I was afraid of the anger and rage, which Yahweh had against you to destroy you. But Yahweh listened to me that time also. And Yahweh was very angry with Aaron to destroy him but I prayed for Aaron also at the same time. I took your sin, the calf which you had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, grinding it very small, until it was as fine as dust; and I cast the dust of it into the stream that fell out of the mountain.

[22-29] At Taberah, Massah, and at Kibroth Hattaavah, you made Yahweh very angry. When Yahweh sent you from Kadesh Barnea, saying, ‘Go up and take the land which I’ve given you; then you fought against the judgments of Yahweh your God, and you didn’t believe God, nor listen to God’s voice. You’ve fought against Yahweh from the day that I knew you. So I fell down before Yahweh the forty days and nights that I fell down, because Yahweh had promised to destroy you. But I prayed to Yahweh, ‘Yahweh God, don’t destroy your people, your own people, that you’ve freed through your greatness, that you’ve brought out of Egypt with a great power. Remember your workers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and don’t look at these stubborn people, nor at their evil and sin, in case the land where you brought us out say, ‘Because Yahweh wasn’t able to bring them into the land which was promised to them, and because God hated them, God has brought them out to kill them in the countryside.’ Yet they’re your own people, which you brought out by your great power and your great strength.

 

What Does God Require of You?

10[1-5] At that time Yahweh said to me, ‘Cut out two stone slabs like the first, and come up to me onto the mountain, and make a chest of wood. I’ll write on the slabs the words that were on the first slabs which you broke, and you’ll put them in the chest. So I made a chest of acacia wood, and cut out two stone slabs like the first, and went up onto the mountain, having the two slabs in my hands. God wrote on the slabs, just like the first writing, the Ten Laws, which Yahweh told you on the mountain out of the middle of the fire in the day of the assembly; and Yahweh gave them to me. I turned and came down from the mountain, and put the slabs in the chest which I had made; and there they are as Yahweh told me.

[6-9] The people of Israel traveled from Beeroth Bene Jaakan to Moserah. Aaron died there, and was buried; and Eleazar his son ministered in the preacher’s office in his place. From there they traveled to Gudgodah; and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, a land of creeks. At that time Yahweh set apart the family group of Levi, to handle the Chest of the Law of Yahweh, to minister to Yahweh, and to bless in Yahweh’s name, to today. So Levi has no part of the land with his kin; Yahweh is Levi’s inheritance, as Yahweh your God said.

[10-13] I stayed on the mountain, as the first time, forty days and nights. Yahweh listened to me that time also and did not destroy you. Yahweh said to me, ‘Get up, and move out before the people; and they’ll go in and take the land, which I promised to their ancestors to give to them.’ Now, Israel, what does Yahweh your God require of you, but to respect and love Yahweh your God, to follow God’s ways, and to serve Yahweh your God with all your heart and with all your soul, to keep the laws and judgments of Yahweh, which I tell you today for your own good?

[14-22] See, heaven and the heaven of heavens, the earth, and everything in it belongs to Yahweh your God. Only Yahweh was happy to love your ancestors, and chose their descendants after them, even you above all peoples, as at today. So cut the foreskin of your heart, and don’t be so stubborn. Yahweh your God is God of gods and Ruler of rulers, the Great God, the Great and Awesome God, who doesn’t think about who a person is, nor can be bribed. God gets justice for orphans and death survivors, and loves to give foreigners food and clothing. So love foreigners because you were foreigners in the land of Egypt. Respect and serve Yahweh your God; and hold on to God, and make your promises by God’s Name. Yahweh is your praise, and your God, who has done for you these great and awesome things, which your eyes have seen. Your ancestors went down into Egypt with seventy people and now you’re so many that Yahweh your God has made you as the stars of the sky.

 

God Loves Israel

11[1-6] So love Yahweh your God, and do what God says, and keep God’s judgments, rules, and  laws always. Know today: for I don’t speak with your children who haven’t known, and who haven’t seen the greatness, power, and strength of the punishment of Yahweh your God, and the signs and works, which God did in Egypt to the Ruler of Egypt and all his land; and what God did to the army of Egypt, and to their horses and chariots; how God made the water of the Red Sea to overflow them as they chased after you, and how Yahweh has destroyed them to today; and what God did to you in the countryside, until you came to this place; and what God did to Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, the son of Reuben; how the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them and their families up, along with their tents, and every living thing that followed them, in the middle of all Israel.

[7-12] But your eyes have seen all the great work which Yahweh did. So keep all the judgments which I tell you today, that you may be strong, and go in and take the land, where you go for your own; and that you may live long in the land, which Yahweh promised to your ancestors to give to them and to their descendants, a land full of milk and honey. For the land, where you go to take for your own, isn’t as the land of Egypt, from where you came out, where you sowed your seed, and watered it with your foot, as a garden of herbs; but the land, where you go over for your own, is a land of hills and valleys, and is watered by the rain of the sky, a land which Yahweh your God cares for; Yahweh your God always watches over it, from the beginning of the year even to the end of the year.

[13-17] If you listen carefully to the Laws which I tell you today, to love and serve Yahweh your God with all your heart and with all your soul, then God will give the rain of your land in its season, the first rain and the latter rain, that you may gather in your grain, new wine, and oil. I’ll give grass in your fields for your livestock, and you’ll eat and be full. Be careful, in case your heart is misled, and you turn away, and serve false gods, and worship them; and Yahweh gets angry with you, and shuts up the sky, so that there’s no rain, and the land won’t give its harvest; and you die quickly from off the good land which Yahweh gives you.

[18-21] So remember my words in your heart and in your soul and wear them for a sign on your hand, and they’ll be for symbols between your eyes. Teach them to your children, talking of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you get up. Write them on the door posts of your house, and on your gates; that you and your children may live a long time in the land which Yahweh promised to give to your ancestors, as the days of the heavens above the earth.

[22-25] If you carefully keep all these judgments which I tell you to do, to love Yahweh your God, to follow God’s ways, and to hold on to God; then Yahweh will drive out all these nations from before you, and you’ll take ownership of nations greater and stronger than yourselves. Every place where the sole of your foot walks will be yours; from the countryside, and Lebanon, from the Euphrates River to the Mediterranean Sea will be your border. No one will be able to stand before you. Yahweh your God will put the fear and dread of you on all the land that you walk on, as God has told you.

[26-32] See, I set before you today a blessing and a punishment: the blessing, if you’ll listen to the Laws of Yahweh your God, which I tell you today; and the punishment, if you don’t listen to the Laws of Yahweh your God, but turn away from what I tell you today, to go after false gods, which you’ve not known. And when Yahweh your God brings you into the land where you go for your own, put the blessing on Mount Gerizim, and the punishment on Mount Ebal. Aren’t they across the Jordan, to the west, in the land of the Canaanites who live in the Arabah desert, next to Gilgal, beside the oaks of Moreh? Pass over the Jordan to go in and take the land which Yahweh your God gives you, and take ownership of it, and live in it. Keep all the laws and the rules which I set before you today.

 

Worship God and Be Happy

12[1-3] These are the laws and the rules which you’ll keep and do in the land which Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, has given you for your own, as long as you live on the earth. You’ll, without a doubt, destroy all the places in which the nations that you’ll take ownership served their false gods, on the high mountains and hills, and under the evergreen trees. Break down their altars, and chop their carved posts in pieces, and burn down the trees used to worship Asherah (wooden idol used for worship of Astarte, Canaanite fertility goddess, the wife of Baal). Cut down the carved images of their false gods; and destroy their name out of that place.

[4-7] Don’t do so to Yahweh your God, but come regularly to the place which Yahweh your God chooses out of all your family groups, for God’s name to be, to God’s house; and there you’ll bring your burnt offerings and sacrifices, and give your ten percent, and the wave offering of your hand, and make your promises, and your freewill offerings, and the firstborn of your herds and flocks. You and your family will eat there before Yahweh your God, and you’ll be happy in all that you put your hand to, in which Yahweh your God has blessed you.

[8-11] Don’t do what we do here today, everyone doing whatever is right in their own eyes; You haven’t yet come to the rest and the inheritance, which Yahweh your God gives you. But when you go over the Jordan, and live in the land which Yahweh your God causes you to inherit, and gives you rest from all your enemies around, so that you live in safety; then you’ll go to the place which Yahweh your God chooses for God’s name to be, and there you’ll bring all that I tell you: your burnt offerings and sacrifices, and give your ten percent, and the wave offering of your hand, and all your special promises which you promise to Yahweh.

[12-16] You’ll be happy before Yahweh your God, you and your children, and your workers, and the Levites who are where you live, who has no part of the inheritance with you. Be careful that you don’t offer your burnt offerings in every place that you see; but only in the place which Yahweh chooses in one of your family groups, there you’ll offer your burnt offerings and do all that I tell you. But you may kill and eat meat such as the antelope and deer wherever you live, whatever you want, according to the blessing of Yahweh your God which God has given you and both the unfit and the fit may eat it. Only don’t eat the blood; but pour it out on the earth as water.

[17-20] You may not eat where you live what you bring of your grain, new wine, or oil, or the firstborn of your herd or flock, nor any of your promises which you promise, nor your freewill offerings, nor the wave offering of your hand; but you’ll eat them before Yahweh your God in the place which Yahweh your God chooses, you and your children, and your workers, and the Levites who are where you live; and you’ll be happy before Yahweh your God in all that you do. Be careful not to stop taking care of the Levites as long as you live in your land. When Yahweh your God adds to your land, as was promised, and you say, I’ll eat meat, because you want to eat meat; you may eat as much meat as you want.

[21-25] If the place which Yahweh your God chooses for God’s name to be, is too far from you, then you’ll kill of your herd and flock, which Yahweh has given you, as I’ve told you; and you may eat where you live, as much as you want. Just as the antelope and deer are eaten, so you’ll eat it. The unfit and the fit may eat of it alike. Only be sure that you don’t eat the blood, because the blood is the living soul of the animal; don’t eat the living soul with the meat. Don’t eat it; but pour it out on the earth as water. Don’t eat it; that it may go well with you and your children after you, when you do what’s right to Yahweh.

[26-28] Only your holy things and your promises, you’ll take and go to the place which Yahweh chooses; and you’ll offer your burnt offerings, the meat and the blood, on the altar of Yahweh your God; and the blood of your sacrifices will be poured out on the altar of Yahweh your God; and you’ll eat that meat there. Listen to all these words which I tell you and keep them, that it may go well with you and your children after you forever, when you do what’s good and right to Yahweh your God.

[29-32] When Yahweh your God cuts off the nations from before you, where you go in to take ownership of them, and you take ownership of them, and live in their land; be careful to not be trapped into following after them, after they’re destroyed from before you. Don’t ask questions about their gods, saying, ‘How do these nations serve their gods? I’ll do the same as they did.’ Don’t do this to Yahweh your God, because every wrong to God, which Yahweh hates, they’ve done for their gods; they even kill their children, burning them in the fire to their gods. Do what I tell you: Don’t add to it, or take away from it.

 

God will Test You

13[1-5] If a great preacher or someone who has a dream comes to you, and gives you a sign or does an amazing thing, and it comes to pass what was told you, saying, ‘Let’s go after other gods,’ which you’ve not known, and ‘Let’s serve them;’ don’t listen to the words of that preacher, or to that dreamer because Yahweh your God will test you, to know whether you love Yahweh your God with all your heart and with all your soul. You’ll follow after and respect Yahweh your God, and keep God’s Laws, and obey God’s voice, and you’ll serve and hold on to Yahweh. That preacher or dreamer will be put to death, who has spoken against Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, and freed you out of the place of hard work and slaving, to draw you away from the way Yahweh your God told you to go in. So put away that evil person from you.

[6-10] If your brother or sister, the child of your mother, or your own child, or the wife that you love, or your friend, who’s as your own soul, tempts you secretly, saying, ‘Let’s go and serve other gods,’ which you’ve not known, you, nor your ancestors; of the gods of the peoples who are around you, either near to you, or far away from you, from one end of the earth to the other; don’t agree to it, nor listen. Don’t feel sorry for that person, nor spare them, nor hide them, but, without a doubt, you’ll kill him; your hand will be first to put that person to death, and afterwards the hands of all the people. Put them to death with stones, because they’ve tried to draw you away from Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the place of hard work and slaving.

[11-16] All Israel will listen and fear, and won’t do any more such evil as this, which is done where you are. If you hear about one of your cities, which Yahweh your God gives you to live in, that some no good, evil person has gone out from you, and has drawn away the people of their city, saying, ‘Let’s go and serve other gods,’ which you’ve not known; then you’ll look into it, and search and ask carefully; and see, if it’s true that such wrong has been done there. If so, then without a doubt, you’ll kill the people of that city in war, destroying it completely, and everything that’s in it, including the livestock in the war. You’ll gather all its stuff into the middle of the street, and burn the city and everything in it with fire, dedicating it to Yahweh your God. It’ll be in ruins forever and never be built again.

[17-18] Don’t take anything of that which is to be dedicated in this way to God; that Yahweh may not be angry, and will show you mercy, have compassion on you, and let you have many children as was promised to your ancestors; when you listen to the voice of Yahweh your God, and keep all God’s Laws which I tell you today, and do what’s right by Yahweh your God.

 

God’s Chosen People

14[1-2] You’re the people of Yahweh your God. Don’t cut yourselves, nor shave your head for the dead. You’re a holy people to Yahweh your God, and Yahweh has chosen you to be God’s own people, above all peoples who are on the face of the earth.

[3-8] Don’t eat anything that’s bad for you. These are the animals which you may safely eat: the tame bull, sheep, and goat, the deer, antelope, and roebuck, the mountain goat, wild ox, and mountain sheep. You may eat every animal that has a parted hoof that splits in two, and chews the cud, among the animals. But don’t eat those that re-chew their food, or of those who have the split hoof like the camel, hare, and rabbit; because they re-chew their food but don’t have a split hoof, so they’re unfit for you. Don’t eat the pig, because it has a split hoof but doesn’t re-chew its food, so it’s unfit for you. Don’t eat their meat, and don’t touch their dead bodies.

[9-21] These you may eat of all that are in the waters: you may eat whatever has fins and scales; and whatever doesn’t have fins and scales, don’t eat; It’s unfit for you. All fit birds you may eat. But don’t eat the eagle, vulture, buzzard, hawk, falcon, and raven after its kind, male or female ostriches, cuckoo, or any kind of bird of prey, owl, seagull, ibis, pelican, bustard, stork, heron, desert lark, and bat. Every insect with wings is unfit for you, so don’t eat them, but all fit birds you may eat. Don’t eat anything that dies naturally. You may give it to the foreigner to eat who lives among you where you live; or you may sell it to a foreigner, but you’re a holy people to Yahweh your God. Don’t boil a kid in its mother’s milk.

[22-26] Give ten percent of everything grown by your seed in the field each year. You’ll eat before Yahweh your God, in the place God chooses for God’s name to be, ten percent of your grain, new wine, and oil, and the firstborn of your herd and flock; that you may learn to respect Yahweh your God always. If the place is too long and far from you so that you’re not able to carry it to where Yahweh your God chooses for God’s name to be, when Yahweh your God blesses you; then you’ll sell it for money, and take the money and go to the place where Yahweh your God chooses. There you’ll give the money for whatever you want, for bulls, sheep, wine, alcohol, or whatever else your soul asks of you; and you’ll eat there before Yahweh your God, and you and your family will be happy.

[27-29] Don’t neglect the Levite who’s where you live because he has no part nor inheritance with you. At the end of every three years you’ll bring the whole ten percent of what you have in the same year, and will save it up where you live. So the Levite, because he has no part nor inheritance with you, and the foreigner living among you, and the orphan, and the death survivor, who are where you live, will come, and eat and be satisfied; so that Yahweh your God may bless you in all the work that you do.

 

Help the Poor

15[1-6] At the end of every seven years you’ll make a release. This is the kind of release where every creditor will give up what they’ve lent to their neighbor; and not demand it of them or a family member; because Yahweh’s release has been made known. You may demand it of a foreigner, but whatever of yours is with one of your own people, you’ll give it up. If you carefully listen to the voice of Yahweh your God, to keep and do all these judgments which I tell you today, there won’t be any poor with you because Yahweh will, without a doubt, bless you in the land which Yahweh your God gives you for your own. Yahweh your God will bless you, as was promised you; and you’ll lend to many nations, but won’t borrow; you’ll rule over many nations, but they won’t rule over you.

[7-11] If there’s a poor person with you, one of your kin, where you live in your land which Yahweh your God gives you, don’t be hardhearted, nor shut your hand from giving to your poor people; but you’ll, without a doubt, give to them, and lend them whatever they need. Don’t let there be an evil thought in your heart, saying, ‘The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand;’ and you think evil against your poor. If you don’t give them anything and they cry to Yahweh against you,  it’s a sin to you. You’ll, without a doubt, give to them, and you won’t regret in your heart when you give to them; because Yahweh your God will bless you in all your work, and in all that you put your hand to for what you did. The poor will never be completely out of the land, so I tell you, saying, you’ll, without a doubt, open your hand and give to your kin, your needy, and your poor, in your land.

[12-18] If your kin, a Hebrew man or woman, is sold to you, and serves you for six years; then in the seventh year you’ll let them go free from you. When you let them go free from you, don’t let them go empty handed. Provide for them well out of your animals, and out of your gardens, and out of your winepress; as Yahweh your God has blessed you, so give to them. Remember that you were workers in the land of Egypt, and Yahweh your God freed you; so I tell you this thing today. But if they tell you, ‘I won’t leave you;’ because they love you and your family, because they’ve been well taken care of with you; then you’ll pierce their ear, and they’ll be your worker forever. Do this to your male and female workers. It won’t seem hard to you, when you let them go free from you because they were worth double the price of a hired worker and have served you six years, and Yahweh your God will bless you in all that you do.

[19-23] All the firstborn males that are born of your herd and flock you’ll set apart for Yahweh your God. Do no work with the firstborn of your herd, nor shear the firstborn of your flock. You and your family will eat it before Yahweh your God each year in the place which Yahweh chooses. Don’t sacrifice it to Yahweh your God if it has anything at all wrong with it, as if it’s lame or blind, or has anything else wrong with it. You’ll eat it where you live. Both the unfit and the fit will eat it alike, just as an antelope or a deer. Only don’t eat its blood, but pour it out on the ground as water.

 

Keep the Passover

16[1-4] Keep the Passover to Yahweh your God in the month of Abib (March-April) because in the month of Abib Yahweh your God brought you out of Egypt by night. Sacrifice the Passover offering to Yahweh your God, out of the flock and herd, in the place where Yahweh chooses for God’s name to be. You’ll eat no bread made with yeast with it because seven days you’ll eat flat bread, even the bread of trouble because you came out of the land of Egypt in a hurry, so that you may remember the day you came out of the land of Egypt as long as you live. There will be no yeast seen with you wherever you live for seven days; nor will any of the meat, which you sacrifice the first day at evening, be left over until the morning.

[5-8] You may not sacrifice the Passover where you live, which Yahweh your God gives you; but at the place which Yahweh your God chooses for God’s name to be, you’ll sacrifice the Passover at evening, at sun set, at the season that you came out of Egypt. You’ll roast and eat it in the place which Yahweh your God chooses: and in the morning, go back to your tents. Six days you’ll eat flat bread; and on the seventh day will be a sacred assembly to Yahweh your God, in which you won’t do any work.

[9-12] Count seven weeks from the time you begin to cut the grain. You’ll keep the Celebration of Weeks to Yahweh your God with a gift of a freewill offering of your hand, which you’ll give, according to how Yahweh your God blesses you. Then you’ll be happy before Yahweh your God, you and your children, your workers, the Levites who are where you live, the foreigner, the orphan, and the death survivor, who are with you, in the place where Yahweh your God chooses for God’s name to be. Remember that you were workers in Egypt, so keep and do these laws.

[13-17] You’ll keep the Celebration of Shelters seven days, after you’ve gathered in your harvest and made your wine; and you’ll be happy in your feast, you and your children, your workers, the Levites, the foreigner, the orphan, and the death survivor, who are where you live. Seven days you’ll keep a feast to Yahweh your God in the place which Yahweh chooses; because Yahweh your God will bless you in everything you grow, and in all the work of your hands, and you’ll be altogether happy. Three times a year your males will go before Yahweh your God in the place which God chooses, in the Celebration of Flat Bread, and in the Celebration of Weeks, and in the Celebration of Shelters. You won’t go before Yahweh empty-handed, but everyone will give as you’re able, according to the blessing Yahweh your God has given you.

[18-22] Make judges and officers where you live that Yahweh your God gives you, according to your family groups. They’ll judge the people with good judgment. Don’t be unfair. Don’t think about who a person is, nor take a bribe from anyone because a bribe closes the eyes of the wise, and changes the words of the good. Do only what’s fair so that you may live, and inherit the land which Yahweh your God gives you. Don’t plant a grove of any kind of tree used for false worship beside the altar of Yahweh your God, which you’ll make, nor set up any false god, which Yahweh your God hates.

 

Don’t Worship False Gods

17[1-7] Don’t sacrifice to Yahweh your God a bull or a sheep, which has something wrong with it, because that’s wrong to Yahweh your God. If there’s found with you, in the place where you live which Yahweh your God gives you, someone who does what’s evil to Yahweh your God, in disobeying the promised agreement, and has gone and served other gods, and worshiped them, or the sun, the moon, or any heavenly body, which I haven’t told you to do; and it’s told you, and you’ve heard of it, then you’ll carefully ask about it; and see, if it’s true. If you’re sure that such wrong was done in Israel, then you’ll bring that person, who has done this evil thing, to your courts, and you’ll put them to death with stones. At the word of two or three witnesses, will the one who’s to die be put to death; at the word of only one witness, they won’t be put to death. The witnesses will be the first ones to put them to death, and afterward all the rest of the people. So you’ll put the evil away from you.

[8-13] If there’s anything too hard for you to judge as to who’s guilty in a death, or who’s right or wrong, or who hit who first in a fight, and there’s a difference of opinion where you live; then you’ll go up to the place which Yahweh your God chooses; and you’ll come to the preachers, the Levites, and the judge who’s ruling at that time: and you’ll ask; and they’ll give the sentence of judgment. Do whatever the sentence which they give you is from that place which Yahweh chooses; and do whatever they say to you. Do just what the law which they teach you means, and according to the judgment which they tell you. Don’t change from the sentence which they give you. Anyone who thinks they know better and doesn’t listen to the preacher who stands to minister before Yahweh your God, or the judge, will die; so put away that evil from Israel. All the people will hear about it, and fear God’s judgment, and won’t do this anymore.

[14-20] When you come to the land which Yahweh your God gives you, and take ownership of it, and live in it, and say, ‘I’ll set a ruler over me, like all the nations that are around me;’ You’ll, without a doubt, set a ruler over you, whom Yahweh your God chooses. When you set a ruler over you, it must be one of your kin people; you may not put a foreigner over you, who isn’t of your people. The ruler must not have many horses, nor cause the people to go back to Egypt to get many horses; because Yahweh has told you, ‘From now on you won’t go back there anymore.’ Nor will the ruler have many wives that will turn his heart away; nor will the ruler have much silver and gold. When the ruler takes power on the throne, a copy of this law will be written in a book, from what’s before the preachers, the Levites. The ruler will keep it, and read it as long as he lives, so that he may learn to respect Yahweh God, to keep all the words of this law and to do these laws, so that he won’t believe himself to be better than his people, and won’t turn away from the judgments, and so he may prolong his rule, he and his children, in Israel.

 

The Promised One

18[1-8] The preachers, the Levites, all the family group of Levi, will have no part, nor inheritance with Israel. They’ll eat God’s share of the offerings of Yahweh made by fire. They’ll have no inheritance among their kin; Yahweh is their inheritance, as God has told them. The shoulder, the cheeks, and the stomach muscles will be the preachers’ due from the people, from those who offer a sacrifice, whether it’s a bull or a sheep that they give to the preacher. Give the first part of your grain, new wine, and oil, and the first of the fleece of your sheep. For Yahweh your God has chosen these out of all your family groups, to stand to minister in the Name of Yahweh forever. If a Levite comes from anywhere in Israel, where he lives as a foreigner, and comes to the place which Yahweh chooses and wants to serve with all his heart; then he’ll minister in the Name of Yahweh God, as all his kin, the Levites do, who stand before Yahweh. They’ll eat the same parts as the others do, besides what comes of the sale of whatever he owns.

[9-14] When you come into the land which Yahweh your God gives you, don’t learn to do the evil of those nations. Don’t let there be found with you anyone who kills their children for a sacrifice, anyone who seeks knowledge by supernatural means, or uses witchcraft, or casts spells, or uses magic, or magic charms, or is a fortune teller or someone who talks to the dead, or prays to a false god. For whoever does these things wrongs Yahweh; and because of all these evil things, Yahweh your God drives them out from before you. Let Yahweh your God be enough for you to be fulfilled. For these nations that you’ll take ownership of listen to those who practice witchcraft, and try to get knowledge by supernatural means; but as for you, Yahweh your God won’t let you do so.

[15-19] Yahweh your God will raise up for you a Great Preacher from you, out of your own kin, like me; who you’ll listen to; just like you wanted of Yahweh your God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, ‘Don’t let us hear the voice of Yahweh God again, nor let us see this great fire any more, that we don’t die.’ So Yahweh said to me, ‘What they’ve said is good. I’ll raise them up a Great Preacher from among their kin, like you; who I’ll give My words to, and who will tell them all that I say. And whoever won’t listen to My words which are said in My Name by that Great Preacher, will be responsible for it.

[20-22] But the preacher, who speaks a word in My Name without knowledge, which I haven’t told him to say, or who speaks in the name of other gods, will die. If you say in your heart, ‘How will we know the word which Yahweh hasn’t spoken?’ When a preacher speaks in the Name of Yahweh, if what’s said doesn’t happen, that’s what Yahweh hasn’t spoken and that preacher has said it without knowledge, so don’t be afraid of him.

 

Cities of Refuge

19[1-6] When Yahweh your God cuts off the nations, whose land Yahweh your God gives you, and you take their place, and live in their cities and houses; set apart three cities for you with your land, which Yahweh your God gives you for your own. Make roads, and divide your land which Yahweh your God gives you into three parts, that every killer may run there. The killer, who kills someone by accident, and didn’t hate them in the past, should go there to live. An example would be when someone goes into the forest with a friend to cut wood, and he swings the axe to cut down a tree, and the head of the axe flies off the handle, and hits the friend, who dies. That person will run to one of these cities and live, in case someone whose angry wants revenge and chases the killer and catches them, because it takes them too long to get there, and kills them when they weren’t worthy of death, because they didn’t hate the person in the past who was killed.

[7-13] So I tell you, set apart three cities for you. If Yahweh your God adds to your land, as God has promised your ancestors, and gives you all the land which was promised to your ancestors; and if you’ll keep all these judgments and do them, which I tell you today, to love Yahweh your God, and to follow God’s ways; then you’ll add three more cities for you, besides these three, so that innocent blood won’t be shed in your land, which Yahweh your God gives you for your own, and so you won’t be guilty of innocent blood. But if anyone hates someone, and plans to kill them, and comes against them, and kills them, and runs into one of these cities; then the elders of the city where it happened will send for and bring that person back, and turn them over to the one who wants revenge to be killed. Don’t feel sorry for that person, but kill the one who took innocent blood from Israel, so that you’ll be blessed.

[14-21] Don’t remove someone’s landmark, which they’ve set up in the past, in your land which you’ll inherit, in the land that Yahweh your God gives you for your own. One witness won’t speak against someone for any fault or sin, in any sin that’s done. Only at the word of two or three witnesses will anything be thought to be true. If a liar speaks up against anyone to testify against them of wrong-doing, then both of those who are fighting will stand before Yahweh, before the preachers and the judges who rule at the time. The judges will carefully ask questions and see if the person is lying, and has testified falsely against the other; then you’ll do to that person what they planned to do to the other, so you’ll put away the evil from you. Those who are left will hear about it, and fear judgment, and won’t do such evil anymore. Don’t feel sorry for them; whatever they planned to do to the other, do to them.

 

Various Laws

20[1-8] When you go to war against your enemies, and see all their equipment, and that they have more people than you, don’t be afraid of them because Yahweh your God is with you, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt. When you go to the battlefield, the preacher will go up and speak to the people, and will tell them, ‘Listen, Israel, today you’re going to fight your enemies; don’t be fainthearted; don’t be afraid, nor shake in fear, nor be scared of them because Yahweh your God is the One who goes with you to fight for you against your enemies and save you.’ The officers will speak to the people, saying, ‘Who is there who has built a new house, and hasn’t dedicated it? Let them go home, in case they die in the battle, and someone else dedicates it. Who is there who has planted a garden, and hasn’t gathered in its harvest? Let them go home, in case they die in the battle, and another gets it. Who is there who has promised to be married, and hasn’t done it? Let them go home, in case they die in the battle, and someone else marries their promised one.’ The officers will speak further to the people, and say, ‘Who is there who’s afraid and fainthearted? Let them go home, in case they scare the others.’

[9-15] When the officers have finished speaking to the people, they’ll appoint troop leaders to lead the people. When you near a city to fight against it, then try to make peace with it. If it makes peace, and opens up to you, then all the people who are found in it will pay taxes to you, and will serve you. If it won’t make peace with you, but makes war against you instead, then you’ll surround it. When Yahweh your God gives it into your power, kill every male, but the women and children, the livestock, and all the stuff that’s in the city, take for yourself; and you’ll eat the food of your enemies, which Yahweh your God has given you. Do this to all the cities which are very far away from you, which aren’t of the cities of these nations.

[16-20] But of the cities of these peoples, that Yahweh your God gives you for your own, don’t save alive anything that breathes; but completely destroy them: the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites; as Yahweh your God has told you so that they won’t teach you to do the evil things, which they’ve done for their gods; so you would sin against Yahweh your God. When you surround a city for a long time to take it, while making war against it, don’t destroy the trees around it by taking an axe to them. You may eat of them, so don’t cut them down. The tree of the field isn’t like a person that it should be destroyed by you. Destroy and cut down only the trees which you know aren’t trees for food; and you’ll build siege towers to attack the city that makes war with you, until it falls.

 

Various Laws

21[1-4] If someone is found killed in the land which Yahweh your God gives you for your own, lying in the field, and it isn’t known who has attacked them; then your elders and your judges will come forth, and they’ll measure to the cities which are around the one who’s been killed and the elders of that city which is nearest to the killed one will take a cow of the herd, which hasn’t been worked or pulled a yoke; and the elders of that city will bring down the cow to a valley with a running creek, which isn’t used for farming, and will break the cow’s neck there in the valley.

[5-9] The preachers, the sons of Levi, will come near because they’ve been chosen by Yahweh your God to minister to God, and to bless in the Name of Yahweh; and every argument and fight will be decided by them. All the elders of that city, who are nearest to the killed one, will wash their hands over the cow whose neck was broken in the valley; and they’ll say, ‘Our hands haven’t shed this blood, nor have our eyes seen it. Forgive, Yahweh, your people Israel, whom you’ve freed, and don’t let your people Israel be guilty of innocent blood.’ Then the blood will be forgiven them. So you’ll not be guilty of the innocent blood from you, when you do what’s right to Yahweh.

     [10-14] When you go to battle against your enemies, and Yahweh your God gives them into your power, and you take them captive, and see among the captives a beautiful woman, and you want her, and would like to take her as a wife; then you’ll bring her home to your house; and she’ll shave her head, and cut her nails; and she’ll take off her clothing that she was captured in, and will stay in your house, and mourn her family a full month. After that you can have sex with her, and be her husband, and she’ll be your wife. If you don’t like her, then you’ll let her go wherever she wants to; but don’t sell her at all for money. Don’t deal with her as a slave, because you’ve disgraced her.

[15-17] If someone has two wives, one loved, and the other hated, and both the loved and the hated have had children; and if the firstborn child belongs to the one who was hated; then when the children inherit what the father has, he may not make the child of the loved get the inheritance of the firstborn over the child of the hated, who’s the firstborn. He’ll acknowledge the firstborn, the child of the hated, by giving that child a double part of everything because the firstborn is the first of his strength and has the right of the firstborn.

[18-21] If someone has a stubborn and rebellious child, who won’t obey their parents, and though they discipline the child, the child won’t listen to them; then the parents will bring the child to the elders of the city, to a public place and tell the elders of the city, ‘This child is stubborn and rebellious, and won’t obey our voice and is worthless, and lives for pleasure.’ Then everyone of the city will put the child to death. So you’ll put away the evil from you; and all Israel will listen, and fear that judgment.

[22-23] If someone has done a sin worthy of death, and they’re put to death by hanging; the body won’t be left hanging all night, but you’ll, without a doubt, bury it the same day because the one who’s hanged is punished by God. Do this, so that you don’t make your land unfit which Yahweh your God gives you for your own.

 

Various Laws

22[1-4] Don’t watch another’s bull or sheep go astray, and look the other way. You’ll, without a doubt, bring them back. If they don’t live near you, or if you don’t know them, then you’ll bring it home to your house until they come after it, and then you’ll give it back. Do this with a donkey as well; and with a piece of clothing; and anything else that’s lost by someone that you’ve found. You may not look the other way. Don’t see another’s donkey or bull fallen down somewhere, and look the other way. Without a doubt, you’ll help it get up again.

[5] A woman won’t wear men’s clothing, nor will a man wear women’s clothing because whoever does these things does a wrong to Yahweh God.

[6-7] If you find a bird’s nest before you somewhere, in a tree or on the ground, with young ones or eggs, and the hen sitting on the young, or on the eggs, don’t take the hen with the young. Without a doubt, let the hen go, but you may take the young for yourself; that it may be well with you, and that you may save your life.

[8] When you build a new house, make a rail around your roof, so that you won’t be guilty of blood, if anyone falls from there.

[9-10] Don’t plant your garden with two kinds of seed, in case the seed you’ve planted, and what the garden would have made be lost. Don’t plow with a bull and a donkey together.

[11-12] Don’t wear clothes with wool and linen mixed. Make tassels on the four corners of your outer coat.

[13-17] If a man takes a wife, and has sex with her, and hates her, and says shameful things about her, and gives her a bad name, and says, ‘I married this woman, and when I came to her, she wasn’t a virgin;’ then the parents of the young lady will bring the bloody sheet that proves the young lady’s virginity to the elders of the city in the gate; and the young lady’s father will tell the elders, ‘I gave my daughter to this one to wife, and he hates her; and has said shameful things about her, saying, ‘She wasn’t a virgin;’ and yet here is the sheet of my daughter’s virginity.’ And they’ll spread the bloody sheet before the elders of the city.

[18-21] Then the elders of that city will take the man and punish him; and fine him one hundred silver coins, and give them to the father of the young lady, because he has brought a bad name on a virgin of Israel. She’ll be his wife and he may never divorce her. But if it’s true, that the sheet of her virginity wasn’t found bloody for the young lady; then they’ll bring the young lady to the door of her father’s house, and the men of her city will put her to death, because she’s done wrong and been unfaithful in Israel, to have had sex in her father’s house. So you’ll put away this kind of evil from you.

[22-27] If a man is found having sex with a married woman, then both the man who slept with the woman and the woman will die. So put away the evil from Israel. If there’s a young lady who’s a virgin that’s promised to be married to a husband, and another man finds her in the city, and has sex with her; then you’ll bring them both out to a public place of that city, and put them to death; the lady, because she didn’t scream for help, being in the city; and the man, because he’s disgraced another man’s promised wife. So put away the evil from you. But if a man finds a lady who’s promised to be married out in the countryside, and forces her to have sex; then only he will die. Do nothing to her because she’s done no sin worthy of death. This matter is like when someone comes against another to kill them because he found the lady who was promised to be married out in the countryside, but when she screamed for help there wasn’t anyone there to save her.

[28-29] If a man finds a lady who’s a virgin, but who’s not promised to be married, and has sex with her, and they’re caught; then the one who has had sex with her will give to the lady’s father fifty silver coins, and she’ll be his wife, because he has disgraced her and he may never divorce her.

[30] A man won’t have sex with his stepmother or shame his father by having sex with a woman belonging to his father.

 

Various Laws

23[1-2] A man who’s wounded in the testicles, or has his private part cut off, won’t go into the assembly of Yahweh. An illegitimate child won’t go into the assembly of Yahweh; even to the tenth generation will none of their children go into the assembly of Yahweh.

[3-5] An Ammonite or a Moabite won’t go into the assembly of Yahweh; even to the tenth generation let none belonging to them go into the assembly of Yahweh, because they didn’t meet you with bread and water when you came out of Egypt, and because they hired Balaam, the son of Beor, from Pethor of Mesopotamia, against you to curse you. But Yahweh your God wouldn’t listen to Balaam and turned the curse into a blessing for you, because Yahweh your God loved you. So don’t try to make peace with them, nor help them at all, forever.

[7-8] Don’t hate an Edomite (Arab Nations) because they’re your kin. Don’t hate an Egyptian, because you lived as a foreigner in their land. The people who are born of the third generation to them will go into the assembly of Yahweh.

[9-14] When you go against your enemies, then keep from everything that’s evil. If there’s anyone among you, who’s not fit because of something that happened at night, then they’ll go out of the camp, and not come back. But when evening comes at sun down, they’ll take a bath and come back to camp. Also, have a place outside of camp, where you’ll go to relieve yourself. Have a shovel among your weapons and when you sit down, dig a hole, and cover up your waste, because Yahweh your God walks with you in your camp to save you, and to put your enemies into your power. So your camp will be holy, that God may not see anything unfit in you, and turn away from you.

[15-16] Don’t give back a worker who ran away from their owner to you. They’ll live with you, wherever they want to live on your property. Don’t abuse them.

[17-18] Don’t let there be prostitutes among the daughters of Israel, nor let there be homosexual prostitutes among the sons of Israel. Don’t bring the money of a prostitute, or a homosexual prostitute, into the house of Yahweh your God for any promise because both of these are wrong to Yahweh your God.

[19-20] Don’t lend on interest to your kin people; interest of money, interest of food, interest of anything that’s lent on interest. You may lend to a foreigner on interest, but don’t lend to your kin people on interest, so that Yahweh your God may bless you in all that you do in the land where you go to take for your own.

[21-23] When you make a promise to Yahweh your God, don’t neglect to do it, because Yahweh your God will, without a doubt, hold you responsible for it; and it would be a sin to you not to keep it. But if you don’t make any promises, you won’t sin. Whatever you say you’ll keep and do; just as you’ve promised to Yahweh your God, an offering of your own freewill, which you’ve promised with your own mouth.

[24-25] When you come into someone’s vineyard, you may eat your fill of grapes as you want; but don’t take any away with you. When you come into someone’s garden, then you may pick the crop with your hand; but don’t go in to use a tool to harvest their crop.

 

Various Laws

24[1-4] When someone takes a wife, and marries her, then if she isn’t loved, because he has found something wrong with her, then he’ll give her divorce papers, and send her out of his house. When she has left his house, she may go and be remarried to another man. If the latter husband hates her, and gives her a divorce, and sends her out of his house; or if the latter husband dies, who married her; her first husband, who divorced her, may not remarry her, after she’s been made unfit because that’s wrong to Yahweh. Don’t cause the land to sin, which Yahweh your God gives you for your own.

[5] When someone takes a new wife, he won’t go out in the army, nor be given a job to do, but he’ll be free at home one year, and will make the wife he has taken happy.

[6] No one will take what someone needs to make a living for a promise; then you would take someone’s life for a promise.

[7] If someone is found taking any of his kin of the people of Israel, and treats them as a slave worker, or sells them; then that thief will die. So put away the evil from you.

[8-9] Be careful with the skin disease of leprosy, that you carefully keep, and do all that the preachers, the Levites, teach you. Do just as I told them. Remember what Yahweh your God did to Miriam, on the way as you came out of Egypt.

[10-13] When you lend someone any kind of loan, don’t go into their house to get what was promised. You’ll stand outside, and the one to whom you lend will bring out what was promised to you. If it’s a poor person, don’t keep their property overnight; you’ll, without a doubt, give back what they own when the sun goes down, so that they may have use of it, and bless you; and you will be thought of as good by Yahweh your God.

[14-15] Don’t abuse hired workers who are poor and needy, whether they’re your kin or a foreigner who is in your land where you live. Give them what they earn each day, and don’t let the sun go down on it because they need it, and have set their heart on it; in case they cry against you to Yahweh. It’s sin to you.

[16] The parents won’t be put to death for the children’s sins, nor will the children be put to death for the parents’ sins, but everyone will be put to death for their own sin.

[17-18] Don’t judge a foreigner, or an orphan’s case wrongly, nor take a death survivor’s clothing for a pledge; but remember that you were workers in Egypt, and Yahweh your God freed you there; so I tell you to do this.

[19-22] When you gather in your harvest, and have forgot a sheaf in the field, don’t go back to get it, but leave it for the foreigner, orphan, and death survivor; so that Yahweh your God may bless you in all that you do. When you beat your olive tree, don’t go over the branches again, but leave what’s left for the foreigner, orphan, and death survivor. When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, don’t pick it again afterwards. Leave it for the foreigner, orphan, and death survivor. Remember that you were workers in the land of Egypt. This is why I tell you to do this.

The Laws Continue

25[1-3] If there’s an argument between two people, and they come to judgment, and the judges judge them; then they’ll justify the one who’s right, and punish the one who’s wrong. If the one who’s wrong deserves to be beaten, the judge will make them lie down, and be beaten in front of him, the number of times the wrong deserves. He may give no more than forty stripes; in case, if he should go over this, and give many more stripes, then you would be ashamed of one of your people.

[4] Don’t keep the bull from eating from the grain when it works in it.

[5-10] If brothers live together, and one of them dies, and has no children, the wife of the dead won’t be married outside the family to a stranger, but her brother-in-law will marry her, and have sex with her, and do the duty of a brother-in-law to her, so that the firstborn whom she has will take the name of the one who died, so that his name won’t be lost to Israel. If the brother-in-law doesn’t want to take his brother’s wife, then his brother’s wife will go to a public place before the elders, and say, ‘My brother-in-law refuses to give me a child in his brother’s name for Israel; he won’t do the duty of a husband’s brother to me.’ Then the elders of the city will call him, and speak to him and if he still says, ‘I don’t want to take her;’ then his brother’s wife will come to him along with the elders, and shame him, and spit in his face; and say, ‘So it will be done to the one who doesn’t build up his brother’s family.’ And his name will be called in Israel, ‘The house of one who has been shamed.’

[11-12 ] When men fight with one another, and the wife of one comes to save her husband from the one who’s fighting him, and grabs him by the private part; then you’ll cut off her hand, and not feel sorry for her.

[13-16] Don’t practice dishonesty either in business or at home. Be fair so that your days may be long in the land which Yahweh your God gives you. For all who do dishonest things, do evil, and are wrong to Yahweh God.

[17] Remember what Amalek did to you on the way as you came out of Egypt; how he met you on the road, and attacked all those in the rear, all those who were weak, who fell behind you, when you were faint and tired; and he didn’t respect God. So when Yahweh your God has given you rest from all your enemies in the land which Yahweh your God gives you for your own, wipe Amalek’s memory from off the face of the earth; Don’t forget.

 

Be Happy in What God Gives You

26[1-10] When you come into the land which Yahweh your God gives you for your own, and take ownership of it, and live in it, take of the first of all the fruit of the ground, which you bring in from your land that Yahweh your God gives you; and put it in a basket, and go to the place which Yahweh your God chooses for God’s Name to be. Come to the preacher who will rule at that time, and tell him, ‘I say today to Yahweh my God, that I’m come to the land which Yahweh promised to our ancestors to give us.’ The preacher will take the basket out of your hand, and set it down before the altar of Yahweh your God. Then say before Yahweh your God, ‘My father was a Syrian ready to die; and he went down into Egypt, and stayed there, few in number; and he became a nation there, great and strong, with many people. The Egyptians treated us badly and troubled us, and gave us hard work to do; and we cried to Yahweh, the God of our ancestors, and Yahweh heard our voice, and saw our troubles, hard work, and abuse; and Yahweh brought us out of Egypt with great power, force, terror, and with signs, and amazing things; and he has brought us into this place, and has given us this land, a land full of milk and honey. Now see, I’ve brought the first of the fruit of the ground, which you, Yahweh, have given me.’ Then you’ll set it down before Yahweh your God, and worship Yahweh God.

[11-15] Be happy in all the good which Yahweh your God has given you and your family, you, the Levite, and the foreigner who’s with you. When you’ve given ten percent of what you have in the third year, when this is done, then you’ll give it to the Levites, foreigners, orphans, and death survivors, that they may eat where you live, and be filled. You’ll say before Yahweh your God, ‘I’ve brought the holy things out of my house, and have given them to the Levites, foreigners, orphans, and death survivors, according to all Your judgments which You’ve told me; I haven’t disobeyed any of Your Laws, nor have I forgotten them. I haven’t eaten of it when in mourning, nor have I taken any of it for use when unfit, nor given any of it for the dead. I’ve listened to the voice of Yahweh my God; I’ve done all that You’ve told me. Look down from Your holy place in heaven, and bless Your people Israel, and the ground which You’ve given us, as You promised to our ancestors, a land full of milk and honey.’

[16-19] Today Yahweh your God tells you to do these laws and rules, so keep and do them with all your heart, and with all your soul. You’ve told Yahweh today to be your God, and said that you would follow God’s ways, and keep God’s laws, judgments, and rules, and listen to God’s words; and Yahweh has told you today to be a people worthy to be called God’s own, as was promised you, and that you should keep all God’s Laws. So God will put you high above all nations that God has made, in praise, in name, and in honor, so that you may be a holy people to Yahweh your God, just as God said.”

 

Write the Laws

27[1-3] Moses and the elders of Israel told the people, saying, “Keep all the judgments which I tell you today. On the day that you pass over the Jordan to the land which Yahweh your God gives you, set up large stones, and plaster them with plaster. Write on them all the words of this law, when you pass over; so that you may go in to the land which Yahweh your God gives you, a land full of milk and honey, as Yahweh, the God of your ancestors, has promised you.

[4-8] When you pass over the Jordan, set up these stones, which I tell you today, in Mount Ebal, and you’ll plaster them with plaster. There you’ll build an altar to Yahweh your God, an altar of stones. Don’t use any kind of iron tool on them. Build the altar of Yahweh your God of uncut stones; and offer burnt offerings on it to Yahweh your God. Sacrifice your peace offerings, and eat there; and you’ll be happy before Yahweh your God. Write clearly all the words of this law on the stones.”

[9-10] Moses and the preachers, the Levites, told all Israel, saying, “Be quiet and listen, Israel. Today you’ve become the people of Yahweh your God. So obey the voice of Yahweh your God, and do God’s laws and rules, which I tell you today.”

[11-13] Moses told the people the same day, saying, “These will stand on Mount Gerizim to bless the people, when you’ve passed over the Jordan: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin. Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali will stand on Mount Ebal for the curse of punishment.”

[14-15] The Levites will tell all the people of Israel with a loud voice, “Those who make a false god, which is a wrong to Yahweh, the work of the hands of the craftsperson, and set it up in secret will be punished. All the people will answer and say, Amen.

[16]  Those who dishonor their father or mother will be punished. Everyone will say, Amen.

[17]  Those who remove someone’s landmark will be punished. Everyone will say, Amen.

[18]  Those who make the blind go astray will be punished. Everyone will say, Amen.

[19] Those who are unfair in judgment to the foreigner, orphan, and death survivor will be punished. Everyone will say, Amen.

[20] Those who have sex with their step mother, who have shamed their father will be punished. Everyone will say, Amen.

[21] Those who have sex with any kind of animal will be punished. Everyone will say, Amen.

[22]  Those who have sex with their sister, the daughter of their father or mother, will be punished. Everyone will say, Amen.

[23]  Those who have sex with their mother-in-law will be punished. Everyone will say, Amen.

[24]  Those who secretly kill someone will be punished. Everyone will say, Amen.

[25]  Those who take a bribe to kill an innocent person will be punished. Everyone will say, Amen.

[26]  Those who don’t agree to do the words of this law will be punished. Everyone will say, Amen.

 

The Blessing and the Curse

28[1-2] If you’ll listen carefully to the voice of Yahweh your God, to keep and do all God’s Laws which I tell you today, then Yahweh your God will set you high above all the nations of the earth and all these blessings will come on you, and overtake you, if you’ll listen to the voice of Yahweh your God.

[3] You’ll be blessed in the city, and blessed in the field.

[4] Your children will be blessed, and the crops you grow in your ground and the offspring of your animals, the young of your herd and flock, will all be blessed.

[5] Your food supply will be blessed.

[6] You’ll be blessed when you come in and blessed when you go out.

[7] Yahweh will cause your enemies who come against you to be punished before you. They’ll come against you one way, but will run away from you seven ways.

[8] Yahweh will put a blessing on you in your barns, and in all that you do; and will bless you in the land which Yahweh your God gives you.

[9-10] Yahweh will make you God’s own holy people, as was promised to you, if you’ll keep the Laws of Yahweh your God, and follow God’s ways. All the peoples of the earth will see that you’re called by the Name of Yahweh; and they’ll be afraid of you.

[11-12] Yahweh will make you have plenty of everything good, your children, the offspring of your animals, and the crops you grow in your ground, in the land which Yahweh promised to your ancestors to give you. Yahweh will open to you the riches of heaven, to give the rain of your land in its season, and to bless all the work of your hand. You’ll lend to many nations, and won’t borrow.

[13-14] Yahweh will make you the first, and not the last; and you’ll be above everyone, and won’t be beneath anyone, if you’ll listen to the Laws of Yahweh your God, which I tell you today, to keep and do them, and don’t turn away from any of the words which I tell you today, to go after and serve other gods.

[15]  But if you won’t listen to the voice of Yahweh your God, to keep and do all God’s laws and rules which I tell you today, that you’ll be punished with all these punishments which will overcome you.

[16] You’ll be punished in the city, and punished in the field.

[17] Your food supply will be punished.

[18] Your children will be punished, and the crops you grow in your ground, the offspring of your animals, and the young of your flock will all be punished.

[19] You’ll be punished when you come in and when you go out.

[20] Yahweh will send on you punishment, confusion, and correction, in all that you set out to do, until you’re destroyed, and until you die quickly; because of the evil of your doings, by which you’ve been unfaithful to God.

[21-22] Yahweh will make you have diseases, until you’re destroyed from off the land, where you go in to take for your own. Yahweh will punish you with disease, fever, swelling, burning pain, war, and with fungus and mildew; which will come to you until you die.

[23-24] Your sky that’s over your head will be as hot and shining as brass, and the earth that’s under you will be as hard as iron. Yahweh will make the rain of your land clouds of dust, which will come down on you from the sky, until you’re destroyed.

[25] Yahweh will cause you to be punished before your enemies; you’ll come against them one way, and will run away from them seven ways; and you’ll be spread all over the earth.

[26]  Your dead bodies will be food for the birds of the sky and the animals of the earth; and there won’t be anyone to scare them away.

[27]  Yahweh will give you the swelling sores of Egypt, tumors, scabs, and an itch, of which you can’t be healed.

[28]  Yahweh will make you go crazy, and blind you, and shock your heart; you’ll be searching in broad daylight like a blind person feels around in the dark; you won’t do well in anything you do; you’ll always be abused and ruined, and there won’t be anyone to save you.

[30]  You’ll get engaged, and another will have sex with your mate. You’ll build a house, and won’t live in it. You’ll plant a garden and won’t use any of the food from it. Your bull will be killed before your eyes, and you won’t eat any of it. Your donkey will be violently taken away from you, and won’t be given back to you. Your animals will be given to your enemies, and you won’t have anyone to save you.

[32] Your children will be given to another people; and your eyes will see, and fail with longing for them all day long; and you’ll have no control over anything.

[33-34] A nation which you don’t know will eat the crops of your ground, and destroy all of your work; and you’ll always be abused and ruined; so that you’ll go crazy from what your eyes see.

[35] Yahweh will give you swelling sores, of which you can’t be healed, from the sole of your foot to the crown of your head.

[36-37] Yahweh will bring you and your ruler whom you set over you, to a nation that you’ve not known, you, nor your ancestors, where you’ll serve false gods of wood and stone. All the peoples where Yahweh will lead you away will be shocked by you, have bad sayings about you, and will make fun of you.

[38-40] You’ll plant many seeds in the field, but will gather little in because the locust will eat it. You’ll plant vineyards and keep them, but you won’t drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes because the grubs will eat them. You’ll have olive trees all over your land, but won’t rub the oil on yourself because your olive tree will drop its fruit.

[41]  You’ll have children, but they won’t be yours because they’ll be taken by others.

[42]  The locusts will take over all your trees and the fruit of your ground.

[43]  The foreigner who lives with you will become more and more powerful than you; while you have less and less control. They’ll lend to you, and you won’t be able to lend to them. They’ll be first, and you’ll be last.

[45-48] You’ll be punished with all these punishments, which will chase you, and overtake you, until you’re destroyed because you didn’t listen to the voice of Yahweh your God, to keep God’s laws and rules which God told you. These punishments will come to you and your children forever as a sign and an amazing thing because you didn’t serve Yahweh your God with happiness, and weren’t pleased in your hearts with all the things you had. So you’ll serve your enemies whom Yahweh will send against you, in hunger, thirst, nakedness, and in need of all things. God will take complete control of you until you’re destroyed.

[49-52] Yahweh will bring a far away nation against you, from the end of the earth, as the eagle flies; a nation whose language you won’t understand; a nation that looks harshly at you and won’t respect the old, nor show kindness to the young, and will eat the offspring of your animals, and the fruit of your ground, until you’re destroyed; that also won’t leave you grain, new wine, or oil, the offspring of your livestock, or the young of your flock, until they’ve caused you to die. They’ll surround you in all your cities, until your high and strongly built walls come down, in which you trusted, throughout all your land; and they’ll make war against you in all your cities throughout all your land, which Yahweh your God has given you.

[53] You’ll eat the bodies of your own children which come from your own body, whom Yahweh your God has given you, in the time of war and trouble when your enemies will abuse you.

[54-55] The men who are the gentlest and kindest among you, will turn against their own siblings, and against their own wives, and what’s left of their children; and won’t share with them any of the meat of the children they eat, because they don’t have anything left, in the war and trouble when your enemy abuses you in all your cities.

[56-57] The gentlest and kindest woman among you, who wouldn’t even set the sole of her foot on the ground for gentleness and kindness, will turn against her husband who she loved, and her children, and even her own babies. Yes, she’ll turn against her own children whom she’ll hold and secretly eat them out of need, in the war and in the trouble when your enemy will abuse you in your cities.

     [58-59] If you won’t do all the words of this law that are written in this book, so that you may respect this well-known and powerful name, YAHWEH YOUR GOD; then Yahweh will make your troubles shocking, and the problems of your children will be very great troubles that last a long time, and they’ll have great sicknesses that last a long time.

     [60-62] God will bring back on you all the diseases of Egypt, which scared you; and you’ll get them. Also every sickness and trouble, which isn’t written in the book of this law, Yahweh will bring on you, until you’re destroyed. You’ll be left few in number, while you had as many people as the stars in the sky; because you didn’t listen to the voice of Yahweh your God.

[63-64] As Yahweh is happy to do good to you, and to make you grow, so Yahweh will be happy to cause you to die, and to destroy you; and you’ll be taken from off the land where you go in to take for your own. Yahweh will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other; and there you’ll serve false gods, which you’ve not known, you, nor your ancestors, idols of wood and stone.

[65-66] You won’t have any peace among these nations, and there’ll be no rest for you. There, Yahweh will give you great fear, and you’ll lose all hope, and have no spirit left. You won’t know if you’ll live or die; and you’ll be scared night and day, and won’t have any guarantee of your life.

[67-68] In the morning you’ll say, ‘I wish it were evening!’ and at evening you’ll say, ‘I wish it were morning!’ for the fear you have in your heart, and for the things you see with your eyes. Yahweh will bring you into Egypt again with ships, by the way of which I said to you, ‘You won’t see it anymore.’ There you’ll offer yourselves to work for your enemies, and no one will hire you.”

 

Keep the Agreement with Yahweh

29[1-4] These are the words of the promised agreement which Yahweh told Moses to make with the people of Israel in the land of Moab, besides the promised agreement which was made with them in Horeb. Moses called to all Israel, and said to them, “You’ve seen all that Yahweh did before your eyes in the land of Egypt to the Ruler of Egypt, and to all his workers, and to all his land; the great trials which your eyes saw, the signs, and the great amazing things. But Yahweh hasn’t given you a heart to know, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, until today.

[5-6] I’ve led you forty years in the countryside. Your clothes haven’t grown old on you, and your shoes haven’t grown old on your feet. You haven’t eaten bread, nor drunk wine or alcohol, so that you may know that Yahweh (I Am) is your God.

[7-8] When you came to this place, Sihon, the ruler of Heshbon, and Og, the ruler of Bashan, came out against us to fight, and we attacked them and took their land, and gave it to you, to the Reubenites, Gadites, and half-family group of the Manassites.

[9-10] So keep the words of this promised agreement, and do them, that you may do well in all that you do. All of you stand today before Yahweh your God; your leaders, your family groups, your elders, your officers, and all the men of Israel, your wives and children, and your foreigners who are with your camps, from the one who cuts your wood to the one who gets your water; that you may make the promised agreement with Yahweh your God, and accept God’s promise, which Yahweh your God makes with you today; that God may make you today to be God’s own people, and that Yahweh may be to you a God, as was told you, and as was promised to your ancestors, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

[14-19] Not with you only do I make this promised agreement, but with all those who stand here with us today before Yahweh our God, and also with those who aren’t yet here with us today (for you know how we lived in the land of Egypt, and how we came through the nations through which you passed. You’ve seen their wrongs, and their false gods of wood, stone, silver, and gold, which were among them. I tell you this in case there’s anyone among you, man or woman, family or family group, whose heart turns away today from Yahweh our God, to go and serve the false gods of those nations; and in case there’s anyone among you with a poisoned root of anger, who hears the words of this punishment, and says to themselves in their hearts, ‘I’ll have peace, even though I do what I want to do,’ which would destroy us all.

[20-21] Yahweh won’t spare them, but the anger of Yahweh’s jealousy will burn against them, and all the punishment that’s written in this book will fall on them, and Yahweh will wipe out their name from the earth. Yahweh will set them apart for punishment out of all the family groups of Israel, according to all the punishments of the promised agreement that’s written in this Book of the Law.

[22-24] The generation to come, your children who will come up after you, and the foreigner who will come from a far away land, will ask, when they see the troubles of that land, and the sicknesses with which Yahweh has made it sick; and that the whole land is like sulfur, and salt, and burning, that it’s not planted, nor grows anything, nor has any grass growing in it, like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which Yahweh angrily overthrew in God’s great anger; Yes, all the nations will ask, ‘Why has Yahweh done this to this land? What does the heat of this great anger mean?’

[25-28] Then they’ll say, ‘It was because they didn’t keep the promised agreement of Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, which was made with them when God brought them out of the land of Egypt, and went and served other gods, and worshiped them, false gods that they didn’t know, and that God hadn’t given to them. So Yahweh was angry at this land, and brought on it all the punishment that’s written in this book; and Yahweh rooted them out of their land in anger and rage, being greatly offended, and sent them into another land, as at today.’

[29] Yahweh our God doesn’t tell us everything; but what God has told us is ours and our children’s forever, that we may do all the words of this law.

 

Choose Life

30[1-3] When all these things are come on you, the blessing and the punishment, which I’ve set before you, and you remember them among all the nations, where Yahweh your God has driven you, if you’ll come back to Yahweh your God, and obey God’s words according to all that I tell you today, you and your children, with all your heart, and with all your soul; then Yahweh your God will turn these things around for you, and have compassion on you, and will gather you back from all the nations, where Yahweh your God has scattered you.

[4-5] If any of you are in the farthest parts of the earth, Yahweh your God will gather you from there, and bring you back; and Yahweh your God will bring you back into the land which your ancestors took for their own, and you’ll take it for your own; and God will do good to you, and make you have more people than your ancestors.

[6] Yahweh your God will break your heart, and the heart of your children, to make you love Yahweh your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, so that you may live.

[7] Then Yahweh your God will put all these punishments on your enemies, and on those who hated and abused you.

[8] You’ll come back and obey the voice of Yahweh, and do all God’s Laws which I tell you today.

[9-10] Yahweh your God will make you have plenty from all that you do. You’ll have many children, and many offspring from your animals, and plenty of food from your ground, for your good. Yahweh will again be happy over you for good, as God was happy over your ancestors; if you obey the voice of Yahweh your God, to keep God’s laws and rules which are written in this Book of Law, if you turn to Yahweh your God with all your heart, and with all your soul.

[11-14] This judgment, which I tell you today, isn’t too hard for you to do, nor is it far away. It’s not in heaven, that you should say, ‘Who will go up for us to heaven, and bring it to us, and make us hear it, that we may do it?’ Nor is it across the sea, that you should say, ‘Who will go over the sea for us, and bring it to us, and make us hear it, that we may do it?’ But the Word is very near you. You can say the word with your mouth, and you know it in your heart, that you may do it.

[15-16] See, today, I’ve set before you life and good, death and bad; in that I tell you today to love Yahweh your God, to follow God’s ways, and to keep God’s laws, judgments, and rules, that you may live and grow, and that Yahweh your God may bless you in the land where you go to take for your own.

[17-18] But if your heart turns away, and you won’t listen, but follow after those who tempt you to worship other gods, and serve them; I tell to you today, that you’ll, without a doubt, die and won’t stay long in the land, where you pass over the Jordan to take for your own.

[19-20] I call heaven and earth to witness against you today, that I’ve set before you life and death, the blessing and punishment; so choose life, so that you and your children may live. Love Yahweh your God and obey God’s words, and hold on to God, who is your very life, and will give you long life; that you may live in the land which Yahweh promised to give your ancestors, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.”

 

The Last Words of Moses

31[1-3] Moses said these words to all Israel, “I’m 120 years old today; I can’t come and go any more. Yahweh has said to me, ‘Don’t go over the Jordan.’ Yahweh your God will lead you and will destroy the nations from before you, and you’ll take ownership of them; and Joshua will lead you, as Yahweh has said.

[4-5] Yahweh will do to them as Sihon and Og, the rulers of the Amorites, and their land, whom God destroyed. Yahweh will give them to you, and you’ll do to them all the judgments which I’ve told you.

[6] Be strong and have good courage, don’t be afraid or scared of them because Yahweh your God is the One who goes with you and won’t fail you, nor leave you.”

[7-8] Moses called to Joshua, and said to him in front of all Israel, “Be strong and have good courage. You’ll go with this people into the land which Yahweh has promised to their ancestors to give them; and you’ll cause them to inherit it. Yahweh is the One who goes before you and will be with you. God won’t fail you, nor leave you. Don’t be afraid, nor be discouraged.”

[9-13] Moses wrote this law, and gave it to the preachers, the sons of Levi, who carried the chest of the promised agreement of Yahweh, and to all the elders of Israel. Moses told them, saying, “At the end of every seven years, in the set time of the year of release, in the Celebration of Shelters, when all Israel has come to go before Yahweh your God in the place which God chooses, you’ll read this law in the hearing of all Israel. Gather the people, the men, women, and children, and the foreigners who are where you live, that they may listen and learn, and respect Yahweh your God, and keep and do all the words of this law; and that their children, who haven’t known, may listen and learn to respect Yahweh your God, as long as you live in the land where you go over the Jordan for your own.”

[14-15] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “See, your day is coming that you must die. Call Joshua, and present yourselves in the Meeting Place, that I may give him My orders.” So Moses and Joshua went, and presented themselves in the Meeting Place. Yahweh went in the Holy Tent in a pillar of cloud, which stayed over the door of the Holy Tent.

[16-18] Yahweh said to Moses, “See, you’ll die with your ancestors; and this people will get up, and be unfaithful, going after the false gods of the land, where they go to be among them, and will leave me, and break My promised agreement which I’ve made with them. Then I’ll be angry with them in that day, and I’ll leave them, and I won’t look on them, and they’ll be destroyed, and many evils and troubles will come on them; so that they’ll say in that day, ‘Haven’t these evils come on us because our God isn’t with us?’ I’ll, without a doubt, not look on them in that day for all the evil they’ve done, because they turned to other gods.

[19-21] So now write this song, and teach it to the people of Israel. Make them sing it, that this song may be a witness for Me against the people of Israel. For when I’ve brought them into the land which I promised to their ancestors, full of milk and honey, and they’ve eaten and are full, and grown fat; then they’ll turn to other gods, and serve them, and hate me, and break My promised agreement. When many evils and troubles come on them, this song will testify against them as a witness because it won’t be forgotten and will still be sung by their descendants. I know what they’re thinking today, before I’ve even brought them into the land which I promised.”

[22-23] So Moses wrote this song the same day, and taught it the people of Israel. He gave Joshua the son of Nun an order, and said, “Be strong and have good courage because you’ll bring the people of Israel into the land which I promised to them and I’ll be with you.”

[24-27] When Moses had finished writing the words of this law in a book, and they were finished, Moses told the Levites, who carried the chest of the promised agreement of Yahweh, saying, “Take this Book of the Law, and put it beside the chest of the promised agreement of Yahweh your God, that it may be there for a witness against you. I know your stubborn rebelliousness. See, while I’m still alive with you today, you’ve disobeyed Yahweh; so how much more after my death?

[28-30] Gather to me all the elders of your family groups, and your officers, that I may speak these words to them, and call heaven and earth to witness against them. I know that after my death you will completely ruin yourselves, and turn from the way which I’ve told you; and evil things will happen to you in the days to come; because you’ll do what’s evil right in front of Yahweh, making God angry with everything you do.” So Moses told all the assembly of Israel the words of this song, until they were finished.

 

Moses Condemns Israel’s Sins

32[1-4] “Listen, you heavens, and I’ll speak. Let the earth listen to my words. My teaching will fall as the rain. My words will drop as the dew, as the rain drops on the new grass, as the showers on the plants. I’ll make known the Name of Yahweh. I’ll make known the greatness of our God! The Rock, whose work is perfect, for all God’s ways are fair. God is a God of faithfulness and without fault, just and right.

[5-9] They’ve been unfaithful to God, and aren’t God’s children; It’s their own fault. They are an evil and twisted generation. Is this the way you act toward Yahweh, you stupid and unwise people? Isn’t God like your parent who has adopted you? God has made you, and kept you. Remember the old days. Think about the years of many generations. Ask your parents, who will show you; your elders, and they’ll tell you. When the Most High gave the nations their inheritance, when God separated the people, God set the bounds of the peoples according to the number of the people of Israel. Yahweh’s part is God’s people. Jacob (Israel) is the land of God’s inheritance.

[10-14] God found you in a desert land, in the empty howling countryside. God surrounded you and cared for you. God kept you as a favorite. As an eagle that stirs up her nest that flutters over her young, God’s wings spread out and took them, and God’s feathers carried them. Yahweh alone led you. There was no foreign god that helped. God made you ride on the high places of the earth and eat the increase of the field. God caused you to eat honey out of the rock, oil out of the flinty rock; Butter of the herd, and milk of the flock, with the fat of the lambs, rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with the finest of the wheat. Of the juice of the grape you drank wine.

[15-18] But Jeshurun grew fat, and kicked. You’ve grown big and fat. You’ve become smooth. Then you left the God who made you, and hardly valued the Rock who saved you. They made God jealous with false gods. They made God angry with their evil. They sacrificed to demons, which were no gods, to false gods that they didn’t know, to new gods that came up of late, which your ancestors didn’t dread. Of the Rock who became like your parent, you’re unmindful, and have forgotten the One who gave you birth.

[19-27] Yahweh saw it, and God’s own children were hated by Yawweh, because they provoked God. God said, ‘I won’t look on them. I’ll see what happens to them because they’re a very evil generation, children who aren’t faithful. They’ve made Me jealous with what’s not a god. They’ve made Me very angry with their empty worship. I’ll make them jealous with those who aren’t a nation. I’ll make them angry with a stupid people. My anger is like a fire that burns to the lowest parts of hell, and destroys the earth as it grows, and sets the foundations of the mountains on fire. I’ll pile up many evils on them. I’ll shoot My arrows at them. They’ll die of hunger, and be destroyed with burning heat and terrible destruction. I’ll send the wild animals on them to attack them, and poison them with the insects and spiders of the earth. Outside, the war will take their loved ones, and inside, terror will come on the children, the nursing babies, and the old. I said I’d scatter them afar. I’d make the memory of them be forgotten; were it not that I feared the enemy would provoke Me, in case their enemies judge wrongly, in case they say, ‘We are strong, Yahweh hasn’t done all this.’

[28-34] They’re a nation with no purpose. They don’t have any understanding. Oh that they were wise and understood this, that they would think about their latter end! How could one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, unless their Rock had sold them out, and Yahweh had given up on them? Their rock isn’t as our Rock, even our enemies themselves being judges. For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, of the fields of Gomorrah. Their grapes are poisonous grapes, with bitter clusters. Their wine is the poison of dragons, the cruel venom of snakes. Isn’t this laid up in store with Me, sealed up among My treasures?

[35-38] Revenge is mine and I will punish when they slip up because the day of their trouble is near. What’s to come on them will soon happen. Yahweh will judge God’s people, and have compassion on God’s workers, when Yahweh sees that their power is gone, and there’s none left, shut up, or left unknown. I will say, ‘Where are their gods, the rock in which they took safety; which ate the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offering? Let them get up and help you! Let them protect you.’

[39-44] See that I, even I, am God, and there’s no other god but Me. I kill and I make alive. I wound and I heal. No one can take anything out of My hand. I lift up My hand to heaven, and say, ‘As I live forever, if I whet My glittering sword, and My hand takes hold on judgment; I’ll get revenge on My enemies, and will punish those who hate Me. I’ll make My arrows drunk with their blood. My sword will destroy them, with the blood of those killed and the captives, from the head of the leaders of the enemy. Be at peace, nations, with God’s people (Israel), because Yahweh will get revenge for the blood of God’s people. Yahweh will get revenge on the enemies of God, and will forgive the sins of the land, for God’s people.” Moses came and told the words of this song to the people with Joshua the son of Nun.

[45-47] Moses finished speaking these words to all Israel and said to them, “Set your heart to do all the words which I tell you today, which you’ll tell your children to keep and do, even all the words of this law. It’s not useless for you, it’s your very life, and through doing this you’ll prolong your days in the land, where you go over the Jordan for your own.”

[48-52] Yahweh told Moses that same day, “Go up into this mountain of Abarim, to Mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab, that’s next to Jericho; and see the land of Canaan, which I give to the people of Israel for their own; and die on the mountain where you go up, and be taken to your people, as Aaron, your brother, died on Mount Hor, and was taken to his people, because you sinned against Me in front of the people of Israel at the waters of Meribah of Kadesh, in the countryside of Zin; and because you didn’t show Me respect in front of the people of Israel. You’ll see the land before you; but you won’t go there into the land which I give the people of Israel.”

 

Moses’ Blessing on the People of Israel

33[1-5] This is the blessing with which Moses, the Man of God, blessed the people of Israel before his death. He said, “Yahweh came from Sinai, and came from Seir to them. God shined from Mount Paran and came with ten thousands of holy ones with a fiery law for them. Yes, God loves the people. All God’s saints are in Your hand. They sit down at Your feet and everyone will listen to Your words. Moses told us a law, Your own for the assembly of Jacob, who was ruler in Jeshurun, when the leaders of the people were gathered, and all the family groups of Israel were together.

[6]   Let Reuben live, and not die; Nor let his people be few.”

[7]   This is the blessing of Judah: and Moses said, “Listen, Yahweh, to the voice of Judah. Bring him in to his people. With his hands he fought for himself. You’ll be a help against his enemies.”

[8-11] Of Levi he said, “Let Your Judgment Stones be with Your godly one, whom You proved at Massah, with whom You fought at the waters of Meribah; who said of his parents, I haven’t seen them; nor did he acknowledge kin, nor did he know his own children. They kept Your word, and Your promised agreement. They’ll teach Jacob Your rules, and Israel Your law. They’ll put incense before You, and whole burnt offerings on Your altar. Yahweh, bless everything they have and accept their work. Destroy those who come against them, of those who hate them, so that they won’t go against them again.”

[12]  Of Benjamin he said, “The one Yahweh loves will live in safety by God, who covers them all day long. God lives in their heart.”

[13-17] Of Joseph he said, “His land is blessed by Yahweh, for the precious things of the heavens, for the dew, for the sea that stretches out below, for the precious things that grow by the sun, for the precious things that grow by the moon, for the oldest things of the ancient mountains, for the precious things of the everlasting hills, for the precious things of the earth and its fullness, the good will of the One who lived in the bush. Let the blessing come on the head of Joseph, on the crown of the head of the one who was separated from his kin. His beauty is like the firstborn of his herd. His horns are like the horns of the wild bull. With them he’ll push all of the peoples, even to the ends of the earth; They are the ten thousands of Ephraim. They are the thousands of Manasseh.”

[18-19] Of Zebulun he said, “Be happy, Zebulun, in your going out; and Issachar, in your tents. They’ll call the peoples to the mountain. There they’ll offer sacrifices of goodness, for they’ll draw out of the riches of the seas, the hidden treasures of the sand.”

[20-21] Of Gad he said, “The one who makes room for Gad is blessed. He lives as a lion, and tears the arm, yes, the crown of the head. He got the first part for himself, where the lawgiver’s part was saved for him. He came with the leaders of the people and got justice for Yahweh, and kept God’s rules with Israel.”

[22] Of Dan he said, “Dan is a lion’s cub that jumps out of Bashan.”

[23] Of Naphtali he said, “Naphtali, happy and favored, full of the blessing of Yahweh, take ownership the west and the south.”

[24-25] Of Asher he said, “Asher is blessed with children. Let him be acceptable to his kin. Let him dip his foot in oil. You’ll be as strong as iron and brass. You’ll be strong as long as you live.

[26-29] There’s none like God, Jeshurun, who rides on the heavens for your help, shining beautifully on the clouds. The eternal God is your safety, who will hold you in the everlasting arms. God will throw out the enemy from before you, and say, ‘Destroy.’ Israel will live in safety; the fountain of Jacob alone, in a land of grain and new wine. Yes, the heavens will drop down dew. You’re happy, Israel. Who is like you, a people saved by Yahweh, the shield that protects you, the greatness of your strength! Your enemies will submit themselves to you. You’ll walk on their high places.”

 

The Death of Moses

34[1-4] Moses went up from the plains of Moab to Mount Nebo, to the top of Mount Pisgah, that’s next to Jericho. Yahweh showed him all the land of Gilead, to Dan, all Naphtali, the land of Ephraim and Manasseh, all the land of Judah, to the sea, and the South, the Plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, to Zoar. Yahweh said to him, “This is the land which I promised to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, ‘I’ll give it to your children.’ I’ve caused you to see it with your own eyes, but you won’t go over there.”

[5-8] So Moses the worker of Yahweh died there in the land of Moab, as Yahweh said. He was buried in the valley in the land of Moab next to Beth Peor, but no one knows where his tomb is to this day. Moses was 120 years old when he died. He wasn’t blind, nor was his strength weakened. The people of Israel cried for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days, then the days of crying and mourning for Moses came to an end.

[9-12] Joshua the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom because Moses had laid his hands on him. The people of Israel listened to him, and did as Yahweh told Moses. There hasn’t been a great preacher like Moses in Israel since then, whom Yahweh knew face to face, in all the signs and the amazing things, which Yahweh sent him to do in the land of Egypt, to the Ruler of Egypt, his workers, and his land, and in all the great strength and horror, which Moses did in front of all Israel.

 

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