Numbers (The Count of the People) 2014


Numbers (The Count of the People)

 

The First Count

1[1-4] In the countryside of Sinai, in the Meeting Place, on the 1st day of the 2nd month, in the 2nd year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, Yahweh told Moses, “Count all the people of Israel, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, one male at a time; from twenty years old and up, all who are able to go out to war in Israel. You and Aaron will count them by their family groups. Take one man of every family; each a leader of their family group.

[5-15] Those who will stand with you will be Elizur, the son of Shedeur, of Reuben; Shelumiel, the son of Zurishaddai, of Simeon; Nahshon, the son of Amminadab, of Judah; Nethanel, the son of Zuar, of Issachar; Eliab, the son of Helon, of Zebulun; Of the people of Joseph: Elishama, the son of Ammihud, of Ephraim; Gamaliel, the son of Pedahzur, of Manasseh; Abidan, the son of Gideoni, of Benjamin; Ahiezer, the son of Ammishaddai, of Dan; Pagiel, the son of Ochran, of Asher; Eliasaph, the son of Deuel, of Gad; Ahira, the son of Enan, of Naphtali.”

[16-18] These are those who were called of the people, the leaders of their families; they were the leaders of thousands of Israel. So Moses and Aaron took these men who were called by name. They gathered all the people together on the 1st day of the 2nd month; and they told their ancestry by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, from twenty years old and up, one at a time. Moses counted them in the countryside of Sinai as Yahweh told him.

[20-21] The people of Reuben, Israel’s firstborn, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, one at a time, every male from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Reuben, were 46,500.

[22-23] The people of Simeon, by their families and family groups, those who were counted of them, by the number of their names, one at a time, every male from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Simeon, were 59,300.

[24-25] The people of Gad, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Gad, were 45,650.

[26-27] The people of Judah, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Judah, were 64,600.

[28-29] The people of Issachar, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Issachar, were 54,400.

[30-31] The people of Zebulun, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Zebulun, were 57,400.

[32-33] The people of Joseph, of the people of Ephraim, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Ephraim, were 40,500.

[34-35] The people of Manasseh, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Manasseh, were 32,200.

[36-37] The people of Benjamin, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Benjamin, were 35,400.

[38-39] The people of Dan, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Dan, were 62,700.

[40-41] The people of Asher, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Asher, were 41,500.

[42-43] The people of Naphtali, by their families and family groups, by the number of their names, from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war; and those who were counted of them, of the family of Naphtali, were 53,400.

[44-46] These are all those who were counted, whom Moses and Aaron counted, and the leaders of Israel, being twelve men, who were each leaders of their family groups. So all those who were counted of the people of Israel by their family groups, from twenty years old and up, all who were able to go out to war in Israel, were 603,550.

[47-51] But the family of the Levites weren’t counted among them because Yahweh had told Moses, “Don’t count the family of Levi, among the people of Israel; but set the Levites over the Meeting Place of God, and over all its furnishings, and over all that belongs to it. They’ll carry the Place of Worship, and all its furnishings and take care of it, and will live around it. When the Place of Worship is to move out, the Levites will take it down; and when the Place of Worship is to be set up, the Levites will set it up. Anyone else who comes near it will be put to death.

[52-54] The people of Israel will set up their tents, each in their own camp, by their own flag, by their family groups. But the Levites will live around the Meeting Place of God, that there may be no great anger on the people of Israel; and the Levites will take care of the Meeting Place of God.” So the people of Israel did everything that Yahweh told Moses to do.

 

Divisions of the Camps

2[1-2] Yahweh told Moses and Aaron, “The people of Israel will live everyone by their own flag, with the signs of their family groups, living around the Meeting Place at a distance.”

[3-4] Those who live on the east side toward the sunrise will be of the flag of the camp of Judah, by their family groups; and the leader of the people of Judah will be Nahshon, the son of Amminadab. Those who were counted of their family group were 74,600.

[5-6] Those who live next to them will be the family of Issachar; and the leader of the people of Issachar will be Nethanel, the son of Zuar. Those who were counted of their family group were 54,400.

[7-9] The family of Zebulun; and the leader of the people of Zebulun will be Eliab the son of Helon. Those who were counted of their family group were 57,400. So all who were counted of the camp of Judah were 186,400 by their family groups. They’ll move out first.

[10-11] On the south side will be the flag of the camp of Reuben by their family groups. The leader of the people of Reuben will be Elizur, the son of Shedeur. Those who were counted of their family group were 46,500.

[12-13] Those who live next to them will be the family of Simeon. The leader of the people of Simeon will be Shelumiel, the son of Zurishaddai. Those who were counted of their family group were 59,300.

[14-17] The family of Gad; and the leader of the people of Gad will be Eliasaph, the son of Reuel. Those who were counted of their family group were 45,650. So all who were counted of the camp of Reuben were 151,450 by their family groups. They’ll move out second. Then the camp of the Levites will move out with the Meeting Place, in the middle of the camps. They’ll move out as they live, everyone in order, by their flags.

[18-19] On the west side will be the flag of the camp of Ephraim by their family groups; and the leader of the people of Ephraim will be Elishama, the son of Ammihud. Those who were counted of their family group were 40,500.

[20-21] Next to them will be the family of Manasseh; and the leader of the people of Manasseh will be Gamaliel, the son of Pedahzur. Those who were counted of their family group were 32,200.

[22-24] The family of Benjamin; and the leader of the people of Benjamin will be Abidan, the son of Gideoni. Those who were counted of their family group were 35,400. So all who were counted of the camp of Ephraim were 186,100 by their family groups. They’ll move out third.

[25-26] On the north side will be the flag of the camp of Dan by their family groups; and the leader of the people of Dan will be Ahiezer, the son of Ammishaddai. Those who were counted of their family group were 62,700.

[27-28] Those who live next to them will be the family of Asher; and the leader of the people of Asher will be Pagiel, the son of Ochran. Those who were counted of their family group were 41,500.

[29-31] The family of Naphtali; and the leader of the people of Naphtali will be Ahira, the son of Enan. Those who were counted of their family group were 53,400. So all who were counted of the camp of Dan were 157,600. They’ll move out last by their flags.

[32-34] So these are those who were counted of the people of Israel by their family groups. All who were counted of the camps by their family groups were 603,550. But the Levites weren’t counted among the people of Israel as Yahweh told Moses. So the people of Israel did all that Yahweh told Moses to do, and they lived by their flags, and moved out, everyone by their families, by their family groups.

 

Aaron and the Levites

3[1-4] This is the history of the people of Aaron and Moses when Yahweh spoke with Moses in Mount Sinai. The sons of Aaron were Nadab, the first, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. These are the names of the sons of Aaron, the preachers who were anointed, whom were dedicated to serve in the preacher’s office. But Nadab and Abihu died before Yahweh, when they made an offering to Yahweh that they had not been told to do, in the countryside of Sinai, and they had no children. Eleazar and Ithamar served in the preacher’s office with Aaron their ancestor.

[5-10] Yahweh told Moses, “Bring the family of Levi near, and put them before Aaron the preacher, to serve with him. They’ll do what he says, and take care of all the people before the Meeting Place, to do the work of the Place of Worship. They’ll take care of all the furnishings of the Meeting Place, and the needs of the people of Israel, to do the work of the Place of Worship. Give the Levites to Aaron and his sons. They’re all given to them out of the people of Israel. Make Aaron and his sons preachers. Anyone else who comes near will be put to death.”

[11-13] Yahweh told Moses, “See, I’ve taken the Levites, instead of all the firstborn who open the womb, from among the people of Israel; and the Levites will be mine because all the firstborn are mine. On the day that I killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt I made holy to Me all the firstborn in Israel, both man and animal. They’re mine. I Am Yahweh.”

[14-16] Yahweh told Moses in the countryside of Sinai, “Count the people of Levi by their family groups, and by their families; every male from a month old and up you’ll count.” So Moses counted them at the word of Yahweh, as he was told.

[17-20] The sons of Levi by their names were Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. The names of the sons of Gershon by their families were Libni and Sthemei. The sons of Kohath by their families were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. The sons of Merari by their families were Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites by their family groups.

[21-26] Of Gershon was the family of the Libnites, and the family of the Sthemeites. These are the families of the Gershonites. Those who were counted of them, by the number of all the males, from a month old and up were 7,500. The families of the Gershonites will live behind the Place of Worship on the west. The leader of the Gershonites will be Eliasaph, the son of Lael. The sons of Gershon will take care of the Meeting Place, which is the Place of Worship, with its tent, covering, and the screen for the door of the Meeting Place, and the hangings of the court, and the screen for the door of the court, which is by the Place of Worship, and around the altar, and its ropes for all of its work.

[27-32] Of Kohath was the family of the Amramites, the family of the Izharites, the family of the Hebronites, and the family of the Uzzielites. These are the families of the Kohathites. By the number of all the males, from a month old and up, there were 8,600 taking care of the Place of Worship. The families of the sons of Kohath will live on the south side of the Place of Worship. The leader of the families of the Kohathites will be Elizaphan, the son of Uzziel. They’ll take care of the Chest of the Law, the table, the lampstand, the altars, the tools of the Place of Worship, with which they serve, and the screen, and all its work. Eleazar, the son of Aaron, the preacher, will be the main leader of all the leaders of the Levites, to oversee those who take care of the Place of Worship.

[33-37] Of Merari was the family of the Mahlites, and the family of the Mushites. These are the families of Merari. Those who were counted of them, by the number of all the males, from a month old and up were 6,200. The leader of the families of Merari was Zuriel, the son of Abihail. They’ll live on the north side of the Place of Worship. The sons of Merari will take care of the Place of Worship’s boards, bars, posts, holders, all its tools, all its work, the posts of the court around it, their holders, nails, and ropes.

[38-39] Those who live before the Place of Worship on the east, in front of the Meeting Place toward the sunrise, will be Moses, and Aaron and his sons, taking care of the Place of Worship for the needs of the people of Israel. Anyone else who comes near will be put to death. All who were counted of the Levites, whom Moses and Aaron counted at the word of Yahweh, by their families, all the males from a month old and up, were 22,000.

[40-43] Yahweh said to Moses, “Count all the firstborn males of the people of Israel from a month old and up, and take the number of their names. Take the Levites for Me, Yahweh, instead of all the firstborn among the people of Israel; and the tame animals of the Levites instead of all the firstborn among the tame animals of the people of Israel.” So Moses counted, as Yahweh told them, all the firstborn among the people of Israel. All the firstborn males by the number of names, from a month old and up, of those who were counted of them, were 22,273.

[44-48] Yahweh told Moses, “Take the Levites instead of all the firstborn among the people of Israel and the tame animals of the Levites instead of their tame animals; and the Levites will be mine. I Am Yahweh. For the 273 of the firstborn of the people of Israel, who number more than the Levites, who are to be bought back, take five coins apiece for each. Take them in the coin of the Place of Worship (the coin is twenty nickels) and give the money, with which what’s left of them is bought back, to Aaron and to their sons.”

[49-51] So Moses took the money that was paid from those who were more than the number of Levites; from the firstborn of the people of Israel he took the money, $1,365 in the coin of the Place of Worship. Then Moses gave the money that was paid to Aaron and his sons, by the word of Yahweh, as Yahweh told Moses.

 

The Work of the Meeting Place

4[1-3] Yahweh told Moses and Aaron, “Count the sons of Kohath from among the sons of Levi, by their families, and by their family groups, from 30 to 50 years old, all who go to do the work in the Meeting Place.

[4-6] This is the work of the sons of Kohath in the Meeting Place for the most holy things. When the camp moves out, Aaron will go in, and his sons, and they’ll take down the veil of the screen, cover the Chest of the Law with it, and put a leather covering on it, and spread a blue cloth over it, and will put in its poles.

[7-8] They’ll spread a blue cloth on the table of holy bread, and put the dishes on it, the spoons, bowls, and pouring cups; and the bread will always be on it. They’ll spread a red cloth on them, and cover it with a leather covering, and put in its poles.

[9-10] They’ll take a blue cloth, and cover the lampstand of the light, its lamps, tools, and trays, and all its oil tools, with which they serve. They’ll put it and all its tools in a leather covering, and will put it on the frame.

[11-14] They’ll spread a blue cloth on the golden altar, cover it with a leather covering, and put in its poles. They’ll take all the ministry tools with which they serve in the Place of Worship, and put them in a blue cloth, cover them with a leather covering, and put them on the frame. They’ll take away the ashes from the altar, and spread a purple cloth on it. They’ll put all its tools on it, with which they serve, the trays, meat hooks, shovels, and pans; all the tools of the altar; and they’ll spread a leather covering on it, and put in its poles.

[15-16] When Aaron and his sons have finished covering the Place of Worship and all its furniture as the camp moves out, then the sons of Kohath will come to carry it; but they can’t touch it or they’ll die. These things are the work of the sons of Kohath in the Meeting Place. Eleazar, the son of Aaron, the preacher, will take care of the oil for the light, the good smelling incense, the continual bread offering, and the anointing oil, taking care of the Place of Worship, and all its furnishings.”

[17-20] Yahweh told Moses and Aaron, “Don’t cut off the families of the Kohathites from among the Levites; but do this so they’ll live, and not die; when they come to the most holy things, Aaron and his sons will go in, and give everyone their work and what they’re to do; but they themselves won’t go in to see the Place of Worship, even for a second, or they’ll die.”

[21-28] Yahweh told Moses, “Count the sons of Gershon also, by their family groups, by their families; from 30 to 50 years old; all who are able to go in to do the work in the Meeting Place. This is the work of the families of the Gershonites, in serving and in what they’re to do: They’ll carry the curtains of the Place of Worship, and the Meeting Place, its covering, the leather covering that’s on its top, the screen for the door of the Meeting Place, the hangings of the court, the screen for the door of the gate of the court, which is by the Place of Worship and around the altar, their ropes, and all the tools of their work, and whatever will be done with them. They’ll serve in it. All the work of the sons of the Gershonites that they’re to do will be done at the word of Aaron and his sons; and you’ll tell them everything they’re to do. This is the work of the families of the sons of the Gershonites in the Meeting Place: and Ithamar, the son of Aaron, the preacher, will be their leader.

[29-33] As for the sons of Merari, you’ll count them by their families, by their family groups; from 30 to 50 years old, everyone who’s able to go in to do the work of the Meeting Place. This is what they’re to do, by all their work in the Meeting Place: the Place of Worship’s boards, bars, posts, holders, the posts of the court around it, their holders, nails, ropes, all their tools, and all that they need for their work: all the tools which they use are to be told them by name. This is the work of the families of the sons of Merari, by all their work, in the Meeting Place, led by Ithamar, the son of Aaron, the preacher.”

[34-37] Moses and Aaron and the leaders of the people counted the sons of the Kohathites by their families, and by their family groups, from 30 to 50 years old, everyone who was able to go in to do the work for the Meeting Place. Those who were counted of them by their families were 2,750. These are those who were counted of the families of the Kohathites, all who served in the Meeting Place, whom Moses and Aaron counted by the word of Yahweh by Moses.

[38-41] Those who were counted of the sons of Gershon, their families, by their family groups, from 30 to 50 years old, everyone who was able to go in to do the work in the Meeting Place were 2,630. These are those who were counted of the families of the sons of Gershon, all who served in the Meeting Place, whom Moses and Aaron counted by the word of Yahweh.

[42-45] Those who were counted of the families of the sons of Merari, by their families, by their family groups, from 30 to 50 years old, everyone who was able to go in to do the work in the Meeting Place, even those who were counted of them by their families were 3,200. These are those who were counted of the families of the sons of Merari, whom Moses and Aaron counted by the word of Yahweh by Moses.

[46-49] All those who were counted of the Levites, whom Moses and Aaron and the leaders of Israel counted, by their families, and by their family groups, from 30 to 50 years old, everyone who was able to go in to do the work they’re to do in the Meeting Place  were 8,580. By the word of Yahweh they were counted by Moses, everyone by their work, and what they were to do. So they were counted by them as Yahweh told Moses.

 

Turn from Sin

5[1-4] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel to put out of the camp everyone who has a skin disease, and everyone who has a discharge, and whoever is made unfit by the dead. Put both male and female outside of the camp so that they don’t make the camp unfit, where I live.” So the people of Israel did so, and put them out outside the camp; as Yahweh had told Moses.

[5-10] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel when a man or woman does any sin that humans do, so as to wrong Yahweh, and that soul is guilty; then they’ll admit their sin which they’ve done, and pay for the wrong in full, and add a fifth to it, and give it to whoever was wronged. But if there’s no one to pay back for the wrong, what’s paid back for the wrong to Yahweh will be the preacher’s; besides the male goat for covering sins, by which sins are covered for them. Every offering that’s raised up of all the holy things of the people of Israel, which they give to the preacher, will be theirs. Everyone’s holy things will be theirs; whatever anyone gives the preacher, it’ll be theirs.”

[11-15] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel if anyone’s wife is unfaithful and wrongs them, and someone has sex with her, and it’s kept secret from her husband, and she’s made unfit, and there’s no witness against her, and she isn’t caught in the act; and he has a spirit of jealousy, and is jealous of his wife, whether she’s unfit or fit, then the man will bring his wife to the preacher, and will bring her offering for her, which is a 3 quart jar of barley meal. He’ll pour no oil on it, nor put frankincense on it, for it’s a meal offering of jealousy, a reminder meal offering, to bring a fault to memory.

[16-22] The preacher will bring and set her before Yahweh; and the preacher will take holy water in a clay pot; and some of the dust that’s on the floor of the Place of Worship, and put it into the water. The preacher will set the woman before Yahweh, and let the woman’s hair hang loose, and put the reminder meal offering in her hands, which is the meal offering of jealousy. The preacher will hold the bitter water that brings punishment. The preacher will make her promise, and tell the woman, ‘If no man has had sex with you, and if you haven’t gone and made yourself unfit, being married to your husband, be free from this bitter water that brings punishment.’ But if she has been unfaithful, being married to her husband, and if she is unfit, and some man has had sex with her besides her husband, then the preacher will make the woman say a promise to God, and the preacher will tell the woman, ‘Yahweh will punish you for what you’ve promised in front of your people, when Yahweh lets your thigh rot off, and your body swell; and this water that brings punishment will go into your insides, and make your body swell, and your thigh rot off.’ Then the woman is to say, ‘So be it, So be it.’

[23-26] The preacher will write these punishments in a book, and blot them out with the bitter water. The preacher will make the woman drink the bitter water that causes the punishment; and it will go into her and make her sick. The preacher will take the meal offering of jealousy out of the woman’s hand, and wave the meal offering before Yahweh, and bring it to the altar. The preacher will take a handful of the meal offering, as its reminder, and burn it on the altar, and then make the woman drink the water.

[27-31] When he has made her drink the water, then if she’s unfit, and has wronged her husband, the water that causes the punishment will go in into her and make her sick, and her body will swell, and her thigh will rot off: and the woman will be punished in front of her people. If the woman isn’t unfit, and hasn’t sinned; then she’ll be saved, and have children.” This is the law of jealousy, when a wife, being married to her husband, is unfaithful, and is made unfit; or when the spirit of jealousy comes on someone, and he’s jealous of his wife; then he’ll set the woman before Yahweh, and the preacher will do everything this law says. The man will be free from fault, and the woman will be guilty of any fault of hers.”

 

The Nazirite Promise

6[1-5] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel, ‘When either man or woman makes a special promise, the promise of a Nazirite, to set themselves apart for Yahweh, they won’t drink wine or any alcoholic drink. They won’t drink any vinegar of wine, or vinegar of alcoholic drinks, nor will they drink any grape juice, nor eat fresh grapes or raisins. As long as they’re set apart they won’t eat anything of the grapevine, from the seeds to the skins. As long as they’re set apart, their hair won’t be cut, until the days are over that they separate themselves for Yahweh. They’ll be holy and let the locks of their hair grow long.

[6-9] As long as they’re set apart for Yahweh they aren’t to go near a dead body. They won’t make themselves unfit for a parent or a sibling, when they die; because they’re set apart to God. As long as they’re set apart they’re holy to Yahweh. If anyone dies very suddenly beside them, and makes them unfit during their separation; then they’ll shave their head on the seventh day to be made fit again.

[10-12] On the eighth day they’ll bring two doves or two young pigeons to the preacher, to the door of the Meeting Place. The preacher will offer one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, and cover their sins for them, because they brought guilt on themselves because of the dead, and will make them holy again that same day. They’ll keep themselves set apart for Yahweh as long as they’re to be set apart, and will bring a year-old male lamb for a guilt offering; but the former days won’t be counted, because they were made unfit.

[13-17] This is the law of the Nazirite: when the days of their separation are over, they’ll be brought to the door of the Meeting Place, and will make their offering to Yahweh, a year-old male lamb without anything wrong with it for a burnt offering, and a year-old female lamb without anything wrong with it for a sin offering, and one male goat without anything wrong with it for peace offerings, and a basket of flat bread, loaves of finely ground flour mixed with oil, and crackers made without yeast and anointed with oil, and their meal offering, and their drink offerings. The preacher will offer them before Yahweh, and will offer the sin offering, and the burnt offering. The preacher will offer the male goat for a sacrifice of peace offerings to Yahweh, with the basket of flat bread and also offer its meal offering, and its drink offering.

[18-21] The Nazirite will shave their head of separation at the door of the Meeting Place, and will take the hair of the head of separation, and put it on the fire which is under the sacrifice of peace offerings. The preacher will take the boiled shoulder of the male goat, and one pancake out of the basket, and one cracker made without yeast, and will put them in the hands of the Nazirite, after they’ve shaved the head of separation; and the preacher will wave them for a wave offering before Yahweh. This is holy for the preacher, together with the breast that’s waved and the thigh that’s offered. Then the Nazirite may drink wine again. This is the law of the Nazirite who makes a promise, and of their offering to Yahweh for their separation, besides whatever else they’re able to give. They must do whatever promise they make by the law of their separation.’”

[22-27] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell Aaron and his sons, ‘This is how you’ll bless the people of Israel.  Tell them, May Yahweh bless you, and keep you. May the light of Yahweh shine on you, and be gracious to you. May Yahweh look after you, and give you peace.’ So they’ll bless the people of Israel with My Name; and I’ll bless them.’”

 

Dedication of the Place of Worship

7[1-3] When Moses had finished setting up the Place of Worship, and had anointed it and dedicated it, with all its furniture, and the altar with all its tools, and had anointed and dedicated them; the leaders of Israel, the leaders of their family groups, made offerings. These were the leaders of the families. These are the ones who were over those who were counted; and they brought their offering before Yahweh, six covered wagons, and twelve bulls; a wagon for every two of the leaders, and for each one a bull; and they gave them before the Place of Worship.

[4-9] Yahweh told Moses, “Accept these from them to be used in doing the work of the Meeting Place and give them to the Levites, to everyone for their work.” So Moses took the wagons and the bulls, and gave them to the Levites. He gave two wagons and four bulls to the sons of Gershon for their work and four wagons and eight bulls to the sons of Merari for their work, under the direction of Ithamar, the son of Aaron, the preacher. But he didn’t give any to the sons of Kohath, because their work was in the Place of Worship; they carried it on their shoulders.

[10-11] The leaders gave offerings for the dedication of the altar when it was anointed and offered them before the altar. Yahweh said to Moses, “They’ll offer their offering, each leader on their day, for the dedication of the altar.”

[12-17] The one who made the offering the 1st day was Nahshon, the son of Amminadab, of the family of Judah, whose offering was one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering, a male goat for a sin offering, and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, and five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Nahshon, the son of Amminadab.

[18-23] On the 2nd day, Nathaniel, the son of Zuar, leader of Issachar, gave their offering. He gave their offering of one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering; one male goat for a sin offering; and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Nethanel, the son of Zuar.

[24-29] On the 3rd day Eliab, the son of Helon, leader of the people of Zebulun gave their offering of one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering; one male goat for a sin offering; and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, and five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Eliab, the son of Helon.

[30-35] On the 4th day Elizur, the son of Shedeur, leader of the people of Reuben gave their offering of one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering; one male goat for a sin offering; and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, and five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Elizur, the son of Shedeur.

[36-41] On the 5th day Shelumiel, the son of Zurishaddai, leader of the people of Simeon gave their offering of one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering; one male goat for a sin offering; and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, and five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Shelumiel, the son of Zurishaddai.

[42-47] On the 6th day, Eliasaph, the son of Deuel, leader of the people of Gad gave their offering of one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering; one male goat for a sin offering; and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, and five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Eliasaph, the son of Deuel.

[48-53] On the 7th day, Elishama, the son of Ammihud, leader of the people of Ephraim gave their offering of one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering; one male goat for a sin offering; and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, and five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Elishama, the son of Ammihud.

[54-59] On the 8th day Gamaliel, the son of Pedahzur, leader of the people of Manasseh gave their offering of one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering; one male goat for a sin offering; and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, and five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Gamaliel, the son of Pedahzur.

[60-65] On the 9th day Abidan, the son of Gideoni, leader of the people of Benjamin gave their offering of one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering; one male goat for a sin offering; and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, and five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Abidan, the son of Gideoni.

[66-71] On the 10th day Ahiezer, the son of Ammishaddai, leader of the people of Dan gave their offering of one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering; one male goat for a sin offering; and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, and five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.

[72-77] On the 11th day Pagiel, the son of Ochran, leader of the people of Asher, gave their offering of one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering; one male goat for a sin offering; and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, and five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Pagiel, the son of Ochran.

[78-83] On the 12th day Ahira, the son of Enan, leader of the people of Naphtali, gave their offering of one silver plate, the weight of which was $130, one silver bowl of $70, in the coin of the Place of Worship; both of them full of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; one golden spoon of $10, full of incense; one young bull, one male goat, a year-old male lamb for a burnt offering; one male goat for a sin offering; and for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two bulls, five male sheep, five male goats, and five year-old male lambs. This was the offering of Ahira, the son of Enan.

[84-89] This was the dedication of the altar, on the day when it was anointed, by the leaders of Israel: twelve silver plates, twelve silver bowls, twelve golden spoons; each silver plate weighing $130 in coins, and each bowl $70; all the silver of the tools $2,400, in the coin of the Place of Worship; the twelve golden spoons, full of incense, weighing $10 apiece, in the coin of the Place of Worship; all the gold of the spoons weighed $120 in coins; twelve bulls for the burnt offering, twelve male goats, twelve year-old male lambs, and their meal offering; twelve male goats for a sin offering; twenty-four bulls for the sacrifice of peace offerings, sixty male sheep, sixty male goats, and sixty year-old male lambs. This was the dedication of the altar, after it was anointed. When Moses went into the Meeting Place to talk to Yahweh, he heard God’s voice speaking to him from on top of the mercy seat that was on the Chest of the Law, from between the two angels: and God talked with Moses.

 

Dedication of the Levites

8[1-4] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘When you light the lamps, the seven lamps will give light in front of the lampstand.’” So Aaron lit its lamps to light the area in front of the lampstand, as Yahweh told Moses. The Lampstand was made of molded work of gold. From its base to its flowers, it was molded work. The lampstand was made by the pattern which Yahweh had shown Moses.

[5-8] Yahweh told Moses, “Take the Levites from among the people of Israel, and make them fit. Do this to make them fit: sprinkle clean water on them, let them shave their whole bodies with a razor, and let them wash their clothes, and wash themselves. Then let them take a young bull, and its meal offering, finely ground flour mixed with oil; and take another young bull for a sin offering.

[9-11] Dedicate the Levites before the Meeting Place. Gather all the people of Israel together and dedicate the Levites before Yahweh. The people of Israel will lay their hands on the Levites, and Aaron will dedicate the Levites before Yahweh for a wave offering, on behalf of the people of Israel to do the work of Yahweh.

[12-14] The Levites will lay their hands on the leaders of the bulls, and offer one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering to Yahweh, to cover the sins of the Levites. Set the Levites before Aaron and his sons, and dedicate them as a wave offering to Yahweh. So set the Levites apart from among the people of Israel, and they’ll be mine.

[15-18] Then the Levites will go in to do the work of the Meeting Place: and you’ll make them fit, and offer them as a wave offering. They’re all given to Me from among the people of Israel instead of all who open the womb, the firstborn of all the people of Israel. I’ve taken them for Myself because all the firstborn among the people of Israel are mine, both man and animal. On the day that I killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, I dedicated them for Myself. I’ve taken the Levites instead of all the firstborn among the people of Israel.

[19-20] I’ve given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and his sons from among the people of Israel, to do the work of the people of Israel in the Meeting Place, and to cover the sins of the people of Israel, so that there will be no trouble among the people of Israel, when they come to the Place of Worship.” So Moses, Aaron, and all the people of Israel, did this to the Levites. The people of Israel did everything that Yahweh told Moses to do with the Levites.

[21-22] The Levites made themselves fit from sin, and they washed their clothes; and Aaron offered them for a wave offering before Yahweh; and Aaron covered their sins to make them fit. Then the Levites went in to do their work in the Meeting Place before Aaron and his sons. So they did what Yahweh had told Moses to do to the Levites.

[23-26] Yahweh told Moses, “This is what the Levites are to do: from 25 years old and up they’ll go in to do the work of the Meeting Place; and from the age of 50 years they’ll stop doing the work, and won’t serve any more, but will serve with their brothers in the Meeting Place, taking care of it, but they won’t do any hard work. So this is what the Levites are to do for their duties.”

 

Keep the Passover

9[1-5] Yahweh told Moses in the countryside of Sinai, in the 1st month of the 2nd year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, “Let the people of Israel keep the Passover in its set time. On the 14th day of this month, at evening, keep it in its set time, by all its laws and rules.” So Moses told the people of Israel to keep the Passover and they kept the Passover on the 14th day of the 1st month, at evening, in the countryside of Sinai. The people of Israel did all that Yahweh told Moses for them to do.

[6-12] But there were certain men, who were unfit because of a dead body, so that they couldn’t keep the Passover on that day, and they came before Moses and Aaron on that day. They said to them, “We’re unfit because of a dead body. Why are we kept from making an offering to Yahweh in its set time among the people of Israel?” So Moses answered them, “Wait until I hear what Yahweh will say about you.” So Yahweh told Moses, “Say to the people of Israel, ‘If any of you or your people are unfit for a dead body, or is on a trip far away, they’ll still keep the Passover to Yahweh. They’ll keep it on the 14th day of the 2nd month, at evening. They’ll eat it with flat bread and bitter herbs. They’ll leave none of it until the morning, nor break its bones. They’ll keep all the laws of the Passover.

[13-14] But anyone who’s fit, and isn’t on a trip, and fails to keep the Passover, they’ll be cut off from their people because they didn’t make the offering of Yahweh in its set time, and they’ll be guilty of sin. If a foreigner lives among you, and wants to keep the Passover to Yahweh; they’ll do it by the laws and rules of the Passover. Have one law, both for the foreigner, and for those who are born in the land.’”

[15-17] On the day that the Place of Worship was raised up, the cloud covered the Place of Worship, the Meeting Place of God, and at evening it looked like a glowing fire over the Place of Worship, until morning. This is how it stayed. The cloud covered it, and looked like a glowing fire by night. Whenever the cloud went up from over the Place of Worship, then the people of Israel moved out; and they stayed in the place where the cloud stayed.

[18-23] At the word of Yahweh, the people of Israel moved out, and at the word of Yahweh they stayed. As long as the cloud stayed on the Place of Worship they stayed there to live. When the cloud stayed on the Place of Worship many days, then the people of Israel did what Yahweh said, and didn’t move. Sometimes the cloud was a few days on the Place of Worship; then by the word of Yahweh they stayed there to live, and by the word of Yahweh they moved out. Sometimes the cloud was there from evening until morning; and when the cloud went up in the morning, they moved out. Whether by day or night, when the cloud went up, they moved out. Whether it was two days, or a month, or a year that the cloud stayed on the Place of Worship, the people of Israel stayed there to live, and didn’t move; but when it went up, they moved out. At the word of Yahweh they stayed and moved out. They did what Yahweh said, at the word of Yahweh by Moses.

 

Sound the Alarm

10[1-6] Yahweh told Moses, “Make two silver trumpets of molded work and use them for calling the people together, and for moving out the camps. When they blow them, all the people will come to you at the door of the Meeting Place. If they blow just one, then the leaders, the leaders of the 1,000’s of Israel, will come to you. When you blow an alarm, the camps that lie on the east side will move out. When you blow the second time, the camps that lie on the south side will move out: They’ll blow an alarm to tell them when to move out.

[7-10] But when the people are to be gathered together, blow, but don’t sound an alarm. The sons of Aaron, the preachers, will blow the trumpets; and they’ll do this for you as a law forever throughout your generations. When you go to war in your land against an enemy who fights you, then sound an alarm with the trumpets; and you’ll be remembered by Yahweh your God, and you’ll be saved from your enemies. Also in your celebration days, and your set celebrations, and the first days of your months, blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; and they’ll be a reminder to your God for you. I Am Yahweh your God.

[11-13] On the 20th day of the 2nd month in the 2nd year, the cloud went up from over the Meeting Place of God. So the people of Israel moved out of the countryside of Sinai; and the cloud stayed in the countryside of Paran. They first moved out by the word of Yahweh by Moses.

[14-17] In the first place the flag of the camp of Judah moved out by their family groups; and over their family group was Nahshon, the son of Amminadab. Over the family group of Issachar was Nethanel, the son of Zuar. Over the family group of Zebulun was Eliab, the son of Helon. The Place of Worship was taken down; and the sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari, who carried the Place of Worship, moved out.

[18-21] The flag of the camp of Reuben moved out by their family groups: and over their family group was Elizur, the son of Shedeur. Over the family group of Simeon was Shelumiel, the son of Zurishaddai. Over the family group of Gad was Eliasaph, the son of Deuel. The Kohathites moved out, carrying the Place of Worship; and the others set up the Place of Worship as they were coming.

[22-24] The flag of the camp of Ephraim moved out by their family groups; and over their family group was Elishama, the son of Ammihud. Over the family group of Manasseh was Gamaliel, the son of Pedahzur. Over the family group of Benjamin was Abidan, the son of Gideoni.

[25-28] The flag of the camp of the people of Dan, which was the last of all the camps, moved out by their family groups; and over their family group was Ahiezer, the son of Ammishaddai. Over the family group of Asher was Pagiel, the son of Ochran. Over the family group of Naphtali was Ahira, the son of Enan. So the people of Israel moved by their family groups as they move out.

[29-32] Moses said to Hobab, the son of Reuel, the Midianite, Moses’ father-in-law, “We’re moving out to the place where Yahweh said, ‘I’ll give it to you’ so come with us, and we’ll be good to you; Yahweh has promised good things for Israel. But he said to him, “I won’t go; but I’ll go back to my own land and family.” So Moses said, “Don’t leave us, please; because you know how to live in the countryside, and you’ll be our guide. If you go with us, whatever good Yahweh does for us, we’ll do for you.”

[33-36] Then they moved out from the Mount of Yahweh for three days; and the Chest of the Law of Yahweh went before them for three days to find a resting place for them. The cloud of Yahweh was over them by day, when they move out from the camp. When the Chest of the Law moved forward, Moses said, “Get up, Yahweh, and let your enemies be scattered; and let those who hate you run from you.” When it rested, he said, “Go back, Yahweh, to the many thousands of the people of Israel.”

 

Don’t Complain About God

11[1-3] The people were complainers, saying evil things about Yahweh; and hearing it, Yahweh was very angry; and the fire of Yahweh burned up the edge of the camp. When the people cried to Moses, Moses prayed to Yahweh and the fire stopped. So that place was called Taberah, which means burning, because the fire of Yahweh burned them up.

[4-6] The mixed people that were among them began to crave other foods and the people of Israel also cried again, asking, “Who will give us meat to eat? We remember the fish, cucumbers, melons, leeks, onions, and garlic which we freely ate in Egypt, but now we’re half-starved; and there’s nothing at all except this manna to look at.”

[7-9] The manna was like coriander seed, and it looked like the yellow sap of the bdellium tree. The people went out and gathered it, grinding it in mills, or beating it with a stone in a bowl, and baked it in pans, and made loaves; and it tasted like fresh olive oil. When the dew fell on the camp in the night, the manna fell on top.

[10-15] Moses heard the people crying throughout their families at the doors of their tents. Yahweh was very angry and Moses was upset. So Moses asked Yahweh, “Why have you hurt me this way? and why haven’t I pleased You that You put the hard work of all these people on me? Am I a parent to all these people? Have I birthed them that you should tell me, ‘Carry them in your arms like a nursing baby to the land which You promised to their ancestors?’ Where can I get meat to give them all? They cry to me, ‘Give us meat to eat.’ I can’t handle all these people alone, it’s too much for me. So if You do this to me, please just kill me now, if I’ve pleased you; and don’t let me see all this trouble.”

[16-20] So Yahweh said to Moses, “Gather to Me seventy of the leaders of Israel, whom you know to be leaders of the people, and officers over them; and bring them to the Meeting Place to stand there with you. I’ll come down and talk with you there. I’ll take from the Spirit which is on you, and put it on them; and they’ll help you with the hard work of the people, so that you won’t have to do everything by yourself. Tell the people, ‘Dedicate yourselves for tomorrow, and you’ll eat meat because you’ve complained before Yahweh, ‘Who will give us meat to eat? We were well in Egypt.’ So Yahweh will give you meat, and you’ll eat. You won’t eat one day, nor two days, nor five days, nor ten days, nor twenty days, but a whole month, until it comes out your noses, and you’ll hate it; because you’ve rejected Yahweh who’s here with you, and have complained before God, ‘Why did we come out of Egypt?’”

[21-25] Then Moses said, “There are 600,000 of my people on foot; and You’ve said, ‘I’ll give them meat to eat a whole month.’ Will flocks and herds be killed for them, and be enough for them? or will all the fish of the sea be gathered together for them, and be enough for them?” But Yahweh said to Moses, “Has Yahweh’s power grown weak? Now you’ll see whether My word will happen to you or not.” Then Moses went out, and told the people what Yahweh had said and gathered seventy of the leaders of the people, and set them around the Place of Worship. Then Yahweh came down in the cloud, and spoke to Moses, and took some of the Spirit that was on him, and put it on the seventy leaders; and when the Spirit rested on them, they preached, but not after that.

[26-30] But two men had stayed in the camp, one’s name was Eldad, and the other’s name was Medad. The Spirit came on them; and they were of those who were listed, but had not gone out to the Place of Worship; and they preached in the camp. A young man ran out, and told Moses, “Eldad and Medad are preaching in the camp.” And Joshua, the son of Nun, Moses’ helper, who was one of his young helpers, answered, “Moses, tell them to stop.” So Moses asked, “Are you jealous for my sake? I’d want all of Yahweh’s people to be preachers, and that Yahweh would put the Holy Spirit on them all!” So Moses and the leaders of Israel went into the camp.

[31-35] So Yahweh sent a wind, and brought quails from the west, and let them fall in the camp, about a day’s trip all around the camp, and about three feet deep on top of the ground. So the people got up all that day and night, and all the next day, and gathered the quails. The smallest amount anyone gathered was about 60 bushels and they spread them all around the camp for themselves. And while the meat was still between their teeth, before it was even chewed, Yahweh was angry at the people, and sent the people a very bad disease. So the name of that place was called Kibrothhattaavah, which means Graves of Lust, because there they buried the people who lusted. From Kibrothhattaavah the people moved out to Hazeroth; and they stayed at Hazeroth.

 

Miriam and Aaron Speak Against Moses

12[1-5] Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married; because Moses had married an Ethiopian woman. They asked, “Has Yahweh spoken only with Moses? Hasn’t God spoken with us also?” But Yahweh heard it. Now Moses was more humble than anyone else on the face of the earth. Then Yahweh suddenly spoke to Moses, Aaron, and Miriam, saying, “Come out to the Meeting Place, you three. So they came out. Yahweh came down in a pillar of cloud, and stood at the door of the Place of Worship, and called Aaron and Miriam; and they both came forward.

[6-9] Then Yahweh said, “Now hear My words: If there’s a preacher among you, I, Yahweh, will make Myself known to them in a vision, I’ll talk to them in a dream. My worker Moses isn’t so; who’s the only faithful one in My whole house. With Moses I talk face to face, very clearly, and not with confusing words; and he sees what Yahweh looks like. So why weren’t you afraid to talk badly about My worker, Moses?” Then Yahweh was very angry with them; and left. The cloud moved from over the Place of Worship; and Miriam had a severe skin disease, and was white as snow. So when Aaron looked at Miriam, she had leprosy.

[11-16] Then Aaron said to Moses, “Please, Moses, please don’t lay this sin on us, because we’ve acted stupidly, and have sinned. Don’t let her, I pray, be as a dead baby, whose skin is half gone when it comes out of the mother’s womb.” So Moses cried to Yahweh, “Please God, heal her, I beg you.” So Yahweh said to Moses, “If someone had only spit in her face, shouldn’t she be ashamed seven days? Let her be put out of the camp for seven days, and then she’ll come back.” So Miriam was put out of the camp for seven days; and the people didn’t move until Miriam came back. Afterward the people left from Hazeroth, and stayed in the countryside of Paran.

 

Spying Out Canaan

13[1-3] Yahweh told Moses, “Send some people to spy out the land of Canaan, which I give to the people of Israel; send someone from every family, everyone a leader among them.” So Moses sent them from the countryside of Paran by the word of Yahweh, all of those who were leaders of the people of Israel.

[4-16] These were their names: Of the family of Reuben, Shammua, the son of Zaccur. Of the family of Simeon, Shaphat, the son of Hori. Of the family of Judah, Caleb, the son of Jephunneh. Of the family of Issachar, Igal, the son of Joseph. Of the family of Ephraim, Hoshea, the son of Nun. Of the family of Benjamin, Palti, the son of Raphu. Of the family of Zebulun, Gaddiel, son of Sodi. Of the family of Joseph, namely, of the family of Manasseh, Gaddi, son of Susi. Of the family of Dan, Ammiel, son of Gemalli. Of the family of Asher, Sethur, the son of Michael. Of the family of Naphtali, Nahbi, the son of Vophsi. Of the family of Gad, Geuel, the son of Machi. These are the names of those who Moses sent to spy out the land. Moses called Hoshea, the son of Nun, Joshua.

[17-20] Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, and said to them, “Go up this way by the South, and go up into the hill country, and see what the land is like; and if the people who live in it are strong or weak, few or many; and if the land they live in is good or bad; and what cities they live in, whether in camps, or in strongholds; and if the land has food or not, and if it has wood in it, or not. Be brave, and bring some of the fruit of the land. Now the time was the time of the first-ripe grapes.

[21-24] So they went up, and spied out the land from the countryside of Zin to Rehob, to the entrance of Hamath. They went up by the South, and came to Hebron; and Atheman, Sheshai, and Talmai, where the giant people of Anak were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.) They came to the river of Eshcol, and cut down a branch with a cluster of grapes from there, and they carried it on a staff between two of them; and they also brought some pomegranates and figs. That place was called the valley of Eshcol, because of the cluster which the people of Israel cut down from there.

[25-29] They came back from spying out the land at the end of forty days. They went out and came back to Moses, Aaron, and all the people of Israel, to the countryside of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought word back to them, and to all the people, and showed them the fruit of the land. They told them, “We came to the land where you sent us; and it’s full of milk and honey; and this is its fruit. But the people who live in the land are strong, and the cities are large and walled; and we also saw the giant people of Anak there. Amalek lives in the land of the South; the Hittites, Jebusites, and Amorites live in the hill country; and the Canaanites live by the sea, and along by the side of the Jordan.

[30-33] Caleb calmed the people before Moses, and said, “Let’s go up at once, and take it; we’re strong enough to overcome it.” But the men who went up with them said, “We can’t go up against these people; they’re stronger than we are.” So they said bad things about the land they had seen to the people of Israel, saying, “The land that we’ve gone to spy out, is a land that destroys its people; and all the people who we saw in it are giants. We saw the giants, the sons of Anak, who come from the giants; and we looked as small as grasshoppers, both to ourselves and them.”

 

The Rebellion of Israel

14[1-4] All the people raised their voices, and cried all that night. All the people of Israel complained about Moses and Aaron and said to them, “We wish that we had died in the land of Egypt or out in this countryside! Why does Yahweh bring us to this land to die in a war? Our wives and our children will be victims! Wouldn’t it be better for us to go back to Egypt?” Then they said to one another, “Let’s make a captain, and go back to Egypt.”

[5-10] Then Moses and Aaron fell to the ground before all the people of Israel. Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, who were of those who spied out the land, tore their clothes in protest and they told all the people of Israel, “The land, which we went through to spy out, is a very good land. If Yahweh is pleased with us, God will bring us into this land, and give it to us; a land that is full of milk and honey. Only don’t go against Yahweh, nor be afraid of the people of the land and their food will be ours! They have no protection, and Yahweh is with us, so don’t be afraid of them.” But all the people called out to have them killed. Then the light of Yahweh appeared in the Meeting Place to all the people of Israel.

[11-19] Then Yahweh asked Moses, “How long will these people hate Me? and how long will they not believe in Me with all the great things that I’ve done among them? I’ll punish them with disease, and disown them, and make you a greater and stronger nation than they are.” But Moses said to Yahweh, “Then the Egyptians will hear it. You brought up these people in Your power from among them; and they’ll tell it to the people of this land. They’ve heard that You, Yahweh, are with these people and are seen face to face, and that your cloud hangs over them and goes before them, in a pillar of cloud by day, and in a pillar of fire by night. Now if You kill these people as one person, then the nations which have heard of Your fame will say, ‘Because Yahweh wasn’t able to bring these people into the land which was promised them, God has killed them in the countryside.’ Now please let the power of God be great, as You’ve said, ‘Yahweh is not quickly angered, and great in compassion, forgiving fault and disobedience, Who will in no way leave the guilty unpunished, passing down the faults of the parents to their children up to the third and fourth generation. Please forgive the fault of these people by the greatness of your compassion, as you’ve forgiven these people, from Egypt even until now.”

[20-25] Yahweh said, “I’ve forgiven them by your word; but as sure as I live, and as all the earth will be filled with the light of Yahweh, all those who have seen My light and My signs, which I did in Egypt and in the countryside, yet have tempted Me these ten times, and have not listened to My voice, won’t see the land which I promised their ancestors, nor will any of those who hated Me see it. But My worker Caleb, who had another spirit, and has fully followed Me, I’ll bring into the land into which he went; and his people will own it. Now the Amalekite and the Canaanite live in the valley, so tomorrow turn around, and go back into the countryside by the Red Sea.”

[26-30] Yahweh told Moses and Aaron, “How long will I put up with these evil people, that complain against Me? I’ve heard the complaints of the people of Israel, which they say against Me. Tell them, as I live, says Yahweh, just as you’ve said to me, I’ll do to you; your dead bodies will fall in this countryside; and all who were counted of your whole number, from twenty years old and up, who have complained against Me won’t come into the land that I promised I’d let you live in, except Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua, the son of Nun.

[31-35] But your children that you said would be victims, I’ll bring them in, and they’ll know the land which you’ve rejected. But as for you, your dead bodies will fall in this countryside. Your children will wander through the countryside for forty years, and you’ll die for your unfaithfulness, until your dead bodies have rotted in the countryside. You’ll be punished for your sins a year for every day, for the number of days which you spied out the land, even forty days, and for forty years, you’ll know that I have left you. I, Yahweh, have spoken, and I’ll do this to all these evil people, who are gathered together against Me; in this countryside they’ll fall, and there they’ll die.”

[36-40] Then those who Moses sent to spy out the land, and who came back, and made all the people complain by saying bad things about the land, died from the disease that Yahweh sent on them. Only Joshua, the son of Nun, and Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, stayed alive out of those who went to spy out the land. When Moses told these words to all the people of Israel, they cried terribly. They got up early in the morning, and went to the top of the mountain, saying, “See, we’re here, and will go to the place which Yahweh has promised us; we’ve sinned.”

[41-45] But Moses said, “Now why are you disobeying the word of Yahweh, seeing it won’t do you any good? Don’t go up, for Yahweh isn’t with you; so that you won’t be destroyed by your enemies. The Amalekite and the Canaanite are there before you, and you’ll die in the war because you’ve turned from following Yahweh, so Yahweh won’t be with you.” And they went up to the top of the mountain anyway, but the Chest of the Law of Yahweh, and Moses, didn’t go out of the camp. Then the Amalekite and the Canaanite who lived in that mountain came down, and attacked them and beat them back down to Hormah.

 

Various Offerings

15[1-5] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel, ‘When you come into your home land, which I’m giving to you, and make an offering by fire to Yahweh, a burnt offering, or a sacrifice, to keep a promise, or as a freewill offering, or in your set celebrations, to make a good smell to Yahweh, of the herd, or of the flock; then whoever gives their offering will give to Yahweh a meal offering of a 3 quart jar of finely ground flour mixed with one-fourth of a 5 quart jar of oil; and one-fourth of a 5 quart jar of wine for the drink offering, you’ll give with the burnt offering, or for the sacrifice, for each lamb.

[6-11] Or for a male goat, give for a meal offering two 3 quart jars of finely ground flour mixed with one third of a 5 quart jar of oil and for the drink offering give one third of a 5 quart jar of wine, for a good smell to Yahweh. When you give a bull for a burnt offering, or for a sacrifice, to keep a promise, or for peace offerings to Yahweh; then offer with the bull a meal offering of three 3 quart jars of finely ground flour mixed with half a 5 quart jar of oil; and offer for the drink offering half a 5 quart jar of wine, for an offering made by fire, for a good smell to Yahweh. Do this for each bull, or for each male goat, or for each of the male lambs, or of the young goats.

[12-16] Do this for each one that you give. All who are native-born will do these things in this way, in giving an offering made by fire, for a good smell to Yahweh. If a stranger lives as a foreigner with you, or whoever may be among you throughout your people, and gives an offering made by fire, for a good smell to Yahweh; they’ll do as you do. There will be one law for all the people, both for you and for anyone else who lives as a foreigner with you, a law forever for all your people. As you are, so will the foreigner be before Yahweh. One law and one rule will be for you, and for anyone else who lives as a foreigner with you.’”

[17-24] Then Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel, ‘When you come into the land where I bring you, then when you eat of the bread of the land, offer up a wave offering to Yahweh. Of the first of your dough offer up a loaf for a wave offering; as the wave offering of the barn floor, so you’ll raise it up. All your people will give of the first of your dough to Yahweh as a wave offering. When you do wrong, and don’t keep all these words, which Yahweh has spoken to Moses, even all that Yahweh has told you by Moses, from the day that Yahweh gave the Laws, and onward for your people forever; then if it’s done unknowingly, without the knowledge of the people, all the people will offer one young bull for a burnt offering, for a good smell to Yahweh, with its meal offering and its drink offering, by the rule, and one male goat for a sin offering.

[25-31] The preacher will cover the sins for all the people of Israel, and they’ll be forgiven for their fault, and they’ve brought their offering, an offering made by fire to Yahweh, and their sin offering before Yahweh for their fault; and all the people of Israel will be forgiven, and anyone else who lives as a foreigner among them; because it was done unknowingly by the people. If a person sins unknowingly, then they’ll offer a female goat a year-old for a sin offering. The preacher will cover the sins for the person who does wrong when they unknowingly sin, before Yahweh, to cover their sins so they’ll be forgiven. Have one law for those who do something unknowingly, both for those who are native-born among the people of Israel, and for anyone else who lives as a foreigner among them. But the person who knowingly sins, whether they’re native-born or a foreigner, and disrespects Yahweh; that person will be cut off from among their people, because they’ve hated the word of Yahweh, and have broken God’s Law, so that person will be completely cut off; and they’ll be guilty of their fault.

[32-36] While the people of Israel were in the countryside, they found someone gathering sticks on the Seventh Day. Those who found the person gathering sticks brought him to Moses and Aaron, and to all the people. They put him under guard, because it had not been told what should be done. So Yahweh said to Moses, “That person is to be put to death; all the people will kill him with stones outside of the camp. All the people brought them outside of the camp, and stoned him to death; as Yahweh told Moses.

[37-41] Then Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel to make fringes in the edges of their clothes for all their people, and to put a blue cord on each fringe; and it’ll be a fringe to look on, and remember all the words of Yahweh, and do them; so that you won’t follow where your own heart and eyes lead you, after which you used to be unfaithful; that you may remember and do all My words, and be holy to your God. I Am Yahweh your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God; I Am Yahweh your God.

 

The Sin of Korah

16[1-5] Now Korah, the son of Izhar, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi, with Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, and On, the son of Peleth, sons of Reuben, gathered others together and went up before Moses, with some of the people of Israel. They called together 250 leaders of the people, those of importance; and gathered themselves together against Moses and Aaron. They said to them, “You take too much on yourselves, seeing all the people are holy, every one of them, and Yahweh is with them. So why do you put yourselves above the people of Yahweh?” So when Moses heard it, he fell to the ground and told Korah and the others, “In the morning Yahweh will show who are God’s, and who are holy, and will make them come to God. Yahweh will make those who are chosen come to God.

[6-11] Do this: take fire pans, Korah, and all these others; and put fire in them, and put incense on them before Yahweh tomorrow. Whoever Yahweh chooses will be holy. You take too much on you, sons of Levi. Then Moses said to Korah, “Listen, you sons of Levi; it seems nothing to you that the God of Israel has set you apart from the people of Israel, to bring you near to God, to do the work of the Place of Worship of Yahweh, and to stand before the people to serve them; and that God has brought you near, and all your family, the sons of Levi with you? And now you seek the preacher’s office also? So you and all these others are gathered together against Yahweh; and what is Aaron that you complain against him?”

[12-15] Then Moses sent to call Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab; and they said, “We won’t come. Is it nothing that you’ve brought us up out of a land full of milk and honey, to kill us in the countryside, but you also make yourself a leader over us? And you haven’t brought us into a land full of milk and honey, nor given us any fields and vineyards of our own. Will you put out the eyes of these men? We won’t come.” So Moses was very angry, and said to Yahweh, “Don’t have respect for their offering; I haven’t taken one donkey from them, nor have I hurt any of them.”

[16-19] Then Moses said to Korah, “You and all your company go before Yahweh tomorrow, you all, and Aaron. Everyone take their fire pan, and put incense on them, and go before Yahweh with your fire pans, 250 fire pans; you also, and Aaron, with your fire pans. They each took their fire pans, and put fire in them, and laid incense on them, and stood at the door of the Meeting Place with Moses and Aaron. Korah gathered all the people against them to the door of the Meeting Place and the glory of Yahweh appeared to all the people.

[20-24] Then Yahweh told Moses and Aaron, “Get away from among these people, that I may destroy them quickly.” But they fell to the ground, and said, “God, the God of the spirits of all people, will one man sin, and you be angry with all the people?” So Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people, ‘Get away from around the tents of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram.’”

[25-30] So Moses got up and went to Dathan and Abiram; and the leaders of Israel followed them. He told the people, “Leave, I beg you, away from the tents of these wicked men, and touch nothing of theirs, or you’ll be destroyed when they are punished for all their sins. So they moved away from the tents of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, on every side. Then Dathan and Abiram came out, and stood at the door of their tents, with their wives and their children. Then Moses said, “By this, know that Yahweh has sent Me to do all these works; for I haven’t done them of My own mind. If these men die the natural death of all humans, or if they’re punished in the usual way of all humans; then Yahweh hasn’t sent Me. But if Yahweh does something new, and the ground opens up, and swallows them up with everything they have, and they go down alive into Hell; then know that these men have hated Yahweh.

[31-35] As Moses finished saying these words, the ground split apart that was under them; and the earth opened up, and swallowed them up, and everything they had. So they, and everything they had, went down alive into Hell; and the earth closed back up on them, and they were destroyed from among the people. All the people of Israel that were around them ran at their cry, saying, “The earth may swallow us up, too.” Then fire came out from Yahweh, and burned up the 250 men who offered the incense.

[36-40] Then Yahweh told Moses, “Tell Eleazar, the son of Aaron, the preacher, that he pick up the fire pans out of the fire, and scatter the fire away. The fire pans of these sinners are holy even against their own lives. Let them be made beaten plates for a covering of the altar because they offered them to Yahweh. They’re holy; and they’ll be a sign to the people of Israel. So Eleazar, the preacher, took the brass fire pans, which those who were burnt up had offered; and beat them out for a covering of the altar, to be a reminder to the people of Israel, so that no one who isn’t of the people of Aaron comes near to burn incense before Yahweh; and that they won’t be as Korah and the others as Yahweh told them by Moses.

[41-46] But on the next day all the people of Israel complained against Moses and Aaron, “You’ve killed the people of Yahweh. So, when the people were gathered against Moses and Aaron, they looked toward the Meeting Place. The cloud covered it, and the glory of Yahweh appeared. So Moses and Aaron came to the front of the Meeting Place. Then Yahweh told Moses, “Get away from among these people, that I may destroy them quickly;” and they fell to the ground. Then Moses said to Aaron, “Take your fire pan, and put fire in it from off the altar, and lay incense on it, and carry it quickly to the people, and cover their sins for them because Yahweh is very angry and the punishment has already begun.

[47-50] So Aaron did as Moses said, and ran into the middle of the people; but the people had already begun to die. So he put on the incense, and covered the sins for the people. He stood between the dead and the living; and the punishment stopped. Now those who died by that punishment were 14,700, besides those who died about the matter of Korah. Then Aaron came back to Moses to the door of the Meeting Place; and the trouble stopped.

 

The Walking Stick of Aaron Buds

17[1-5] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel to take walking sticks, one for each family group, of all their leaders by their family groups, twelve walking sticks in all. Write everyone’s name on their walking stick. Write Aaron’s name on the walking stick of Levi because there will be one walking stick for each leader of the family groups. Put them in the Meeting Place before the Law, where I meet with you. Then the walking stick of whoever I choose will bud; and I’ll put a stop to all these complaints of the people of Israel, which they complain against you.

[6-9] So Moses told this to the people of Israel; and all their leaders gave the walking sticks of each leader to Moses, by their family groups, twelve walking sticks in all. The walking stick of Aaron was among their walking sticks. Then Moses laid up the walking sticks before Yahweh in the Meeting Place of God. So on the next day, when Moses went into the Meeting Place of God, the walking stick of Aaron for the house of Levi had budded, and put out buds, and made blossoms, and had ripe almonds. So Moses brought out all the walking sticks from before Yahweh to all the people of Israel. They looked; and everyone took their own walking stick.

[10-13] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Put back the walking stick of Aaron before the Law, to be kept for a sign against the rebellious ones; so that you put a stop to their complaints against Me, so that they won’t die. So Moses did as Yahweh told him. Then the people of Israel told Moses, “See, we die; we’ll all be killed; we’ll all be killed. Everyone who comes near to the Place of Worship of Yahweh, dies. Will all of us be killed?”

 

Instructions to Aaron and his Sons

18[1-7] Yahweh said to Aaron, “You and your sons and your family group will be guilty of any fault of the Place of Worship; and you and your sons will be guilty of any fault of your preacher’s office. Your family also, the family of Levi, the family of your ancestor, bring to be joined to you. They’ll work for you, but you and your sons will be before the Meeting Place of God. They’ll do what you say, and take care of all the Place of Worship; only they won’t come near the tools of the Place of Worship and the altar, so that they won’t die, neither they, nor you. They’ll be joined to you, and will take care of the Meeting Place, for all the work of the Place of Worship; and no one else will come close to you. Take care of the Place of Worship, and the altar; that there is no more great anger on the people of Israel. See, I’ve taken your family, the Levites, from among the people of Israel; they’re a gift, given to you from Yahweh to do the work of the Meeting Place. You and your sons will keep your preacher’s office for everything on the altar, and for whatever is behind the veil; and serve Me; I give you the preacher’s office as a gift of work; and anyone else who comes near will be put to death.”

[8-15] Yahweh told Aaron, “I’ve given you the care of My wave offerings of all the holy things of the people of Israel; I’ve given them to you and your sons because of the anointing, as a rule forever. This will be yours of the most holy things, saved from the fire: every offering of theirs, every meal offering, every sin offering, and every guilt offering, which they give to Me, will be most holy for you and your sons. You’ll eat all the most holy things; every male will eat it and it’ll be holy to you. This is yours: their gift of wave offerings, all the wave offerings of the people of Israel; I’ve given them to you, and your sons and daughters with you, as a rule forever; everyone who’s fit in your house will eat it. All the best of the oil, and all the best of the wine, and of the grain, the first of whatever they give to Yahweh, I’ve given to you. The first ripe fruits of all that’s in their land, which they bring to Yahweh, will be yours; everyone who’s fit in your house will eat it. Everything dedicated in Israel will be yours. Everything that opens the womb, of all that they offer to Yahweh, both of man and animal will be yours; but the firstborn of man will be bought back, and the firstborn of unfit animals will be bought back.

[16-19] Those who are to be bought back of them from a month old will be bought back by your value, for the money of five coins, in the coin of the Place of Worship (which is the same as twenty nickels). But the firstborn of a cow, or the firstborn of a sheep, or the firstborn of a goat, won’t be bought back; They’re holy, so sprinkle their blood on the altar, and burn their fat for an offering made by fire for a good smell to Yahweh. Their meat will be yours, as the wave offering breast and as the right thigh, it’ll be yours. All the wave offerings of the holy things, which the people of Israel offer to Yahweh, I’ve given to you, and your sons and daughters with you, as a rule forever. It’s a promise of salt forever before Yahweh to you and to your children with you.”

[20-24] Yahweh said to Aaron, “You’ll have nothing of your own in their land, nor have any part among them; I am your part and your own among the people of Israel. To the people of Levi, I’ve given all the first ten percent in Israel for their own, in return for the work they do in the Meeting Place. From now on the people of Israel won’t come near the Meeting Place, or they’ll be guilty of sin, and die. But the Levites will do the work of the Meeting Place, and they’ll be guilty of any fault; it’ll be a law forever throughout your people; and among the people of Israel that they’ll have nothing of their own. But the first ten percent of the people of Israel, which they offer as a wave offering to Yahweh, I’ve given to the Levites for their own; so I’ve said to them, ‘You’ll have nothing of your own among the people of Israel.’”

[25-32] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the Levites, ‘When you take from the people of Israel the first ten percent which I’ve given you from them for your own, then give its wave offering for Yahweh, ten percent of the first ten percent. Your wave offering will be counted to you, as though it were the grain of the barn floor, and as the ripe fruit of the winepress. So you’ll also give a wave offering to Yahweh of all your ten percent, which you get from the people of Israel; and give Yahweh’s wave offering to Aaron the preacher. Out of all your gifts give every wave offering of Yahweh, of all the best, its holy part out of it.’ So tell them, ‘When you lift up the best part, then it’ll be counted to the Levites as the crops of the barn floor, and as the crops of the winepress. Eat it in every place, you and your families; for it’s your payment in return for your work in the Meeting Place. You’ll be guilty of no sin because of it, when you lift it up from the best. Don’t pollute the holy things of the people of Israel, so you won’t die.’”

 

The Perfect Red Cow

19[1-6] Yahweh told Moses and Aaron, “This is the rule of the law which Yahweh has said, ‘Tell the people of Israel to bring you a young red female cow without a spot, without anything wrong with it, and which has never worn a harness. Give her to Eleazar the preacher, and he’ll bring her outside of the camp, and someone will kill her before them. Eleazar the preacher will take her blood on a finger, and sprinkle it toward the front of the Meeting Place seven times. Then someone will burn the young female cow in their sight; he’ll burn her skin, meat, and blood, with her wastes, and the preacher will take cedar wood, and a hyssop branch, and red dye, and throw it into the fire of the young female cow.

[7-10] Then the preacher will wash his clothes, and take a bath, and afterward come into the camp, and the preacher will be unfit until the evening. Whoever burns her will wash their clothes, and take a bath, and will be unfit until the evening. Someone who’s fit will gather up the ashes of the young female cow, and put them up outside the camp in a fit place; and it’ll be kept for the people of Israel for a cleansing water for a sin offering. Whoever gathers the ashes of the young female cow will wash their clothes, and be unfit until the evening. It’ll be a law forever for the people of Israel, and anyone else who lives as a foreigner among them.

[11-16] Anyone who touches a dead body will be unfit seven days and will wash themselves with the water on the third day, and on the seventh day they’ll be fit; but if they don’t wash themselves the third day, then they won’t be fit on the seventh day. Whoever touches the body of a dead person, and doesn’t wash themselves, makes the Place of Worship of Yahweh unfit; and they’ll be cut off from Israel; they’ll be unfit because the cleansing water wasn’t sprinkled on them and their unfitness is still on them. This is the law when someone dies in a tent: everyone who comes into the tent, and everyone who’s in the tent, will be unfit seven days. Every open jar, which has no lid on it, is unfit. Whoever in the open field touches one who’s killed in war, or a dead body, or a bone of someone, or a grave, will be unfit seven days.

[17-22] They’ll take some of the ashes from the burning of the sin offering for the unfit person; and running water will be put in a jar. A fit person will take a hyssop branch, and dip it in the water, and sprinkle it on the tent, all the tools, and on the people who were there, and on anyone who touched a bone, someone killed, a dead body, or a grave; and the fit person will sprinkle the unfit on the third and seventh day. On the seventh day they’ll wash themselves and their clothes, and take a bath, and will be fit at evening. But anyone who stays unfit, and won’t wash themselves will be cut off from among the people, because they’ve made the Place of Worship of Yahweh unfit. The cleansing water hasn’t been sprinkled on them so they’re unfit. It’ll be a law forever to them; and whoever sprinkles the cleansing water will wash their clothes, and whoever touches the cleansing water will be unfit until evening. Whatever the unfit person touches will be unfit; and whoever touches it will be unfit until evening.”

 

Aaron Dies

20[1-5] All the people of Israel came into the countryside of Zin in the 1st month and the people stayed in Kadesh, where Miriam died and was buried. There was no water for them, so they gathered themselves together against Moses and Aaron. The people argued with Moses and said, “We should have died when our brothers died before Yahweh! Why have you brought the people of Yahweh into this countryside that we should die here, and our animals, too? Why have you made us come out of Egypt, only to bring us to this evil place? It’s no place to plant seed, figs, vines, or pomegranates; nor is there any water to drink.”

[6-11] Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the people to the door of the Meeting Place, and fell to the ground; and the glory of Yahweh appeared to them. Then Yahweh told Moses, “Take the walking stick, and gather the people, you and Aaron your brother, and tell the rock to give its water as they watch; and bring them water out of the rock; so you’ll give the people and their tame animals drink.” So Moses took the walking stick from before Yahweh, as he told them. Then Moses and Aaron gathered the people together before the rock, and said to them, “Listen, you disobedient people; we’ll bring you water out of this rock!” So Moses lifted his hand, and hit the rock with the walking stick twice; and a whole lot of water came out, and the people drank along with their animals.

[12-13] Then Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, “Because you didn’t believe in Me enough to respect Me in the eyes of the people of Israel, you won’t bring this people into the land which I’ve given them.” These are the waters of Meribah; because the people of Israel argued with Yahweh, who was shown to be holy there.

[14-17] Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the ruler of Edom, saying, “So says your brother Israel, ‘You know all the trouble that has happened to us: how our ancestors went down into Egypt, and we lived in Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians treated us and our ancestors very badly. When we cried to Yahweh, God heard our voice, and sent an angel, and brought us out of Egypt. See, we’re now in Kadesh, a city in your farthest border. Please let us pass through your land; we won’t pass through your fields or vineyards, neither will we drink of the water of the wells. We’ll go along the ruler’s highway; we won’t turn off, until we’ve passed your border.”

[18-22] Then Edom answered saying, “Don’t pass through here, or we’ll come out to fight against you.” So the people of Israel said to them, “We’ll go up by the highway; and if we drink of your water, us and our animals, then we’ll pay you what it’s worth; only let us, without doing anything else, pass through on foot.” So Edom said, “Don’t pass through;” and came out against them with many people, ready to fight. So Edom refused to let Israel pass through their border, and Israel turned away from them. They left from Kadesh and all the people of Israel came to Mount Hor.

[23-29] Yahweh told Moses and Aaron in Mount Hor by the border of the land of Edom, “Aaron will die here and go to his people; you won’t go into the land which I’ve given to the people of Israel, because you disobeyed My word at the waters of Meribah. Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up to Mount Hor; and take Aaron clothes off, and put them on Eleazar his son; and Aaron will go to his people, and die there. So Moses did as Yahweh told him and they went up into Mount Hor in the sight of all the people. Then Moses took Aaron’s clothes off, and put them on Eleazar, his son; and Aaron died there on the top of the mountain. Then Moses and Eleazar came down from the mountain. When all the people saw that Aaron was dead, all the house of Israel cried for Aaron for 30 days.

 

The Brass Snake

21[1-5] The Canaanite, the ruler of Arad, who lived in the South, heard that Israel came by the road of Atharim. He fought against Israel, and took some of them prisoner. Israel made a promise to Yahweh, and said, “If You’ll in fact give us power over these people, then we’ll totally destroy their cities. Yahweh listened to the voice of Israel, and gave the Canaanites over to them; and they totally destroyed them and their cities, so the name of the place was called Hormah. They left from Mount Hor by the road of the Red Sea, to go around the land of Edom; and the people were very discouraged because of the way they went. The people spoke against God and Moses, saying, “Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the countryside? There’s no food and water; and we hate this worthless bread.”

[6-9] So Yahweh sent snakes whose bite burned like fire among the people. They bit the people; and many of the people of Israel died. Then the people came to Moses, and said, “We’ve sinned, because we’ve spoken against Yahweh and you; Ask Yahweh to take the snakes away from us.” So Moses prayed for the people. Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Make a poisonous snake, and set it on a pole; and when someone is bitten, and looks up at it, they’ll live. So Moses made a snake of brass, and set it on the pole; and when a snake had bitten someone, and they looked up at the snake of brass, they lived.

[10-15] Then the people of Israel moved on, and stayed in Oboth. They left from Oboth, and stayed at the ruins of Abarim, in the countryside which is near Moab, toward the east. From there they moved on, and stayed in the valley of Zered. From there they moved on, and stayed on the other side of the Arnon river, which is in the countryside on the border of the Amorites. The Arnon is the border of Moab, between Moab and the Amorites. So it’s said in the Book of Wars of Yahweh, “What God did in the Red Sea, and in the valleys of the Arnon, the slope of the valleys that goes down to the home of Ar, and is on the border of Moab.”

[16-20] From there they moved on to Beer; that is the waterhole where Yahweh said to Moses, “Gather the people together, and I’ll give them water. Then Israel sang this song: “Spring up, well; sing a song to the well, which the leaders dug, which the leaders of the people dug, with the walking stick of the lawgiver, and all their walking sticks.” From the countryside they moved on to Mattanah; and from Mattanah to Nahaliel; and from Nahaliel to Bamoth; and from Bamoth to the valley that’s in the field of Moab, to the top of mount Pisgah, which looks down on the desert.

[21-30] Then Israel sent messengers to Sihon ruler of the Amorites, saying, “Let us pass through your land; we won’t go into your fields or vineyards; we won’t drink of the water of the wells; we’ll go by the ruler’s highway, until we’ve passed your border. But Sihon wouldn’t allow Israel to cross their border and gathered all their people together, and went out against Israel into the countryside, and came to Jahaz; and fought against Israel. So Israel killed them in the war, and took their land from the Arnon River to the Jabbok River, all the way to the people of Ammon, as the border of the people of Ammon was strong. Israel took all these cities and Israel lived in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all its towns. Heshbon was the city of Sihon the ruler of the Amorites, who had fought against the former ruler of Moab, and taken all their land, all the way to the Arnon. So those who speak in old sayings say, “Come to Heshbon. Let the city of Sihon be built and set up; for a fire has gone out of Heshbon, a flame from the city of Sihon. It has burned up Ar of Moab, the preachers of the places of worship of the Arnon. Sorrow will come to you, Moab! You’re lost, people of Chemosh! Your sons have run away, and your daughters are prisoners of Sihon ruler of the Amorites. We’ve shot at them. Heshbon has been destroyed all the way to Dibon. We’ve destroyed everything to Nophah, which reaches all the way to Medeba.”

[31-35] So Israel lived in the land of the Amorites. Then Moses sent spies out to Jazer; and they took its towns, and drove out the Amorites who were there. They turned and went up by the road of Bashan; and Og, the ruler of Bashan, went out against them with all his people, to fight at Edrei. Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Don’t be afraid of them. I’ve put all their people and land in your power. Do to them as you did to Sihon, ruler of the Amorites, who lived at Heshbon. So they fought all their people, until there was no one left alive, and took their land.

 

Balaam’s Donkey

22[1-6] The people of Israel moved on, and stayed in the plains of Moab beyond the Jordan at Jericho. Balak, the son of Zippor, saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites. Moab was very afraid of the people, because they were so many; and Moab was worried because of the people of Israel. Moab said to the leaders of Midian, “Now this great people will lick up all that’s around us, as a bull licks up the grass of the field. Balak was ruler of Moab at that time. He sent messengers to Balaam, the son of Beor, to Pethor, which is by the river, to the land of his people, to call them, saying, “See, there’s a people that has come out from Egypt and they cover the whole face of the earth, and they stay next to me. Please come now and curse these people for me; for they’re too strong for me. Then I’ll be strong enough to overcome them, that we may hurt them, and drive them out of the land; for I know that whoever you speak well of is blessed, and whoever you speak badly of is punished.

[7-12] The leaders of Moab and Midian went with the payment for the curse in their hand; and they came to Balaam, and told him what Balak had said. He said to them, “Stay here tonight, and I’ll tell you what Yahweh tells Me.” So the leaders of Moab stayed with Balaam. God came to Balaam, and said, “Who are these men with you?” So Balaam said to God, “Balak, the son of Zippor, ruler of Moab, has sent to me, saying, ‘See, the people that’s come out of Egypt covers the whole face of the earth; now, come and curse them for me; so I’ll be able to fight them, and drive them out.’” So God said to Balaam, “Don’t go with them or curse the people because they’re blessed.”

[13-19] So Balaam got up in the morning, and said to the leaders of Balak, “Go back to your land; for Yahweh won’t let me go with you.” So the leaders of Moab went back to Balak, and said, “Balaam wouldn’t come with us.” Then Balak sent more leaders, who were more honorable than the first ones. They came to Balaam, and said to him, “Balak, the son of Zippor says, ‘Please don’t let anything keep you from coming to me: for I’ll give you very great honor, and whatever you say to me I’ll do it. Please come and curse these people for me.’” So Balaam answered the workers of Balak, “If Balak gave me his whole house full of silver and gold, I can’t do anything more than what Yahweh my God tells me to do, neither less nor more. Now, please stay here tonight, till I know what else Yahweh tells me.

[20-24] God came to Balaam at night, and said to him, “If they come to call you, get up and go with them; but do only what I tell you to do.” So Balaam got up in the morning, and saddled a donkey, and went with the leaders of Moab. Then God was angry because he went; and the angel of Yahweh stood in the way as an enemy against him. Now he was riding on the donkey, and two workers were with him. The donkey saw the angel of Yahweh standing in the way, holding a drawn sword; and the donkey turned out of the road, and went into the field. Balaam hit the donkey, to turn her back into the road. Then the angel of Yahweh stood in a narrow path between the vineyards, a wall being on both sides.

[25-30] The donkey saw the angel of Yahweh, and she threw herself to the wall, and crushed Balaam’s foot against the wall, so he hit her again. Then the angel of Yahweh went further, and stood in a narrow place, where there was no where to turn, either right or left. The donkey saw the angel of Yahweh, and she lay down under Balaam. Balaam’s was very angry, so he hit the donkey with his walking stick. Then Yahweh made the donkey speak, and she asked Balaam, “What have I done to you to make you hit me these three times?” Balaam said to the donkey, “Because you’ve made a fool of me, and I wish there were a sword in my hand and I had killed you.” Then the donkey said to Balaam, “Am I not your donkey, on which you’ve ridden since I was yours until now? Have I ever had the habit of doing so to you?” and he said, “No.”

[31-35] Then Yahweh made Balaam see the angel of Yahweh standing in the way, holding a drawn sword; and he bowed his head, and fell to the ground. Then the angel of Yahweh asked him, “Why have you hit your donkey these three times? See, I have come here to stand in your way, because you’ve gone ahead before Me; and the donkey saw Me, and turned away from Me these three times. Unless she had turned away from Me, I’d have killed you by now, and saved her alive. So Balaam said to the angel of Yahweh, “I’ve sinned; I didn’t know that you stood in the way against me. So now, if it displeases you, I’ll go back again. Then the angel of Yahweh said to Balaam, “Go with the men; but only say what I tell you.” So Balaam went with the leaders of Balak.

[36-41] When Balak heard that Balaam had come, he went out to meet them at the city of Moab, which is on the border of the Arnon, which is on the edge of the border. Balak said to Balaam, “Didn’t I send to you to call you? Why didn’t you come to me? Am I not, in fact, able to give you great honor?” So Balaam said to Balak, “See, I’ve come to you: but I don’t have any power at all to say anything. I can only say whatever words God gives me.” Then Balaam went with Balak, and they came to Kiriath Huzoth. Balak sacrificed bulls and sheep, and sent to Balaam, and to the leaders who were with them. So in the morning, Balak took Balaam, and brought him up to the places of worship of Baal where he could see the whole people.

 

God Tells Balaam What to Say

23[1-6] Balaam said to Balak, “Build me here seven altars, and fix seven bulls and seven male goats.” Balak did as Balaam had spoken; and Balak and Balaam offered on every altar a bull and a male goat. Balaam said to Balak, “Stand by your burnt offering, and I’ll go, and maybe Yahweh will come to meet me; and whatever God shows me I’ll tell you.” So he went up to an opening on the mountain and God met Balaam there. Balaam said to God, “I’ve made seven altars, and I’ve offered up a bull and a male goat on every altar.” Then Yahweh told Balaam what to say, and said, “Go back to Balak, and say this.” So he went back to him and saw that he and all the leaders of Moab were standing by the burnt offering.

[7-10] In the words that God had given, he said, “From Aram has Balak brought me, the ruler of Moab, from the mountains of the East; Come, curse Jacob; Come, punish Israel. How can I curse, whom God hasn’t cursed? How can I punish, whom Yahweh hasn’t punished? From the top of the rocks I see them, and from the hills I see them. See, it’s a people that lives alone, and won’t be counted among the nations. Who can count the dust of Jacob, or even count a fourth of Israel? Let me die the death of a good person! Let my descendants be like theirs!”

[11-15] Balak said to Balaam, “What have you done to me? I brought you here to curse my enemies, and you’ve blessed them altogether.” So he answered, “Must I not be careful to say what Yahweh tells me to say?” So Balak said, “Please come with me to another place, where you may see them; but where you can see only the edge of them, and not see them all; and curse them for me from there.” So he took him into the field of Zophim, to the top of Pisgah, and built seven altars, and offered up a bull and a male goat on every altar. Then Balaam said to Balak, “Stand here by your burnt offering, while I meet Yahweh over there.”

[16-24] Yahweh met Balaam, and told him what to say, and then said, “Go back to Balak, and say this.” So he went back to him, and he and the leaders of Moab were standing by the burnt offering. Balak said to him, “What has Yahweh said?”  So using the words of God, he said, “Get up, Balak, and hear! Listen to me, you son of Zippor. God isn’t a human, who would lie, nor born of a human, who would have a change of mind. Has God said anything, and not done it? Or has God spoken, and not made it good? See, I’ve been told to bless. God has blessed, and I can’t go against it. God hasn’t seen fault in Jacob, nor seen evil in Israel. Yahweh their God is with them. The shout of a leader is among them. God brings them out of Egypt, who has the strength of a wild bull. There’s no spell that can come against Jacob, nor is there any witchcraft that can be used against Israel. Now it’ll be said of Jacob and Israel, ‘What has God done! See, the people get up like a young lion, and as a lion they get up and won’t lie down until they eat and drink the blood of their kill.’”

[25-30] Balak said to Balaam, “Then neither curse them at all, nor bless them at all.” But Balaam answered Balak, “Didn’t I tell you, I must do all that Yahweh says?” So Balak said to Balaam, “Come now, I’ll take you to another place; and maybe it’ll please God that you may curse them for me from there. Then Balak took Balaam to the top of Peor, which looks down on the desert. Balaam said to Balak, “Build me here seven altars, and fix seven bulls and seven male goats. So Balak did as Balaam had said, and offered up a bull and a male goat on every altar.

 

Balaam Blesses Israel

24[1-9] When Balaam saw that it pleased Yahweh to bless Israel, he didn’t go, as at the other times, to meet them with spells, but went toward the countryside. Balaam looked and saw Israel living by their families; and the Spirit of God came on him. He used the words of God and said, “Balaam, the son of Beor, the one who sees, who hears the words of God, who sees the vision of the Ruler of All, falling under God’s power, and having his eyes opened, says: How good are your tents, Jacob, and your homes, Israel! As valleys they’re spread out like gardens by the river, like aloe plants which Yahweh has planted, like cedar trees beside the creek. Water will flow from their buckets and their people will live beside many waters. Their ruler will be higher than Agag, whose realm will be very great. God brings them out of Egypt. Israel has the strength of the wild bull and will eat up the nations who are its enemies, and will break their bones in pieces, and stab them with their horns. Israel rests, and lays down like a lion, like a young lion; who will wake him up? Everyone who speaks well of you is blessed. Everyone who speaks badly of you will be punished.”

[10-14] Balak was very angry with Balaam, and clapped his hands together; and Balak said to Balaam, “I called you here to curse my enemies, and, look, you’ve altogether blessed them these three times. So now go back to where you came from; I thought to give you great honor; but Yahweh has kept you from it.” Balaam said to Balak, “Didn’t I also tell the messengers you sent to me, ‘If you gave me your whole house full of silver and gold, I can’t do anything more than what Yahweh tells me to do either good or bad of my own mind; what Yahweh says, is what I say?’ See, I go to my people, but come, and I’ll tell you what these people will do to your people in the future.”

[15-19] He used the words of God, and said, “Balaam, the son of Beor, the one who sees, who hears the words of God, who knows the knowledge of the Most High, and who sees the vision of the Ruler of All, falling under God’s power, and having his eyes opened, says: I see the Christ, but not now. I see the Christ, but not near. A rising Star will come out of Jacob. A Ruler will come out of Israel, and take the edges of Moab (Jordan), and will destroy all the people of Seth. Edom (Idumea) will be taken. Seir (Judah), once enemies, will also be taken, while Israel will be strengthened. This Ruler will rule out of Jacob and destroy what’s left of the city.”

[20-25] He looked at Amalek, and used the words of God, and said, “Amalek was the first of the nations, but in the end they’ll be destroyed forever.” He looked at the Kenite, and used the words of God, and said, “Where you live is strong. You put your home in the rock. But Kain (Palestine) will be ruined until Asshur (Assyria) takes control of it.” He used the words of God, and said, “But who will live when God does all this? Ships will come from the coasts of the Kittim (Cyprus, Mediterranean area of Greece, Rome). They’ll put down Assyria, and the Hebrews (Heber, Eber), and will also be destroyed.” Then Balaam went back home; and Balak also went back home.

 

Israel Worships False Gods

25[1-4] Israel stayed in Shittim; and the people began to be unfaithful with the daughters of Moab, who called the people to the sacrifices of their false gods; and the people ate, and bowed down to their gods. Israel joined up with Baal Peor (God of the gap); and Yahweh was very angry with Israel. Yahweh said to Moses, “Take all the leaders of the people, and hang them before Yahweh in the sun, that the fierce anger of Yahweh may turn away from Israel.”

[5-9] Moses said to the judges of Israel, “Kill every one of your people who have joined with Baal Peor.” Then one of the people of Israel came and brought to their people a Midianite woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the people of Israel, while they were crying at the door of the Meeting Place. When Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, the preacher, saw it, he got up from the middle of the people, and took a spear in his hand; and went after the man of Israel into the tent, and thrust him through, both the man of Israel, and the woman through her body. So the trouble stopped from the people of Israel, but 24,000 people died by that trouble.

[10-13] Yahweh told Moses, “Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, the preacher, has turned My great anger away from the people of Israel, in that he was jealous with My jealousy among them, so that I didn’t destroy all the people of Israel in My jealousy. So say to him, ‘I give you My promise of peace; and it’ll be to you, and to your children after you, the promise of the preacher’s office forever; because you were jealous for your God, and covered the sins of the people of Israel.’”

[14-18] Now the name of the man of Israel that was killed, who was killed along with the Midianite woman, was Zimri, the son of Salu, a leader of a large family group among the Simeonites. The name of the Midianite woman who was killed was Cozbi, the daughter of Zur, who was a leader of a large family group in Midian. Yahweh told Moses, “Trouble the Midianites, and kill them; for they trouble you with their temptations, with which they’ve been untrue with you in the matter of Peor and Cozbi, the daughter of the leader of Midian, their sister, who was killed on the day of the trouble in the matter of Peor.”

 

Counting the People

26[1-4] After that trouble, Yahweh told Moses and Eleazar, the son of Aaron, the preacher, “Count all the people of Israel from twenty years old and up, by their family groups, all who are able to go to war in Israel. So Moses and Eleazar, the preacher, told them in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, “Count the people from twenty years old and up; as Yahweh told Moses and the people of Israel, who came out of the land of Egypt.”

[5-7] Reuben, the firstborn of Israel; the sons of Reuben were Hanoch, the family of the Hanochites; Pallu, the family of the Palluites; Hezron, the family of the Hezronites; Carmi, the family of the Carmites. These are the families of the Reubenites; and those who were counted were 43,730.

[8-11] The son of Pallu was Eliab. The sons of Eliab were Nemuel, Dathan, and Abiram. These are that Dathan and Abiram, who were called of the people, who argued against Moses and Aaron in the company of Korah, when they argued against Yahweh, and the earth opened up and swallowed them with Korah. Those people died when the fire burned up 250 men, which was a sign. But the sons of Korah didn’t die.

[12-14] The sons of Simeon after their families were Nemuel, the family of the Nemuelites; Jamin, the family of the Jaminites; Jachin, the family of the Jachinites; Zerah, the family of the Zerahites; Shaul, the family of the Shaulites. The families of the Simeonites were 22,200.

[15-18] The sons of Gad after their families were Zephon, the family of the Zephonites; Haggi, the family of the Haggites; Shuni, the family of the Shunites; Ozni, the family of the Oznites; Eri, the family of the Erites; Arod, the family of the Arodites; Areli, the family of the Arelites. These are the families of Gad. Those who were counted were 40,500.

[19-22] The sons of Judah were Er and Onan; but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. The sons of Judah after their families were Shelah, the family of the Shelanites; Perez, the family of the Perezites; Zerah, the family of the Zerahites. The sons of Perez were Hezron, the family of the Hezronites; Hamul, the family of the Hamulites. These are the families of Judah. Those who were counted were 76,500.

[23-25] The sons of Issachar after their families were Tola, the family of the Tolaites; Puah, the family of the Punites; Jashub, the family of the Jashubites; Shimron, the family of the Shimronites. These are the families of Issachar. Those who were counted were 64,300.

[26-27] The sons of Zebulun after their families were Sered, the family of the Seredites; Elon, the family of the Elonites; Jahleel, the family of the Jahleelites. These are the families of the Zebulunites. Those who were counted were 60,500.

[28-37] The sons of Joseph after their families were Manasseh and Ephraim. The son of Manasseh was Machir, the family of the Machirites; and Machir became the ancestor of Gilead, the leader of the family of the Gileadites. The sons of Gilead were Jeezer, the family of the Jeezerites; Helek, the family of the Helekites; Asriel, the family of the Asrielites; Shechem, the family of the Shechemites; Shemida, the family of the Shemidaites; and Hepher, the family of the Hepherites. Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, had no sons, but only daughters, whose names were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. These are the families of Manasseh. Those who were counted were 52,700. The sons of Ephraim after their families were Shuthelah, the family of the Shuthelahites; Becher, the family of the Becherites; and Tahan, the family of the Tahanites. The son of Shuthelah was Eran, the leader of the family of the Eranites. These are the families of Ephraim. Those who were counted were 32,500. These are the sons of Joseph after their families.

[38-41] The sons of Benjamin after their families were Bela, the family of the Belaites; Ashbel, the family of the Ashbelites; Ahiram, the family of the Ahiramites; Shupham, the family of the Shuphamites; and Hupham, the family of the Huphamites. The sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman. Ard was the leader of the family of the Ardites and Naaman was the leader of the family of the Naamites. These are the sons of Benjamin after their families. Those who were counted were 45,600.

[42-43] The son of Dan was Shuham, the leader of the family of the Shuhamites. This is the family of Dan. All the families of the Shuhamites, who were counted were 64,400.

[44-47] The sons of Asher after their families were Imnah, the family of the Imnites; Ishvi, the family of the Ishvites; and Beriah, the family of the Beriites. The sons of Beriah were Heber, the family of the Heberites; and Malchiel, the family of the Malchielites. The name of the daughter of Asher was Serah. These are the families of the people of Asher. Those who were counted were 53,400.

[48-51] The sons of Naphtali after their families were Jahzeel, the family of the Jahzeelites; Guni, the family of the Gunites; Jezer, the family of the Jezerites; and Shillem, the family of the Shillemites. These are the families of Naphtali by their families. Those who were counted were 45,400. So all who were counted of the people of Israel were 601,730.

[52-56] Yahweh told Moses, “The land will be divided to these for their own by the number of their names. Give more land to those who have more, and give less land to those who are fewer. Their land will be given to each by those who were counted. But the land will be divided in parts by the names of the families of their ancestors. Their inheritance will be divided into parts between those who have more and those who have fewer.

[57-60] Those who were counted of the Levites after their families were Gershon, the family of the Gershonites; Kohath, the family of the Kohathites; and Merari, the family of the Merarites. The families of Levi were the family of the Libnites, the family of the Hebronites, the family of the Mahlites, the family of the Mushites, and the family of the Korahites. Kohath became the ancestor of Amram. The name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt: and she had Aaron, Moses, and Miriam, their sister, with Amram. Aaron had Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. Nadab and Abihu died, when they made an unacceptable offering to Yahweh.

[62-65] Those who were counted were 23,000, every male from a month old and up. They weren’t counted among the people of Israel, because nothing was given to them of their own among the people. These are those who were counted by Moses and Eleazar, the preacher, who counted the people in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho. But among these, none of them were counted by Moses and Aaron, the preacher, who counted the people in the countryside of Sinai because Yahweh had said of them, “They’ll die in the countryside.” None of them were left, except Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua, the son of Nun.

Daughters of Zelophehad

27[1-5] Then the daughters of Zelophehad, the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of Manasseh, the son of Joseph, came to Moses. Their names were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. They stood before Moses and Eleazar the preacher, and before the leaders and all the people, at the door of the Meeting Place, and said, “Our father died in the countryside, and wasn’t among the company of those who gathered themselves together against Yahweh in those who were with Korah. He died in his own sin, but he had no sons. Why should the name of our father be taken away from among their family, because he had no son? Give us some land along with our uncles. So Moses asked Yahweh what to do.

[6-11] Yahweh told Moses, “The daughters of Zelophehad speak right. Give them some land of their own along with their uncles; and the inheritance of their father will be given to them. Tell the people of Israel, ‘If someone dies, and has no son, then their inheritance will be given to their daughter. If they have no daughter, then give their inheritance to their brothers. If they have no brothers, then give their inheritance to their uncles. If their father has no brothers, then give their inheritance to their closest kin who’s next to them of their family, and they’ll own it.’”  This is a law and rule to the people of Israel, as Yahweh told Moses.

[12-17] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Go up into this mountain of Abarim, and see the land which I’ve given to the people of Israel. When you’ve seen it, you’ll be gathered to your people, as Aaron, your brother, was gathered; because you rebelled against My word in the countryside of Zin, when the people caused trouble, and you didn’t respect Me at the waters in front of them.” (These are the waters of Meribah of Kadesh in the countryside of Zin.) So Moses told Yahweh, “Let Yahweh, the God of the spirits of all people, set someone over the people, who may go out before them, and come in before them, and who may lead them out, and bring them in; that the people of Yahweh not be as animals which have no keeper.”

[18-23] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Take Joshua, the son of Nun, a person who has the Spirit, and lay your hand on him; and bring him to Eleazar, the preacher, before all the people; and tell him what he is to do in their sight. Put some of your honor on him, so that all the people of Israel may do what he says. He’ll stand before Eleazar, who will ask Yahweh their questions by the Judgment Stones. At his word they’ll go out and come in, both he, and all the people of Israel with him.” So Moses did what Yahweh told him; and he took Joshua, and brought him before Eleazar, and before all the people. He laid hands on him, and told him what Yahweh said for him to do, as Yahweh spoke by Moses.

 

Times and Customs of the Celebrations

28[1-6] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel, ‘My offering, My food for My offerings made by fire, which have a good smell to Me, you’ll offer to Me in their right time.’ Tell them, ‘The offering made by fire which you’ll offer to Yahweh will be one-year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them, two each day, for a continual burnt offering. The first lamb you’ll offer in the morning, and the other lamb you’ll offer at evening; along with the 3 quart jar of finely ground flour for a meal offering, mixed with one fourth of a 5 quart jar of beaten oil. It’s a continual burnt offering, which was first done in Mount Sinai for a good smell, an offering made by fire to Yahweh.

[7-10] The drink offering will be one-fourth of a 5 quart jar for the first lamb. Pour out a drink offering of wine to Yahweh in the holy place. Offer the other lamb at evening like the meal offering of the morning, and the drink offering. Give it as an offering made by fire, a good smell to Yahweh. On the Seventh Day, offer two male lambs, a year-old without anything wrong with them, and two 3 quart jars of finely ground flour for a meal offering, mixed with oil, and the drink offering. This is the burnt offering of every Seventh Day, besides the continual burnt offering, and the drink offering.

[11-15] At the first of your months offer a burnt offering to Yahweh of two young bulls, one male goat, and seven year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them; and three 3 quart jars of finely ground flour for a meal offering, mixed with oil, for each bull; and two 3 quart jars of finely ground flour for a meal offering, mixed with oil, for the first male goat; and a 3 quart jar of finely ground flour mixed with oil for a meal offering for every lamb; for a burnt offering of a good smell, an offering made by fire to Yahweh. Their drink offerings will be half a 5 quart jar of wine for a bull, and one-third of a 5 quart jar for the male goat, and one-fourth of a 5 quart jar for a lamb; this is the burnt offering of every month for each month of the year. Also give one male goat for a sin offering to Yahweh to be offered besides the continual burnt offering, and the drink offering.

[16-24] On the 14th day of the 1st month, is Yahweh’s Passover. On the 15th day of this month will be a feast. For seven days flat bread will be eaten. There will be a sacred assembly on the first day. Do no ordinary work; but give an offering made by fire, a burnt offering to Yahweh. Give two young bulls, one male goat, and seven year-old male lambs, without anything wrong with them; and their meal offering, finely ground flour mixed with oil. Offer three 3 quart jars for a bull, and two 3 quart jars for the male goat; offer a 3 quart jar for each of the seven lambs; and one male goat for a sin offering, to cover your sins. Offer these besides the burnt offering of the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering. Offer daily, for seven days, the food of the offering made by fire, a good smell to Yahweh. It’ll be offered besides the continual burnt offering, and the drink offering.

[25-31] On the 7th day have a sacred assembly and do no ordinary work. Also in the day of the first fruits, when you offer a new meal offering to Yahweh in your Celebration of Weeks, have a sacred assembly and do no ordinary work. But offer a burnt offering for a good smell to Yahweh of two young bulls, one male goat, and seven year-old male lambs; and their meal offering, finely ground flour mixed with oil, three 3 quart jars for each bull, two 3 quart jars for the male goat, a 3 quart jar for each of the seven lambs; and one male goat, to cover your sins. Besides the continual burnt offering, and the meal offering, offer these animals without anything wrong with them, and their drink offerings.

 

A Sacred Assembly

29[1-6] On the 1st day of the 7th month, have a sacred assembly and do no ordinary work. This is a day to celebrate with trumpet blowing. Offer a burnt offering for a good smell to Yahweh of one young bull, one male goat, and seven year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them; and their meal offering of finely ground flour mixed with oil, three 3 quart jars for the bull, two 3 quart jars for the male goat, and one 3 quart jar for each of the seven lambs; and one male goat for a sin offering, to cover your sins; besides the burnt offering of the new moon, and its meal offering, and the continual burnt offering and its meal offering, and their drink offerings, by their rule, for a good smell, an offering made by fire to Yahweh.

[7-11] On the 10th day of this 7th month have a sacred assembly; and be quiet. Do no kind of work; but offer a burnt offering to Yahweh for a good smell of one young bull, one male goat, and seven year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them; and their meal offering of finely ground flour mixed with oil, three 3 quart jars for the bull, two 3 quart jars for the first male goat, a 3 quart jar for each of the seven lambs and one young goat for a sin offering; besides the sin offering for sins to be covered, and the continual burnt offering, and its meal offering, and their drink offerings.

[12-16] On the 15th day of the 7th month have a sacred assembly and do no ordinary work. Keep a celebration to Yahweh for seven days and  offer a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, of a good smell to Yahweh of thirteen young bulls, two male goats, fourteen year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them; and their meal offering of finely ground flour mixed with oil, three 3 quart jars for each of the thirteen bulls, two 3 quart jars for each of the two male goats, and a 3 quart jar for each of the fourteen lambs; and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, its meal offering and drink offering.

[17-19] On the 2nd day offer twelve young bulls, two male goats, and fourteen year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them; their meal offering and drink offerings for the bulls, the male goats, and the lambs, by their number, after the rule; and one male goat for a sin offering; besides the continual burnt offering, its meal offering and drink offerings.

[20-22] On the 3rd day eleven bulls, two male goats, fourteen year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them; and their meal offering and drink offerings for the bulls, the male goats, and the lambs, by their number, after the rule; and one male goat for a sin offering; besides the continual burnt offering, and its meal offering and drink offering.

[23-25] On the 4th day ten bulls, two male goats, fourteen year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them; their meal offering and drink offerings for the bulls, the male goats, and the lambs, by their number, after the rule; and one male goat for a sin offering; besides the continual burnt offering, its meal offering and drink offering.

[26-28] On the 5th day nine bulls, two male goats, fourteen year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them; and their meal offering and drink offerings for the bulls, the male goats, and the lambs, by their number, after the rule; and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, and its meal offering and drink offering.

[29-31] On the 6th day eight bulls, two male goats, fourteen year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them; and their meal offering and drink offerings for the bulls, the male goats, and the lambs, by their number, after the rule; and one male goat for a sin offering; besides the continual burnt offering, its meal offering and drink offerings.

[32-34] On the 7th day seven bulls, two male goats, fourteen year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them; and their meal offering and drink offerings for the bulls, the male goats, and the lambs, by their number, after the rule; and one male goat for a sin offering; besides the continual burnt offering, its meal offering and drink offering.

[35-38] On the 8th day have a sacred assembly and do no ordinary work. Offer a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a good smell to Yahweh of one bull, one male goat, seven year-old male lambs without anything wrong with them; their meal offering and drink offerings for the bull, the male goat, and the lambs, by their number, after the rule: and one male goat for a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, and its meal offering and drink offering.

[39-40] Offer these to Yahweh in your set celebrations, besides your promises and freewill offerings, for your burnt offerings, meal offerings, drink offerings, and peace offerings.’” So Moses told the people of Israel all that Yahweh had told him.

 

Don’t Break Your Word to God

30[1-5] Moses told the leaders of the families of the people of Israel, “This is what Yahweh has said. When a man makes a promise to Yahweh, or makes a promise to bind his soul with a bond, he won’t break his word; He’ll do whatever he says. Also when a woman makes a promise to Yahweh, and binds herself by a bond, being in her father’s house, in her youth, and her father hears her promise, and her bond with which she has bound her soul, and her father doesn’t say anything to her; then all her promises will stand, and every bond with which she has bound her soul will stand. But if her father hears it and won’t allow it, none of her promises, or her bonds with which she has bound her soul, will stand. Yahweh will forgive her, because her father wouldn’t allow her to do it.

[6-12] If she’s married to a husband, while her promises are on her, or has said something rashly, with which she has bound her soul, and her husband hears it, and doesn’t say anything to her when he hears it; then her promises will stand, and her bonds with which she has bound her soul will stand. But if her husband doesn’t allow her to do it when he hears it, then he’ll undo her promise which is on her, and what she said rashly, with which she has bound her soul. Yahweh will forgive her. But everything a widow, or a divorced woman promises, with which she has bound her soul will stand against her.

[10-13] If she made a promise in her husband’s house, or bound her soul by a bond with a promise, and her husband heard it, and didn’t say anything to her, and didn’t undo it; then all her promises will stand, and every bond with which she bound her soul will stand. But if her husband didn’t allow it when he heard it, then whatever she said about her promises, or the bond of her soul, won’t stand because her husband has undone them. Yahweh will forgive her. Every binding promise that she says, her husband may keep it or undo it.

[14-16] But if her husband never says anything to her from day to day, then he accepts all her promises, or bonds, which are on her. He has agreed to them, because he hasn’t said anything to her when he heard it. But if he doesn’t accept them when he’s heard them, then he’ll be guilty of her fault.” These are the laws, which Yahweh told Moses, between a man and his wife, between a father and his daughter, being in her youth, in her father’s house.

 

Israel Goes to War Against Midian

31[1-5] Yahweh told Moses, “Take revenge on the Midianites for the people of Israel and afterward you’ll die and go to your people.” Moses told the people, “Get your men ready for war, to go against Midian, to punish Midian for Yahweh. Of every family throughout all the families of Israel, you’ll send 1,000 to the war. So there were 1,000 from each family, 12,000 armed for war out of the people of Israel.”

[6-8] Moses sent them to the war, 1,000 out of every family, them and Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the preacher, to the war with the tools of the Place of Worship and the trumpets to blow the alarm. They fought against Midian, as Yahweh had told Moses; and they killed every male. They killed the rulers of Midian with the rest of those who were killed. Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, and Reba, the five rulers of Midian were all killed. They also killed Balaam, the son of Beor, in the war.

[9-12] The people of Israel took prisoner the women and children of Midian; and took all their tame animals and flocks, and all their goods for a reward. They burnt all the cities and other places they lived. They took all the rewards of war, both human and animal. They brought the prisoners, and all the rewards to Moses, Eleazar, the preacher, and to the people of Israel, to the camp at the plains of Moab, by the Jordan River at Jericho.

[13-18] Moses, Eleazar, the preacher, and all the leaders of the people went out to meet them outside the camp. Moses was angry with the officers of the family groups, the captains of 1,000’s and the captains of 100’s, who came from the work of the war. Moses said to them, “Why have you saved all the women alive? They’ve caused the people of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to do wrong to Yahweh in the matter of Peor, and so the trouble started among the people of Yahweh. So kill every male child, and kill every woman who has had sex before. But all the girls, who have not had sex, keep alive for yourselves.

[19-24] Whoever has killed any person, or touched any that were killed stay outside the camp for seven days. Wash yourselves on the third and seventh day, both you and your prisoners. Wash all your clothes, leather, works of goats’ hair, and everything made of wood. Eleazar, the preacher, said to the men of war who went to battle, “This is the rule of the law which Yahweh has told Moses, but the gold, silver,  brass, iron, tin, and lead, everything that can stand fire, pass through fire, and it’ll be fit. Then wash it. Everything that can’t withstand fire, wash with water. Wash your clothes on the seventh day, and you’ll be fit; and then come back to camp.”

[25-31] Yahweh told Moses, “You, Eleazar, the preacher, and all the leaders of the people count everything that was taken, both human and animal. Divide it in half between the men of war, who went out to battle, and all the people. Take a tax for Yahweh of the men of war who went out to battle of one for each 500, of the people, bulls, donkeys, and flocks. Take it out of their half, and give it to Eleazar, the preacher, for Yahweh’s wave offering. Of the people of Israel’s half, take one out of every 50, of the people, bulls, donkeys, and flocks, out of all the tame animals, and give them to the Levites, who take care of the Place of Worship of Yahweh.” So Moses and Eleazar did as Yahweh told Moses.

[32-41] Now everything which the men of war took, was 675,000 sheep, 72,000 bulls, 61,000 donkeys, and 32,000 persons in all, of the young girls who had not had sex with anyone. The half, which was the rule of those who went out to war, was numbered 337,500 sheep and Yahweh’s tax of the sheep was 675. The bulls were 36,000 of which Yahweh’s tax was 72. The donkeys were 30,500 of which Yahweh’s tax was 61. The persons were 16,000 of whom Yahweh’s tax was 32 persons. Moses gave the tax, which was Yahweh’s wave offering, to Eleazar, the preacher, as Yahweh had told Moses.

[42-50] Of the people of Israel’s half, which Moses divided from the men who fought, (the people’s half was 337,500 sheep, 36,000 bulls, 30,500 donkeys, and 16,000 persons), Moses took one out of every 50, both human and animal, and gave them to the Levites, who kept the charge of the Place of Worship of Yahweh as Yahweh had told Moses. The officers who were over the 1,000’s of the family groups, the captains of 1,000’s, and the captains of 100’s, came to Moses; and said, “We’ve counted the men of war who are under our charge, and no one is missing. We’ve brought Yahweh an offering from what everyone has gotten of all the gold jewelry, arm bracelets, bracelets, rings, earrings, and necklaces, to cover our sins for our souls before Yahweh.

[51-54] So Moses and Eleazar, the preacher, took all the gold jewelry from them. All the gold of the wave offering that they offered up to Yahweh, of the captains of 1,000’s, and the captains of 100’s, was worth $16,750. (For the men of war had each taken a reward for themselves.) Moses and Eleazar took the gold of the captains of 1,000’s and 100’s, and brought it into the Meeting Place as a reminder for the people of Israel before Yahweh.

 

Caleb and Joshua Blessed

32[1-5] Now the people of Reuben and Gad had very many tame animals and when they saw that the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead was a perfect place for tame animals, they came and told Moses, Eleazar, the preacher, and the leaders of the people, “Ataroth, Dibon, Jazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Elealeh, Sebam, Nebo, and Beon, all the land which Yahweh attacked with the people of Israel, is a land for tame animals; and we have many tame animals. If we’ve pleased you, let this land be given to us for our own; and don’t bring us over the Jordan.”

[6-9] So Moses said to the people of Gad and Reuben, “Will your brothers go to the war, and you stay here? Why do you discourage the heart of the people of Israel from going over into the land which Yahweh has given them? Your ancestors did that, when I sent them from Kadesh Barnea to see the land. When they went up to the valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the people of Israel, so that they wouldn’t go into the land which Yahweh had given them.

[10-15] Yahweh was angry that day, and promised, ‘Surely none of the men who came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and up, will see the land which I promised to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; because they haven’t wholly followed Me except for Caleb, the son of Jephunneh, the Kenizzite, and Joshua, the son of Nun; Only they had wholly followed Yahweh. Then Yahweh was angry at Israel, and made them wander all over the countryside for forty years, until all that generation, who had done evil in the sight of Yahweh, had died. And now you have risen up in your ancestors’ place, the children of sinful men, to add to the great anger of Yahweh toward Israel. If you turn away from following Yahweh, God will yet again leave them in the countryside; and destroy all these people.”

[16-19] They stepped up and said, “We’ll build sheepfolds here for our tame animals, and cities for our children, but we ourselves will be armed and ready to go before the people of Israel, until we’ve brought them to their place, and our children will live in the fenced cities because of the people of the land. We won’t go back to our houses, until the people of Israel have each gotten what will be theirs. We won’t get anything with them on the other side of the Jordan, and forward; because we’ve gotten this land on this side of the Jordan eastward.”

[20-24] So Moses said to them, “If you’ll do this, and arm yourselves to go before Yahweh to war, and every armed man will pass over the Jordan before Yahweh, until all God’s enemies are driven out of the land, and the land is under Yahweh’s control; then afterward you’ll go back, and not be guilty toward Yahweh, and toward Israel; and this land will be yours before Yahweh. But if you don’t do it, you’ve sinned against Yahweh; and you can be sure your sin will be known. Build towns for your children and folds for your sheep; and do what you’ve said.”

[25-27] So the people of Gad and Reuben told Moses, “We’ll do as you say. Our children, our wives, our flocks, and all our tame animals, will be there in the cities of Gilead; but everyone who’s armed for war will pass over before Yahweh to battle, as you say.”

[28-32] So Moses gave orders concerning them to Eleazar, the preacher, Joshua, the son of Nun, and to the leaders of the family groups of the people of Israel. Moses said to them, “If the people of Gad and Reuben will pass with you over the Jordan, everyone who’s armed for battle, before Yahweh, and the land is taken under your control; then give them the land of Gilead for their own; but if they won’t pass over with you armed, they’ll have land among you in the land of Canaan. The people of Gad and Reuben answered, “We’ll do as Yahweh has said. We’ll pass over armed before Yahweh into the land of Canaan, and whatever we own will stay with us beyond the Jordan.

[33-39] Moses gave to the people of Gad and Reuben, and to half the family of Manasseh, the son of Joseph, the realm of Sihon, ruler of the Amorites, and the realm of Og, ruler of Bashan, the land by its cities and all the land around them. The people of Gad built Dibon, Ataroth, Aroer, Atrothshophan, Jazer, Jogbehah, Beth Nimrah, and Beth Haran; all fenced cities, and folds for sheep. The people of Reuben built Heshbon, Elealeh, Kiriathaim, Nebo, and Baal Meon, (their names being changed), and Sibmah, and they gave new names to the cities which they built. The people of Machir, the son of Manasseh, went to Gilead, and took it from the Amorites who were in it.

[40-42] Moses gave Gilead to Machir, the son of Manasseh; and he lived in it. Jair, the son of Manasseh, went and took its small towns, and called them Havvoth Jair. Nobah went and took Kenath and its towns, and called it Nobah, after his own name.

 

The Travels of Israel

33[1-4] These are the travels of the people of Israel, when they left the land of Egypt by their family groups under the hand of Moses and Aaron. Moses wrote of their travels by the word of Yahweh and these are their travels. They left from Rameses on the 15th day of the 1st  month. On the next day after the Passover, the people of Israel went out with power in the sight of all the Egyptians, while the Egyptians were burying all their firstborn, whom Yahweh had killed among them. Yahweh punished their gods also.

[5-9] The people of Israel left from Rameses and stayed in Succoth. They left from there and stayed in Etham, which is in the edge of the countryside. They left from there and turned back to Pihahiroth, which is near Baal Zephon. Then they stayed at Migdol. They left from Hahiroth, and passed through the middle of the sea into the countryside and went three days into the countryside of Etham, and stayed in Marah. They left from there and came to Elim, where there were twelve pools of water and 70 palm trees, and stayed there.

[10-14] They left from there and stayed by the Red Sea. They left from there and stayed in the countryside of Sin. They left from there and stayed in Dophkah. They left from there and stayed in Alush. They left from there and stayed in Rephidim, where there was no water for the people to drink.

[15-26] They left from there and stayed in the countryside of Sinai. They left from there and stayed in Kibroth Hattaavah. They left from there and stayed in Hazeroth. They left from there and stayed in Rithmah. They left from there and stayed in Rimmon Perez. They left from there and stayed in Libnah. They left from there and stayed in Rissah. They left from there and stayed in Kehelathah. They left from there and stayed in Mount Shepher. They left from there and stayed in Haradah. They left from there and stayed in Makheloth. They left from there and stayed in Tahath.

[27-37] They left from there and stayed in Terah. They left from there and stayed in Mithkah. They left from there and stayed in Hashmonah. They left from there and stayed in Moseroth. They left from there and stayed in Bene Jaakan. They left from there and stayed in Hor Haggidgad. They left from there and stayed in Jotbathah. They left from there and stayed in Ebronah. They left from there and stayed in Ezion Geber. They left from there and stayed in the countryside of Zin (which is Kadesh). They left from there and stayed in Mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom.

[38-39] Aaron the preacher went up into Mount Hor at the word of Yahweh, and died there, in the 40th year after the people of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, on the 1st day of the 5th month. Aaron was 123 years old when he died in Mount Hor.

[40-49] The Canaanite ruler of Arad, who lived in the South in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the people of Israel. They left from Mount Hor, and stayed in Zalmonah. They left from there and stayed in Punon. They left from there and stayed in Oboth. They left from there and stayed in the Ruins of Abarim, in the border of Moab. They left from there, and stayed in Dibon Gad. They left from there and stayed in Almon Diblathaim. They left from there and stayed in the mountains of Abarim, near Nebo. They left from there and stayed in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho. They stayed by the Jordan, from Beth Jesthemoth even to Abel Shittim in the plains of Moab.

[50-56] Yahweh told Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, “Tell the people of Israel when you pass over the Jordan into the land of Canaan, drive out all the people of the land from before you, and destroy all their false gods of stone and metals, and destroy all their places of worship. Take the land and live in it because I’ve given you the land to own. You’ll inherit the land in parts by your families; to the more you’ll give more land, and to the fewer you’ll give less land. Wherever the Judgment Stones falls to anyone, that land will be theirs and you’ll inherit by the families of your ancestors. But if you don’t drive out the people of the land from before you, then those who you let stay will be as splinters in your eyes, and as thorns in your sides, and they’ll trouble you in the land in which you live. And as I thought to do to them, I’ll do to you.”

 

The Land of Canaan

34[1-5] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel, “When you come into the land of Canaan (this is the land that will fall to you for your own, even the land of Canaan to its edges), then your south quarter will be from the countryside of Zin along by the side of Edom, and your south border will be from the end of the Salt Sea eastward; and your border will turn about southward of the ascent of Akrabbim, and pass along to Zin; and its end will be southward of Kadesh Barnea; and it’ll go to Hazar Addar, and pass along to Azmon; and the border will turn from Azmon to the river of Egypt, and its end will be at the sea.

[6-12] For the western border, you’ll have the Great Sea and its border, which will be your west border. Your north border will be from the Great Sea to Mount Hor; and from Mount Hor to the entrance of Hamath; and the end of the border will be at Zedad; and the border will go to Ziphron, and its end will be at Hazar Enan, which will be your north border. Mark off your east border from Hazar Enan to Shepham; and the border will go down from Shepham to Riblah, on the east side of Ain; and the border will go down, and will reach to the side of the Sea of Chinnereth eastward; and the border will go down to the Jordan, and its end will be at the Salt Sea. This will be the borders of your land.”

[13-15] Moses told the people of Israel, “This is the land which you’ll inherit in parts, which Yahweh has said to give to the nine and a half families left; for the family groups of the people of Reuben and Gad by their families, have gotten their land, along with half the family of Manasseh. These two and half family groups have gotten their inheritance beyond the Jordan at Jericho eastward, toward the east.”

[16-29] Yahweh told Moses, “Eleazar, the preacher, and Joshua, the son of Nun, will divide the land to you for your inheritance. Take one leader of every family, to divide the land for inheritance.” These are the names of the leaders: Of the family of Judah, Caleb, the son of Jephunneh. Of the family of the people of Simeon, Shemuel, the son of Ammihud. Of the family of Benjamin, Elidad, the son of Chislon. Of the family of the people of Dan, Bukki, the son of Jogli. Of the people of Joseph: of the family of the people of Manasseh, Hanniel, the son of Ephod. Of the family of the people of Ephraim, Kemuel, the son of Shiphtan. Of the family of the people of Zebulun, Elizaphan, the son of Parnach. Of the family of the people of Issachar, Paltiel, the son of Azzan. Of the family of the people of Asher, Ahihud, the son of Shelomi. Of the family of the people of Naphtali, Pedahel, the son of Ammihud. These are those who Yahweh told to divide the inheritance to the people of Israel in the land of Canaan.

 

The Levite Cities of Refuge

35[1-5] Yahweh told Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, “Tell the people of Israel to give to the Levites cities out of their inheritance to live in with the land around them. The cities and the land they’ll have to live in will be for all their animals, and for all they have. The land of the cities, which you’ll give to the Levites, will be from the wall of the city and outward 1500’ around. Measure outside of the city for each side 3,000’, the city being in the middle. This will be the land of the cities.

[6-8] The cities which you’ll give to the Levites, will be the six cities of refuge, which will be for the murderer to run to, and besides them you’ll give 42 more cities. All the cities which you’ll give to the Levites will be 48 cities with their land. As far as the cities which you’ll give out of what the people of Israel own, from the most people you’ll take many cities; and from the least people you’ll take fewer cities. Everyone by their inheritance which they get will give of their cities to the Levites.”

[9-15] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel, ‘When you pass over the Jordan into the land of Canaan, then set apart cities to be cities of refuge for you, that whoever kills a person by accident may go there. The cities will be to you for refuge from anyone who would seek revenge, so that the murderer won’t die, until they’re judged by the people. The cities which you’ll give will be for you six cities of refuge. Give three cities beyond the Jordan, and three cities in the land of Canaan, which will be the cities of refuge. These six cities will be a refuge for the people of Israel, and for anyone else living among them, so that whoever kills anyone by accident may go there.

[16-21] But if they’ve hit the victim with an iron tool, so that the person died, they’re a murderer and the murderer must be put to death. If they’ve hit them with a stone in the hand, by which someone died, they’re a murderer and the murderer must be put to death. Or if they’ve hit them with a wooden weapon, by which someone died, they’re a murderer and the murderer must be put to death. Whoever wants revenge for their blood will put the murderer to death when they find them. If they pushed them out of hatred, or threw something at them, planning it ahead of time, so that the victim died, or hit them with their hand as an enemy, so that they died; the one who hit them must be put to death. They’re a murderer, so whoever wants revenge for their blood will put the murderer to death, when they find them.

[22-28] If they pushed them suddenly and wasn’t an enemy, or threw something at them without planning it, or threw a stone, not seeing them, so that the victim died, and they weren’t their enemy, nor meant to hurt them; then the people will judge between the murderer and whoever wants revenge for their blood by these rules. The people will save the murderer from the one who wants revenge for their blood, and the people will restore them to their city of refuge, to where they’ve gone. They’ll live in it until the death of the leading preacher, who was anointed with the holy oil. But if the murderer goes at any time beyond the border of the city of refuge, to where they’ve gone, and the one who wants revenge for blood finds them outside of the border of the city of refuge, and they kill the murderer; they won’t be guilty of blood, because the murderer should have stayed in the city of refuge until the death of the leading preacher. But after the death of the leading preacher, the murderer will go back into their own land.

[29-34] These things will be for a law and a rule to you forever in all the places you live. Whoever kills any person, the murderer will be killed at the word of witnesses, but one witness won’t testify against any person to make them die. And don’t take any fine of money for the life of a murderer who’s guilty of death; but they must be put to death. Don’t take any fine of money for those who’ve gone to a city of refuge, so that they may come again to live in their own land, until the death of the preacher. Don’t pollute the land in which you are, for blood makes the land unfit; and the land can’t be cleansed of the blood that’s shed in it, but by the blood of the one who shed it. Don’t make the land unfit which you live in and in which I live. I, Yahweh, live among the people of Israel.

 

Daughters of Zelophehad

36[1-4] The leaders of the family groups of the people of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of the sons of Joseph, came and spoke before Moses, and before the leaders of the family groups of the people of Israel and said, “Yahweh told you to give a part of the land for inheritance to the people of Israel and you were told by Yahweh to give the inheritance of Zelophehad, our brother, to his daughters. If they’re married to any of the sons of the other families of the people of Israel, then their inheritance will be taken away from the inheritance of our ancestors, and will be added to the inheritance of the family they belong to, so it will be taken away from our inheritance. When the jubilee of the people of Israel comes, then their inheritance will be added to the inheritance of the family in which they belong, so their inheritance will be taken away from the inheritance of the family of our ancestors.”

[5-9] Moses told the people of Israel by the word of Yahweh, “The family of the sons of Joseph speaks right. This is what Yahweh says to the daughters of Zelophehad, “Let them be married to whom they think best; only into the family of one of the family members of their ancestors. So nothing of their own of the people of Israel will go out from family to family; for the people of Israel will keep the inheritance of the family of their ancestors. Every daughter, who has an inheritance in any family of the people of Israel, will be married to one of the family members of her ancestors, that the people of Israel may keep the inheritance of their ancestors. So nothing of their own will go out from one family to another family; for the families of the people of Israel will keep their own inheritance.”

[10-13] The daughters of Zelophehad did as Yahweh told Moses. Mahlah, Tirzah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Noah, the daughters of Zelophehad, were married to their cousins. They were married into the families of the sons of Manasseh, the son of Joseph; and their inheritance stayed in the family of their ancestors. These are the words and the rules which Yahweh told to the people of Israel by Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho.

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