The Exodus (Going Out) 2nd draft 2014


The Israelites in Egypt

1[1-6] The names of the people of Israel who came to Egypt, each with his family, were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. So Jacob had 70 descendants in all in Egypt, counting Joseph, who was already there. Later, Joseph, all of his brothers, and that generation all died.

[7-10] But the people of Israel had many descendants, becoming so great that they became very powerful and filled the land. Then a new ruler came to power in Egypt who didn’t know Joseph. He said to the people, “Look, the people of Israel are more than us and are stronger than we are. Let us deal with them quickly before they grow much more. If war breaks out, they may join our enemies and fight against us, and leave the country.”

[11-14] So the Egyptians put bosses over them to make them be their workers. They forced them to build for the ruler of Egypt the supply cities of Pithom and Rameses. But the more the Egyptians made them work, the more children the Israelites had, and the Egyptians worried about them becoming too strong. So the Egyptians made the people of Israel work very hard. They made their lives very hard with all the work, making them mix mortar and make bricks and do all kinds of work in the fields. They made them work very hard.

[15-17] Then the ruler of Egypt told the Israelite midwives, Shiphrah and Puah, “When you help the Israelite women and see them having their babies, if it’s a boy, kill him; but if it’s a girl, let her live.” But the midwives loved God, so they didn’t do what he told them to do, and let the boys live, too.

[18-22] So the ruler of Egypt called the midwives, asking, “Why did you do this and let the boys live?” So they said, “The Israelite women aren’t like the Egyptian women. They’re stronger and have their babies before we get there.” So God was good to the midwives, and the Israelites kept growing more and more powerful. And because the midwives loved God, they were given families of their own. Then the ruler of Egypt told all the people, “Throw every Israelite baby boy into the Nile River, but let the girls live.”

The Birth of Moses

2[1-4] Then a man and woman from the family of Levi got married. Later, the woman became pregnant and gave birth to a son. When she saw how beautiful he was, she kept him hidden for three months. But when she couldn’t hide him anymore, she got a basket made of reeds and coated it with tar to waterproof it. Then she put the baby in the basket and put it in the reeds on the bank of the Nile River. The baby’s older sister stood a little way off, watching to see what would happen to him.

[5-10] Soon the ruler of Egypt’s daughter came down to bathe in the river. Her helpers were walking along the riverbank, and when the princess saw the basket among the reeds, she sent one of them to get it for her. When she opened it, she saw the baby was crying and felt sorry for him, “This is one of the Israelite children.” Then the baby’s sister came to the princess and asked, “Should I go and find one of the Israelite women to nurse the baby for you?” So the princess said, “Yes, go.” So the girl went and called the baby’s mother. The princess told the baby’s mother, “Take this baby and breastfeed him for me and I’ll pay you.” So the woman took her baby home and nursed him. Then later, when the boy was weaned, his mother brought him back to the ruler of Egypt’s daughter, who adopted him as her own son. The princess named him Moses, saying “Because I took him out of the water.”

Moses Kills a Man

[11-15] When Moses was grown he went out to visit his own people, the Israelites, and he saw how hard they had to work. Then he saw an Egyptian beating one of the Israelites. After looking around and seeing that no one was watching, Moses killed the Egyptian and hid the body in the sand. The next day, when Moses went out again, he saw two Israelite men fighting with each other. So Moses said to the one who had done the wrong, ”Why are you hitting your friend?” Then the man said, “Who made you our ruler and judge? Are you going to kill me as you killed that Egyptian yesterday?” Then Moses was scared and said, “What I did is known for sure.” Then when the ruler of Egypt heard what had happened, he tried to kill Moses. But Moses ran away from him and went to live in the land of Midian. When Moses got to Midian, he sat down beside a well.

[16-20] Now the preacher of Midian had seven daughters who came to draw water and fill the water troughs for their father’s flocks. But some shepherds came and tried to chase them away, so Moses stood up and helped the girls and watered their flocks. When the girls went home to Reuel, their father, he asked, “Why are you back so soon today?” And they said, “An Egyptian saved us from the shepherds, and then drew water for us and watered our flocks.” So he asked his daughters, “Where is he? Why did you leave him there? Go tell him to come and eat with us.”

[21-25] Then Moses decided to settle there and live with him. He gave Moses his daughter Zipporah to be his wife. Later she gave birth to a son, and Moses named him Gershom, saying, “I’ve been a stranger in a foreign land.” As time passed, the ruler of Egypt died. But the Israelites groaned because of their hard work. They prayed for help, and their cry came up to God because of their hard work. God heard their groaning, and remembered the promise to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. So God watched over the people of Israel and listened to them.

Moses and the Burning Bush

3[1-3] One day Moses was keeping the flock of his father-in-law, Jethro, the preacher of Midian, and led the flock far into the desert and came to Sinai, the mountain of God. Then the Angel of Yahweh appeared to him in a flaming fire from the middle of a bush. Moses looked, and the bush was burning with fire, but it wasn’t burnt up. So Moses said, “I’ve got to go see this amazing thing, and see why the bush isn’t burnt up.”

[4-6] When Yahweh saw that Moses came to take a look, God called to him from the middle of the bush, “Moses! Moses!” Then Moses said, “Here I am!”  Then Yahweh warned, “Don’t come any closer. Take your sandals off from your feet. You’re standing on holy ground. I Am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” Then Moses covered his face because he was afraid to look at God.

[7-10] Then Yahweh told him, “I’ve seen the suffering of My people in Egypt. I’ve heard their cries because of those who make them work so hard. I know their sorrows. So I’ve come down to save them from the power of the Egyptians and to lead them out of Egypt into a good and large land. It’s a land full of milk and honey, the land where the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites now live. Look! The cry of the people of Israel has come to Me, and I’ve seen how badly the Egyptians abuse them. So come, I’m sending you to the ruler of Egypt so that you may bring My people Israel out of Egypt.”

[11-15] But Moses argued with God, asking, “Who am I that I should go to the ruler of Egypt, and that I should bring the people of Israel out of Egypt?” Then God answered, “I’ll be with you, without a doubt. And this will be the sign that I’ve sent you: When you’ve brought the people out of Egypt, you’ll worship Me on this very mountain.” But Moses argued, “If I go to the people of Israel and tell them, ‘The God of your ancestors has sent me to you, they’ll ask me, ‘What’s God’s name?’ Then what should I tell them?” So God told Moses, “I Am Who I Am (Yahweh). Say this to the people of Israel: I Am (Yahweh) has sent me to you.” Then God said to Moses, “Say this to the people of Israel: Yahweh (I Am), the God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you. This is My Name forever, and My Name is to be remembered by all generations.

[16-18] Now go and call together all the leaders of Israel and tell them, ‘Yahweh, God of your ancestors, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, has appeared to me and told me, “I’ve visited you, without a doubt, and seen what’s been done to you in Egypt. And I’ve said that I’d bring you out of the suffering of Egypt to the land, where the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites now live, to a land full of milk and honey.’ Then the leaders of Israel will listen to you, and you and the leaders will go to the ruler of Egypt and tell him, ‘Yahweh, God of the Israelites, has met with us. So please let us travel into the countryside for three days to offer sacrifices to Yahweh, our God.’

[19-22] But I know that the ruler of Egypt won’t let you go, no, not even by great strength. So I’ll raise My hand and hit Egypt with all the amazing things I will do. Then, after that, he’ll let you go. And I’ll cause the Egyptians to show kindness toward you. Then when you go, you won’t go empty-handed. Tell every Israelite woman to ask her Egyptian neighbors, namely, the women near their houses for things of silver and gold and fine clothing. Put them on your sons and daughters, taking the Egyptians riches.”

Signs of God’s Power

4[1-5] But Moses argued again, “What if they won’t believe me or listen to me? What if they say, ‘Yahweh hasn’t appeared to you?’” So Yahweh asked him, “What’s that in your hand?” And Moses said, “A walking stick.” Then Yahweh told him, “Throw it down on the ground.” So Moses threw it down, and it turned into a snake and Moses ran from it. Then Yahweh told Moses, “Reach out and take it by the tail.” So Moses reached out and caught it, and it became a walking stick with him again. “Do this so they’ll believe that Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, really has appeared to you.”

[6-9] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Now put your hand in your coat.” So Moses put his hand in his coat, and when he took it out again, his hand had a severe skin disease and was as white as snow. Then Yahweh said, “Now put your hand back in your coat.” So Moses put his hand back in his coat, and when he took it out again, it was healed just like the rest of his body. Then Yahweh said to Moses, “If they don’t believe you and won’t pay attention to the first sign, they may believe the second sign. And if they don’t believe you or listen to you even after these two signs, then take some water from the Nile River and pour it on the dry land. The water which you take from the river will turn to blood on the dry land.”

[10-13] But Moses begged Yahweh, “But God, I’m not very good with words, neither before, nor since You talked to me. I’m slow with words, and my tongue gets tied.” Then Yahweh asked Moses, “Who makes a person’s mouth? Who makes people not talk or hear, see or not see? Is it not I, Yahweh? Now go! I’ll be with you when you speak, and I’ll tell you what to say.” But Moses begged again, “But God, please, can’t You send someone else, anyone but me.”

[14-17] Then Yahweh God became angry with Moses and said, “Isn’t Aaron, the Levite, your brother? I know he speaks well. He’ll come out to meet you. When he sees you, he’ll be very happy. Talk to him, and tell him what to say. I’ll be with both of you when you speak, and I’ll tell you what to do. Aaron will speak to the people for you. He’ll talk for you, and you’ll be like God to him. And take your walking stick with you, which you’ll use to do the signs.”

Moses Goes back to Egypt

[18-20] So Moses went back home to Jethro, his father-in-law and said to him, “Please let me go back to my relatives in Egypt, and see if they’re still alive.” So Jethro said, “Go in peace.” Then Yahweh said to Moses in Midian, “Go back to Egypt because all those who wanted to kill you are dead.” So Moses took his wife and sons, and put them on a donkey, and went back to the land of Egypt. And Moses took the walking stick of God with him.

[21-23] Then Yahweh told Moses, “When you get to Egypt, make sure to do all the amazing things I’ve given you power to do in front of the ruler of Egypt. But I’ll harden his heart so he won’t let the people go. Then you’ll tell him, ‘Yahweh says, Israel is like My firstborn. So I tell you, “Let My people go, so they can worship Me.” But if you don’t let them go, I’ll kill your child, your firstborn!’”

[24-26] On the way to Egypt, at a place where Moses and his family had stopped for the night, Yahweh met him and tried to kill him. But Moses’ wife, Zipporah, took a sharp stone and cut off the foreskin of her son and threw it at Moses’ and said, “Now, you’re a husband with blood on your hands!”  So Yahweh let him go. Then Zipporah said, “You’re a husband with blood on your hands!” because she had to cut the foreskin off her son.

[27-31] Now Yahweh said to Aaron, “Go out into the countryside to meet Moses.” So Aaron went and met Moses at the mountain of God, and kissed him. So Moses told Aaron all the words of Yahweh, who had sent him, and all the signs Yahweh had told him. Then Moses and Aaron went and called all the leaders of the people of Israel together. Aaron told them everything Yahweh had told Moses, and Moses did the signs as they watched. So the people of Israel believed and when they heard that Yahweh had visited them and had seen their suffering, they bowed their heads and worshiped.

Moses and Aaron Speak to the Ruler of Egypt

5[1-5] After this, Moses and Aaron went and told the ruler of Egypt, “This is what Yahweh, God of Israel, says, ‘Let My people go so they may hold a feast to Me in the countryside.” And the ruler of Egypt said, “And who’s Yahweh that I should do this and let Israel go? I don’t know Yahweh, and I won’t let Israel go.” But they said, “The God of the Israelites has met with us, so please let us go into the countryside for three days so we can offer sacrifices to Yahweh, our God, or we’ll be killed with a disease or murdered.” But the ruler of Egypt said, “Moses and Aaron, why are you taking the people from their work? Get back to work! Look, there are many people in the land now, and you’re making them rest from their work.”

Making Bricks Without Straw

[6-9] That same day the ruler of Egypt told the Egyptian bosses and the Israelite bosses, “Don’t give them any more straw for making bricks. Let them go and get it for themselves! But make them bring the same number of bricks as before. Don’t take anything less. They’re lazy, so they cry out, ‘Let us go and offer sacrifices to our God.’ Give them more work and make them work harder so they won’t listen to these lies!”

[10-14] So the Egyptian bosses and the Israelite bosses went out and told the people, “The ruler of Egypt says, ‘I won’t give you any more straw. Go and get the straw wherever you can find it, but make as many bricks as before!’” So the people went all over the land of Egypt in search of stubble for straw. And the bosses made them hurry, “Get your work done, just as you did when there was straw!” Then the Israelite bosses that they had put in charge of the workers were beaten and were asked, “Why haven’t you gotten your work done either yesterday or today?”

[15-18] So the Israelite bosses went to the ruler of Egypt and begged him, “Why are you doing this to us? We’re given no straw, but the bosses still tell us, ‘Make bricks!’ We’re being beaten, but it’s your own people’s fault!” But the ruler of Egypt shouted, “You people are lazy! Lazy! So you say, ‘Let us go and offer sacrifices to Yahweh.’ Now get to work! No straw will be given to you, but you’ll still make the full number of bricks.”

[19-23] The Israelite bosses saw that they were in trouble when they were told, “Still make the full number of bricks each day.” Then as they left the ruler of Egypt, they met Moses and Aaron, who were waiting for them. They said to them, “May Yahweh judge you for making the ruler of Egypt and our Egyptian bosses hate us. You’ve given them a reason to kill us!” Then Moses went back to Yahweh and argued, “God, why have You brought all this trouble on Your people? Why did You send me? Ever since I came to the ruler of Egypt to speak in Your Name, he’s been worse to Your people, and You haven’t saved Your people at all!”

The Israelites are Saved

6[1-5] Then Yahweh told Moses, “Now you’ll see what I’ll do to the ruler of Egypt. With force, he’ll let them go. With force, he’ll drive them out of his land!” And God said to Moses, “I Am Yahweh God.’ I appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as El-Shaddai, ‘God, Ruler of All Creation’, but I wasn’t known by My Name, Yahweh, to them. I promised them I would give them the land of Canaan, where they were living as foreigners. I’ve heard the groans of the people of Israel, who the Egyptians make work so hard, and I remember My promise to them.

[6-9] ”So say to the people of Israel, ‘I Am Yahweh. I’ll free you from your suffering by the Egyptians, and will save you from the hard work they make you do. I’ll save you with great power and great judgments. I’ll take you as My own people, and I’ll be your God. Then you’ll know that I Am Yahweh, your God, who has freed you from your hard work in Egypt. I’ll bring you into the land I promised to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. I’ll give it to you as your own. I Am Yahweh!’” So Moses told the people of Israel this, but they wouldn’t listen because their spirits were made hopeless by the hard work.

[10-13] Then Yahweh said to Moses, ”Go back to the ruler of Egypt, and tell him to let the people of Israel go out of his land.” But Moses argued, “But God, my own people won’t listen to me, so why would the ruler of Egypt listen to me? I can’t speak well!” But Yahweh spoke to Moses and Aaron and gave them an order for the Israelites and for the ruler of Egypt, to lead the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt.

The Ancestors of Moses and Aaron

[14] These are the leaders of the families of Israel: The sons of Reuben, Israel’s oldest son were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. These are the families of Reuben.

[15] The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman. These are the families of Simeon.

[16-19] These are the names of the people of Levi, as called by their families: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. (Levi lived to be 137 years old.) The descendants of Gershon were Libni and Shimei, as called by their families. The descendants of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. (Kohath lived to be 133 years old.) The descendants of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These are the families of the Levites, as called by their families.

[20-25] Amram married his father’s sister Jochebed, and she gave birth to his sons, Aaron and Moses. (Amram lived to be 137 years old.) The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg, and Zicri. The sons of Uzziel were Mishael, Elzaphan, and Sithri. Aaron married Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and she gave birth to his sons, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. The sons of Korah were Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph. These are the families of Korah. Eleazar son of Aaron married one of the daughters of Putiel, and she had Phinehas. These are the leaders of the Levite families, as called by their families.

[26-30] These are the same Aaron and Moses to whom Yahweh said, “Lead the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt in their families.” These were the same Moses and Aaron who  told the ruler of Egypt to send the people of Israel out of Egypt. When Yahweh spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt, Yahweh said, “I Am Yahweh! Tell the ruler of Egypt everything I say to you.” But Moses argued with Yahweh, “I can’t speak well! Why would the ruler of Egypt listen to Me?”

Aaron’s Stick becomes a Snake

     7[1-5] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “See, I’ve made you seem like God to the ruler of Egypt, and your brother, Aaron, will be your preacher. Say everything I tell you, and Aaron will tell the ruler of Egypt to send the people of Israel out of his land. But I’ll make the ruler of Egypt’s heart stubborn, so I can do all My great signs and amazing things in the land of Egypt. But even then the ruler of Egypt won’t listen to you, so I may show My power to Egypt, and bring My armies and My people, the Israelites, out of the land of Egypt with great judgments. And the Egyptians will know that I Am Yahweh when I show My power and bring out the Israelites from among them.”

     [6-9] So Moses and Aaron did what Yahweh had told them. Moses was 80 years old, and Aaron was 83 when they said this to the ruler of Egypt. Then Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, ”The ruler of Egypt will say, ‘Show me a sign to prove yourself.’ When he does this, say to Aaron, ‘Take your walking stick and throw it down in front of the ruler of Egypt, and it will become a snake.’”

     [10-13] So Moses and Aaron went to the ruler of Egypt and did what Yahweh had told them. Aaron threw down his walking stick before the ruler of Egypt and his officials, and it became a snake! Then the ruler of Egypt called in his own wizards and sorcerers, and these magicians did the same thing with their magic. They threw down their walking sticks, which also became snakes, but then Aaron’s walking stick swallowed up their walking sticks. But the ruler of Egypt’s heart was still stubborn and he still wouldn’t listen, just as Yahweh had said.

 

A Judgment of Blood

     [14-18] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “The ruler of Egypt’s heart is stubborn, and he still won’t let the people go. So go to the ruler of Egypt in the morning as he goes down to the river. Stand on the bank of the Nile and meet him there. Take the walking stick that turned into a snake with you. Then say to him, ‘Yahweh, the God of the Israelites, has sent me to tell you, “Let My people go, so they can worship Me in the countryside.” Until now, you haven’t listened to God so Yahweh says, “I’ll show you that I Am Yahweh.” Look! I’ll hit the water of the Nile with this walking stick in my hand, and the river will turn to blood. The fish in it will die, and the river will stink, so the Egyptians will hate to drink any water from it.’ ”

     [19-25] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Lift your walking stick over the waters of Egypt, all its streams, rivers, ponds, and all their pools of water, so that the water will turn to blood. Everywhere in Egypt the water will turn to blood, even the water stored in wooden buckets and stone jars.’” So Moses and Aaron did what Yahweh told them. Aaron lifted his walking stick and struck the water of the river as the ruler of Egypt and all of his officials watched. Then the whole river turned to blood! The fish in the river died, and the water stank so that the Egyptians couldn’t drink it. So there was blood all over the land of Egypt. But again the magicians of Egypt used their magic, and they, too, turned water into blood, so the ruler of Egypt’s heart was still stubborn and he wouldn’t listen to Moses and Aaron, just as Yahweh had said. The ruler of Egypt went back home and didn’t change his mind. Then all the Egyptians dug along the riverbank to find drinking water, because they couldn’t drink the water from the Nile. Seven days passed from the time Yahweh struck the Nile.

A Judgment of Frogs

8[1-4] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Go back to the ruler of Egypt and say to him, ‘Yahweh says, ‘Let My people go, so they can worship Me. If you won’t let them go, I’ll send frogs all over your land. Many frogs will come out of the river and come up into your house, even into your bedroom and onto your bed! They’ll go into the houses of your officials and your people and even jump into your ovens and your dough bowls. Frogs will jump on you, your people, and all your officials.’”

[5-7] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Raise the walking stick in your hand over all the streams, rivers, and ponds of Egypt, and bring up the frogs over all the land.’” So Aaron raised his hand over the waters of Egypt, and frogs came up and covered the whole land! But the magicians were able to do the same thing with their magic, and caused more frogs to come up on the land of Egypt.

[8-11] Then the ruler of Egypt called Moses and Aaron and begged, “Ask Yahweh to take the frogs away from me and my people and I’ll let your people go, so they can offer sacrifices to Yahweh.” Then Moses said, “You may have the honor of telling me when you want me to pray for you, your officials, and your people that you and your houses will be rid of the frogs and they’ll only stay in the river.” Then the ruler of Egypt said, “Do it tomorrow.” And Moses answered, “Let it be as you’ve said, so you’ll know that there’s no one like Yahweh, our God. The frogs will leave you and your houses, your officials, and your people. They’ll only stay in the Nile River.”

[12-15] So Moses and Aaron left the ruler of Egypt’s palace, and Moses prayed to Yahweh about the frogs God had sent on the ruler of Egypt. And Yahweh did what Moses asked. The frogs in the houses, courtyards, and fields all died. The Egyptians piled them up, and the land stank. But when the ruler of Egypt saw that relief had come, he became stubborn again and wouldn’t listen to Moses and Aaron, just as Yahweh had said.

A Judgment of Lice

[16-19] So Yahweh said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Raise your walking stick and hit the dust and it will turn into lice throughout the land of Egypt.’” So Moses and Aaron did what Yahweh had told them. When Aaron raised his hand and struck the ground with his walking stick, lice covered the Egyptians and their animals. All the dust in the land of Egypt turned into lice. The ruler of Egypt’s magicians tried to do the same thing with their magic, but this time they couldn’t do it. So the lice covered everyone, both humans and animals. Then the magicians said to the ruler of Egypt “This is the power of God!” But the ruler of Egypt’s heart was still stubborn. He wouldn’t listen to them, just as Yahweh had said.

A Judgment of Flies

[20-23] Then Yahweh told Moses, “Get up early in the morning and stand in the ruler of Egypt’s way as he goes down to the river. Say to him, “Yahweh says, ‘Let My people go, so they can worship Me. Or else, If you won’t let them go, then I’ll send swarms of flies on you, your officials, your people, and into all the houses. The Egyptian homes will be filled with swarms of flies, and the ground will be covered with them. But this time I’ll spare the land of Goshen, where My people live and no flies will be found there. Then you’ll know that I Am Yahweh even in the heart of your land. I’ll make a difference between My people and your people. This sign will happen tomorrow.’”

[24-27] And Yahweh did what Moses had asked. A thick swarm of flies filled the ruler of Egypt’s palace and the houses of his officials. The whole land of Egypt was destroyed by the flies. So the ruler of Egypt called for Moses and Aaron, “Go offer your sacrifices to God, but do it here in this land.” But Moses answered, “It’s not right to do so, because the Egyptians hate the sacrifices that we offer to Yahweh our God. If we offer the sacrifices which they hate here where the Egyptians can see us, won’t they stone us? We will travel three days into the countryside to offer sacrifices to Yahweh our God, just as we were told.”

[28-32] Then the ruler of Egypt answered, “I’ll let you go into the countryside to offer sacrifices to Yahweh your God, but don’t go too far away. Pray for me.” Then Moses answered, “I’m going and I’ll pray to Yahweh that tomorrow the swarms of flies will go away from you and your officials and all your people. But don’t lie to us again and not let the people go sacrifice to Yahweh.” So Moses left the ruler of Egypt and prayed to Yahweh. And Yahweh did as Moses asked and caused the swarms of flies to leave from the ruler of Egypt, his officials, and the people. Not one fly stayed behind. But the ruler of Egypt again became stubborn and wouldn’t let the people go.

 

A Judgment on Animals

9[1-7] Then Yahweh told Moses, “Go back to the ruler of Egypt and tell him, ‘Yahweh, the God of the Israelites, says, ‘Let My people go, so they can worship Me. If you won’t let them go, and still hold them, Yahweh will send a deadly disease on all your animals, all your horses, donkeys, camels, cattle, and sheep. But Yahweh won’t hurt the animals of the Israelites, only those of the Egyptians. Not one of the people of Israel’s animals will die!” Then Yahweh set the time for the trouble to begin, “Tomorrow, Yahweh will do this in the land.” So Yahweh did it the next day and all the animals of the Egyptians died, but the Israelites didn’t lose one animal. The ruler of Egypt sent his officials to see, and the Israelites had not lost one animal! But even so, the ruler of Egypt’s heart was still stubborn, and he wouldn’t let the people go.

A Judgment of Swelling Sores

[8-12] Then Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of ashes from an oven, and have Moses toss it into the air while the ruler of Egypt watches. The ashes will spread like fine dust over the whole land of Egypt, causing swellings to break out in sores on the people and the animals throughout the land.” So they took ashes from an oven and went and stood before the ruler of Egypt and Moses threw the ashes into the air, and swellings broke out in sores on all the people and the animals. Even the magicians couldn’t stand before Moses, because the swellings had broken out on them and all the Egyptians. But Yahweh made the ruler of Egypt’s heart stubborn, and just as Yahweh had said to Moses, the ruler of Egypt wouldn’t listen.

A Judgment of Hail

     [13-21] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and stand before the ruler of Egypt and tell him, ‘Yahweh, the God of the Israelites, says, ‘Let My people go, so they can worship Me. If you don’t, I’ll send all My judgments on you yourself, and your officials and your people, that you’ll know that there’s no one like Me in all the earth. By now if I had used My power to hit you and your people with a disease, then you would have been wiped off the face of the earth. But I’ve spared you for the purpose of showing you My power and spreading My Name throughout the earth. But you still control My people and won’t let them go. So tomorrow at this time I’ll send very heavy hail to rain down, worse than any in all the history of Egypt until now. So bring in your animals and tell your workers to come in from the fields. Any person or animal that’s left outside and not brought home will die when the hail falls.’” Some of the ruler of Egypt’s officials who believed Yahweh quickly brought their workers and animals in from the fields. But those who paid no attention to the word of Yahweh left theirs out in the open.

[22-26] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Lift your hand toward the sky so hail may fall on the people, the animals, and all the plants throughout the land of Egypt.” So Moses lifted his walking stick toward the sky, and Yahweh sent thunder and hail, and lightning struck on the ground. So Yahweh rained hail on all the land of Egypt. So there was hail mixed with lightning so heavy that never in all the history of Egypt had there been a storm like that. The hail struck down everything in Egypt, everything left in the fields, all the people, the animals, and the plants. Even the trees were broken. The only place without hail was the land of Goshen, where the people of Israel lived.

[27-32] Then the ruler of Egypt quickly called Moses and Aaron, “I’ve sinned this time. Yahweh is right, and my people and I are wrong. Ask Yahweh to end this heavy thunder and hail. We’ve had enough. I’ll let you go; don’t stay any longer!” So Moses answered, “As soon as I leave the city, I’ll lift my hands and pray to Yahweh and the thunder and hail will stop, and you’ll know that the earth belongs to Yahweh. But I know that you and your officials still don’t respect Yahweh God.” (All the flax and barley were ruined by the hail, because the barley had heads and the flax was just budding, but all the wheat was spared, because it’s a late crop.)

[33-35] So Moses left the ruler of Egypt’s court and went out of the city. When he lifted his hands to Yahweh, the thunder and hail stopped, and the rain stopped pouring. But when the ruler of Egypt saw that the rain, hail, and thunder had stopped, he and his officials sinned again, and the ruler of Egypt again became stubborn. Because he was stubborn in his heart, the ruler of Egypt wouldn’t let the people go, just as Yahweh had said through Moses.

A Judgment of Locusts

10[1-2] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Go back to the ruler of Egypt. I’ve made him and his officials’ hearts stubborn so I can show My signs among them. I’ve also done it so you can tell your children and grandchildren about the great things I’ve done in Egypt and about the signs I did among them, and so you’ll know that I Am Yahweh.”

[3-6] So Moses and Aaron went to the ruler of Egypt and said, “Yahweh, the God of the Israelites, says, ‘How long will you not obey Me? Let My people go, so they can worship Me. Or else, if you won’t, tomorrow I’ll bring a swarm of locusts on your country. They’ll cover the land so that you won’t be able to see the ground. They’ll eat what little is left of your crops after the hailstorm, including all the trees growing in the fields. They’ll fill your palace, and the homes of your officials and all the houses in Egypt. Your ancestors have never seen a problem like this one in all the history of Egypt!” And Moses turned and left the ruler of Egypt.

[7-11] Then the officials came to the ruler of Egypt and begged him. “How long will you let this man do these things to us? Let them go to worship Yahweh their God! Don’t you know that Egypt is ruined?” So Moses and Aaron were brought back to the ruler of Egypt. He told them, “Go and worship Yahweh your God. But who will be going with you?” So Moses answered, “We’ll all go, young and old, our sons and daughters, and our flocks and herds. We will all join together in celebrating a feast to Yahweh.” Then the ruler of Egypt said, “Yahweh will without a doubt be with you if I let you take your children! I know you have evil plans. Never! Only the men may go and worship Yahweh, since that is what you asked.” And the ruler of Egypt threw them out of the palace.

[12-15] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Raise your hand over the land of Egypt to bring on the locusts. Let them cover the land and eat every plant left from the hailstorm.” So Moses raised his walking stick over Egypt, and Yahweh caused an east wind to blow over the land all that day and through the night. When morning came, the east wind had brought the locusts. And the locusts swarmed over the whole land of Egypt, resting on all their land. It was the worst locust problem in Egyptian history, and there has never been another one like it. The locusts covered the whole country and darkened the land. They ate every plant in the fields and all the fruit on the trees that the hailstorm had left. Not one leaf was left on the trees and plants throughout the land of Egypt.

[16-20] The ruler of Egypt quickly called Moses and Aaron, “I’ve sinned against Yahweh your God and against you. Please forgive my sin, just this once, and ask Yahweh your God to take away this death from me.” So Moses left the ruler of Egypt and prayed to Yahweh. Yahweh shifted the wind, and the strong west wind blew the locusts into the Red Sea. Not one locust was left in all the land of Egypt. But Yahweh made the ruler of Egypt’s heart stubborn again, so he wouldn’t let the people go.

A Judgment of Darkness

[21-23] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Lift your hand toward heaven, and the land of Egypt will be darkened with a darkness you can feel.” Moses lifted his hand to the sky, and a deep darkness covered all the land of Egypt for three days. During that time the people couldn’t see each other, and no one got up. But the people of Israel had light where they lived.

[24-29] Finally, the ruler of Egypt called for Moses, “Go and worship Yahweh, but leave your flocks and herds here. You may take your children with you.” But Moses said, “No, you’ll let us take our animals for sacrifices and burnt offerings to Yahweh our God. All our animals will go with us; not one hoof can be left behind. We will choose our sacrifices for Yahweh our God from among these animals and we won’t know which ones to use until we get there.” But Yahweh made the ruler of Egypt’s heart stubborn once more, and he wouldn’t let them go. The ruler of Egypt shouted at Moses, “Get out of here! Be careful not to ever come back to see me again! The day you see my face, you’ll die!” So Moses answered, “What you said is good. I’ll never see your face again.”

A Judgment of Death for Egypt’s Firstborn

11[1-3] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “I’ll send one more problem on the ruler of Egypt and the land of Egypt. After that, the ruler of Egypt will let you go. When he lets you go, he’ll make you all leave quickly. Tell all the Israelite men and women to ask their Egyptian neighbors for things of silver and gold.” Yahweh had caused the Egyptians to be kind to the people of Israel and Moses was considered a very great man in the land of Egypt, respected by the ruler of Egypt’s officials and the Egyptian people.

[4-8] Then Moses said to the ruler of Egypt, “Yahweh says, ‘At midnight tonight I’ll pass through the heart of Egypt and all the firstborn will die in Egypt, from the firstborn of the ruler of Egypt, who sits on his throne, to the firstborn of his worker girl who grinds the flour. Even the firstborn of all the animals will die. Then a loud cry will sound throughout the land of Egypt, one like no one has heard before or will ever hear again. But not even a dog will bark against any of the Israelites or their animals. Then you’ll know that Yahweh makes a difference between the Egyptians and the Israelites. All of your people will run and fall to the ground before Me, saying, ‘Get out! And take all your followers with you.’ After that, I’ll go out!” Then, Moses left the ruler of Egypt, being very angry.

[9-10] Now Yahweh had told Moses earlier, “The ruler of Egypt won’t listen to you, so I’ll do even more amazing things in the land of Egypt.” So Moses and Aaron did these miracles in the ruler of Egypt’s presence, but Yahweh made his heart stubborn, and he wouldn’t let the Israelites go out of his land.

 

The First Passover

12[1-10] While the Israelites were still in the land of Egypt, Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, “From now on, this month will be the first month of the year for you. Say to all the people of Israel, ‘On the 10th day of this month each family will choose a lamb for a sacrifice, one animal for each household.’ If a family is too small to eat a whole animal, let them share with another family next door. Take the animal in keeping with the size of each family and how much they can eat. The animal you pick can’t have anything wrong with it, and will be a first-year-male, either a sheep or a goat.” Take care of it until the evening of the 14th day of this 1st month. Then all the people of Israel will kill their lamb or young goat as the sun goes down. They need to take some of the blood and smear it on the sides and top of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the animal. That same night they’ll roast the meat over a fire and eat it along with flat bread and bitter greens. Don’t eat any of the meat raw or boiled in water. The whole animal, including the head, legs, and insides, will be roasted over a fire. Don’t leave any of it until the next morning and burn whatever is left.

[11-20] This is the way you’ll eat it: Be dressed with your belt on and your sandals on your feet, and have your walking stick in your hand. Eat it quickly, because this is Yahweh’s Passover. On that night I’ll pass through the land of Egypt and kill every firstborn in the land of Egypt, both human and animal. I’ll judge and punish all the false gods of Egypt, because I Am Yahweh! But the blood on your doorposts will serve as a sign, marking the houses where you’re staying. When I see the blood, I’ll pass over you and this punishment of death won’t touch you when I punish the land of Egypt. This is a day to remember. Each year, from generation to generation, you’ll celebrate it as a feast to Yahweh. Make a rule to keep it forever. For seven days the bread you eat won’t be made with yeast. On the 1st day of the feast, take out all of the yeast from your homes. Anyone who eats bread made with yeast during the seven days of the feast will be put out from the people of Israel. On the 1st day and again on the 7th day of the feast, all the people will come together to worship. No work of any kind may be done on these days except for fixing the food. Celebrate this Passover Feast to remind you that I brought your people out of the land of Egypt on this very day. Celebrate this day from generation to generation and make it a rule. The bread you eat won’t be made with yeast from the evening of the 14th day of the 1st month until the evening of the 21st day of that month. During those seven days, don’t let any yeast stay in your homes. Anyone who eats anything made with yeast during this week will be put out from the people of Israel, whether they are an Israelite or a foreigner. During those days you won’t eat anything made with yeast. Wherever you live, eat only flat bread.”

[21-27] Then Moses called all the leaders of Israel together and said to them, “Go, pick out a lamb in keeping with the size of each of your families, and kill the Passover sacrifice. Then take a branch of hyssop and dip it into the blood in the pan and brush it across the top and sides of the doorframes of your houses. No one may go out through the door until morning. Yahweh will pass through the land to kill the Egyptians. But when God sees the blood on the doorframe, Yahweh will pass over your home and won’t let the death angel come into your house to kill you. Remember to keep these things as a rule for you and your descendants forever. When you come into the land Yahweh has promised to give you, you’ll keep this ceremony. Then when your children ask, ‘What does this ceremony mean?’ you’ll say, ‘It’s the Passover sacrifice to Yahweh, who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt to save us and killed the Egyptians.’” So the people bowed their heads and worshiped.

[28-30] So the people of Israel did just as Yahweh had told Moses and Aaron. And that night at midnight, Yahweh killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of the ruler of Egypt, who sat on his throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner in the jail. Even the firstborn of their animals were killed. So the ruler of Egypt and all his officials and all the people of Egypt woke up during the night, and a loud cry was heard throughout the land of Egypt. There wasn’t a house where someone wasn’t dead.

Israel Leaves Egypt

     [31-36] Then the ruler of Egypt sent for Moses and Aaron during the night, “Get up and go! Leave my people and take the rest of the Israelites with you! Go and worship Yahweh as you’ve asked. Take your flocks and herds, as you said, and be gone, and bless me also.” So all the Egyptians hurried the people of Israel out of the land quickly because they thought, “We’ll all die!” So the Israelites took their bread dough before yeast was added and wrapped their kneading bowls in their clothes, carrying them on their shoulders. And the people of Israel had done as Moses told them; they had asked the Egyptians for clothing and things of silver and gold. Yahweh caused the Egyptians to be kind to the Israelites, and they gave the Israelites whatever they asked for. So they took the riches of the Egyptians!

[37-42] That night the people of Israel left Rameses and went to Succoth, with about 600,000 men on foot, plus all the women and children. A bunch of non-Israelites went with them, along with many flocks and herds. So they baked pancakes from the dough without yeast, which they had brought from Egypt. It was made without yeast because the people were driven out of Egypt in such a hurry that they had no time to make the bread or other food. The people of Israel had lived in Egypt for 430 years. On the last day of the 430th year all the people of Yahweh left Egypt. It’s a night to remember Yahweh for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. So this is the night for all the people of Israel to remember Yahweh, and it will be celebrated every year, from generation to generation.

Passover Rituals

[43-51] Then Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, “Do this for the Passover Feast. No foreigners will eat it. But any worker who has been bought may eat it if he has had his foreskin cut off. Visitors and paid workers won’t eat it. Each Passover lamb will be eaten in one house. Don’t carry any of its meat outside, and don’t break any of its bones. All the people of Israel will celebrate this feast. If a foreigner living with you wants to celebrate Yahweh’s Passover, let all their males have their foreskins cut off. Then they may celebrate the Passover with you like a native-born Israelite. But no male who has not had his foreskin cut off may ever eat the Passover meal. This law applies to everyone, whether a native-born Israelite or a foreigner living with you.” So all the people of Israel did what Yahweh had told Moses and Aaron to do. On that very day Yahweh brought the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their family groups.

Dedication of the Firstborn

13[1-7] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Dedicate to Me every firstborn, whatever opens the womb, among the Israelites, both humans and animals. It’s Mine.” So Moses said to the people, “This is a day to remember forever, the day you left Egypt, the place of hard work and slaving. Today, Yahweh has brought you out with a strong hand, so remember, eat no bead with yeast. On this day, in the month of Abib, (tender and green) you’re going out. After Yahweh brings you into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which God promised to your ancestors, a land full of milk and honey, you’ll celebrate this event in this month each year. For seven days your bread won’t be made with yeast, and on the 7th day, celebrate a feast to Yahweh. Eat bread without yeast during those seven days. There will be no yeast bread or any yeast at all found in your houses during this time.

[8-16] On the 7th day you’ll explain to your children, ‘I’m doing this because of what Yahweh did for me when I left Egypt.’ This annual feast will be a visible sign to you, like a mark on your hand, to help you remember Yahweh’s Laws because with a strong hand Yahweh saved you out of Egypt.’ So keep the rule of this feast at this time each year. When Yahweh gives you the land where the Canaanites now live, as was promised to your ancestors, you’ll set apart all that opens the womb, that is, every firstborn male from all your animals because they belong to Yahweh. But you’ll buy back a firstborn donkey by giving a lamb in its place. But if you don’t want to buy it back, you’ll break its neck. And every firstborn human son you’ll buy back. And in the future, when your children ask you, ‘What does all this mean?’ Then you’ll tell them, ‘With a strong hand, Yahweh brought us out of Egypt, the place of hard work and slaving. The ruler of Egypt was stubborn and wouldn’t let us go, so Yahweh killed all the firstborn males throughout the land of Egypt, both people and animals. So I now sacrifice all the firstborn males to Yahweh, but the firstborn sons are always bought back.’ This ceremony will be like a mark on your hand to help you remember that with a strong hand, Yahweh brought us out of Egypt.”

Israel Wanders through the Countryside

[17-22] When the ruler of Egypt finally let the people go, God didn’t lead them by the main road that runs through Philistine territory, even though that was closer. But God said, “The people might change their minds if they’re faced with a war, and go back to Egypt.” So God led them around through the countryside of the Red Sea. So the Israelites left Egypt in order, ranked by their family groups. Moses took the bones of Joseph with him because Joseph had made the sons of Israel promise to do this. He said, “God will certainly come to help you, so take my bones from this place with you.” The Israelites left Succoth and camped at Etham on the edge of the countryside. Yahweh went ahead of them by day with a pillar of cloud to lead the way, and by night with a pillar of fire to give them light, so they could go by day and night. Yahweh didn’t take the pillar of cloud by day or the pillar of fire by night away from the people.

The Egyptians Chase the Israelites

14[1-4] Then Yahweh told Moses: ”Tell the Israelites to turn and camp by Pi-hahiroth between Migdol and the sea, across from Baal-zephon. Camp there by the sea. Then the ruler of Egypt will think, ‘The Israelites are confused by the land and trapped in the countryside!’ And once again I’ll make the ruler of Egypt’s heart stubborn, and he’ll chase after you. I’ll get more respect than the ruler of Egypt and all his army and the Egyptians will know that I Am Yahweh!” So they camped there as they were told.

     [5-9] When word reached the ruler of Egypt that the Israelites had left, the ruler of Egypt and his officials changed their minds, “What have we done, letting all those Israelite workers go?” So the ruler of Egypt got his chariot ready and took his troops with him. He took with him 600 of Egypt’s best chariots, along with the rest of the chariots of Egypt, with leaders over them all. So Yahweh made the heart of the ruler of Egypt stubborn, so he chased after the people of Israel, who had bravely left. The Egyptians chased after them with all the horses and chariots of the ruler of Egypt, his horsemen and soldiers, and caught up with them camping by the seashore near Pi-hahiroth, across from Baal-zephon.

[10-14] As the ruler of Egypt came closer, the people of Israel looked up and saw the Egyptians catching up with them. They were very scared and prayed to Yahweh. Then they said to Moses, “Why did you bring us out here to die in the countryside? Weren’t there any graves in Egypt? What have you done to us, bringing us out of Egypt? Isn’t this what we told you in Egypt when we said, ‘Leave us alone! Let us work for the Egyptians?’ It’s better to work in Egypt than to die in the countryside!’” But Moses told the people, “Don’t be afraid. Be still and watch Yahweh save you today. The Egyptians you see today you’ll never see again. Yahweh will fight for you, so be quiet!”

 

Crossing the Red Sea

[15-18] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Why are you crying out to Me? Tell the people to go on! Pick up your walking stick and raise your hand over the sea and divide it. The Israelites will walk through the middle of the sea on dry ground. I’ll make the hearts of the Egyptians stubborn, and they’ll follow them in. So I’ll get more respect than the ruler of Egypt and all his troops, his chariots, and his horsemen. Then all Egypt will know that I Am Yahweh, when I get respect for Myself over the ruler of Egypt and his armies!”

[19-22] Then the angel of God, who had been leading the people of Israel, moved behind the camp. The pillar of cloud moved from the front and stood behind them. The cloud came between the Egyptian and Israelite camps. So it was a cloud and darkness to the Egyptians, and it gave light by night to the Israelites, so neither went to the other all night. Then Moses raised his hand over the sea, and Yahweh held back the water with a strong east wind all that night, turning the seabed into dry land. So the waters were divided. So the people of Israel walked through the middle of the sea on dry ground, with walls of water on each side of them!

[23-25] Then the Egyptians, all of the ruler of Egypt’s horses, chariots, and horsemen, chased them into the middle of the sea. Just before morning Yahweh looked down on the Egyptian army from the pillar of fire and cloud, and troubled their forces. Their chariot wheels fell off, making their chariots hard to drive, so the Egyptians said, “Let’s run away from these Israelites! Yahweh is fighting for them against Egypt!”

[26-28] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Raise your hand over the sea again, so the waters will come back and cover the Egyptian chariots and horsemen.” So as the sun began to rise, Moses raised his hand over the sea, and the sea became deep again, while the Egyptians were moving through it. So Yahweh drowned the Egyptians in the sea. When the waters went back and covered all the chariots and horsemen, all the army of the ruler of Egypt, not one lived.

[29-31] But the people of Israel had walked through the middle of the sea on dry ground, as the water stood up like a wall on both sides of them. So Yahweh saved Israel from the hand of the Egyptians that day and the Israelites saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore. When the people of Israel saw the great power that Yahweh had used against the Egyptians, they feared Yahweh. They put their faith in Yahweh and believed Moses, God’s worker.

A Song of Deliverance

15[1-7] Then Moses and the people of Israel sang this song to Yahweh: “I’ll sing to Yahweh because You’ve amazingly won our freedom; You’ve thrown both horse and rider into the sea. Yahweh is my strength and my song; You’ve saved me. This is my God, and I’ll praise You, the God of my ancestors, and I’ll applaud You! Yahweh is a strong warrior; Yahweh is God’s Name! You’ve thrown the ruler of Egypt’s chariots and army into the sea. The ruler of Egypt’s best leaders are drowned in the Red Sea. The deep waters covered them; they sank to the bottom like a stone.” Your strong hand, O Yahweh, is amazing in power. Your strong hand, O Yahweh, smashes the enemy in pieces. In the greatness of Your majesty, You overthrow those who rise against You. You let Your anger burn; and it burns them like straw.

[8-13] At the blast of Your breath, the waters rose up! The rising waters stood straight up like a wall; in the heart of the sea the deep waters became hard like glass.” The enemy bragged, ‘I’ll chase them and catch up with them. I’ll steal all their stuff and get what I want from them. I’ll pull my knife; my strong hand will kill them.’ But You blew with Your breath, and the sea covered them. They sank like lead in the great waters.” Who is like You among the gods, O Yahweh, Who is like You, amazing in goodness, deserving our praises, doing great amazing things? You raised Your strong hand, and the earth swallowed our enemies. With Your forgiveness You lead the people you’ve saved. In Your strength, You guide them to Your place of worship.

[14-18] The peoples will hear and shake in fear; those who live in Philistia will sorrow. The leaders of Edom are confused; the great ones of Moab will shake in fear. All who live in Canaan will melt away; fear and dread will come over them. The power of Your arm makes them stand as still as a stone until Your people pass by, O Yahweh, until the people You bought back pass by. Bring them in and plant them on Your own mountain, the place where You stay, O Yahweh, the place of worship, O Yahweh, which Your hands have made. Yahweh will reign forever and ever!”

[19-21] When the ruler of Egypt’s horses, chariots, and horsemen went into the sea, Yahweh brought the waters down on them. But the people of Israel went through the middle of the sea on dry ground! Then Miriam, the preacher, Aaron’s sister, took a tambourine and led all the women as they played their tambourines and danced. And Miriam sang this song: “I’ll sing to Yahweh because You’ve amazingly won our freedom; You’ve thrown both horse and rider into the sea.”

Bitter Water at Marah

[22-27] Then Moses led the people of Israel away from the Red Sea, and they moved out into the desert of Shur. They traveled in this desert for three days but found no water. When they came to the oasis of Marah, the water was too bitter to drink. So they called the place Marah (“Bitter”). Then the people complained to Moses, “What are we going to drink?” So Moses prayed to Yahweh for help, and Yahweh showed him a tree. When Moses threw it into the water, it made the water good to drink. It was there at Marah that Yahweh gave them a law and a rule to test their faithfulness. God said, “If you’ll listen carefully to the voice of Yahweh your God and do what’s right in My sight, obeying all My judgments and keeping all My laws, then I’ll not make you suffer any of the problems I sent on the Egyptians; because I Am Yahweh who heals you.” Then the Israelites traveled on to the oasis of Elim, where they found twelve springs and seventy palm trees. They camped beside the water.

Bread from Heaven

16[1-5] Then all the people of Israel left from Elim and went into the countryside of Sin, between Elim and Mount Sinai on the 15th day of the 2nd month, after leaving from the land of Egypt. Then all the people of Israel complained to Moses and Aaron, “If only Yahweh had killed us back in Egypt, where we sat around pots of meat and ate all the bread we wanted. But now you’ve brought us into this countryside to starve us all to death.” Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Look, I’m going to rain down bread from heaven for you. Each day the people will go out and pick up as much food as they need for that day. I’ll test them to see whether or not they’ll obey Me. On the sixth day they’ll gather twice as much as usual and get it ready.”

[6-10] So Moses and Aaron said to all the people of Israel, “By evening you’ll know it was Yahweh who brought you out of the land of Egypt. In the morning you’ll see the greatness of Yahweh, who has heard your complaints, which are against God, and not us. Who are we that you should complain about us? Yahweh will give you meat to eat in the evening and bread to fill you in the morning. Yahweh has heard all your complaints against God. Who are we? Yes, your complaints are against Yahweh, not against us.” Then Moses said to Aaron, “Say this to all the people of Israel, ‘Come to Yahweh, who has heard your complaining.’” And as Aaron said to all the people of Israel, they looked out toward the countryside and saw the amazing greatness of Yahweh shining in a cloud.

[11-16] Then Yahweh said to Moses, ”I’ve heard the Israelites’ complaints. Now tell them, ‘In the evening you’ll have meat to eat, and in the morning you’ll have all the bread you want. Then you’ll know that I Am Yahweh your God.’” That evening great numbers of quail flew in and covered the camp. And the next morning the area around the camp was wet with dew. When the dew dried, a small round thing as fine as frost covered the ground. So when they saw it, they asked each other, “What is it?” They didn’t know what it was. Moses told them, “It’s the bread Yahweh has given you to eat. This is what Yahweh tells you to do: Everyone should gather as much as they need, about a 3 quart jar for each person in your tent.”

[17-20] So the people of Israel did as they were told, some gathering more, some less. But when they measured it out, everyone had just enough. Those who gathered too much had nothing left over, and those who gathered a little had enough. Each family had just what it needed. Then Moses told them, “Don’t keep any of it until morning.” But some of them didn’t listen and kept some till morning anyway. But by then it was full of worms and had a very bad smell. So Moses was very angry with them.

[21-26] After this the people gathered it every morning, each family as much as they needed. And as the sun became hot, it melted. On the sixth day, they gathered twice as much as usual, about six quarts for each person instead of three. Then all the leaders of the people came and asked Moses, “why.” He told them, “This is what Yahweh has told you to do: Tomorrow will be a day of total rest, a Seventh Day, a day set apart to worship Yahweh. So bake or boil as much as you want today, and set aside what’s left for tomorrow.” So they put some aside until morning, just as Moses had told them, and it didn’t have any worms or smell. Moses said, “Eat this food today because today is a Seventh Day, a day to worship Yahweh. There will be no food on the ground today. You may gather the food for six days, but the Seventh Day is the Day of Rest. There will be no food on the ground that day.”

[27-31] Some of the people went out anyway on the Seventh Day, but they found no food. So Yahweh asked Moses, “How long will these people not do what I tell them? See, I, Yahweh, have given you the Seventh Day, so I’ll give you enough for two days on the sixth day. On the Seventh Day you’ll each stay at home. Don’t go out of your home on the Seventh Day.” So the people rested on the Seventh Day. The Israelites called the food, “manna.” It was white like coriander seed, and it tasted like honey wafers.

[32-36] Then Moses said, “This is what Yahweh has told you: Fill a 3 quart jar with manna to save it for your descendants, so they’ll be able to see the food I gave you in the countryside when I set you free from Egypt.” Moses said to Aaron, “Get a jar and fill it with 3 quarts of manna. Then put it in a sacred place facing Yahweh to save it for future generations.” Aaron did just as Yahweh had told Moses. He put it up to be placed in the Ark of Promise. So the people of Israel ate manna for forty years until they got to the land where there were other people living. They ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan. The container used to measure the manna held about 3 quarts.

Water from the Rock

17[1-3] All the people of Israel left the countryside of Sin as Yahweh told them to and camped at Rephidim, but there was no water there for the people to drink. So once more the people complained to Moses, “Give us water to drink!” So Moses answered, “Why are you asking me? And why are you testing Yahweh?” But because they were thirsty, they kept arguing with Moses, “Why did you bring us out of Egypt, to kill us, our children, and our animals with thirst?”

[4-7] Then Moses prayed to Yahweh, “What should I do with these people? They’re almost ready to stone me!” So Yahweh said to Moses, “Go out in front of the people and call some of the leaders of Israel to go with you. Take your walking stick, the one you used when you struck the water of the Nile, and go. I’ll stand in front of you on the rock at Mount Sinai. Hit the rock, and water will come out of it, so the people will be able to drink.” So Moses did as he was told, and water came out as the leaders watched. So Moses named the place Massah (“Temptation”) and Meribah (“Argument”) because the people of Israel argued with Moses and tempted Yahweh by saying, “Is Yahweh with us or not?”

Israel Defeats the Amalekites

     [8-13] While the people of Israel were at Rephidim, the soldiers of Amalek came to fight them. So Moses told Joshua, “Choose some men to go out and fight with Amalek. Tomorrow, I’ll stand at the top of the hill, holding the walking stick of God in My hand.” So Joshua did what Moses said to him and fought the army of Amalek. Then Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill. As long as Moses held up the walking stick with him, the Israelites were winning. But whenever he dropped his hand, the Amalekites were winning. When Moses’ hands became so tired that he couldn’t hold them up, Aaron and Hur found a stone for him to sit on. Then they stood on each side of Moses, holding up his hands. So his hands stayed up until sunset and Joshua won the battle against the army of Amalek.

[14-16] Then Yahweh told Moses, “Write this down in the book to remember it, and read it to Joshua: and I’ll erase the memory of Amalek from under heaven.” Then Moses built an altar there and named it Yahweh-nissi (“Yahweh is my banner”). He said, “Yahweh has promised, so Yahweh will be at war with Amalek generation after generation.”

 

Jethro’s Visit to Moses

18[1-6] Moses’ father-in-law, Jethro, the preacher of Midian, heard about everything God had done for Moses and the Israelite people, about how Yahweh had saved them from Egypt. Earlier, Moses had sent his wife, Zipporah, and his two sons back to Jethro, who had taken them in. (The first was named Gershom because Moses had said when he was born, “I’ve been a foreigner in a foreign land.” The second was named Eliezer because Moses had said, “The God of my ancestors was my helper; and saved me from being killed by the ruler of Egypt.” So Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, came back with his wife and two sons to Moses in the countryside, where they were camped at the mountain of God. Jethro had sent word to Moses, “I, Jethro, your father-in-law, am coming to see you with your wife and your two sons.”

[7-12] So Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and bowed to him and kissed him. They asked each other about how the other was doing and then went into Moses’ tent. So Moses told his father-in-law everything Yahweh had done to the ruler and people of Egypt for Israel. He also told him about how Yahweh had saved the people from all their troubles along the way. Jethro was happy when he heard about all the good things Yahweh had done for Israel by saving them from the hand of the Egyptians. Jethro said, “Praise Yahweh, who has saved you from the Egyptians and from the ruler of Egypt, and who has saved Israel from having to work for the Egyptians! Now I know that Yahweh is greater than all other gods, because the very things that they proudly worshipped, God used to defeat them.” Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, brought a burnt offering and sacrifices to God. Aaron and all the leaders of Israel came out and joined him in a sacrificial meal in God’s presence.

Jethro’s Wise Advice

[13-16] The next day, Moses took his seat to judge between the people and they lined up in front of him from morning till evening. So when Moses’ father-in-law saw all that Moses was doing for the people, he asked, “What are you doing for these people? Why are you doing all this alone while everyone stands around you from morning till evening?” And Moses answered, “Because the people come to me to get an answer from God. When they disagree, they come to me, and I judge between them. I tell them God’s judgments and laws.”

[17-23] Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “This isn’t good! Both you and those with you are going to wear yourselves out. This job is too much for you to do by yourself. Now listen to me, and let me give you a word of advice, and may God be with you. You should keep on teaching them God judgments and laws, and show them how to live right and what work they need to do. But select from all the people some men who are able to do this, who fear God, are honest and hate bribes. Make them leaders over groups of 1,000, 100, 50, and 10. Let them always judge the people in the less important things themselves, but have them bring the more important things to you. They’ll help you carry the load, making things easier for you. If you do this, and if God tells you so, then you’ll be able to go on, and all these people will go home in peace.”

[24-27] So Moses listened to his father-in-law and did what he said. Then Moses chose men who were able to do this from all over Israel and made them leaders over the people, leaders over 1,000’s, 100’s, 50’s, and 10’s. So they always judged the people in the little things themselves and brought the more important things to Moses. Then Moses let his father-in-law go, who went back to his own land.

Yahweh Comes Down on Mount Sinai

19[1-6] In the 3rd month after the Israelites had left Egypt, they came to the countryside of Mount Sinai. They had left Rephidim, and came to Mount Sinai and set up camp there in the countryside. So Israel camped beside the mountain. Then Moses climbed up to God, and Yahweh called to him from the mountain, “Tell this to the family of Jacob; tell it to the descendants of Israel, ‘You’ve seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I carried you on eagles’ wings and brought you to Myself. Now if you’ll obey Me and keep My Law, you’ll be My own special treasure from among all the peoples on earth; because all the earth is Mine. And you’ll be a land of preachers to Me, My holy nation.’ Say this to the people of Israel.”

[7-13] So Moses came down and called the leaders of the people and told them everything Yahweh had told him. And all the people answered together, “We’ll do everything Yahweh has told us to do.” So Moses brought the people’s answer back to Yahweh. Then Yahweh said to Moses, “I’ll come to you in a thick cloud, so the people will listen to Me when I talk to you and always believe you.” So Moses told Yahweh what the people had said. Then Yahweh told Moses, “Go down to the people and dedicate them. Get them ready today and tomorrow, and have them wash their clothes. Make sure they’re ready on the third day because on that day Yahweh will come down on Mount Sinai as all the people watch. Set a boundary all around the mountain, warning the people, ‘Be careful that you don’t go up to the mountain or even touch its base. Anyone who touches the mountain will be put to death without a doubt. No hand will touch that person or animal, but they’ll be stoned or shot with an arrow. Whether human or animal, they’ll be put to death. But when the trumpet sounds a long blast, then they’ll come near the mountain.”

[14-20] So Moses went down to the people, and got them ready for worship, and they washed their clothes. He told them, “Get ready for the third day, and don’t have sex.” On the morning of the third day, thunder roared and lightning flashed, and a thick cloud came down on the mountain. The sound of the trumpet was very loud, so all the people in the camp were scared. But Moses led them out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. All of Mount Sinai was covered with smoke because Yahweh had come down on it in fire. The smoke went up like smoke from an oven, and the whole mountain quaked. As the blast of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him aloud. Then Yahweh came down on the top of Mount Sinai and called Moses to the top of the mountain. So Moses climbed up the mountain.

[21-25] Then Yahweh told Moses, “Go back down and warn the people not to cross the boundaries to try to see Yahweh, or they’ll die. And let the preachers who serve Yahweh purify themselves so they won’t be killed.” But Moses argued, “The people can’t come up to the mountain. You warned us, ‘Set a boundary all around the mountain to set it apart as holy.’” But Yahweh said, “Go away! Go down and come back with Aaron. But don’t let the preachers or the people cross the boundary to see Yahweh, or they’ll be killed.” So Moses went down to the people and told them what Yahweh had said again.

The Ten Laws of God

20[1-3] Then God said, “I Am Yahweh your God, who saved you from the land of Egypt, the place of hard work and slaving. Don’t worship anything else but Me.

[4-6] Don’t make yourself an idol of any kind or a false god of anything in the heavens, on the earth, or in the sea. Don’t bow down to them or worship them because I, Yahweh, your God, am a jealous God, who passes the parents’ faults down to the children up to the third and fourth generation of those who hate Me, but forgiving many generations of those who love and keep My Laws.

[7] Don’t use the Name of Yahweh your God with disrespect. Yahweh won’t let anyone go unpunished who misuses God’s Name.

[8-11] Remember the Seventh Day and keep it set aside to worship. You may do all your work in six days, but the Seventh Day is the Day of Rest of Yahweh your God. On that day no one may do any work. This includes you, your sons and daughters, your male and female workers, your animals, and any foreigners living among you. For in six days Yahweh made the heavens, the earth, the sea, and everything in them and rested the Seventh Day. So Yahweh blessed the Seventh Day and set it apart to worship God.

[12] Respect your father and mother, so you’ll live a long life in the land Yahweh your God is giving you.

[13] Don’t kill anyone.

[14] Don’t be sexually unfaithful to your spouse.

[15] Don’t steal anything.

[16] Don’t tell lies about anyone.

[17] Don’t want what someone else has. Don’t want their house, their spouse, their workers, their animals, or anything else that belongs to someone else.”

[18-20] When the people heard the thunder and the loud blast of the goat’s horn, and when they saw the flashes of lightning and the smoke pouring out of the mountain, they stood shaking at a distance. And they said to Moses, “You talk to us, and we’ll listen. But don’t let God talk to us, or we’ll die!” So Moses answered them, “Don’t be afraid; God has come to test you, so that your fear of God will keep you from sinning!”

 

Proper Use of Altars

[21-26] As the people stood in the distance, Moses went to the dark cloud where God was. Yahweh said to Moses, “Say this to the people of Israel: You saw that I spoke to you from heaven. Remember, don’t worship anything else along with Me. Don’t make any false gods of silver or gold for yourselves.” Build for Me an altar made of earth, and offer your sacrifices on it, your burnt offerings and peace offerings, your sheep and cattle. Wherever I put My Name, I’ll come to you and bless you. If you use stones to build My altar, use only natural, uncut stones. Don’t shape the stones with a tool because that would make them unfit for use on the altar. And don’t build My altar with steps or you’ll show your nakedness on it.

 

Fair Treatment Rules

21[1-6] “Now these are the rules which you’ll give them. If you buy a Hebrew worker, they’ll serve six years and in the seventh they’ll go free without paying anything. If that person comes in alone, they’ll go out alone. If the person is married, then the spouse will be free too. If you give the person a spouse and they have sons or daughters, the spouse and the children will stay with you, but the worker will be freed. But if the worker plainly says, `I love my boss, my spouse, and my children. I won’t go free;’ then you’ll bring the worker to God, and will bring them to the door or to the door-post, and you’ll pierce their ear, and they’ll serve you forever.

[7-11] If someone sells his daughter to be a female worker, she’ll not go free as the male-workers do. If she doesn’t please her husband, who has married her, then he’ll let her be bought back. He’ll have no right to sell her to a foreign people, seeing he’s been dishonest with her. If he marries her to his son, he’ll treat her like a daughter. If he takes another wife, he’ll not take away her food, clothing, or marital rights. If he doesn’t do these three things for her, she may go free without paying any money.

 

Rules on Abuse and Kidnapping

[12-14] Anyone who hits another so that the person dies will, without a doubt, be put to death, but not if it’s an accident. If God lets it happen, then I’ll choose a place where the person can go to be safe. But if someone plans it and comes forcefully on another to kill them, you’ll take them to be judged, and put them to death.

[15] Anyone who attacks their father or mother will, without a doubt, be put to death.

[16] Anyone who kidnaps someone and sells them, or if they’re found with them, the one who kidnapped them, will without a doubt, be put to death.

[17] Anyone who speaks badly of their father or mother will, without a doubt, be put to death.

[18-19] If two people fight and one hits the other with something, or with a fist, and the person who’s hit doesn’t die, but has to stay in bed; if they get up again and walk around with a cane, then the one who hit them will be cleared, but must pay for the loss of their time, and will pay for their care until they’re completely healed.

[20-21] If someone beats a male or female worker, and the worker dies under their hand, the one who beat them will, without a doubt, be punished. But if the worker gets up after a day or two, the one who beat them won’t be punished, because the worker is their property.

[22-25] If people fight and hurt a pregnant woman so that she miscarries her baby, and yet no damage follows, they’ll be, without a doubt, fined as much as the woman’s husband demands and the judges will allow. But if any more damage follows, then you must punish the one who hurt her equally for the damage they caused.

[26-27] If someone hits a worker’s eye, and destroys it, they’ll let them go free for their eye’s sake. If they knock out a worker’s tooth, they’ll let them go free for their tooth’s sake.

 

 

Rules on Animals

[28-32] If a bull gores someone to death, the bull will, without a doubt, be killed, and its meat won’t be eaten; but the owner of the bull won’t be held responsible. But if the bull had a habit of goring in the past, and it has been told to the owner, who has not kept it in, and it has killed someone, then the bull will be killed, and its owner will also be put to death. If a ransom is put on that person, then they’ll pay to save their life whatever amount is put on them. Whether it has gored a son or a daughter, it’ll be done as this judgment says. If the bull gores a male-worker, thirty silver dollars will be given to their boss, and the bull will be killed.

[33-34] If someone opens a pit, or if someone digs a pit and doesn’t cover it, and a bull or a donkey falls into it, the owner of the pit will make it good and pay its owner for it, and the dead animal will be theirs.

[35-36] If one man’s bull hurts another’s, so that it dies, then they’ll sell the live bull, and divide its price; and they’ll also divide the dead animal. But if it’s known that the bull was in the habit of goring in the past, and its owner has not kept it in, the owner will, without a doubt, pay bull for bull, and the dead animal will be theirs.

 

On Thieves

22[1-4] If someone steals a bull or a sheep, and kills it, or sells it; they’ll pay five for one cow, and four for one sheep. If the thief is found breaking in, and is hit and dies, the owner won’t be guilty of bloodshed for the thief. If the sun has come up, the thief will be guilty for any bloodshed and they’ll pay the owner back for any losses. If they have nothing, then they’ll be sold for their theft. If the stolen animal is found in their hand alive, they’ll pay double.

[5] If someone causes a field or vineyard to be eaten by letting their animal loose and it grazes in someone else’s field, they’ll pay the owner back from the best of their own field or vineyard.

[6] If fire breaks out and catches in thorns so that shocks of grain, or standing grain, or the field are burnt up; whoever started the fire will, without a doubt, pay the owner back.

[7-8] If someone asks a friend to keep their money or stuff for them, and it’s stolen out of their house; if the thief is found, the thief will pay double. If the thief isn’t found, then the owner of the house will come to be judged, to see if they’ve taken it themselves.

[9] For any kind of wrong, whether it be over an animal, or clothing, or anything that’s lost, where one says, ‘This is mine,’ both parties will come to be judged. The one who’s found guilty will pay double to the other.

[10-13] If someone asks a friend to keep an animal, and it dies or is injured, or driven away, but no one sees it; then they must make a promise before God between them both, that they haven’t taken what belonged to the other; and the owner of it will accept it, and the other won’t have to pay them back for it. But if it’s been stolen, they’ll pay the owner back. If it’s torn in pieces, let them bring it as proof. They won’t have to make good what was torn.

[14-15] If someone borrows an animal from a friend, and it’s injured or dies, its owner not being with it, the one who borrowed it will, without a doubt, pay the owner back. If the owner is with it, the other won’t have to make it good. If it has been leased, it came for its lease.

 

 

 

 

Other Rules to Live by

[16-17] If someone tempts a young girl who isn’t promised in marriage, and has sex with her; he’ll without a doubt make her his wife. If her father won’t give her to him, he’ll pay the price of a bride.

[18] Don’t let a witch live.

[19] Whoever has sex with an animal will, without a doubt, be put to death.

[20] Anyone who sacrifices to any false god (fallen angel, demon), except to Yahweh only, will be put to death.

   [21] Don’t wrong a foreigner, nor abuse them, for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

[22] Don’t take advantage of any death survivor or a child without a parent. If you take advantage of them at all, and they cry at all to Me, I’ll, without a doubt, hear their cry; and be very angry, and I’ll kill you; and then your spouse will be a death survivor, and your children will be without a parent, too.

[25-27] If you lend money to any of My people with you, who’s poor, don’t be a creditor to them; don’t charge interest to them. If you take their coat as collateral, you’ll give it back before the sun goes down, that being their only covering, it’s a coat for their skin. What would they sleep in? And when they cry to Me, I’ll listen, for I Am understanding.

[28] Don’t disrespect God, nor speak badly of a ruler of your people.

[29-30] Don’t put off giving Me the first of your harvest and your juices; and dedicate the firstborn of your sons to Me. Do the same with your bulls and sheep. It will stay with its mother for seven days, then on the eighth day you’ll give it to Me.

[31] Dedicate yourselves to Me, and don’t eat any meat torn by animals in the field. Throw it to the dogs.

 

God won’t Excuse Evil

23[1] Don’t spread lies. Don’t join with evil people to be a liar against someone.

[2-3] Don’t follow a crowd to do evil; nor speak up in an argument to side with a crowd to be unfair; nor take the side of a poor person unfairly.

[4-5] If you see your enemy’s animal is lost; you’ll, without a doubt, bring it back to them again. If you see the animal of your enemy has fallen down with its heavy load, don’t leave it; you’ll without a doubt help it up.

[6] Don’t be unfair to poor people when they have a problem.

[7] Stay away from anything false, and don’t kill the innocent and righteous because I won’t excuse evil.

[8] Take no bribes, because someone who takes a bribe won’t see the truth and changes the words of the righteous.

[9] Don’t abuse a foreigner, for you know the heart of a foreigner, seeing that you were one in the land of Egypt.

 

Days and Years to Remember

[10-11] For six years you’ll plant your land, and will gather what it grows, but the seventh year you’ll let it rest and not till it, so that the poor of your people may eat; and what they leave, the animals of the field will eat. Do the same with your vineyards and your tree groves.

[12] Six days you’ll do your work, and on the Seventh Day you’ll rest, so that your animals and workers may rest, and the foreigner may be refreshed.

[13] Be careful to do everything that I’ve told you; and don’t call on the name of other gods (fallen angels, demons), nor let them even be heard coming out of your mouth.

[14-16] Keep a feast to Me three times a year. Keep the Passover Feast. Seven days you’ll eat bread without yeast, as I told you, at the time chosen in the month Abib (for in it you came out from Egypt), and no one will come to Me without an offering. And the Feast of Weeks, the first of your food, which you plant in the field: and the Harvest Feast at the end of the year, when you gather in your food out of the field.

[17] Three times in the year all your males will come to Yahweh God.

[18] Don’t offer the blood of My sacrifice with bread made from yeast, nor let the fat of My feast stay all night until morning.

[19] The first of the harvests of your land you’ll bring into the house of Yahweh your God. Don’t boil a young animal in its mother’s milk.

 

The Angel of God

[20-23] See, I’m sending an angel before you, to keep you safe on the way, and to bring you into the place which I’ve set aside for you. Pay attention, and listen. Don’t make My angel angry, who won’t excuse your disobedience. This angel has My Name. But if you listen to My angel, and do all that I say, then I’ll be an enemy to your enemies, and come against those who come against you. My angel will go before you, and bring you in to the land of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hivites, and Jebusites; and I’ll kill them off.

 

Don’t Follow the Practices of Ungodly People

[24] Don’t bow down to their false gods, nor serve them, nor do what they do, but you’ll completely overthrow them and destroy their altars.

[25] Serve Yahweh your God, who will bless your bread and water, and heal you from sickness. No one will miscarry a baby or be unable to have children in your land. I’ll give you a long, full life.

[27-28] I’ll send My fear before you, and will confuse all the people you come to, and I’ll make all your enemies run from you. I’ll send hornets before you, which will drive them out from before you.

[29-30] I won’t drive them out from before you in one year, lest the land become wild and the animals of the field grow too many for you. Little by little, I’ll drive them out from before you, until you’ve grown in number and inherit the land.

[31-33] I’ll set your border from the Red Sea even to the sea of the Philistines, and from the countryside to the River; for I’ll put the people of the land in your power, and you’ll drive them out before you. Make no agreement with them, or with their false gods (fallen angels, demons). Don’t let them stay in your land, or they’ll make you sin against Me. If you serve their false gods, it will, without a doubt, be a trap to you.”

 

Moses and the Elders see Yahweh

24[1-3] Then God said to Moses, “Come up to Yahweh, you, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship from a distance. But only Moses will come up to Yahweh, and the rest won’t come close.” So Moses came and told the people everything Yahweh had said, and all the rules; and all the people answered in agreement, and said, “We’ll do everything Yahweh has said.”

[4-8] Then Moses wrote down everything Yahweh had said, and rose up early in the morning, and built an altar at the base of the mountain and set up twelve posts for the twelve families of Israel. Then he sent young men of the people of Israel, who offered burnt offerings and sacrificed peace-offerings of bulls to Yahweh. Then Moses took half of the blood and put it in pans and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. And he took the Book of Promise and read it to the people, and they said, “We’ll do everything Yahweh has said, and obey it.” So Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, “Look, this is the blood of the promise, which Yahweh has made with you with all these words.”

[9-12] Then Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up and saw the God of Israel. Under God’s feet was like a paved work of sapphire stone, clear as the sky. But God didn’t touch the elders of the people of Israel. When they saw God, they ate and drank. Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Come up to Me on the mountain, and stay here and I’ll give you stone slabs with the law and the rules that I’ve written, that you may teach them.”

[13-18] So Moses rose up with Joshua, his helper, and went up onto God’s Mountain. Then Moses said to the elders, “Wait here for us, until we come again to you. See, Aaron and Hur are with you. Whoever has a problem can go to them.” So Moses went up on the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain. Then the beautiful light of Yahweh settled on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. The seventh day God called to Moses out of the middle of the cloud. The beautiful light of Yahweh looked like a great fire on the top of the mountain in the eyes of the people of Israel. So Moses entered into the middle of the cloud, and went up on the mountain; and Moses was on the mountain forty days and nights.

 

The People are to Give an Offering

     25[1-7] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Tell the people of Israel, to take an offering for Me. Take My offering from everyone whose heart is willing. Take from them gold, silver, and brass metals,blue, purple, and scarlet linens, goats` hair,red sheepskin, leather, acacia wood,oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil and for good smelling incense,onyx stones and other valuable stones to be set in the back piece and the chest piece.

 

A Place of Worship and the Chest of the Law

[8-16] Let them make Me a place of worship that I may be with them. Make everything how I show you, both the tent and its furniture. They’ll make a Chest of acacia wood. It will be about 3’9“ long, and about 2’3” wide and high. Cover it with solid gold, inside and out, and make a gold trim around it. Make four golden rings for it, and put them in its four feet, with two rings on each side of it. Then make poles of acacia wood, and cover them with gold. Put the poles into the rings on the sides of the Chest to carry it. Keep the poles in the rings of the Chest and don’t take them from it. Put the law which I’ll give you into the Chest.

 

 

 

The Seat of Forgiveness

[17-22] Make a Seat of Forgiveness of solid gold, about 3’9“ long, and 2’3” wide. Make two angelic beings of molded gold at the two ends of the Seat of Forgiveness. Make one angelic being on each end of the lid with the Seat of Forgiveness. The angelic beings will spread out their wings upward, covering the Seat of Forgiveness with their wings, with their faces facing each other. The faces of the angelic beings will face the Seat of Forgiveness. Put the Seat of Forgiveness on top of the Chest, and in the Chest you’ll put the law that I’ll giveyou. I’ll meet with you there, on top of the Seat of Forgiveness, from between the two angelic beings which are on the Chest of the Law,  I’ll tell you all the laws and rules for the people of Israel.

 

The Bread Table

[23-28] Then make a table of acacia wood  about 3’ long, and 18” wide, and 2’3” high. Cover it with solid gold, and make a gold trim around it. Make a rim of about 4” around it. Make a golden trim on its rim all around it. Make four gold rings for it, and put the rings in the four corners that are on its four feet. The rings will be close to the rim, for places for the poles to carry the table. Make the poles of acacia wood, and cover them with gold, that the table may be carried with them.

[29-30] Make dishes, spoons, ladles, and bowls of solid gold with which to pour out offerings. Then set the bread of the presence on the table before Me always.

 

The Lampstand

[31-40] Make a lampstand of solid gold. Make it of molded work, with its base, its shaft, its cups, its buds, and its flowers, all of one piece. There will be six branches going out of its sides with three branches out of  one side, and three branches out of the other side; with cups made like almond blossoms, with buds and flowers, in each branch, for all six branches of the lampstand;and in the lampstand four cups made like almond blossoms, with buds and flowers;and a bud under every two branches of the six branches of the lampstand. The buds and branches will be all one piece, all of it one molded work of solid gold. Make it have seven lamps, and they’ll light its lamps to give light to the area in front of it. Its tools and its trays will be of solid gold. It will be made of about 190 pounds of solid gold, with all the tools. See that you make them in the pattern, which has been shown to you on the mountain.

 

The Meeting Place Holy Tent

26[1-6] Make the tent with ten curtains of fine linen, of blue, purple, and scarlet, with angelic beings skillfully sewn on them. Each curtain will be about 42’ long, and 6’ wide, all the same size. Five curtains will be hooked together; and the other five curtains will be hooked together. Make loops of blue cord on the edge of one set of curtains where they come together; and in the same way make them on the second set on the edge of the curtain that is on the outside. Make fifty loops in one curtain, and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain that is on the second set. The loops will be opposite one to another. Then make fifty hooks of gold, and join the curtains to each other with the hooks: and it will all be one tent.

[7-13] Make eleven curtains of goats` hair for a covering over the tent. Each curtain will be about 45’ long, and 6’ wide, all the same size. Join five curtains in one set, and six curtains in the other, and double over the sixth curtain in the front of the tent. Make fifty loops on the edge of the curtain that is on the outside edge of the first set, and fifty loops on the outside edge of the curtain in the second set. Make fifty hooks of brass, and put the hooks into the loops, and join it all together to make one tent. The overhanging part that is left of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that is left, will hang over the back of the tent. The 18” on each side of that which is left in the length of the curtains will hang over the sides of the tent on each side, to cover it.

[14-21] Make another covering for the tent of red sheepskin, and then another covering of leather to go on top of that. Make the boards for the tent of acacia wood, to stand it up. The boards will be about 15’ long, and 2’3” wide. There will be two supports in each board to join them together: do this on all the boards of the tent. Make twenty boards for the south side of the tent. Make forty silver holders under the twenty boards; two holders under the two supports of each board. Make twenty boards for the second side of the tent, on the north side and their forty silver holders; two holders under each board.

[22-25] Make six boards for the back side of the tent on the west, two boards for each corner of the tent. They’ll be joined together on the bottom, and in the same way at the top into one ring to make the two corners. There will be eight boards, and their silver holders, sixteen holders in all; two holders under each board.

[26-30] Make bars of acacia wood: five for the boards of each side of the tent, and five bars for the boards of the back side of the tent, on the west. The middle bar in the middle of the boards will pass through the rings from end to end. Cover the boards and the bars with gold, and make the gold rings to hold the bars. Then set up the tent how you saw it on the mountain.

 

The Veil of the Most Holy Place

[31-37] Make a veil of blue, purple, and scarlet, of fine linen, skillfully sewn with angelic beings. Hang it on four posts of acacia covered with gold; their hooks will be of gold, on four silver holders. Hang up the veil under the hooks, and put the Chest of the Law in there behind the veil: and the veil will separate the holy place from the Most Holy Place for you. Then put the Seat of Forgiveness on the Chest of the Law in the Most Holy Place. Set the table outside the veil on the north side of the tent, and the lampstand across from the table on the south side of the tent. Make a screen for the door of the tent, skillfully woven of blue, purple, and scarlet, of fine linen. Make five posts of acacia wood covered with gold for the screen, with hooks of gold: and make five brass holders for them.

 

The Altar

27[1-8] Make a square altar of acacia wood, 7’6” long, and 7’6” wide, and 4’6” high. Make horns on its four corners joined to it; and cover it all with brass. Make pots of brass to take away the ashes, and shovels, pans, meat hooks, and fire pans, all the tools make of brass. Make a grill for it out of a grid of brass with four brass rings in the corners. Put it under the ledge around the altar underneath, so that the grill is halfway up the altar. Make poles for the altar of acacia wood, and cover them with brass. The poles will be put into the rings, and will be on two sides of the altar to carry it. Make it hollow, boarded up with planks, as you saw it on the mountain.

 

The Court of the Meeting Place

[9-13] Make the court of the tent with hangings on the south side of fine linen, 150’ long, for each side, with twenty posts, and twenty brass holders; Make silver hooks and bands for the posts. Do the same for the north side, making the hangings 150’ long, with twenty posts and twenty brass holders, and silver hooks and bands. On the west side the hangings will be 75’ wide with ten posts, and ten holders. The court on the east side will also be 75’ wide.

[14-16] The hangings for each side of the gate will be 22’6” with three posts and three holders. For the gate of the court will be a screen of 30’ of blue, purple, and scarlet fine linen, skillfully sewn, with four posts and four holders.

[17-19] All the posts around the court will be banded with silver and have silver hooks, and brass holders. So the court will be 150’ long, 75’ wide, and 7’6” high, of fine linen, with brass holders. All the work tools of the tent, all its nails, and all the nails of the court, will be brass.

 

The Light for the Lamp

[20-21] Tell the people of Israel to bring pure beaten olive oil for the light, so the lamp will burn always. Aaron and his sons will keep it in order from evening to morning facing Yahweh in the Meeting Place, outside the veil which is in front of the Chest of the Law, and this will be a law forever throughout the generations for the people of Israel.

 

The Preachers and their Clothes

28[1-8] Bring Aaron, your brother, and his sons, to you from among the people of Israel that they may serve as My preachers. Bring Aaron, and Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, his sons. Make sacred clothes for Aaron your brother, for beauty and honor. Tell those who are wise, whom I’ve given the spirit of wisdom, to make Aaron’s clothes to set him apart to serve Me as My preacher. Make a chest piece, and a back piece, a robe, a colorful coat of fine needlework, a hat, and a linen belt. Make these holy clothes for Aaron, your brother, and his sons that they may serve Me as My preachers. Take the gold, blue, purple, and scarlet, of the fine linen. Make the back piece of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet, of fine linen, skillfully woven. It will have two shoulder-pieces joined to the two ends, to join it together. The skillfully woven band, which is on it, will be made like it of the same kind of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet, fine linen.

[9-12] Then take two onyx stones, and engrave the names of the families of Israel on them with six of their names on one stone, and the other six on the other stone, in the order of their birth. Let the engraver carve them in the two stones, like the work on an engraved seal, with the names of the families of Israel. Then set them in settings of gold. Put the two stones on the shoulder-pieces of the back piece, as reminders of the people of Israel; and Aaron will carry their names facing Yahweh on his two shoulders as a reminder.

[13-14] Make settings of gold, and two chains of solid gold like cords of braided work and put the braided chains on the settings.

[15-21] Make a chest piece pocket to keep the Judgment Stones in, skillfully woven; like the work of the back piece. Make it of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet, fine linen. It will be square and folded double; It will be about 9” long, and 9” wide. Set in it stone settings of gold for four rows of stones with the first row having a ruby,a topaz, and an emerald;and the second row having a turquoise, a sapphire, and a diamond;and the third row having a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;and the fourth row having a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. The stones will have the names of the families of Israel, by their twelve names; like the carvings of an engraved seal, one for each name of the twelve family groups.

[22-28] Make on the chest piece chains of solid gold braided like cords. Make on the chest piece two gold rings, and put the two rings on the two ends of the chest piece. Put the two braided chains of gold in the two rings at the ends of the chest piece. The other two ends of the two braided chains you’ll put on the two settings, and put them on the shoulder-pieces of the back piece in the front part of it. Make two gold rings, and put them on the inside of the lower edge of the two ends of the chest piece, which faces the side of the back piece. Make two more gold rings, and put them on the two shoulder-pieces of the back piece underneath, in the front part of it, close where it joins, on top of the band of the back piece. They’ll tie the chest piece by its rings to the rings of the back piece with a blue cord, to join it to the band of the back piece, and so that the chest piece won’t swing out from the back piece.

 

The Judgment Stones

[29-30] So Aaron will keep the names of the families of Israel in the chest piece, which holds the Judgment Stones, on his heart when he goes in to the holy place, for a reminder to Yahweh always. Put in the chest piece of judgment the Urim and the Thummim, which are the Judgment Stones; and they’ll be on Aaron’s heart, when he goes in facing Yahweh; and Aaron will have the power to judge the families of Israel on his heart facing Yahweh always.

[31-35] Make the robe of the back piece blue. It will have a hole for the head in the middle of it, having a binding of woven work around the hole, like on a soldier’s coat of mail, so that it won’t be torn. On its hem make pomegranate fruits of blue, purple, and scarlet, around its hem with gold bells between them: a pattern of gold bells and fruits all around the robe’s hem. It will be on Aaron to serve in; and I’ll hear its sound when he comes in to the holy place facing Yahweh, and when he goes out, so that he won’t die.

[36-38] Make a plate of solid gold, and carve on it, like the carvings of an engraved seal, ‘FOR WORSHIP OF YAHWEH.’ Put it on a string of blue, and it will stay on the front of the hat on Aaron’s forehead, and Aaron will carry the guilt of sin of all the holy offerings of the people of Israel, so that they may be accepted by Yahweh.

[39-43] Weave the coat and the hat in fine linen, and make a finely woven belt with the best needlework. Make coats, belts, and hats for Aaron’s sons, too, for beauty and honor. Put them on Aaron, your brother, and on his sons, and rub oil on them, setting them apart, and dedicating them to minister to Me as My preachers. Make them linen underwear to cover them from the hips to the thighs. Aaron and his sons will wear them when they go in to the Meeting Place or when they come to the altar to minister in the holy place, so that they don’t have any guilt of sin, and die. This will be a law for him and his descendants forever.

 

Dedication of the Preachers

29[1-9] This is what you’ll do to them to set them apart to serve Me as My preachers: take one young bull and two rams that have nothing wrong with them, some flat bread, some cakes made without yeast mixed with oil, and some wafers made without yeast covered with oil, all made with fine wheat flour. Put them into a basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bull and the two rams. Then bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the Meeting Place, and have them wash themselves with water. Take the clothes, and put on Aaron the coat, the robe of the back piece, the back piece, and the chest piece, and dress him with the skillfully woven band of the back piece and set the hat on his head, and put the holy crown on the hat. Then take the anointing oil, and pour it on his head, and anoint him. Bring his sons, and put coats on them and dress them with their belts, and put their hats on them. They’ll serve as preachers forever by My law, so set apart Aaron and his sons.

[10-14] Then bring the bull before the Meeting Place and Aaron and his sons will lay their hands on the head of the bull. Kill the bull facing Yahweh, at the door of the Meeting Place. Take some of the blood of the bull, and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger; and pour out all the rest of the blood at the base of the altar. Take all the fat that covers the insides, the fat that covers the liver and the two kidneys, and all the fat that is around them, and burn it all on the altar. But the meat of the bull, and its skin, and its wastes, you’ll burn with fire outside of the camp because it’s a sin-offering.

[15-21] Also take one male goat and Aaron and his sons will lay their hands on the head of this goat. Then kill the goat, and take its blood, and sprinkle it around the altar. Cut the goat into pieces, and wash its insides, and its legs, and put them with the other pieces, and with its head. Burn the whole goat on the altar because it’s a burnt offering to Yahweh, an offering of fire that smells good to Yahweh. Then take the other goat; and Aaron and his sons will lay their hands on the head of this goat. Then kill it, and take some of its blood, and put it on the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and on the tip of the right ear of his sons, and on the thumb of their right hand, and on the big toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood on the altar all around it. Take some of the blood that is on the altar, and some of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron, and on his clothes, and on his sons, and on their  clothes with him: and they’ll be set apart for service, along with the clothes, and his sons, and his sons` clothes.

[22-28] Also take some of the goat’s fat, the fat tail, the fat that covers the insides, the fat that covers the liver, the two kidneys, and all the fat around them, and the right thigh because it’s a goat of dedication. Also take one loaf of bread, one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of bread without yeast that is facing Yahweh. Put all of this in Aaron’s hands, and in his sons` hands, and wave them for a wave-offering facing Yahweh. Then take them from their hands, and burn them on the altar for a burnt offering, for an offering of fire that smells good to Yahweh. Take the breast of Aaron’s goat of dedication, and wave it for a wave-offering facing Yahweh: and it will be your part. Dedicate the breast that is waved, and the thigh that is raised up, of the goat of dedication, which is part of that which is for Aaron, and his sons:and Aaron and his sons will have this part forever by right from the people of Israel; for it’s an offering which is raised up from the people of Israel of the sacrifices of their peace-offerings, even their offering which is raised up to Yahweh.

[29-37] The holy clothes of Aaron will be for his descendants after him, to be anointed in them, and to be set apart in them. Those who are preachers in Aaron’s place will put them on for seven days when they come into the Meeting Place to minister in the holy place. Then take the male goat of dedication, and boil its meat in a holy place. Aaron and his sons will eat the meat of the goat, and the bread that is in the basket at the door of the Meeting Place. They’ll eat those things which were to cover their sin to set apart and dedicate them, but no one else will eat it, because they’re holy. If any of the meat of the dedication, or of the bread, is left over the next morning, then burn what’s left with fire. It won’t be eaten, because it’s holy. So do this to Aaron and his sons, according to all that I’ve told you. Set them apart for seven days. Offer the bull of the sin-offering to cover sin every day: and cleanse the altar, when the offering is made, and rub oil on it again, to dedicate it. For seven days make the offering on the altar to cover sin, and dedicate it. Then the altar will be most holy and whatever touches it will also be holy.

 

The Offering of the Lambs

[38-46] Now you’ll offer two one year old lambs on the altar each day. The first lamb you’ll offer in the morning and the other at evening, along with a 3 quart jar of fine flour mixed with one fourth of a 5 quart jar of beaten oil, and one fourth of a 5 quart jar of wine for a drink-offering. The other lamb that you’ll offer at evening will be offered like that of the morning offering, an offering of fire, an offering that smells good to Yahweh. It will be a constant burnt offering forever at the door of the Meeting Place facing Yahweh, where I’ll meet you and talk to you. There I’ll meet with the people of Israel; and the place will be set apart because I Am there. I’ll dedicate the Meeting Place and the altar, and Aaron and his sons I’ll also dedicate to serve Me as My preachers. I’ll be with the people of Israel, and will be their God. They’ll know that I Am Yahweh their God, who brought them out of the land of Egypt that I might be with them. I Am Yahweh their God.

 

The Incense Altar

30[1-10] Make an altar of acacia wood on which to burn incense. It will be 18” wide and long. It will be square, and it will be 3’ high. Its horns will be joined to it. Cover it with solid gold, the top, the sides all around it, and its horns; and make a gold trim around it. Make two golden rings for it under the trim on two sides, which will be for places to put the poles to carry it. Make the poles of acacia wood, and cover them with gold. Put it in front of the veil that is by the Chest of the Law, in front of the Seat of Forgiveness that is over the law, where I’ll meet with you. Aaron will burn incense of sweet spices on it every morning. When he tends the lamps, he’ll burn it. When the preacher lights the lamps at evening, the incense will be burnt for Yahweh forever. Offer no other incense on it, nor any other offering on it. Aaron will make an offering to cover your sins with the blood of the sin offering on its horns once a year and it will be done forever. It’s most holy to Yahweh.”

 

Yahweh’s Sin Offering from the People

[11-16] Then Yahweh said to Moses,“When you count the people of Israel, let those who are counted among them, pay a price for their life to Yahweh, so that there will be no problem among them when you count them. Everyone who’s counted will give a half dollar from the dollar of the place of worship, which is valued at twenty nickels, half a dollar for an offering to Yahweh. Everyone who’s counted, from twenty years old and over, will give the offering to Yahweh. The rich won’t give more, and the poor won’t give less, than the half dollar, when they give the offering of Yahweh to cover your sin for your lives. Take the money to cover your sin from the people of Israel, and use it for the work of the worship service; that it may be a reminder to Yahweh for the people of Israel, to cover your sin for your lives.”

 

The Washing Pan

[17-21] Then Yahweh said to Moses,“Also make a pan of brass to wash in, and the base for it of brass. Put it between the Meeting Place and the altar, and put water in it. Aaron and his sons will wash their hands and their feet in it. When they go into the Meeting Place, they’ll wash with water, so that they won’t die; or when they come to the altar to minister, to burn an offering of fire to Yahweh. So they’ll wash their hands and their feet so that they won’t die: and this will be a law for the preachers forever.”

 

The Holy Anointing Oil and the Incense

[22-29] Then Yahweh said to Moses,“Also take fine spices: $500 worth of liquid myrrh, and half as much, $250 of fragrant cinnamon, $250 of sweet cane,and $500 of cassia, in the dollar of the place of worship; and a 5 quart measure of olive oil. Make it a holy anointing oil, a perfume mixed in the art of the perfumer, which will be a holy anointing oil. Use it to rub oil on the Meeting Place, the Chest of the Law, the table and all its tools, the lampstand and its tools, the altar of incense,the altar of burnt offering with all its tools, and the pan with its base. Dedicate them that they may be most holy. Whatever touches them will be holy.

[30-33] Anoint Aaron and his sons, and dedicate them that they may serve Me as My preachers. Then say to the people of Israel, `This will be My holy anointing oil forever. It won’t be put on anyone but the preachers, nor will you make any like it, using this mixture because it’s holy. So it will be holy to you. Whoever mixes any like it, or puts some on anyone other than a preacher will be cut off from the people.`”

[34-38] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Then take sweet spices, gum resin, onycha, and galbanum; sweet spices with pure frankincense, with an equal weight of each;and make incense of it, a perfume mixed in the art of the perfumer, and salted, making it pure and holy: Crush some of it very small, and put it before the law in the Meeting Place where I’ll meet with you. It will be to you most holy. Make this incense, by this mixture. Don’t make it for yourselves because it’s holy to you for Yahweh. Whoever makes any like it, for its good smell, will be cut off from the people.”

 

Calling the Workers by Name

31[1-5] Yahweh said to Moses, “Look, I’ve called by name Bezalel, the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the family of Judah:and I’ve filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, understanding, knowledge, and all kinds of skills to create craftworks of gold, silver, and brass, in stone cutting for setting, and in carving wood, to work in all kinds of skills.

[6-11] I’ve chosen Oholiab to work with him, the son of Ahisamach, of the family of Dan; and I’ve put wisdom in the heart of all who are wise, so that they can make all that I’ve told you:the Meeting Place, the Chest of the Law, the Seat of Forgiveness that is on it, all the furniture of the Holy Tent,the table and its tools, the pure lampstand with all its tools, the altar of incense,the altar of burnt offering with all its tools, the pan and its base,the finely worked clothes, both the holy clothes for Aaron the preacher  and the clothes of his sons to minister as My preachers,the anointing oil, and the incense of sweet spices for the holy place, like all that I’ve told you for them to do.”

 

Keep the Seventh Day

[12-18] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Also tell the people of Israel, ‘Keep My Seventh Days because they’re a sign between Me and you forever; that you may know that I Am Yahweh who sets you apart. So keep the Seventh Day because it’s holy to you. Everyone who disrespects it will, without a doubt, be put to death; and whoever does any work on it, they’ll be cut off from among the people. Your work will be done for six days, but the seventh day is a Day of Rest, set aside to worship Yahweh. Whoever does any work on the Seventh Day will, without a doubt, be put to death. So the people of Israel will keep the Seventh Day, throughout their generations, forever. It’s a sign between Me and the people of Israel forever; for in six days Yahweh, your God made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day I rested, and was refreshed.’” After talking to him on Mount Sinai, God gave to Moses the two stone slabs of the law, written with God’s own finger.

 

The Golden Calf

32[1-5] When the people saw that Moses hadn’t come down from the mountain yet, they gathered together around Aaron, and said to him, “Come, make us gods, which will go before us! As for Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we don’t even know what happened to him.” So Aaron said to them, “Take off the golden earrings, which are on your wives and your children, and bring them to me.” So all the people took off their golden earrings, and brought them to Aaron. So he took what they handed him, and melted it into a golden calf, carving it with an engraving tool; and said, “This is your god, Israel, which brought you up out of the land of Egypt.” Then Aaron built an altar before it; and made an announcement, and said, “Tomorrow will be a feast to Yahweh.”

[6-10] So they rose up early on the next day, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace-offerings; and the people sat down to eat and drink, and then got up to play. So Yahweh said to Moses, “Go, get down; for your people, who you brought up out of the land of Egypt, have dishonored themselves!They’ve turned away quickly from what I told them. They’ve made themselves a golden calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed to it, and said, `This is your god, Israel, which brought you up out of the land of Egypt.`” Then Yahweh said to Moses, “I’ve seen these people, and you see, they’re a stubborn people. Now leave Me alone, so that I may destroy them in My anger and make a great nation of you.”

 

Moses Pleads for the People

[11-14] But Moses begged Yahweh, his God, and said, “Yahweh, why are You so angry with Your people, that You’ve brought out of the land of Egypt with great power and a strong hand?Why should the Egyptians say, ‘God brought them out for evil, to kill them in the mountains, and to destroy them from the face of the earth?’ Turn from your great anger, and turn away from this evil against your people. Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, your workers, to whom You promised by Your own self, and said to them, `I’ll grow your descendants as the stars of the sky, and all this land that I’ve spoken of I’ll give to your descendants, and they’ll inherit it forever.`” So Yahweh didn’t punish the people.

 

Moses Breaks the Slabs of the Law

[15-19] Then Moses went down from the mountain holding the two stone slabs of the law, which were written on both sides. The stone slabs were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, carved on the stone slabs. When Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said to Moses, “The sound of war is in the camp.” But Moses said, “It isn’t the sound of those who win or lose a battle; but I hear the sound of singing.” Then, as soon as they came to the camp, Moses saw the calf and the dancing; and Moses was very angry, and threw the stone slabs out of his hands, and broke them at the base of the mountain.

 

Moses Destroys the Golden Calf

[20-24] Then Moses took the calf they had made, and burnt it with fire, grounding it to powder, and scattered it on the water, and made the people of Israel drink it. Then Moses said to Aaron, “What did the people do to you, that you’ve let them do this great sin?” Then Aaron said, “Don’t be very angry. You know that these people are set on evil. They said to me, `Make us gods, which will go before us; as for Moses, the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we don’t even know what has happened to him.’ So I said to them, `Whoever has any gold, let them take it off:’ so they gave it to me and I threw it into the fire, and out came this calf.”

 

Choose God

[25-28] When Moses saw that the people were out of control, (for Aaron had let them do what they wanted to, so that they would be shamed in front of their enemies,)then he stood at the edge of the camp, and said, “Whoever is on Yahweh’s side, come to me!” So all the family of Levi went to him. Then he said to them, “Yahweh, the God of Israel says, `Everyone, get ready to fight, and go from one end of the camp to the other, and everyone kill your family members, your friends, and your neighbors.” So the family of Levi did what Moses had said; and about 3,000 people died that day.

[29-35] Moses said, “Dedicate yourselves today to Yahweh, yes, every one of you, who has sacrificed your family; so that God may give you a blessing today.” Then on the next day, Moses said to the people, “You’ve done a great sin. Now I’ll go up to Yahweh. Maybe I’ll be able to cover your sins for you, and ask forgiveness for you.” So Moses went back to Yahweh, and said, “Oh, these people have done a great sin, making a god of gold for themselves. Yet now, please forgive their sin, but if not, then take me out of your book of names.” But Yahweh said to Moses, “I’ll take out of My book whoever has sinned against me. Now go, lead the people to the place of which I’ve told you about. See, My angel will go before you. But whenever I judge them, I’ll punish them for their sin.” So Yahweh punished the people, because they worshiped the calf, which Aaron made.

 

 

The Promised Land

33[1-6] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Leave, go from here, you and the people that you’ve brought up out of the land of Egypt, to the land of which I promised to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, `I’ll give it to your descendants.`I’ll send an angel to lead you to a land full of milk and honey and I’ll drive out the Canaanites, Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. But I won’t go with you, for you’re a stubborn people, and I’d destroy you in the way.” So when the people heard this bad news, they cried. And no one put on any jewelry either. So Yahweh said to Moses, “Tell the people of Israel, `You’re a stubborn people. If I were to go with you for even one moment, I’d destroy you. So now take off your jewelry, that I may know what to do to you.” So the people of Israel stripped themselves of their jewelry from Mount Horeb onward.

 

The Meeting Place

[7-10] Now Moses used to take the tent and pitch it outside the camp, far away from the camp, and he called it, “The Meeting Place.” So everyone who sought Yahweh went out to the Meeting Place, which was outside the camp. So when Moses went out to the Holy Tent, all the people rose up, and stood at their tent door, and watched Moses, until he had gone into the Holy Tent. So, when Moses entered into the Holy Tent, the pillar of cloud came down, stood at the door of the Holy Tent, and spoke with Moses. All the people saw the pillar of cloud stand at the door of the Holy Tent, so they all rose up and worshipped at their tent door.

 

Moses Sees God

[11-16] Yahweh spoke to Moses face to face, as someone talks to a friend. Then Moses turned back toward the camp, but his worker Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, didn’t go out of the Holy Tent. Then Moses said to Yahweh, “See, you tell me, `Bring up the people` and you haven’t let me know whom You’ll send with me. Yet you’ve said, ‘I know you by name, and you’ve also pleased Me.’ So now, if I’ve pleased You, please show me now Your ways, that I may know You, so that I may please You and think of this nation as Your people.” Then God said, “I will go with you, and give you rest.” So Moses answered, “If You don’t go with me, then don’t carry us out of here. How would the people know that I’ve pleased You, both I and your people? Isn’t it because You go with us that sets us apart from all the people who are on the face of the earth?”

[17-23] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “I’ll do what you ask because you’ve pleased Me, and I know you by name.” Then Moses said, “Please let me see You.” So God said, “I’ll show you all My goodness, and will make what the Name of Yahweh means known to you. I’ll have grace on whomever I choose to have grace, and I’ll forgive whomever I choose to forgive.” Then God said, “You can’t see My face, for a human can’t see Me and live.” Then Yahweh also said, “See, You may stand on the rock that is near Me and when My beautiful light passes by, I’ll put you in a crack of the rock, and will cover you with My hand until I’ve passed by;then I’ll take My hand away and you’ll see My back; but you won’t see My face.”

 

 

 

 

The Second Set

34[1-5] Yahweh said to Moses, “Make two stone slabs like the first ones; and I’ll write on them the words that were on the first slabs, which you broke. Be ready by morning, and come up Mount Sinai, and come to Me there on the top of the mountain. No one will come up with you; and don’t let anyone be seen anywhere on the mountain; nor let the flocks and herds feed at the base of the mountain.” So Moses made two stone slabs like the first ones and rose up early in the morning, and went up on Mount Sinai, as Yahweh had told him, carrying the two stone slabs. Then Yahweh came down in a cloud, and stood with Moses, and said, “I Am Yahweh.”

[6-9]Yahweh passed by before him and said, “Yahweh! Yahweh, a God full of forgiveness and grace, slow to get angry, great in goodness and truth,having compassion on thousands, forgiving faults, disobedience, and sin; and Who will in no way clear the guilty, passing down the parents’ faults to the children, and the grandchildren, up to the third and fourth generation.” So Moses bowed his head quickly toward the earth, and worshipped. And Moses said, “If now I’ve pleased You, God, please go with us; even though this is a stubborn people; forgive our faults and sins, and take us for your own.”

 

Don’t Follow the Practices of Ungodly People

     [10-17] Then God said, “See, I make a promise: I’ll do great things before all your people, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation; and all the people who you are with will see the work of Yahweh; for it’s an awesome thing that I do with you. Do what I tell you today. See, I drive out before you the Amorites, Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. Be careful not to make a promise with the people of the land where you’re going, or it will cause the Israelites to sin. Knock down their altars, break in pieces their posts, and cut down the trees they use to worship their false gods. Worship no other god because Yahweh, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God. Don’t make a promise with the people of the land, because they’ll worship their false gods, and make sacrifices to them, and if one calls you, you’ll eat of his sacrifice;and if you take their children to marry your children, they’ll worship their false gods, and make your children worship their false gods. So don’t make any false gods for yourselves.

 

Keep the Passover Feast

[18-26] Keep the Passover Feast. Eat bread without yeast for seven days, as I told you, at the time chosen in the month Abib; for in the month Abib, in the creek, you came out from Egypt. Every firstborn is mine; all your male animals, the firstborn of both cows and sheep. The firstborn of a donkey you’ll buy back with a lamb: and if you don’t buy it back, then break its neck. All the firstborn of your sons you’ll buy back, too. No one will come to Me without an offering. You’ll work six days, but on the Seventh Day you’ll rest. In both planting time and in harvest you’ll rest. Keep the Feast of Weeks with the first of the wheat harvest, and the Harvest Feast at the end of the year. Three times a year all your males will come to Yahweh God, the God of Israel. I’ll drive out nations before you and enlarge your borders; and no one will want your land when you go up to Yahweh, your God, three times a year. Don’t offer the blood of My sacrifice with bread made with yeast; nor let the sacrifice of the Passover Feast be left till the morning. Bring the first of the foods of your ground to the house of Yahweh your God. Don’t boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.”

 

Moses Shines with God’s Light

[27-35] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “Write these words because the promise that I have made with you and Israel is based on the words I have told you.” So Moses was there with Yahweh forty days and nights, neither eating bread, nor drinking water. Then Moses wrote on the stone slabs the words of the promise, the Ten Laws. When Moses came down from Mount Sinai holding the two stone slabs of the Law, he didn’t know that the skin of his face was shining brightly because of his talking to God. So when Aaron and all the people of Israel saw that the skin of his face was shining, they were afraid to come near him. But Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the rulers of the people went back to him; and Moses talked with them. Afterward all the people of Israel came to him, and he gave them all of the laws that Yahweh had told him on Mount Sinai. Until Moses was done talking to them, he covered his face with a veil. But when Moses went in to talk to Yahweh, he took the veil off, until he came out again. When he came out, Moses told the people of Israel what he was told. But when they saw the skin of his face, which was still shining, Moses put the veil on his face again, until he went in to talk to Yahweh.

 

Moses Gives the People God’s Law

35[1-20] Moses gathered all the people of Israel together and said to them, “These are the words which Yahweh has told me that you should do. `You’ll work six days, but on the Seventh Day there will be a holy day for you, a Day of Rest to Yahweh. Whoever does any work in it will be put to death. Make no fire in any of your homes on the Seventh Day.’” Then Moses said to all the people of Israel, “This is what Yahweh told me, `Take an offering from you for Yahweh. Let whoever is willing bring Yahweh an offering of gold, silver, brass,blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, goats` hair, red sheepskins, leather, acacia wood,oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil and for the good smelling incense,onyx stones, and stones to be set for the back piece and for the chest piece. And let everyone who’s wise among you come and make all that Yahweh has told me:the tent and its outer covering, roof, hooks, boards, bars, posts, and holders;the Chest and its poles, the Seat of Forgiveness, the veil of the screen;the table with its poles and all its tools, and the holy bread;the lampstand also for the light, with its tools, its lamps, and the oil for the light;and the altar of incense with its poles, the anointing oil, the good smelling incense, the screen for the door at the door of the tent;the altar of burnt offering, with its grill of brass, it poles, and all its tools, the pan and its base;the hangings of the court, its posts, their holders, and the screen for the gate of the court;the nails of the tent and the court, and their cords;the finely worked clothes, for ministering in the holy place, the holy clothes for Aaron the preacher, and his sons’ clothes to minister as your preachers.`” Then all the people of Israel left from Moses.

 

The People Bring an Offering

[21-29]Then everyone who was led, and everyone who was willing, brought Yahweh’s offering for the work of the Meeting Place, and for all of its jobs, and for the holy clothes. They came, both men and women, as many as were willing, and brought pins, ear-rings, rings, and arm bracelets, all gold jewelry, everyone who offered an offering of gold to Yahweh. Everyone, who had blue, purple, scarlet, fine linen, goats` hair, red sheepskins, and leather, brought it. Everyone who gave an offering of silver and brass brought Yahweh’s offering; and everyone who had acacia wood for any work of the service, brought it. All the women who knew how to make cloth brought what they had made, the blue, purple, and scarlet, and fine linen. All the women who were led made cloth out of the goats` hair. The leaders brought the onyx stones, the stones to be set for the back piece and for the chest piece; the spices and the oil for the light, for the anointing oil, and for the good smelling incense. The people of Israel brought a freewill offering to Yahweh; every man and woman whose heart was led, brought what was needed for all the work, which Yahweh by Moses told them to make.

 

God Calls the Workers by Name

[30-35] Then Moses said to the people of Israel, “See, Yahweh has called by name Bezalel, the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the family of Judah. God has filled him with the Spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, in knowledge, and in all kinds of skills to make craftworks of gold, silver, and brass,in cutting of stones for setting, and in carving of wood, to do all kinds of craftworks. God has put it in his heart that he may teach you, both he, and Oholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the family of Dan. God has filled them with wisdom to understand all kinds of skills, of the engraver, of those who make craftworks, and of those who do fine needlework, in blue, purple, scarlet, and fine linen, and of the weaver, and those who do any other kinds of skills, and of those who make craftworks.

 

36[1-7] Bezalel and Oholiab will work with everyone who’s wise, in whom Yahweh has put wisdom and understanding to know how to do all the work for the service of the place of worship, just as Yahweh has said.” So Moses called Bezalel and Oholiab, and everyone who was wise, in whose heart Yahweh had put wisdom, everyone whose heart led them to come do the work, and Moses gave them all the offering which the people of Israel had brought to make the things for the work of the service of the place of worship. And they brought more freewill-offerings to him every morning. So all those who were wise, who did the work of the place of worship, each came from their work which they did and said to Moses, “The people bring much more than enough for the service of the work which Yahweh told us to make.”  So Moses told them, and they told everyone throughout the camp, “Let no one bring anything else for the offering for the place of worship.” So the people stopped bringing things, because the stuff they had was more than enough to make everything.

 

The Place of Worship

[8-13]All those who were wise among them who did the work made the tent with ten curtains of fine linen, blue, purple, and scarlet, with angelic beings sewn skillfully by the workers. Each curtain was 42’ long, and 6’ wide, with all of them the same size. Five curtains were joined together in one set, and the other five curtains were joined together in a second set. They made loops of blue cord on the edge of the first set where they come together, and on the outside edge of the second set of curtains. They made fifty loops in the first set, and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain that was in the second set. So the loops were opposite one another. Then they made fifty hooks of gold, and joined the curtains together with the hooks, so it was all one tent.

[14-19]Then they made curtains of goats` hair for a covering over the tent. They made eleven of these curtains. Each curtain was about 45’ long and 6’ wide, all the same size. They joined five curtains in one set, and six in another set. They made fifty loops on the edge of the curtain that was on the outside edge of the first set, and fifty loops on the edge of the curtain on the outside edge of the second set. Then they made fifty hooks of brass to join the tent together to make it all one tent. Then they made a covering for the tent of red sheepskins, and a covering of leather on top of that.

[20-30]They made the boards of acacia wood to stand the tent up. The boards were about 15’ long, and 2’3” wide. Each board had two supports, joined together. They made all the boards of the tent this way. They made twenty boards for the south side of the tent facing south. They made forty silver holders under the twenty boards; two holders under each board for its two supports. For the second side of the tent, on the north side, they made twenty boards,and their forty silver holders; two holders under each board. For the far part of the tent on the west, they made six boards. They made two boards for the corners of the tent in the far part. They were joined together on the bottom, and in the same way at the top into one ring to make the two corners. They did this to both of them in the two corners. There were eight boards, and their silver holders, sixteen holders; two holders under each board.

[31-38]They made the bars of acacia wood; five for the boards of each side of the tent, and five for the boards of the tent for the west side in the back. Then they made the middle bar to pass through in the middle of the boards from one end to the other. They covered the boards with gold, and made their gold rings to hold the bars, and covered the bars with gold. They made the veil of blue, purple, and scarlet, fine linen, skillfully sewn with angelic beings. They made four posts of acacia for it, and covered them with gold. Their hooks were of gold, too. They made four silver holders for them. Then they made a screen for the door of the tent, of blue, purple, and scarlet, fine linen, the work of those who do fine needlework;and its five posts with their hooks. They covered their tops and bands with gold, and their five holders were of brass.

 

The Chest of the Law and the Seat of Forgiveness

37[1-9] Bezalel made the Chest of acacia wood. It was about 3’9” long, 2’3” wide, and 2’3” high. They covered it with solid gold inside and out, and made a trim of gold all around it. They made four gold rings for it, in its four feet; with two rings on each side. They made poles of acacia wood, and covered them with gold. Then they put the poles into the rings on the sides of the Chest, to carry it. They made a Seat of Forgiveness of solid gold. It was 3’9” long, and 2’3” wide. Then they made two angelic beings of molded work of gold at the two ends of the Seat of Forgiveness, with one at each end. They made the angelic beings on the two ends of the Seat of Forgiveness, molded out of one piece of gold. The angelic beings spread their wings out high, covering the Seat of Forgiveness with their wings, with their faces toward one another. The faces of the angelic beings looked toward the Seat of Forgiveness.

 

 

 

The Bread Table

[10-16]They made the table of acacia wood. It was 3’ long, 18” wide, and 2’3” high. They covered it with solid gold, and made a gold trim around it. They made a rim of about 4” around it, and made a golden trim on the rim. They made four gold rings for it, and put the rings in the four corners that were on its four feet. The rings were underneath the rim, where the poles went to carry the table. They made the poles to carry the table of acacia wood, and covered them with gold. Then they made the tools for the table, its dishes, spoons, bowls, and jars with which to serve, of solid gold.

 

The Lampstand

[17-24]Then they made the lampstand of solid gold, from molded work. Its base, shaft, cups, buds, and flowers were all of one piece. There were six branches going out of its sides: three branches of the lampstand coming out of each side, with three cups made like almond-blossoms with a bud and a flower in each branch, for all six branches of the lampstand. In the lampstand were four cups made like almond-blossoms, with its buds and flowers;and a bud under every two branches of the six branches coming out of it. Their buds and their branches were all of one piece with it, the whole thing being one molded work of solid gold. They made its seven lamps, its tools, and its trays of solid gold. They made it of $3,000 worth of solid gold, with all its tools.

 

The Altar of Incense

[25-29]Then they made the altar of incense of acacia wood. It was square, about 18” long, and 18” wide, and 3’ high. Its horns were of one piece with it. They covered it with solid gold, its top, its sides all around it, and its horns. They made a gold trim around it, and two golden rings for it under its trim, on each of its two sides, for the poles to go which would carry it. They made the poles of acacia wood, and covered them with gold. Then they made the holy anointing oil and the pure incense of sweet spices, mixed in the art of the perfumer.

 

The Altar of Burnt Offerings

38[1-8] They made the altar for burnt offerings of acacia wood. It was square. It was 7’6” long, 7’6” wide, and 4’6” high. They made its horns on its four corners, all of one piece, and covered it with brass. They made all the tools of the altar of brass, all the pots, shovels, pans, meat hooks, and fire pans. They made a grill of brass for the altar, underneath the ledge, about halfway up. They made four rings for the four ends of the brass grill, to hold the poles. Then they made the poles of acacia wood, and covered them with brass. They put the poles into the rings on the sides of the altar, to carry it. They made it hollow with planks. They made the washing pan of brass, and its base of brass, out of the mirrors of the women who ministered at the door of the Meeting Place.

 

The Court of the Meeting Place

     [9-17]They made the south side of the court with its hangings of fine linen, 150’ long, with twenty brass posts and holders, and silver hooks and bands. The north side was also 150’ long, with twenty brass posts and holders; and silver hooks and bands. The west side had hangings that were 75’ long, with ten posts, and holders; and silver hooks and bands. The east side was 75’ long. The hangings for that side were 22’6” long, with three posts, and holders;and the same for the other side; on both sides by the gate of the court were hangings of 22’6” long; with three posts and holders. All the hangings around the court were of fine linen. The holders for the posts were brass. The hooks of the posts, their bands, and the covering of their tops, were of silver; and all the posts of the court were banded with silver.

[18-20]The screen for the gate of the court was the work of those who do fine needlework, of blue, purple, and scarlet, fine linen. It was 30’ long, and 7’6” high, like the hangings of the court. They had four brass posts and holders; and silver hooks and bands, and the covering of their tops was silver. All the nails of the tent and the court, were of brass.

 

The Cost of the Meeting Place

[21-31]This is the amount of material used for the tent, the Meeting Place of God, as they were counted, according to the law of Moses, for the service of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar, the son of Aaron, the preacher. So Bezalel, the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the family of Judah, made all that Yahweh told Moses to make. Oholiab was with him, who was the son of Ahisamach, of the family of Dan, an engraver, and a skillful worker, and one of those who do fine needlework in blue, purple, and scarlet, fine linen. The offering of all the gold that was used for the work in all the service of the place of worship was $87,730, in the dollar of the place of worship. The silver of those who were counted of the people was $301,775, in the dollar of the place of worship, a half-dollar a head, in the dollar of the place of worship, for everyone who was counted, from twenty years old and up, for 603,550 people. The $300,000 dollars of silver were for making the holders of the place of worship, and the holders of the veil; one hundred holders for the $300,000 dollars, about $3,000 dollars for a holder. With $1,775 the hooks and bands for the posts were made, and their tops were covered. The brass of the offering was $212,400 dollars. With this the holders to the door of the Meeting Place, the brass altar, the brass grill for it, all the tools of the altar,the holders around the court, the holders of the gate of the court, and all the nails of the tent and the court were made.

 

The Preachers’ Clothes

39[1-5] Of the blue, purple, and scarlet, they made finely worked clothes, for ministering in the holy place, and made the holy clothes for Aaron; as Yahweh had told Moses. They made the back piece of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet, fine linen. They beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into tiny wires, to work it in the blue, purple, and scarlet, fine linen, skillfully sewn in them. They made shoulder-pieces for it, joined together at the two ends. The skillfully woven band that was on it, which is used to put it on, was of the same piece, like its work; of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet, fine linen; as Yahweh had told Moses.

[6-14] They set the onyx stones in settings of gold, carved like an engraved seal, with the names of the family groups of Israel. They put them on the shoulder-pieces of the back piece, to be reminder stones for the people of Israel, as Yahweh had told Moses. They made the square chest piece, skillfully made, like the work of the back piece; of gold, blue, purple, and scarlet, fine linen. It was 9” long, and 9” wide, being doubled in thickness. They set in it four rows of stones. The first row was ruby, topaz, and emerald; the second row was turquoise, sapphire, and diamond; the third row, was jacinth, agate, and amethyst;and the fourth row was beryl, onyx, and jasper, which were set in gold settings. The stones had one of the twelve family names of the people of Israel carved on each like an engraved seal.

[15-21]They made on the chest piece chains like cords, of braided work of solid gold. They made two settings of gold, and two gold rings, and put the two rings on the two ends of the chest piece. They put the two braided chains of gold in the two rings at the ends of the chest piece. The other two ends of the two braided chains they put on the two settings, and put them on the shoulder-pieces of the back piece, in the front of it. They made two gold rings, and put them on the inside edge of the two ends of the chest piece, which faces the side of the back piece. They made two gold rings, and put them on the two shoulder-pieces of the back piece underneath the front of it, near where it joins, on top of the skillfully woven band of the back piece. They tied the chest piece by its rings to the rings of the back piece with a blue cord, to join it to the woven band of the back piece, so that the chest piece might not come loose from the back piece, as Yahweh had told Moses.

[22-29]Then they made the robe of the back piece of woven work, all of blue. The opening of the robe in the middle of it was like the opening of a soldier’s coat of mail, with a binding around its opening, so that it wouldn’t tear. On the hem of the robe, they made pomegranate fruits of blue, purple, and scarlet, fine linen. They made bells of solid gold, and put the bells between the fruits all around the hem of the robe; a pattern of bells and fruits all around the hem of the robe, to minister in, as Yahweh had told Moses. Then they made the coats of fine linen of woven work for Aaron, and his sons,along with very good linen hats, the linen underwear,and the linen belt, of blue, purple, and scarlet, with fine needlework, as Yahweh had told Moses.

[30-43]Then they made the plate of the holy crown of solid gold, and wrote on it, like an engraved seal: “ FOR  WORSHIP OF YAHWEH.” Then they tied to it a blue cord, to tie it on the hat on top of it, as Yahweh had told Moses. So all the work of the tent of the Meeting Place was finished. The people of Israel did everything that Yahweh had told Moses to do. They brought the tent to Moses, the tent, with all its furniture, its hooks, boards, bars, posts, and holders,the covering of red sheepskins, the covering of leather, the veil of the screen,the Chest of the Law with its poles, the Seat of Forgiveness,the table, all its tools, the holy bread, the solid gold lampstand, and its lamps that are to be set in order, with all its tools, the oil for the light,the golden altar, the anointing oil, the good smelling incense, the screen for the door of the tent,the brass altar, its brass grill, its poles, and all of its tools, the pan and its base,the hangings of the court, its posts and holders, the screen for the gate of the court, its cords, its nails, and all the tools of the service of the tent, for the Meeting Place, and the finely worked clothes for ministering in the holy place, the holy clothes for Aaron, the preacher, and his sons, to minister as God’s preachers. So the people of Israel did all the work that Yahweh had told Moses for them to do. When Moses saw all the work, and that they had done it as Yahweh had told them to, Moses blessed them.

 

Raise the Holy Tent

40[1-11] Then Yahweh said to Moses, “On the 1st day of the 1st month you’ll put up the Meeting Place tent. Put the Chest of the Law in it, and you’ll screen the Chest of the Law with the veil. Bring in the table, and set in order the things that are on it. Bring in the lampstand, and light its lamps. Set the golden altar for incense in front of the Chest of the Law, and put the screen of the door on the tent. Set the altar of burnt offering before the tent door of the Meeting Place. Set the pan between the Meeting Place and the altar, and put water in it. Set up the court around it, and hang up the screen of the court gate. Take the anointing oil, and rub some on the tent, and all that is in it, and make it holy, and all its furniture, so it will be holy. Rub oil on the altar of burnt offering, with all its tools, and dedicate the altar: and the altar will be most holy. Rub oil on the pan and its base, and dedicate it.

 

Dedicate the Preachers

[12-16] Bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the Meeting Place, and have them wash with water. Have Aaron put on the holy clothes; and you’ll rub oil on him, and dedicate him, that he may serve Me as My preacher. Have his sons put their clothes on, too. Put oil on them, as you anointed their father that they may serve Me as My preachers. They’ll be anointed for an everlasting preisthood throughout their generations. So Moses did everything that Yahweh had told him to do.

 

Raising the Holy Tent

[17-30] So in the 2nd year, on the 1st day of the 1st month, the tent was put up. Moses put up the tent, laid down its holders, set up its boards, put in its bars, and put up its posts. Then the covering was spread over the tent, and the roof was put on top of it, as Yahweh had told Moses. Then he put the Law into the Chest, and set the poles on it, and put the Seat of Forgiveness on top of the Chest. Then he brought the Chest into the tent, and set up the veil of the screen, and screened the Chest of the Law, as Yahweh had told Moses. He put the table in the Meeting Place, on the north side of the tent, outside of the veil. He set the bread in order on it facing Yahweh, as Yahweh had told Moses. He put the lampstand in the Meeting Place, opposite the table, on the south side of the tent. He lit the lamps facing Yahweh, as Yahweh had told Moses. He put the golden altar in the Meeting Place in front of the veil and burnt incense of sweet spices on it, as Yahweh had told Moses. Then he put up the screen of the tent door. He set the altar of burnt offering at the tent door of the Meeting Place, and offered on it the burnt offering and the meal-offering, as Yahweh had told Moses. He set the pan between the Meeting Place and the altar, putting water in it to wash.

[31-38] So Moses, Aaron, and his sons washed their hands and feet there. When they went in the Meeting Place, and came to the altar, they washed, as Yahweh had told Moses. He lifted up the court around the tent and altar, and set up the screen at the court gate. So Moses finished the work. Then the cloud covered the Meeting Place, and the beautiful light of Yahweh filled the tent. Moses wasn’t able to go into the Meeting Place, because the cloud stayed on it, and Yahweh’s light filled the tent. When the cloud lifted up from over it, the people of Israel moved on, through all their travels; but if the cloud stayed there, then they didn’t go until it went up. So the cloud of Yahweh was on the tent by day, and fire was in the cloud by night, in the sight of all the people of Israel, through all their travels.

 

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